A Weekly Newspaper
*or Everybody Whe Wants It.
ritiCE—sl.oo a year, in advance.
Worth—Two gold dollars.
Conducted by E. H. Libby.
Managing Editor, W. W. C'orbktt.
NORTH YAKIMA, WASHINGTON.
North Yakima, cor. Secoud and Chestnut Sts.
Seattle, Room 7. Hinckley Block.
Tacoma, Mil, Pacific Avenue.
RANCH SMALL TALK.
The price of The Ranch is to suit the
times. We may expand in size and price
Inter, but will give good value every time.
A Kansas cyclone would create about aa
much consternation in Washington as a
Dakota blizzard would muse in the
If The Ranch suits you, send us a dol
lar for a year's reading of it—and as
many more as you can get from your
At least one enterprise will never annoy
the Washington farmer: The voice of
the lightning-rod peddler will not be
heard in the land.
As the central agricultural location,
North Yakima was well chosen for the
State Fair grounds. Likewise for the
representative agricultural journal—Tiik
Your eastern friends can be cheaply
and easily informed about Washington.
Send us 10, 20, 60, 100 cents, with a list
of half as many names, and we will send
them each a copy of The Ranch, postage
Good Washington wheat is good food
for fowls, in fact there is no better stand
ard food ; damaged wheat is no better for
them than for anything else. Don't buy
it just because it costs a little less than a
good article—it is not cheaper.
All hail! Yakima, Kittitas, Klickitat,
Jiig Bend, Walla Walla and Palouse!
Euphonious galaxy. Proud sequence of
fertile soils once deemed worthless, des
pised of all men. Glorious is your record
of great productiveness in a year of low
records in most of the states.
Fruit buyer Harlan tells us to advise
growers that the box alone may add 50
cents to the price obtained for fruit by the
commission house. Rough or discolored
lumber spoils sales. Smooth, neatly
sawed, clear and clean boards nicely put
together, then uniformly packed with
fruit of lower grade all through—the com
bination makes quick sales at high prices.
Small, fair apples, of uniform grade, sell
better than large and small ones mixed.
What are you getting ready, or planning
for the State Fair? Drop us a card and
tell us your plans. The Ranch wants to
publish a list every week, for theeneour-
agement of others. Fruits, vegetables,
grains, fat cattle, dairy stock, horses,
sheep, pigs, poultry. Name class and
Special contributors to The Ranch will
include such men as Prof. Hilgard, Sec
retary Tonneson, Prof. Lake, etc., and
also, we expect, a goodly proportion of the
successful ranchers of eastern Washing
ton. We want their practical experience.
Pleasure gardening, house plants, the
kitchen garden, bees, pets, new crops,
new methods, breeding, the investiga
tions of science, truck farming and all the
varied and many phases of rural life, in
doors and out, will have due attention in
The Ranch, as well as the topics treated
in this issue.
At the Chino beet sugar factory, Cal.,
the last working season was July 11 to
October 8. During that period nearly
28,000 tons of beets were worked for
sugar. The product amounted to 7,90!*,
--000 pounds. A few dozen of such insti
tutions in the United States would supply
an amount equal to the present importa
tion of foreign sugar. Eastern Washing
ton should maintain at least three of
Bradstreet's reports from 119 cities and
larger towns in December indicated over
800,000 people out of employment, which
is a good deal better showing than the
alleged 3.000,000 of the calamity shouters.
Bradstreet's reports are well known us
"cold business" and for business purposes
strictly. Times are bad enough, but only
condemnation of a vigorous muscular sort
should be meted out to those who are like
the coward soldier who declare i he is
killed when only scratched by a bullet.
Nothing like a live local horticultural
society te build up the fruit interests of a
locality, jave and except, of course, a live
and reliable agricultural journal, and the
society and the journal help each other.
This year of 1894 should see a score more
of neighborhood horticultural organiza
tions in the Yakioia country. It is at
the meetings of these societies that the
experience of those who have orchards
in bearing already is brought out so as to
benefit the new comer, and every man,
"tenderfoot" or "old settler," has bits
and snatches of horticultural knowledge
that will benefit others. Discussion be
gets thought and thought means progress.
A "model," or experiment farm ought
to be established in the Yakima valley,
to determine various questions of method,
and show what may be done by irriga
tion. One item, is the proper times and
amounts of water to use on different
crops. What is the effect of an excess of
water on fruits? Guessing is nonsense.
California experience won't answer satis
factorily. Here is a different climate, and
we grow different crops. We are glad to
learn that the Sunnyside company has
granted to the state agricultural college
au 80-ncre tract near Zillah for such an
experiment farm. We trust that the
work will be speedily pushed.
If a man entertains, away down in his
"innermost," the idea that poultry-raising
is a little beneath him and is likely to
damage his dignity, he had best keep out
of it. He cannot succeed at the business.
It is asserted that the first field of hops
in Washington was set in 1866, near
Puytilliip. One half bushel of sets fur
nished the seed from which the present
important industry has sprung. It is
further authoritatively asserted that so
far there has not been a single failure in
the hop crop from old age.
At 'Frisco butchers pay extra prices for
alfalfa mutton. A Fresno farmer runs
ten sheep to the acre of alfalfa, and raises
200 lambs a year on each 20 acres, selling
as prime "lamb" at $4 a head. Even at
that rate the demand "is practically un
limited." With meat the object, and
alfalfa the feed, no sheep man need worry
about wool tariffs.
Palouse people are pleased with the
beet sugar returns from the U. S. depart
ment of agriculture. Eight samples from
six varieties grown near Uniontown, were
sent to the government chemist for anal
ysis. He found them to range from 13 U>
16 per cent in sugar. This is a great
showing, a 12 per cent beet being about
as good as the beet sugar manufacturer*
of Europe ever hope to get. Put the beet
sugar industry down as one of the coming
great things that are to bless the state of
A beet sugar meeting in North Yakima,
as suggested by C. L. Gano on another
page, ought to be held at an early date.
All farmers in the valley interested in the
subject should be on hand for the discus
siou. The Ranch will undertake to
gather a lot of data that would be of
value and interest for use at the meeting,
and the editors would be pleased to meet
a few live men as a preliminary step to
the calling of a general meeting. We sug
gest about February 10 for a general meet
ing, to allow time to collect data and stir
up interest in the meeting by personal
Early cutting of hop vines (that is,
early harvesting to secure the crop from
the hop louse) has weakened the hop
vines of western Washington. Early
cutting causes bleeding. This weakening
of vitality has led to a marked decrease
in the average yield in the valleys where
hop growing has flourished for many
years. Instead of 2,000 to 3,000 pounds
per acre as in former years, in 1893, and
few yards gave more than 1,509 pounds and
the average was still less. Universal,
thorough and frequent spraying with
quassia emulsion will permit the vine to
mature and the old-time yields may again
be looked for.
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