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Of the Pacific Northwest.
A thousand farmers to grow alfalfa anil
feed it on the ground to make pig pork for
local consumption. The great Adams coun
ty, Wash., has but 30 hogs; another county
beasts but two. An acre on irrigated land
will easily make 6,000 pounds of finest pork
A thousand farmers to grow winter ap
ples. Even now not half enough nrv »io\vn
for the local demand, and the market is
fast developing; a demand now comes from
China for them. Prices rule high. The
grade of Idaho, Washington, Oregon and
British Colombia fruit at the World's Fair
is easy to produce. Insect pests on the ap
ple are rare, and state inspection and pro
tection are stringent.
A thousand milk producers to build up
milk dairies for cheese making in co-opera
tive creameries. The few local cheese mak
ers are highly successful and can not sup
ply five per cent, of the demand, which
will grow tor years faster than praduction.
A thousand farmers to grow vegetables
on irrigated lands for the large markets,
where fresh vegetables are scarce and high.
Thousands of farmers and ranchmen now
buy all their fruit and vegetables, and the
great mining towns and cities increase the
market a hundred fold.
Hundreds of small canning establish
ments, connected with fruit growing,
Hundreds of evaporators by growers of
prunes and apricots, and peara, plums and
Beet sugar growers and sugar factories.
Manufacturers and factories of every de
scription to take advantage of the unsur
passed water powers among the foothills of
Under The Ditches.
Several good authorities assert that the
tendency, in this region of superabundant
irrigation water, is, for the fruit growers
particularly, to use more water than is
good for the fruit. We know of one lot of
very handsome peaches sent from Yakima
to Seattle last fall that were all mush before
they could be sold. They seemed to be
ABOUT FRUIT PACKING AND PACKAGES.
Fruit growing is destined to be one among our leading industries,
and there is a decided demand for improvement in packing for mar
ket. We believe there is an opening for a sup°rior quality of neat
and uniform packages at a standard and reasonable price. We have
secured the property of the Tacoma Box company and have added
new and improved machinery giving us the most complete plant of
the kind on the Pacific coast. We have formed a company with a
capital sufficient to manufacture and carry a stock large enough to
supply all demands for packages unsurpassed in quality and price.
Believing it is unwise for growers to defer placing orders for fruit
packages until near harvest, we solicit correspondence, stating the
probable amount and kind of fruit packages you will need and the
probable time you will need them. We will send a catalogue and
quote fair prices. Hoping to profit by the mistakes of our predeces
sors We will make no assertions we cannot verify, and make no
promises we cannot fulfil.
Pacific Box and Basket Company,
P. O. Box 224, Tncorna, Waflh.
picked at the right time and were well
packed, but their internals were all wrong.
Investigation deyeloped the fact that they
had had a great excess of water during the
last few weeks on the trees.
Here is the great advantage of an irrigated
country over one not irrigated: At the
east, where a generally well-ordered rain
fall ia depended upon by orchardists,
everything goes well up to a certain point
in the season, then the rain may ba with
held. It is just at the time when the tree
needs water the most, must have it, in fact,
or inferior fruit ia the outcome, and inferior
fruit means a low price—loss, or at least
no gain for time and labor. With water
at his command the orchardist supplies the
need, perfects a crop and reaps a paying
Why do plants need water? In the first
place the roots require it in order that they
may take up and use the food stored up for
them in the soil. Without water to chem
ically prepare these food elements, plants
are like the toothless horse at the com
crib. They will starve to death. Then,
too, the tree and the fruit alike are made
np of water, very largely. Evaporate the
apple or the peach and note the loss of
weight. All plants are hard drinkers of
«ood water. In one sense it 18 the life.
Like animals, trees and plants prespire.
If water is withheld, evaporation, or pres
piration stops, growth '.9 checked and per
manent injury or death results.
There is bound to be a great deal of "hit
ot miss," "cut and try," business with be
ginners in irrigation here as there has been
in all irrigated countries. Whatever any
man may Bay to the contrary, there is much
to be learned by the newcomers, and, gen
erally, something to be unlearned by those
who have practiced the art for a aeries of
years. The man who will succeed best will
be the man who studies the question indus
triously ami intelligently, the man who
reads and reasons; who observes and ques
tions and who is ever reedy to profit by the
experience of others.
It seems strange to read about, but it is a
fact, that Indiana farmers are talking of ir
"Ten Acres Enottgh."
What Irrigation Is: Farming by ralufull
is inferior to irrigation. It may be too wet or
too dry. Either is injurious to crops. Irrifffl
tion is crop insurance. There can be no failure
where you are your own "Rainmaker." Irri
gated countries are most prosperous, because no
failure is possible. Half the crops iv the world
are grown by irrigation. It is no experiment.
The only countries In the world which have
f 1000 an acre farms are irrigated.
The Sunnyslde irrigated Lands:
The Suunyside canal waters 64.0D0 of lan i in the
Yakima valley near the Columbia river in south
cm Washington. Finished in '93. It cost $<W.).
000, and is a river nf water carrying fertility to
an amount of land equal to a small county i:i
the east. It is over 40 miles in length.
The Kind of Soil: The soil a deeompo.«
cd basalt, is a mellow loam free of stick or stoiif:
of the same quality forso to 83 feet in depth. It
is of remarkable fertility, can never wear our
and does not "bake" under irrigation. It raim'-s
good crops the first year.
What It Will Grow: The SunnyskK
country is the natural home of the prune, pear,
peach, plum, apple, cherry, nectarine, apricot.
grape aud quince. All are grown in extraordl
nary quality and size. Hops clear from $100 to
$375 per acre; the hop louse cannot exist in the
warm, dry climate. Alfalfa, a variety of clover,
is cut three to five times and yields six to tell
tons per year. All the other grasses flourish. All
vegetables and grains including sweet potatoes
and corn grow to perfection.
The Climate: The summers are very long.
warm and aud dry. No injurious frost during
growing season. Winters snort, mild aud dry.
There 1b litUe rrln or snow at any season. Plow
ing and farm work are carried on eleven inonthx
in the year. All diseases of lungs and throat
are eradicated in the dry air.
Size Of Farms: Farms averago 10 to 20
acres each. That is big enough to support your
family and lay by plenty for a "rainy day" be
sides. This means near neighbors, and abund
ant schools. It means that the country will be
an immense villiage with all village advantage-.
What They Cost: Good Irrigated lnurt
iv older settled California sells for*4oo to?lS0)
per acre. In the Bunnyside where it is now the
price ranges from $40 to $80 per acre with a.i
inalienable "water right" iuclnded. Terms are
one-fifth down, the Interest only second year
and balance last three years. This gives you n
chance to "turn round."
What You Can Make: The fruits main
from $100 ta $400 per acre a year; hops $100 In
$•275; alfalfa f 0, and vegetables and grain from
$40 to $250 per acre per year.
How to Get There: Take any eastern
ro-.d io St. Paul; the Northern Pacific road ruu*
direct from Sf. Pawl to and by the flunnvsido
canal and lands. Write me for further informa
O. R. MCGINNIS,
■UjnmfflML YAKIMA COUNTY, W k-H