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UNDER THE DITCH.
The Irrigation Market pr« nts its esti
mate of the acreage now cultivated by
moans of irrigation west of the 98th
meridian at the close of 1893:
Works for Cultiva-
Arizona 650,000 400.000
California 5,500,000 3,800,000
Colorado 4,000.000 2,000.000
Idaho • 1,500,000 375,000
Kuiiiim 800.000 125,000
Montana 1,500.000 400,000
Nubnwka 350,000 100,000
N, vada ... 200,000 100.000
New Mexico 00J 000 400.000
North DakolH 15 0 0 5,000
Oregon 800.000 120.000
South Dakota 125,000 75,000
Texas •••• 400.000 185,000
.-..,;. " ' 750,000 430.000
Washington 1.000,000 200.000
Wyoming 1,500,000 200,000
Totals 18,000,000 9,025.000
To these totals it mtiy be conservatively
estimated that surveys are being made,
funds in process of raising, and other
steps arc taken for the reclamation of at
least 10,000,000 acres more.
The survey of the Kittitas Middle ditch
lias been delayed by deep snows.
Guv. McConnell of Idaho is taking an
active interest in the inigation question
in his state. He advocates the district
A proposition has been submitted to
the people of Mission, Brown and Pine
flats, in the northeastern part of Kittitas
county, to construct and maintain a water
ditch for irrigation purpose?.
Prof. J W. Sanborn in a college bulle
tin concludes that sub-irrigation fails to
supply sufficient water for growing crops;
that lateral movement of water is too
slow, Bub irrigated soil is warmer than
that of the surface irrigation; th ■ atmos
phere for twelve inch;.', is also wanner;
the system is too costly for ordinary
The •Weuaicbee Advance bears many
people express nn Intention to go over l<)
Mission in case Ihe irrigating ditch eu
terpriso is carried out, and it adds:
"There is nothing short v! i\ geuioeboora
in store for nil ihe Missiou country it tbo
Irrigation proposition is accepted. But il
not, 'the rank Ihiatk will still nod in the
wind and the wild fox will dig bis bole
Italians vj. Negroes,
A new class of laborers is being intro
duced in the south, says James Abriola,
a Vicksbuvg, Miss., planter, and it may
mean a revolution in the condition of af
fairs as applied to labor in that section.
I refer to the immigration of Italians,
who are being shipped to various locali
tic- there from the north to take the
place of colored plantation workers.
Tbo vast business depression in the north
has offered the Southern land companies
and planters an opportunity the) have
long desired- to briug- In white la
l>or. The growing objection to colored
labor in the south has led to the forma
tion of several colonies. The plan adopt
ed for their settlement by White men is
to give each one as much land BS it is
thought he can successfully cultivate,
while the crops are. divided equally be
tween the owner ;md the fanner. The
latter is also given a horse, cow and farm
Implements find all his seed, and other
supplies are furnished him.
Valuo of Alfa'f.i.
The New Jersey experiment station
has placed a plume on the alfalfa head.
It has demonstrated by comprehensive
tests that alfalfa hay is worth 820.50 per
ton w hen clover i.- worth $14 20 and tim
othy 912.40 per ton. As apart ration it
is worth '-till more. It abounds in pro
tein and can be substituted for such
wasie products as wheat bran, cottonseed
meal, malt sprouts, etc. Fed with corn
fodder, which abounds in carbohydrates
ii forms a complete ration. As corn can
be raised easily and surely lure, our
farmers have the best feed in the world
for stock fattening and dairying.
Never slice apples for making pies;
quarter and core, audit' the apple is large
cut each quarter in two pieces.
OR IT MAY BE
That You Wani a B s Location
The cattle lately owne:l by Ben Snipes
Bnd his company have been Bold by Re
ceiver Power u> Bounds A: Mever for
$7,250. This mcludes all the cattle
owned by tho 'Snipes' in Yakima
Kit tit as, Klickitat, Franklin and Doug
las countiis: between 700 and 800 head
li ihe marki i For really good borsee is
bo depressed as lo place horse breeding
almost below Ihe paying basis, whnt
should bo silid of the business of multi
ply I rig the ''scrub?" The result of low
prices i • nol wholly evil; it will tend to
discourage Ihe breeding of inferior stock.
When the horse market opena up again
the character of the offerings will be
James Gleedof North Yakinva shipped
a car load of cnltle to Seattle last Mon
day—steers and cow.-, 2-year olds mostly,
lie sold at *;i.;">o and 93 Tor cows de
livered. Five steers weighed 1,182 each.
This stock was all fed on cloven- —no
grain. Mr. Glee«l began feeding in No
vember and contracted to sell six weeks
affo to Corson Tiros. Prices are now eas
ing up a little.
There is a fearful loss of cattle on the
Wyoming ranges from the late deep
snow and great cold of last week. Near
Buffalo one herd lost 20 per cent; range
Stock it is feared will lose one-half. On
the other hand the heavy snows insure
fine grazing this year, and great herds
will be driven into the country.
Continue to "saw wood" is the advice
given to sheep men by the lowa Home
stead. Drop scrubs. Keep well-bred
sheep and buy them in now. Seek that
sheep which can be made profitable in
times like the present. Get that breed
that can be produced at the least outlay,
the one that will mature the quickest,
and the one that will produce the most
mutton on a given feed in the least Unit*.
That breed of sheep which will produce
lambs thai at eight months old will
weigh 100 pounds,or will weigh at twelve
months old 140 pounds, is the sheep to
LeHam, Pacific county, is to have a cream
ery. The fanner:- in the vicinity are en*
tbnaiutio at the prospect.
Anent the demand for good butter Mr.
Janus Gass, proprietor of the Bourbon
creamery at Ellensburgb, tells the Local
iz>r that for six mouths he has been un
able to supply the market. He is unable
also to secure sufficient milk to enable him
to run his creamery to its full capacity, A
good coiljjtry into winch to bring cows.
Vancouver creamery ii making a weekly
product of 1,500 pounds of butter ami is
behind the demand. That means good but
Tin: Ranch thirteen weeks for 250.