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MR. MILLION'S COW.
Mr. Million is a real man, and he has a
real cow. The two together can read a
valuable lesson to Palouse, and 01/mpia
Mar3h, and Skagit, and all other farmers
have damaged grain they don't know
what to do with. This particular cow
was trying hard to manufacture hay, and
other stuff usually fed tot lie family cow,
into good milk for the household. Try
her best, she could only turn out about a
half gallon at a time.
Now Mr. Million is in the nursery and
seed business, along with J. G. Burrows,
in Seattle, and some alleged seed oats they
had bought looked so musty they declined
to try to polish 'em np to sell for plauting;
so Mr. Million took them home. Horses
eat dry oats well enough, but respectable
cows don't tpke to that sort of feed. So
the oats were thoroughly steamed, and a
half peck fed into the walking milk ma
chine twice a day, along with a little bran.
Madam Bovus took kindly to the new
diet, and went to work with her mastica
tor and three stomachs, her alimentary
and her fatty tissue departments with
such success that the faulty oats and
other things were transformed into purest
lacteal at the rate of a gallon a trip, and
gradually increased to 12 and 14 quarts a
milking. Mr. Million estimates that the in
creased product of his milk apparatus cost
about \% cents a quart. So he advises
the wheat growers in their projected addi
tion of stock to their ranches, t© select
milk giving strains of cnttle. Tjik Ranch
would add the suggestion that the Guern
sey combines milk, butter and beef char
acteristics to an unusual degree.
FRUIT PROSPECTS FOR '94.
The Btate board ot horticulture is mak
ing thorough preparation for the fruit
growers' convention at Spokane, February
14. Information estimating the coming
fruit crop is important and a synopsis of
the reports received to date on. that sub
ject is as follows:
C. P. Wilcox, of North Yakhna, esti
mates that more than 1,500 tons of fruit
will be raised in that "postal district."
M. B. Curtis says that 15 growers adja
cent to Simcoe statioD will produce from
2,000 to 2,500 tons; nearly one-half being
peaches. According to these and other
estimates about 225 car loads of fruit may
be the expected crop in Yakima county,
besides small fruits, melons, garden crops,
Commissioner Chatfeld Knight reports
about 20 car loads of dried fruits, and 80
of fresh fruit as the expected yield of
Clarke county. If the crop was all
counted as fresh, the amount vould be
about 170 car loads therp next season.
D. M. Holt, of Wavvawa, writes that
about 2.0C0 tons of fruit will be raispd for
market, by 13 growers. This district is
largely devoted to peaches, of which there
are over 20,000 bearing trees, and about
10.0J0 each of prune, plum ami apple
Com. H. H. Bpaldlng, o! Alinota, esti
mates that 13 growers will produce 200
tons in that "postal district." W. M.
Martzell, of Endicott, gives 500 tons by
12«rovvers. John Cuminiugs, of Farm
in^'ton, estimates over 3JO tons for his
district. George Ruedy, of Colfax, gives
a list of over 100 persons having orchards
at that office. These will produce over
2,000 tons for market, besides family sup
plies. Based upon reports receiyed, a
conservative estimate for Whitman county
is over 330 car loads of orchard fruits for
the markets, and if all small farm orch
ards were included, over 100 car loads
might be added.
Dan Jordan, of Columbus, Klickitat
county, reports an amount of bearing
tree 3 which should yield over 800 tons.
H. C. Cook, of White Salmon, names 19
orehardists whose crops will approximate
430 tous of fruit. Other estimates show
that at least 93 car loads will be grown in
Klickitat county. Lewis county, it is
estimated, will yield above 100 car loads
of orchard fruits, and Cowlitz county over
GO car loads. Twenty-five other postal
districts report trees sufficient to produce
100 car loads. The estimates for other
counties will soon be ready.
C. A. TONNESEN'.
CLOVER OR ALFALFA PORK.
Theodore Louis, an experienced swine
breeder, and a lecturer before the farmers'
institutes of Wisconsin and Minnesota,
astonished his hearers by stating that he
annually made 0,000 pounds of pork from
an acre of clover. His farm was on the
sandy, unproductive pine lands of Wis
con. By growing clover and plowing it
under/in a rotation, he brought his farm
into fair productiveness for all ordinary
crops. But hog raising was his specialty,
and clover his mainstay for pork making.
His brood sows were bred to drop their
young in April and they reached the graz-*
inj,' age by the time the clover pastures
were ready with their succulent, nutritive
His fields were small and when one was
well fed down the pigs were given an
other, and this alternation was kept up
through the season, the pigs having all
the clover and fresh water their nature
demanded. No other food was given
them until the frosts of fall had withered
the pasturaye. Against the arrival (of
this time a crop of Indian corn had been
grown, and a few acres of sowed corn,
with juicy stalks and half ripened ears,
wore in readiness to carry the pigs grad
ually onto the hardened corn which
was always fed in the for m of dry meal.
The ".shoats" were ready for market
by the middle of November, or earlier, if
baiter prices were probable. The average
weight was 225 to 875 pounds, dressed.
These are large averages, but it uauit b%
taken into consideration that Mr. Louis
was an intelligent, experienced man who
handled both his breeding stock and their
progeny in a manner that brought about
the best possible results. The breed was
right, the care was right from the mo
ment the pigs were dropped; the clover
did the rest, with the aid of the corn
finish, which hardened the pork so that
it was a favorite with the packers who
had £*9come familiar with Mr. Louis'
product, and who always paid him the
top market price.
But here is the real point to the telling
of this bit of experience: If a man can
accomplish such results in Wisconsin,
on comparatively barren soil, what may
not the same skill and care do in the
Yakima region, on a soil needing only
water, which is now assured beyond a
peradventure; where four or five times
as much green food can be gr>wn, and
where Indian corn thrives and matures?
The fact is, this irrigated country must
become the great swine raising center of
the western slope, more famous and more
remunerative than in the corn belt states.
First, because here pork can be made more
cheaply than there, and second because
swine constitution will not be weakened
and undermined by an almost exclusive
corn diet, leaving the animals a prey to
hog cholera and kindred ailments that
decimate herds and sweep away the
The Arab horse is appreciated in E*ypt.
The government promotes improvements
in breeding, and pure bred Arab stallions
have been purchased and stationed in
various districts for the use of the local
breeders. Horse shows, under the aus
pices of the government, are kept in those
districts and certificates furnished to
owners of such mar9s as are considered to
be perfectly sound and to promise useful
ness in their offspring. These mares are
entitled to male with the stallions in their
In this country it is considered no part
of the government's business to engage in
horse breeding. That is left to the indi
vidual and to associations. la many
cases, however, these agencies are not do
ing all that they might do to improve the
equine species. This is in a measure true
of all the northwest.
The cayusehas its merits, of course, but
at best it is an inferior animal. Much
has been done by the intelligent and pro
gressive owners of range bands of horsep,
by the introduction of blooded stallionp.
They have thus raised the grade many
per cent, but not always in the direction
of the most profitable animals.
This is a period of great depression in
the horse market, the choice being given
to buyers at a ridiculously low price com
pared with that of two yea« ago. For in
stance, we recently heard a horseman say
that be bad permitted a purchaser to take