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The Marion county, Or., fruit grow
ers' union, with head office at Salem,
was organized May 6. The capital is
$5,000, in 250 shares. Subscriptions of
stock are limited to one share for each
five acres of fruit trees, vines and ber
ries owned, or fraction thereof.
Yamhill, Or., horticulturists will
meet at McMinville May 25 to consider
plans of co-operation in marketing- the
fruit of the county, which is rapidly
becoming one of the principal pro
The fruit growers near Mount Ta
bor, Or., are making progress with
their fruit shippers' association. H.
C. Welch was elected president and A.
Rosenthal secretary. It is expected to
include all of Multnomah county and
vicinity. Forty-seven signed the
membership roll. Action is proposed
to secure a market place in Portland
where all the fruit could be brought.
A graded scale of prices for straw
berries was discussed. It was said
that the price of strawberries had
been regulated by the lowest grades
offered, while the better grades re
ceived no better price. The associa
tion will try to fix the price paid for
CURIOSITIES OP HORTICULTURE.
To THE Editors: Isn't it curious
that you can graft a sweet apple on a
sour apple and get sweet apples? Can
you tell why this result? or can you
tell why a scion of one kind of apple
grafted on another kind of apple will
dominate the root (or stock as it is
called) so as to change its form —mak-
ing the roots grow straight and com
pact like the roots of the parent scion
rather than sprawling and fine like the
parent of the stock?
It is said if you take two scions from
different trees, say one sweet and one
sour, and divide the scions legthwise
just alike and join them to a perfect
point and use it as one scion, the fruit
on that scion will be a combination of
both kinds of fruit in size, color and
taste. Can any of you Yakima chaps
tell why? It is said also that a year
ling apple tree bent over and its top
well set in the ground, will take root
and grow. Then cut off the tree at
the bntt and train it up, and and when
the tree bears the fruit will be without
core. Do you believe this?
These thing's are no more to be won
dered at than the pollenization of fruit
flowers. Your readers can get a very
full explanation of that process by
reading" Bulletin No. 5, division of
pathology, issued by the United States
department of agriculture, in regard
to the pollenization of the pear, and
apply it to the apple and other fruits.
The most practicable way to get the
full benefit of these lessons is to plant
different kinds of the samo fruit, ap
ples, pears and plums, near each other,
and have plenty of bees about. Don't
plant solid blocks of one kind, for they
won't bear fruit. H. L,. Back.
Kootenai County, Idaho.
To Benefit Grain Growers.
A state convention of the grain
growers of the northwest has been
called by President Donnelly, of the
Minnesta state farmers' alliance, to
be held in Minneapolis. The call says:
"All the farmers of Minnesota and the
northwest are cordially invited to meet
together at that time to take counsel
how they can by co-operation relieve
themselves from the grip of the great
giant combinations which are now de
stroying their industry and pushing
millions of them into bankruptcy.
Members of the national alliance and
of the farmers' alliance and indus
trial union will be cordially welcomed.
We do not expect to put up the price of
wheat to $2 a bushel, or even to $1 a
bushel, but to get as much out of it as
the world's market will justify, and to
get clear of as many middlemen as
possible. If we could put up the price
10 cents a bushel it will represent a
saving of $10,000,000 to the northwest."
The object of the movement is to form
a gig-antic grain growers' association,
which shall buy grain direct from the
farmers and sell as found best.
He Kept It at Seventy.
The Oshkosh and Fond dv Lac,Wis.,
papers, are disputing over which city
is responsible for the janitor of the
When the fires were started in one
of the public schools, the principal in
charge placed in the hands: of the jan
itor a thermometer, with the injunc
tion to see that the mercury always
registered 70 degrees. One day, dur
ing a recent cold snap, the tempera
ture of the rooms became uncomfort
ably chilly, and the principal hunted
up the janitor to find out the cause.
"Didn't you understand that you were
to keep the thermometer at 70 de
grees?" he inquired of that gentleman.
"I have kept it at 70," was the reply.
"Where is it?" asked the principal,
wishing to see if the janitor was cor
rect. "There it is," replied the jani
tor; "that's the only place where it
will stay at 70." It was standing on
the hot air register.
Verily, verily, travelers have seen
monstrous idols in many countries; but
no human eyes have ever seen more
daring, gross and shocking images of
the Divine nature than we creatures
of the dark make in our own likeness
of our own bad passions.—Dickens.
THE BEST THING IN LIFE.
There is nothing- better than to be
happy; joy is the real root of morality;
no virtue is worth praising which does
not spring from minds contented and
convinced, and free of dread and
gloom. No religion was ever divine
which relied on terror instead of love;
and no philosophy will bear any good
fruit which propounds despair and de
duces annihilation. This is where, by
their own true instincts, the great po
ets have done so much more for man
kind than most of its benefactors, de
lighting as they do in life, and pre
serving amid its deepest mysteries
and hardest puzzles a divine serenity
about its origin and purpose. Observe
our English Shakespeare! How calm,
how complacent! how assured his glo
rious genius always abides! A page
of him taken almost anywhere —set be
side a page of modern pessimism—is
like the speech of a prince in his
pleasure house compared with the
moanings of a sick wretch in a Spital.
All genuine poets, from Homer to
Browning, are radically joyous. Keats
They sh;ill be nccounted poet-kings
Who simply tell the most heart-easing thing*.
And Hafiz says: "It is whispered of
me in Shiraz that I was sad, but what
had Ito do with sadness?" Art in all
its highest forms bears no message
so imperative as to emphasize the
beauty and maintain the dignity and
delight of life, and you may judge
first-class writers and painters as we
may some day judge philosophers, by
their fidelity to this wholesome mes
sage of joy.—Sir Edwin Arnold.
How They Ran.
Michael Flaherty was in court as a
witness, and with each succeeding
question put to him his never brilliant
mental powers became more and more
confused. At last he was asked to
tell about the situation of a certain
flight of stairs:
"How do those stairs run?" asked
the examining counsel,whose patience
was well nigh exhausted by his efforts
to elicit information from Michael.
"Phwat is it ye're askin' me now?"
inquired that bewildered young man.
"I asked you how those stairs run?"
repeated the counsel, with great dis
tinctness of enunciation.
"Thim stairs!" muttered Michael,
evidently in a slough of doubt. Sud
denly his stupid face brightened.
"Why, sorr," with his eyes fixed on
the counsel,whose gaze he now felt sure
would be approving, "if wan is at the
fut o' thim stairs, they jist rin oop; but
stand at the top ay thim, and they rin
Two rolls of good butter pay for
Thk Ranch for a year.