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inea number of good features, and we
are informed that it has proven a great
success, the fruit having kept in splendid
condition and commuuding this spring
as high as $1.3) per box. The dimen
sions are 12x40 feet, and height of six
feet in the clear. It is sunk about four
feet below surface level, and banked up
over roof with a foot of earth in the U9ual
manner. Tbe interior is divided in the
center with a passageway, mailing full
length of cellar, and on each side are the
apple bins, about 5x3 feet. Each bin is
divided by three shelves 18 inches above
each other which hold the fruit. Ordi
narily H is the practice to pile the apples
in the bins severat feet deep crushes and
ruins those at the bottom, The shelving
prevents this and gives a free circulation
of air. Good ventilatiou is necessary and
has been provided for by a window at
either end, which may be closed in cold
weather. The shelves are inclined tow
ard the front on a slope of 3 inches, so
that when boxing the fruit rolls down
within convenient reach of the packer?.
The capacity of this cellar is between
400 or 500 bushels.
HOW TO PRUNE.
Most amateurs are afrnid to cut back
young trees thinking to net lar^e trees
sooner. Young trees w ben properly cut
back make a much more thrifty growth,
better form and become more productive.
Some advocate heading hack to a certain
measure, having all tree 9 branch at a cer
tain height. I believe in pruning each
tree for its individual good. I would
have a model in mind for each tree and
work to bring it a 9 near to the model as
possible, without sacrificing too much of
the natural inclination of the tree.
My prune orchard is branched high,
four feet and even higher, hut if I were
to start a new orchard I think I would
head very low, say two feet and under.
Low heads are much more convenient
for pruning, spraying, thinning and
picking, and the greatest advantage I
think is the protection and shade tlwy
give their own trunks. I have not the
proof positive, but have the theory in
mind that short trunks are much freer
from canker, dead spot and gummosis,
as well as sun scald.
One fault to be seen in old orchards,
especially with cherries aud pears, is in
permitting them to run in tall spire
form, making- it inconvenient and ex
pensive to harvest the fruit or prune or
For cherries and tall growing varieties
of tipples and pears I would suggpst a
medium-rounded, pyramidcal form with
a rather open top, and for Italian pruneß
and the pears and applc9 of the Fpread
ing habit of growth, a rose formed head
with a rounded open top.
Peaches should not he permitted to
Rrow long, slender branches, with only a
little hearing wood at the end.
RANCHK AND RANGE.
SPRING MANAGEMENT OF BEEB.
HY 0 E. I'HKNICIK.
We wish to urge pretty strongly the
necessity of proper spring care. One
great difficulty with many, especially
the beginner, is bavin*? his colonies too
weak; when he takes out a comb and
sees it fairly covered with brood, he
pronounced it a very strong colony, and,
perhaps, thinks it ou^ht to be divided;
hut were the colony in the hands of an
old "bee master" be would at best pro
nounce it a fair colony. V\ rhen the hive
becomes so full that you cannot see the
comb ut all, it can be considered a strong
colony and will be divided if desired.
In looking over the bees, should you
find a colony quite heavy, do not fail to
watch it closely as the season progresses.
If your bink account is large and in
come liberal you spend freely, but if it is
nearly exhausted and your income light,
your expenditures must be in accord
ance. Did you ever think that this may
be true of the bees? Our experience has
taught us that it is so.
Now then, the siores of the heavy col
ony are abundant, they feed the queen
liberally, she begins to lay rapidly, and
of course, it requires a great deal of
honey to feed this brood, hence the sup
ply is soon exhausted, and the largely in
creased family is living fror.i hand to
mouth; now should there come a season
of stormy weather, they will have to be
taken in hand by the apiarist.
This is the prime cause of the young
brood being carried out after such a
season of inclement Weather; the supply
of honey being exhausted necessitates
the starvation of this large amount of
brood. Then, tco, during a warm spell
of weather and their season of plenty,
they expand their brood to all they can
cover, then when the sudden cold snap
con&es upon ihem, must contract their
cluster and allow a portion of the brood
to chill and die, which is carried out as
soon as the weather permits.
Now for the colony with the scanty
supply. They have foresight not to
raise a large family, with the danger of
famine before them, but economize as
much as possible, and as a result are
weak in numbers la the spring, and by
the time they became strong enough to
gather honey the season is over. S*> it is
obvious that it does not pay to winter
bees by keeping them upon the verge of
starvation; sugar syrup does not cost
A Complete Stock of Bee-Keepers' Supplies.
Famous Morse hivo (Ist prize at state fair), foundation, smokers, so.-tion pivsses, founda
tion fusteuers, spur wire lmbedders, veils, honey shipping eases, eu\
FRUIT AND BERRY BOXES OF ALL KINDS.
PIONEER LUMBER CO.. - NORTH YAKIMA, WASH.
much and feeding is simply and quickly
There are several methods of feeding.
Many put the syrup in v vessel outside of
tbe hives, where it is accessible to the
bees of nil the colonies. Bees are not
gifted with the spirit of arbitration and
a dispute will arise as to the division of
the syrup. Still the worst does not con c
until it is all nicely stored away, and they
return to the feeder but to find it empty ;
they will lurk around for a time when
suddenly you find them pouncing upon
some poor w«ak colony, and before you
are aware of it have robbed its members
The Simplicity is an excellent feeder.
Some advise setting it on tbe alighting
board but dota't you do it, for the reas
on just mentioned. Put it inside. If
your hive has either a gab'e or raised
cover, bore a hole in the hone} board
and place the feed on that undor the
coyer, or if you use a cushion instead
place it under that; we prefer the former
plau as you can raise the cover and pour
in the feed daily aud not disturb ttie bees.
Or if your hiye Las a flat cover, put on
an empty super and place the feeder in
that and cover the whole top of the hive
with a blanket.
The Atmospheric iccder is more gen
erally used. It is constructed o( a block
of wood with a 3>2 inch hole bored near
ly through and this tits over a pint Ma
son jar. glass tumbler, cup or any ves?el
of that size, and inverted quickly; it is
tlieu placed on ihe brood combs or honey
board light down on the brood frames
and a cushion thrown over it so that it
covers the entire top of the hive to i£
tain the heat.
The best artificial fee«l for be^s i*»yfti|i
made from pure uninitiated suij'ir. In
eooklttg do not allow it to boil as it is al
most sure to burn and then it is spoiled.
Merely lnt It itmmer. S ime let it cook
long enough to i:andv when a spoonful is
dropped in cold water. Then it is beat
en or stirred with a spoon uutil it bard
eus, when it can be put on the brood
combs in chunks. Tim plan works
very satisfactorily in Etstern Washing
C. E. Phenicie, of Ticoma, estimates
the number of bee-keepers in I he State of
Washington at about 600. ownlnjj 0,500
colonies. We think thii estimate far
too small, as there are more than half
that many in the valleys tributary to
North Yakima, and the number is al
most doubling each season.