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the leading Interest-of all this region
is agriculture in its broadest sense.
This reminds us to say that the pro
posed state fair to be held at North
Yakinia, the first state effort of this
kind, is deserving- of the earnest atten
tion and support of all classes of busi
ness men. Their future depends upon
agricultural development more than
upon any one thing —more than upon
all other things combined. The busi
ness men of North Yakima, of Ellens
burgh, of Walla Walla, of Spokane,
of Pasco, Prosser, Sunnyside, Zillah
and all the smaller places, are even
now the owners of fruit orchards, hop
ranches, potato fields, etc. They must
make agriculture the fad, the fashion,
for out of it must come their wealth
and position. It is therefore a matter
of self-interest to support the ap
proaching exhibition by money and by
effort in all directions.
Those who fear overproduction of
fruits should always remember the
course of fruit culture in the past.
Fact is, that the prices of fine fruit
average much higher today than they
did when there was half the quantity
grown per head of population. As
fruit has become more plentiful its
use has increased, and taking the
country over, quite as fast as the sup
ply. Indeed, fine apples have in
creased perhaps a hundred-fold; yet
last winter their price ruled higher
than oranges. In spite of the enor
mous increase in the domestic produc
tion of oranges, lemons, grape fruit,
bananas, figs, etc., there was imported
into the United States in 1893 tropical
fruits to the value of over $13,000,000,
besides the home product of over
$9,000,000 worth. Every year it be
comes more and more a part of our
national belief that fruit is a health
ful article of diet, and not merely a
toothsome relish and palate tickler. It
is even held that a free use of fruit as
a food is instrumental in prolonging
life. As taking the place, in part, of
a meat and bread diet, there is no
doubt about its healthfulness. With
these ideas constantly growing among
the people, there is not the slightest
danger of overproduction of fine fruit.
The question at issue is merely that of
cheap transportation. This carriage
problem demands the production and
shipping of only first-class fruits.
Thus the campaign of education goes
on to ever-increasing victories.
His many friends will be tflad to
know that Dr. N. G. Blalock, of Walla
Walla, is recovering- from the injuries
received from too close relations with
a runaway horse. He writes that
crops there, of all kinds, are abundant;
the fruit crop very good; strawberries
in market in full supply.
TIIK STATE OF TRADE.
The commercial agencies report a
dull and discouraging week, and from
the same old causes. The number of
failures have increased considerably,
and the amounts of indebtedness
are larger. Money is plentiful at New
York and other leading- centers, and
rates of interest low. But it takes a
man with a gold mine at his back to
get a loan. Few new business or man
ufacturing1 enterprises are reported.
The stock market firmed up a little on
Tuesday on account of a better feeling1
regarding American securities in Lon
don. The Chicago grain market ad
vanced a fraction on receipt of news
of drouth in Kansas and a falling off
of shipments from Argentine to Eu
rope. We make slight changes In the
special reports from different cities of
either coast, and there is but little
change in the live stock or wool mark
THE WHEAT MARKETS.
Portland—Valley, 85c; Walla Wal
la, 75(«)77>£ per cental; Valley for mill
ing, 72>^ per cental.
San Fkancisco —Market very dull.
Shipping, 82c pero cental; milling-,
Chicago—Cash, 54#c; July, 52'^ic
57 per bushel.
Portland Dairy Produce.
Butter —Oregon fancy creamery, 17^
(<e2Oc; fancy dairy, 15(rol6c; fair to
good, 10(<i)12)4c; common, 10c per ft>;
California, 30@40c per roll. Cheese—
Young America, 12(<£l5c; California
flat, ll^(W)12c; Swiss, imported, 30@
32c; domestic, 16(<i)18c. Eggs—Oregon,
ll((i)12c}4 per dozen. Poultry—Chick
ens, old, $2.50 per doz.; broilers, $3.50@
4,00; ducks, $3.50r«4.00 per doz.; geese,
$6; turkeys, live, 10c: dressed, 12c tb.
San Francisco Wool.
Spring—Year's fleece, per pound, 5@
7c; six to eight months, San Joaquin,
poor, s@6c; ditto fair,7(H>Bc; Oregon and
Washington, heavy and dirty, 6(<c7c;
good to choice, 8(Vfil0c; valley, 100613 c.
Fall — Northern, defective, s(w6c;
Southern and San Joaquin, 3(/<4c.
Chicago Live Stock.
Cattle — Market slow but steady;
prime to extra steers, $email@example.com; stock
era and feeders, $firstname.lastname@example.org; cows and
bulls, $email@example.com; calves, $2frt4.75.
Hogs —Market flrni; heavy, |4.00(g
4.35; common to choice mixed, $4.(>om
#4.M0; choice assorted, |firstname.lastname@example.org;
light, $4.60@4:85; pigs, $email@example.com.
Sheep —Market lower; inferior to
choice, $firstname.lastname@example.org; lambs, $4.00.
A. C. Fry & Co. of Seattle reported
under date of June 4 that Lake Wash
ington strawberries would be ready
for market about the 9th. Prices were
likely to start at about $2.50 per 24 R»s,
but will drop to 1.25(«)1.10. Cherries
selling at 90c to $1.00. The dailies
quote Yakima Burbanks at $16, while
best White River sell at $13(0)14. Green
peas, $1.50 per box; asparagus, $1.10(<o
1.50 ditto; egg's declined to 14c. Job
bers sell butter in tubs at 23c for
lowa creamery; print, 22c; California,
choice, 48c per brick. Live chickens,
$4.50(<(5 per dozen; dressed, 12#@13c
per pound; young spring-ers, $3(n)4 per
Washington Weather and Crops.
■ According to Director Alciatore and
his correspondents, the week ending
June 5 was an ideal period for the east
ern Washington farmer. Crops made
a wonderful growth. The coldest tem
perature was 58 degrees, and the
hottest 88 degrees. All the cereals are
in excellent condition. Hop gardens
are much in advance of last year, but
he says a few lice are reported from
some localities. In the eastern coun
ties plums suffered from the frosts, but
prunes are in good condition. Cater
pillars are quite numerous on oak and
fruit trees. Hail on the 3d did little
damage. Floods on the low lands
have been damaging.
In the western part of the state the
the first few days of the week were
pleasant, followed by heavy rains.
The temperature ranged from 42 to 88
degrees. Crops did well except where
the floods came. The storm of the
2d caused great damage to the hay
crop. A good crop of strawberries is
reported. The acreage to crops is con
siderably increased over last year.
NORTH YAKIMA MARKETS.
The stores are paying about 15c per
dozen for eggs; butter, 25 to 40c per
roll; the market is overstocked with or
dinary grades; fancy, 60c. Straw
berries are coming in quite fieely and
bring $1 to $2.25 per crate of 24 boxes,
and are retailing at 10c per box, with
1214 for very fine. Green onions, 50c
per dozen bunches; asparagus, 5c per
bunch; green peas, 4@sc per pound.
Potatoes, old, are a little lower and
selling at about $10 per ton. Lemons
retail at 35c and oranges at 25c per
MkatS—Retail —Steak, sirloin and
porterhouse, 12>^c; round, 10c. Roasts,
\()((v\2 x/ 2 c; stewing pieces, s(ri)Bc; mut
ton roasts, s@Bc; pork, 10c; sausage,
10c; ham, 15c; shoulder, 12>£c; lard,
Stapi.K Gkockkiks —Retail — Granu
lated sugar, 14 lbs for $1; coffee, green,
2#®Zyi lbs for $1; teas, 30c to $1 per
lb; rice, best, 12 lbs for $1; canned
fruits, $2.40 per dozen; canned veget
ables, $1.50 per dozen; starch, 10c lb;
soda, 3 tbs for $1; coal oil, 5 gallons for