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The ranch. (North Yakima, Wash.) 1894-189?, February 24, 1894, Image 4

Image and text provided by Washington State Library; Olympia, WA

Persistent link: http://chroniclingamerica.loc.gov/lccn/2007252175/1894-02-24/ed-1/seq-4/

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THE GREAT CONVENTION.
Fruit is King.—The Fruit Growers of all
The Pacific Northwest in Attendance.—
A Splendid Reception. -A Tumi -.g Point
in our Industrial History.
Spokane will ever remain as a pleasant
memory in the lives of from four hundred
to five hundred of the most intelligent,
earnest, enthusiastic, and progressive men
that I ever met in convention. Every one
was surprised at the nnmbera present.
Much was hoped for, but more was accom
plished. The Washington State Board of
Horticulture builded better than they knew,
and credit is due them in a Urge measure
for the result. The press advertised it freely
and constantly for weeks in advance. The
fruit growers took up the cry nnd came
hundreds of miles to gather information
and to strengthen their hands by oryaniza
ation and co-operation. Spokane men and
women caught the enthusiasm, greeted the
visitors heartily and welcomed them with a
broad hospitality that showed DO stinting
or sign of hard times. Spokane's beauti
ful and accomplished women gave their
time and talents freely to entertain
ment of the choicest sort. All honor to proud
Spokane. May she reap her just reward.
The railroads were quick to see the impor
tance of the convention and wee liberal in
reducing rates. So all the essential foices
joined in producing the great success.
That fruit growing is the greatest industry
of the future in the Pacific Notthweit none
would deny who saw and hear! the wel
coming reception in the big theatre that
was packed to overflowing. Only a great
interest would warrant a musical entertain
ment that could be only rivaled by the
most accomplished musicians of the east,
or rouse so meat enthusiasm in the most
rapidly growing city of the northwest.
Only a highly intelligent body of men could
keep the interest in the proceedings at
high grade from beginniug to end of their
three days session, with three long meet
ings each day. We can report only the
more important things Bind at:d done.
Mayor Powell said that among the great
industries of theuorthwest, fruit growing i 3
one of the greatest. This will \m a turning
point in Spokane's history. It marks a
change from a period of booms and specu
lation *o one of industry and development.
Spokane's coming 100,000 would be con
sumers for the fruits. God has endowed
us with a beautiful climate and all other
advantages. We hive not used this en
dowment as we should. We have given
too much time to borrowing and horn-blow
ing and too little to the hoe.
Railroads are unlocking our vast resources,
said C. H. Ross, and dotting the land with
towns and villages. Cotton has been king.
Wheat has been king. Fruit in king. The
northwest is especially adapted to the in
dustry. Our apples are unsurpassed. Oar
prunes have no equal Our cherries cannot
be excelled. Local market has been out
grown. The east, the north need your
THE RANCH.
fruits. To the railroads we come for aid.
Tin; assistance already giveu has inspired
the fruit growers. This year Washington
will huve 45,009 acres of fruit lands, pro
ducing 25.009 tons of fruit. It will not be
long until we will be shipping thousands of
carloads. To reach the eastern market we
must have low rates and rapid transit. To
make the industry a success we must have
00-operation, system in gathering, shipping
and marketing the crop.
S. A. Clarke—Oregon is proud of Wash
ington. She is our eldest daughter. We
will never go back on her nnd we hope the
may never go baok on us, nor claim to be
bigger or better or smarter than her mother.
We will aid you when we can. teach you
what wo know and be proud of your sue
cesy. Our soils and climates, our aims and
iutere&ts are the same. This great indus
try is only in its infancy. Fruit raising is
a science which we must learn. We must
reach a perfection that will place us on au
equality with the best fruit rais9rs of tho
world.
S. L. Moore—ia California you have a
powerful competitor. It is estimated that
California sent 4,500 car loads of green
fruit to the east last yea-; will send 7,000
this year and 10.003 next year. Yet there
is plenty of room for Washington. Cali
fornia realizes th it this state is getting its
eyes open. You ueed have no fear of the
attitu le of the Northern Pacific toward
this industry.
Moses Folso:n • The consumers of the
east lire anxious for your products. Be as
sured the Great Northern railroad will
heartily co-operate with you in building up
this great industry.
L. A. Pinter of I.iaho—The value of our
crop for 1892 was valued at $20,000. L ist
year it vi| $43,000. This year it should be
at least §120,000.
A BILLION DOLLAS IX FRUITS.
The 1890 census showed up $1,000,•
000,000 as the value of Uucle Sam't. or
chards, but lie was not satisfied, and Col.
Babcock now places the figures at two bil
lions.
The right to protect our property is well
established. We must unite to fight the
worst of foes, the insect pests. There is
no partnership now. We must get to
gether. Oregon, Washington, California
aud Idaho are less affected than any other
section; yet look out! New York was so
when she exported a million barrels of ap
ples from Niagara county alone; now it is
only 75,000 barrels. Ohio once sent abroad
a million a year; could not make a credit
able showing at the World's fair. So it is
with Indiana and Illinois. Missouri two
years ago had a ten million dollar crop and
mado a grand show in 1885 at N«"w Or
leans, yet was unable to exhibit one-fourth
of the varieties at Chicago. Most of this
decrease in due to insect pests. Ontario
and Nova Scotia had superior exhibits. I
hoped to find no iusect pests here, but here
they are, and you must fight them hard to
save the grand iudustry.
About 1840 A. J. Dowuing observed eight
insects harmful to fruits. In 1867 John A-
Warder foresaw the great danger from in
sect ravages and enumerated seventy-live
species. Prof. Sanuders in his book pub
lished in 1883 counts up 65 insects harmful
to the apple; pear, 17; peach. 4; plum, 14;
quince, 3; cherry, 14; prape, 52; raspberry,
12; blackberry, 4; strawberry, 12; currant,
14; gooseberry, 3; cranberry, 12; melon 6 —
a dreadful total of 296. What an increase
in Kfty years! Shall we make a fight to
preserve our great industry? We must
enact and enforce quarantine laws as strict
aa those against dangerous diseases in men
or cattle. All the oast states should work
in unison in this matter. We must elect
legislators who will be wide awake to this
interest.
EDUCATION AND SPRAYING.
Education is mors than legislation, said
Prof. Piper, and the agricultural colleges
are educating young men to help on the
good work. The parasite of the San Jose
scale is a law unto itself; let us encourage
him in multiplication and all other insect
parasites. Prof. Aldrich, of Idaho, likened
a spray pnmp to a revolver. When a man
wants it he wants it quickly. Dealers
should carry them in stock the same as
other farm foipleincnts. Present laws arc
faulty. Inspectors must have power to act.
FRUIT PICKING AND PACKING.
Dr. N. G. Blaloek and Others Before the
Northwest Fruit Growers' Convention.
Make your fruit attractive to buyers.
Never let pickers pour fruit from one pail
or basket into another; that bruises the
fruit and cuts down the price. Give each
picker ten pails and send a wagon along be
hind to pick them as filled. Have an in
spector at the packing house to separate th©
fruit into grades, each grade of uniform
size. The automatic grader is provided
with soft brushes that remove all dust and
leave the fruit clean and fresh looking.
Wrap the first grade of apples and pear*
in soft, nlean, white paper. The size re
quired varies according to the size of the
fruit, trom 6xß to 7x9 inches. In wrapping
lay the paper in bunches under your right
hand. Place the fruit, stem down, in the
left hand, the paper in the other, and roll it
iv two motions. Place in box, the smooth
side up, (stem down), in regular rows each
way. I use the standard California Btyle
of bo> as made by Whitehouse & Crimmin*,
of Walla Walla. All first grade apples, as
well as peats, should be wrapped. Mine so
selected and packed bringsl.7s to $2 a box.
I belive that it would pay to wrap the sec
ond grade, especially when to be shipped a
long distance. It does not pay to ship
third grade fruit except iv a few cases of
fine varieties like Newtown pippins, that sell
well in three grades, graded to siza. My
mistakes teach a valuable lesson. At first
I shipped all sorts, and was disappointed in
the results. I investigated the Chicago
markets, and when 1 saw other and better
fruit beside my own, I quickly saw the rea
son of my ill "luck." Whole oar loadi

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