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POULTRY FOR PROFIT.
ity .1. w. fsr.uiit.
Perhaps the first thing to be considered
under this head is the starling point.
Now if you wish to begin poult ty raising
cither from the egff or from the grown
fowl >ou should select your starter from
a well bred flock. Don't accept scrubs,
at all hazards. Make a right start and
the results will prompt you to farther ac
Let us suppose that you with to secure
a vniiety of fowls noted for their laying
qualities, in which case you should pro
cure some breed recommended as being
best adapted to your section of country;
yet any of the layeis will become profit
able, provided they they have proper care
and management. Here lies the secret
of success, The best varieties of poultry
will scarcely pay for their keep if poorly
liny your stock from an honest and
careful breeder. The question has been
asked repeatedly, "When shall we incu
bate, in order to secure the best results?"
If you consult the markets you will find
that the best prices paid for pouliry is
during the spring months, and the par
tier the better. If you would secure the
best prices for eggs you should arrange
matters in such a way as to have winter,
layers. Iv either of the above cases you
must incubate early.
February and perhaps early March is
in my judgment, the best time. Some
may think this to be quite too early from
the character of the wealher. Yet if
your fowls are properly kept and housed
you will find little or no difficulty from
inclement weather. Always remtmber
that without proper care, no one may ex
pect contiuued success.
AN IMPROVED WHITEWASH.
An improved whitewash can be made
for poultry houses by preparing a emul
sion of carbolic acid which will mix
with water as readily as milk. The crude
acid might be added to the regular kero
sene emulsion as prepared by fruit grow
ers. It is made by dissolving one-half
pound of hard soap, sliced flue, in one
half gallon of boiling water, then adding
to it a gallon of kerosene, after which it
i 9 agitated rapidly will) B force pui ip, if
possible, for ten minutes If the emul
sion be perfect, a creamy ma^s that be
comes a jelly when cold is the result. For
use this is diluted With ten parts of water.
A gallon or half gallon of the crude acid
might be added, in addition to the kero
sene. Washing roosts with kerosene, or
supporting them in receptacles contain
ing kerosene or carbolic acid, acts as a
partial barrier from Iho mites that roam
RANCHE AND RANGE.
the house. Tlitir complete extermina
tion should be aimed at. Tte frequent
use of the carbolic solution is also a pre
ventive of roup, scaly lejj, chicken pox
and other diseases, winch are a hind
rance to poultry raising,
The object in hatching obk'ks early is,
of course, fall and winter Pi, r<js. It takes
tho larger breeds from six io nine months
before they are old enough to lay.
A living and a good one can be trade
from keeping poultry with Ihe invest
ment of a smaller amount of money than
it requires in almost any other branch of
Never use a male bird unleaa lie is pure
bred. No matter what the breeding ol
the bens, there is do way tn improve a
lloek that is bettor that to use pure-bred
males. They transmit to their progeny
(lie good qualities that have been bred
into them and make the Sock more prof
itable each year.
The one who Ihipka to make a living
from poultry keeping without hard and
cnstßßi work makes a mistake. It is
not heavy work, for any woman can at
tend to nine-tenths of it as well and as
easily as a man, but it is a work that re
quires the best attention of those having
it in charge.
Poultry manure is the most concen
trated of poultry fertilizers, and should
be carefully saved. The best way to do
this is to keep the floor of the poultry
house sprinkled with gyptUDi or dry soil
to absorb the ammonia of the manure.
Do not use wood ashes, as they free
the ammonia and ruin the value of
the manure. Keep the droppings as
they are taken from the house in barrels
or boxes until they are to be used. A
bushel' of the mixed manure to a square
rod is enough to uso at one lime.
Don't follow tho advise of anyone who
advocates the crossing of thoroughbred
poultry. It does not pay, for the reason
that yon can always rind just <vhftt you
want in a thoroughbred. By no system
of crossing can yon produce a better
layer than the Mediterraneans, a better
broiler than the Americans, or liner
rouster than the Asiatics. No cross of
thoroughbred will do any mere than the
breeds in the different classes named —
•Jud^e Hp.rry II Collier, Taoouaa.
EGGS! EGGS! EGGS! EGGS!
Don't sell thorn at 10c per dozen.
--=—====■ STORE THEM WITH US 'J5U=Lz
and make from 100 to ISO percent next fall. Send for our
instructions and prices.
Seattle Automatic Refrigerating Co. Chas. E. Crane, Manager
BARRED PLYMOUTH ROCKS
v.ixx* for hatching, II per IS.
PIT GAHES—Havo a few setting
from liiv winning stock.
Eggs, 18.00 per IS.
J. B.Webber, 17'7.SJKBR?»*h.
D. H. DWIGHT,
Barren Plymouth Rocks Exclusively,
Young Blrdi for sale. nac:s, sl'.oo per
Sertinor, Cockerel, 94. Pallets, \W.,, 'J.'tj.;.
it.;1. ,,«i;t;.j. scored by Felon. The Essex strain
took more premloma At Spokane Show "97
ihan any other exhibition. Bat) sfaction guar
1905 Pacific Aye., ■ Spokane. Wash.
Uftchild & Everett's
PEERLESS LIGHT BRAHMAS
The very Jscst in the West.
Kgga reduced for balance of the season to
83.00 per dozen. Hen d fob Ciiiuulak.
P. O. Box 1740, Spokane, Wash.
White Plymouth Rocks Exclusively
Took all prizes bnt one in their class at
Spokane Poultry Show. '','".
EGOS, >2.ooper sottinji; .! getting*, 15.00.
Hazelwood Dairy Co., Spokane.
Wholes*le dealer In Cattle, Sheep, Host and
Eitgheit price always paid for all kinds of
Iniw.amish. King County, Wash,
PRIZE-WINNING BLACK MINORCAS
Took First Premium at Seattle Sliow, 1890,
Ktr«s- 600 per letting; :i settinji. |).
a. M. GALE, North Yakima.
Wliite-Faced Black Suanisli, and
Barred Plymouh Rocks
h^tfs, Fifty Cents per Setting.
P. h. WALEN, North Yakima.
My Barred Rookl (tarried first prize fit
WaahiDgton State Fair.
Head of Pen of White Kock.s scored M,
BOGS, per .setting, |&50.
North YeiUimn, - - - Wet shin act on.
Eggs $1.00 Per Setting.
W. H. VVhipple, North Yakima, Wash.