Newspaper Page Text
urge the importance of canneries to
Use up the lower grades* I do not
mean the damaged fruit, but the
smaller and less perfect specimens.
Keep all of the low grades possible
out of the market here or at the east.
Save in freight and get better prices,
would be my motto. Your shipping
associations should have agents in all
the cities of the Sound, clear up to
Victoria, in advance of shipments, to
look up customers. This will give
commission men a chance to see the
retail men and arrange for sales.
They in turn will talk with consumers,
who will know what to expect, and
[Our Poultry Kditor U Hurry H. Collier, No.
950 0 itneU ntoma. Address him OB all
ECONOMY IN NUMBERS.
Herbert B. Reed In Colorado Poultry
Few if any articles are seen in poul
try literature relative to the most im
portant of all poultry subjects, as up
on the correct solution of the problem
either by accident or design on the
part of the poultry grower, depends
the success of the business. The
question is, how many fowls should be
together? If too few, the expense of
housing, yards and care is so large
there are no profits. If too many,
disease, vermin, bad air and irregular
food supply cut down the profits some
times to a minus quantity. The writer
has paid more attention to the subject
than any other because his father and
grandfather conducted a long series of
experiments with poultry, and they
both came to the conclusion that noth
ing was more important than to have
the correct number in each pen, that
of course depending upon cost of
houses, fences and care, I have found
by my own experiments that there
should never be more than thirty
chickens together at any time between
the egg and the ax, the "cradle and
the grave." This rulo is subject to no
exceptions. In my own business I
never allow that many, twenty-five in
one brooder at a time being my limit.
Without going-over the numerous ex
periments I have made in this line I
will merely give the results. You who
read this may have at a g-lance what
has cost me many years of labor and
many hundreds of dollars. Here in
Montana, with lumber at $15 per M.
and labor at $50 per month, feed aver
aging $1 per fowl per year and eggs
30 cents, never more than twenty nor
less than fifteen hens in a pen. Never
more than thirty hens in a flock on a
farm or free range. It will do to let
more run over one range on a farm if
they have separate houses located far
enough apart so that all do riot loaf irt
one place. If you are not fortunate
enough to have a large range for your
birds, or are breeding, you must have
enclosed pens; in that case do not let
any pen of fowls run on the same
more than three months. Mj r plan is
not the best one possible, because
more expensive houses and yards
would be better for the chickens, and
they would perhaps like more expen
sive food, but I keep hens for revenue
first and pleasure second, therefore
every extra dollar put into yards and
fences and time is wasted if it doesn't
increase revenue. Build y< ur houses
as near alike as possible, as simple as
can be and in a row. Have an open
alley on one side of all, that you can
drive a load through without opening
gates; make a hand-cart from two
buggy wheels to carry water, feed and
manure on. Place every house on line
fence between two yards; have end
fences of yards (above the ground
board) movable. Arrange your fowls
so that every alternate yard is occu
pied, leaving the others without a
fence except the posts and bottom
This leaves every pen the width
of a yard or alley from any other
pen and prevents fighting through
the fence, flying- over fences into an
other yard, and above all, prevents
one sick fowl from contaminating
your entire flock. The alternate va
cant yards are plowed and planted to
oats and sunflowers in April; July 15th
end fences are moved, gate from coop
thrown the other way and the fowls
are turned in; they eat the oats, but
leave a crop of sunflower seed for
winter. The yards they came from
are plowed and planted to turnips.
You keep your hens on fiesh ground
ami have a supply of green stuff for
them, getting as you do a crop from all
your land not covered by coops. If
you don't believe this is the correct
method get an egg report from people
having a flock of twenty or less, then
from a farmer having two hundred,
all running together, and see which is
greater. But you must keep expenses
down in dividing them up this way
and keep labor down, and the only
way to do this is to have a uniform
lot of houses and have system. Sub
scribe for some good poultry paper,
keep your fowls warm and clean, and
give aariety in food from cut clover to
meat cake, then if you fail to make
money, sell out and go to work on the
A pair of Plymouth Rocks, cockerel
scoring 90^, pullet 89^. Will sell this
splendid pair for $7.50. Score cards
furnished, siyned by Theodore Hewes.
Address Harry H. Collier, Taconia,
Eiggs for hatching—Thoroughbred
Plymouth Rooks, Light Brahmas and
S. S. Hamburg*. H. D. Cock, North
Buff Leghorn Kirns.
A few settings of Buff Leg-horns at
$5 per 15. Stock is from Arnold's host
yards, Coating $10 per setting.
North Yakiina, Wash.
St. Paul & Tacoma
Having' ■opened a yard in North
Yakltna will carry a complete stock of
Lumber, Shingles, Lath,
Prompt delivery. First-class stock.
Mill at Tacoma, Wash.
W. D. SCOTT,
Manager North Yakima Yard.
fBEE KEEPERS' SUPPLIES for
sale. My own manufacture. The
cheapest ever offered on i lie Piieillc
Coast. Clrst-cluHa in every respect.
Priori List free. Address,
0. K. PHENICIE,
1020 East :Mth St., - Tiiconni. Wn.
Mention Thk Ranch.
The Manufacture of ■■'
Is our specialty. Price only $2 each. Write
UOWNBK .X- SMITH.
Cabinet Milkers. NORTH V AIMA.
MUST HAVE MONEY-
From now on for 60 days the Pre
mium Horse Goodwood will stand
at the Fair Grounds at $\0 for the
service; $12.50 for the season. Ev
erybody can afford to breed to this
first-class, all-purpose horse.
By Buying Young Stock.
BIG BARGAINS IN —
Barred Plymouth Rocks,
Pekin Ducks and Wyandottes,
After July 1.
All kinds of Poultry Supplies.
;RRX BGG POOD:
Send $1 for the New Standard. Ktftfs
$2 per 13, Stock for sale. A apletl
did pair of Dark llralnuas, only $>.
HahhvH. Coi.ukn, 9S<) C St., Taconia.