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Corn in the Orchard-C. P. Wilcox's Ex
periment with Early Minnesota Dent-
How to Plant and Cultivate-The Or
chard the Gainer-Irrigating—Yield per
Acre—Valuable Hints to Owners ot New
A great many people now arriving in the
"arid btlt" hail from the com growing
states. Very naturally one of the first.
questions arising in their minds is, Can we
grow Indian corn here? The universal re
sponse i«, Yes, of course. Bat, huve you
tried it? U not so often answersd in the af
firmative, for the fact is that most ranchers
can do so much better with some of the
specialties that little dependence is placed
upon corn. But the corn and b icon fed man
does not take stock always in cripi about
which he knows little. He will come to it
gradually, but it is best to let him take his
time to get acclimated and to ontch the
venturesome spirit by actual contact.
I thought it would be n good idea to tell
these new comers, these; believe) s in the in
fallibility of corn as a staple '.'rop, just
what can be clone with their favoiite in this
land of promise*, and knowing a man ex
perienced in growing the crop, have tuken
down his testimony for publication.
C. P. YVHcoi is the niiin, and the field of
Corn operations is on the "Parker bottom"
or "upper Sunoyaide," that voted fruit lo
cality down the river.
You cultivate Indian coin, I have heard,
among your prune trees. What has been
Yes; I have been growing it there for three
What has been your success?
The lirst two years I harvested a fair crop,
say 50 to 69 bushels per acre. Last year,
however, I did a great deal bettor than that.
How was that?
•Simply because I had planted the right
variety of seed,
What is the variety?
Early Minnesota Dent. I planted it upon
the same eight acre orchard ground that the
ordinary sort was grown upon the previous
year, and gave it precisely the same treat
ment throughout, but [ secured from the
Held 825 bushels* of ear corn, or nearly
double tht> amoiiut.
How old is your prune orchard in which
this corn was grown?
It was set two voars ago this spring.
How far apart ore the trees?
They are set in triangular form, eighteen
feet apart, giving 125 trees to the acre.
How many rows of corn were planted be
tween the rows of trees?
Two row?, three and one-half feet apart;
in hills two feet apart, three to four kernels
to the hill.
How near d >es tint bring your corn to
the tree rows?
A little less than seven feet.
When do you recommend planting in that
About the middle of May, depending; a
little upon tho reason, of course.
Did you give the corn any special atten
No; cultivated in the usual way, and
often enough to keep the weeds down and
the soil in good condition for both corn and
What about tin irrigation?
I did not irrigate at all until the corn was
bit; enough for the Hist cultivation; then by
small ditches in the usual way; after that
the water was turned into the ditches
ouce in four to six weeks during the grow
When did the crop ripen?
We hus'ted the com on or about the mid
dle of October. It was 95 per cent sound,
You cousider corn a good crop to grow in
a young orchard, do you?
Very good, indeed; one of the very beat.
Tlie Deeded cultivation to keep the corn
growing all right is precisely the thing for
the young trees.
It pays, too?
Yes, the corn will pay all the expenses of
both orchard and corn cultivation. Thi3
year I rent the field to a man, giving him
the crop of co.n for keeping the orchard in
cultivation. Corn is as profitable a crop
here as any whet c else. ]f one does not wish
to feed it there is always a good market for
it at the North YaViira mill or, to owners
of stouk for feed; some think, you know,
that there is no food like corn to "ripen up"
pork, and they are not far out ot the way.
Your young p -une orcha v-d is doing well,
in the -joru?
Admirably; do not see how it could be
BRIEF TURF TALK.
Thomas Chappal is a California horseman
now stationed with his stock at the state
fair grounds at North Yakima. A Hanoi
representative visiting tno grounds last
week took a hasty glance at Mr Chappel's
horses, consisting of two standard bred
stallions, a gelding, a brood mare and two
The first stallion shown was Ben Doild, a
beautiful bay, loi hands high, clean of
limb, active and speedy, though as yet with
out record: Hb will bi given a score this
season. Ben Dodd is by Garnet VVilkes, by
Onward; he by George Wilkes. Ben Dodd'l
dam was Lalla Rooke, by Reconstruction;
he was bred by C. J. Dodd, Knoxville,
The other stallion is Goodwood, by John
Wetberbead'i Wooduut; dam, the Patohen
mare Flora; she has a record of 3 minutes as
a "2-year-old. Woodnut is by Nutwood, a
stallion having more performers iv the
"2:30 class than any other living sire. He
commands §1,000 for service at Dubuijue,
lowa. Goodwood is a bay, H>h hands, of
fine form, active, and a strong goer. He
will make a record this fall.
The gelding is a full brother to(iood\vood,
and has record of 3:03 as a '2-year-old. He
is 5 years old and a very promising track
Flora, a 10-year-old Patchen mare, .shows
her good brood qualities in the two fine fil
lies by htr ride, lespectively 2 and 'A yeais
old—a choice trio that any horseman might
bfl proud t: ou n.
Mr. Chappel is anxiously awaiting the
completion of the track at the state fair
grounds, for he is desirous of working his
own horses and a few others that ho is will
ing to care for anil train, ilu was asked
for his manner of feeding hid horses, and
replied Unit during the winter he had fed
alfalfa and wheat hay. When working his
horse*, little or no alfalfa is given; it is not
good for the purpose, No grain has been
given, but now that the stallions we to be
fitted for service, an oat ration will be ad
ded. For turf horses at work no hay is so
good as bright, well-cared timothy. Con
stant grooming, pure water, plenty of ex
ercise, are the other requirements for fit
ting horses for the track itud for keeping
them in condition.
THE COLONEL IN CALIFORNIA.
A Washington man cannot smother his
tendeucy to be all the time making com
parisons, and looking forward to a like
condition of things at borne; and the
comparison I made led me to note that
the Californiana have a higher regard
for their land that! we have; they accom
plish more with it and hold it to be worth
much more per acre. They know the
value of water for irrigation better than
we do, too. Across the bay from .San
Francisco, the owner of a ranch near San
Leandl'O asked me what we paid for
water per acre in the state of Washing
ton. I told him the highest I had ever
known to be paid was $30 for a perma
nent water right. lie thought it not
very much no pay for so important au
element in fanning, and suid he would
gladly give five times that .sum for wa
ter on his ranch during the months of
July and August.
And yet it was a tract of orchard and
field from which two generations have
each made ii fortune. The Btatcmtmt
impressed me with the value of water,
and I reflected in nay thoughts the
abundance of it in Ynldma count)',
where it will do every whit ;is much
for the farmer as it will in California.
The time will come when both land and
water will be held at a higher figure
here —probably after more of those Cal
ifornian initiators have come Into pos
session of it. Down there they have
more to say about the value of water
as a fertilizer, and every little place bis
its windiiiill and tank, from which the
precious fluid is taken, and as carefully
handled as though it were tea or coffee,
so far as waste is concerned. —Colonel L.
B. Howlett, in Taoonm Ledger.
The R&ed oak upon the bteep stands
more tinn ami secure if assailed by angry
winds; for if the winter barei i(s bead,
the more strongly it strikes It* roots intu
the ground, acquiriug strength as il loses