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Matters of Varied Interest From the
Fruit Growers' Meeting at Spokane.
Beet ragU got a hearty weird from Prof.
Fulnier, and a promise for the future when
actual test shall demonstrate the capacity
to supply factories. One thing is sure, every
thing points in the direction that Washing
ton hns all things in favor of the beet sugar
industry. I wish I could say the time is
ripe for active factory building in 1894.
But capital is shy. We must wait till the
tariff question is settled and the business
condition normal. All we can do this year
is to experiment, in which the state exper
iment etiition will aid. It will form a
partnership with every farmer, supplying
seed and instructions gratis, analyze the
'oeets free of charge, and pay transporta
tion on the samples. J)y planting and cul
tivating under the instructions, positive
knowledge will be obtained that will be
available for use next winter in interesting
There are many ideas about pruning. Dr.
Blalock says, "Don't do too much." The
chief priming should be done in the first
and second years.
To keep the trees low, train low from
youth. Avoid cutting large branches. A
short distance apart seems all right when
the trees are young. Set apples and pears
30x30 feet; peaches and prunes a rod apart;
Set ouly "whips," cut down to 24 inches.
As much as possible, train to low spreading
heads, by saving first horizontal branches.
No matter if they do interfere with the
cultivation. Keep the heads open, to let
the air and sunlight in.
Peaches, cut back half th« growth each
year. Tlieu no thinning of fruit is neces
sary aud there will be no over bearing.
Prune the young prune trees to four or
six main branches, at right angles to the
stem. If erect they are apt to split off
whan bearing. Spreading arms will bend
under gnat loads without breaking. It
laterals are cutoff, a thick poor head results.
Tue more you need water, the more you
should cultivate. Run the cultivation all
the season, a 9 long as there ia a w*>ed. Cul.
thate level; that conserves moisture
Ridges let the sun down too deep into the
soil. My first plowing in spring, between
the rows, ia toward the center; the Fecond,
toward the trees. Then follow with the
Acme harrow, and horse cultivator. Keep
the surface level constantly.
Id irrigation, v<e only water enough to
keep the tree 9 growing thriftily. The foliage
shows by its color and texture where water
GItAFTINU ASD BUI>DINU.
If a healthy tree is not the right variety,
do not cut it down, but bud or graft ie with
the desired sort. If well done, there is
little difference in the result between bud
ding and crafting.
Top graft the apples and pears, put io
C. L. Whitney. Forpeachea I prefer bud-
ding. Graft plums and cherries on peach
roots. Some 30-year old trees, root grafted,
on my place, are now perfectly healthy.
SOU. AND BORJS.
Ery. sandy soil, watered by irrigation, i«
the best for fruit, othor things being equal.
Get in prime condition by thorough culti-
Tution, before setting trees. Plant but few
varieties, so as to be able to harvest car
load lots of each kind grown.
For home use and a home market, set
a small orchard of numerous varieties from
the very earliest to the very late sorts.
Get your trees from near by nursuries,
instead of far distant states, selecting the
varieties known as the best in local exper
Eternal vigilance is the price of truit.
Fight insect pests. Cultivate all the sea
son and every year so long as the trees
bear fruit. Good care always pays.
GET INTO MARKET.
W. C. Corbett, of Minneapolis: We, the
twin cities, St. Paul and Minneapolis, want
to be supplied with fruits. We are sur
prised at the quality of the Washington
fruits; did not expect such a showing of
what you have done, or what you will do
in future. We want such fruits. St. Paul
and Minneapolis are your neighbors in the
east, and on the same line of railroads.
Ours is a quick market and good fruit
commands fine prices. Your interests are
HOW TO MARKET FRUIT.
G. VV. Barnett, of Chicago. Whilo
originality is well, it is wise to follow
successful examples iv your own Held. At
$8 HORSES $8 HORSES $8
I offer for sale my entire band of horses for $8 per head. For further
information inquire of
JADE SWITZLER, Umatilla, Oregon.
CD Pi Pi I Jp toJ±iJ±iJ_Jto
!E KNAPP, BURRELL & COMPANY, IE!
1507-1509 Pac. Aye., Tacoma, Wn.
lH i Fresh stock D. M. Ferry's seeds just received. A free price list will only cost T^J
■»—■* one cent and troubie writing for it. Get our prices before ordering elsewhere. ■*—I
We sell implements, fertilizers, etc.
SEEDS, TREES, BEE SUPPLIES.
We carry nothing but FIRST QUALITY
goods; you can afford nothing else. FAIR
DEALING is our motto. Give us a trial
Opposite N. P. depot: Cor. West & Columbia Sts., Seattle, Wash
to methods of handling trait* be guided by
California at the outset, improving on her
methods all you can as you go along. Care
ful handling, honest sortiug and solid pack
ing win high prices. Put in a car right,
well ventilated. Ship to good houses; in
vestigate in advance as to honesty and
responsibility. Don't howl after the horse
is out of the stable.
[How the fruit is handled in the great
metropolitan markets, transportation
means and methods, etc . will be treatad
next week.- Eds]
Howard T-, who has lived all his short
life in a city, was taken recently to visit at
a "real farm, The child was in ecstucies."
Every animal on the place was a delight to
him, but his affections especially centred
about a Jersey calf.
"I would line to buy it," he said to the
"But what would you give in exchange?',
he was asked.
''My baby sister" replied the child with
the utmost gravity. "V\ c have a new baby
nearly every year at our house and we've
never had a calf."—New York Tribune.
Good Salad Dressing.—Pour into a
soup-plate, pepper, salt, ni!, a little onion
scraped fine and vinegar. Take a lump
of ice which can be easily handled by
sticking a fork firmly into it and stir it
round- and round in the dressing—for
Bear river levee at Wheatland, Cal.,
broke last week causing the inundation of
over 700 acres of hop fields.