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Ranche and Range.
N>w!XXv2£f;BS:Bi:[ Seattle, wash., September 2, 1897.
LOOK OUT FOR THE WEEDS.
Editor Ranche and Range: On a recent visit to the
West Side I noticed a number of bad weeds are gaining a
foothold. These have been introduced often in seeds
brought from infected regions. This is the manner in
which the Russian thistle was introduced into the United
States. One of the weeds noticed is the bind weed, or dod
der, a yellow, leafless vine that grows as a parasite on clov
er. This weed was doubtless introduced in clover seed
brought from the East. The English plantain, or rib grass,
has gained quite a foothold in some sections, and was
doubtless also introduced in clover seed.
Farmers should use the utmost care to prevent the in
troduction of weeds in seeds they buy. When purchased
seeds are sown a careful look-out for strange weeds should
be kept, and none allowed to grow. We ought to have
legislation making it an offense to sell seeds containing
weed seeds. Seed dealers do not guarantee the vitality nor
the purity of the seeds they sell in this country- They
would willingly do this if they knew all other dealers would
do the same; but a dealer can hardly afford to sell pure,
fresh seeds in competition with old, weed-infested seeds,
because it costs something to keep seeds free from weeds.
Shall we ask our Legislature to give us protection in
this matter? W. J. SPILLMAN,
State Experimental Station, Pullman, Wash.
A BOOK WORTH HAVING.
We are in receipt of a friendly letter from Chas. Will
iams of Spokane, informing us that he has now in press a
book called the "Little Buttermaker." It is short and con
cise, and full of practical hints to the farmer and the butter
maker; it is in five chapters:
1. How to make butter and how to market it. "
2. The co-operative creamery and its influence on the
3. The home dairy nad its influence on the character of
4. The dairy industry in foreign countries.
5. The dairy industry in the State of Washington and
its prospects. i :
The demand for hay in the Sound markets is brisk, and
prospects are good for a lively trade for the fall season.
The many horses being taken up to Alaska have required
large quantities of good stock. The increase in population
on the Sound is bound to improve the demand.
At a sale of Poland China hogs at Springfield, Ills., last
Friday a boar named Klever's Model sold for $5,100. This
is the largest price ever paid for a hog. It was purchased
by a syndicate known as the Klever's Model Breeding
Association. . _ ■:
The loss in Indiana from hog cholera last year amounted
to 670,000 valued at $6,500,000. »
' Our taxpayers ought to raise more hogs and make more
bacon. According to the assessor's books we only have
2,583 hogs in the county; less than one hog to each four
persons of our population. No wonder Armour & Goib
pany grow richer every year. Grow more hogs and _ buy
less bacon. —Kittitas Dawn. *r -
Our bright and enterprising contemporary, HANOHHI
AND RANGE, has established headquarters at I Seattle,
Wash. May it continue to flourish arid broaden'its use
fulness until it encompasses every "ranche and range" in
the entire Northwest.—Gem State (Idaho) Rural.
—t>af \y j m \vm r>
GOOD POINTS OF TtIP BERKSHIRE. ' 1 KJ
.By Fred Boshart. • gJ (M>
There are breads claim to be the bacon and lean
meat hog. They are coarse in all 1 their parts, long maturing,
unsightly In appearance, and X when once reared are gen-
If you have lots of money and wish to try the expert
ment, procure a pair of Tamworth pigs, grow and breed
them, and then compare the offspring beside the fine, im
proved Berkshire. The experiment may be costly, but not
long, and you will be satisfied that for profit the Berkshire
has no superior; has been perfected to meet the require
ments of all people in aa climates.
To make lean meat, the cheap foods, which are so bene
ficial to health and nature of swine, should be supplied.
In summer allow them good pasture, feed weeds, vegeta
bles, etc. An acre of sweet corn fed to hogs green will go
a long way in making lean meat. Weeds should not go to
seed, and if pulled and fed to swine they make excellent
pork. Cheap feeds make the best pork, as they produce
Confinement in pens makes the pig indolent and has a
tendency to increase fat. With plenty of exercise their
muscles develop, and this muscular part is the lean part.
Reduce the fat, increase the lean, and if your pigs are
kept all their lives in pasture, with skim milk, bran and
corn meal, you will not only produce the best kind of lean
meat, but produce it on the gain side of the ledger.—Ameri
LARGE WOOL SHIPMENTS.
A special train of 17 cars loaded with choice wool left
The Dalles August 22 consigned to Jeremiah Williams and
Company., Boston, and another goes to the same firm this
week. A large quantity is also being baled by E. M. Jones
for Hollowell, Donald and Company, also of Boston. There
are some fleeces yet to be manipulated at Arlington, Hepp
ner and The Dalles; but the larger growers have completed
their sales and the wool has been shipped East of the coun
try, so that, practically, the wool business for this year ia
now at an end. The results have been most satisfactory to
the growers, who have this year realized more than double
the prices of the season of 1896. The indications also are
that ranchers will have a larger amount of this staple to
put on the market next year than ever before, the advance
in prices having stimulated them to greater exertions. Sev
eral of the more prominent ranchers have already gone to
Michigan for the purpose of importing several hundred
head of bucks of superior grade for breeding purposes. Al
together the wool business in Oregon is in a high state of
prosperity and ranchers do not hesitate to say that the
funds realized from this year's yield will enable them to
pay off all back debts and leave them on Easy Street, with
every indication of remaining in that delightful thorough
fare for some time to come.
F. A, Young of Oregon recently purchased a carload of
Shropshire rams. Shropshire-Merino cross-bred lambs have
made fame and a bushel of money for Mr. Young, whose
flock numbers 15,000. He is offered $2 a head at the ranch
for 4500 half and three-quarter blood Shrop lambs, and nat
urally feels pretty good over the situation.
Sailing vessels cannot be secured fast enough to carry
the grain from our North Pacific ports to fill the orders
from foreign countries, so freight steamships are being sub
Mr. Ezra Campbell of Columbia County has invented a
device to fasten on the thresher by means of which all
weeds and wild oats are completely removed from grain.
The arrangement is said to work to perfection, and saves
a great deal of labor as well as money. It is a very simple
contrivance, and he has had a large number of them manu
factured and sold during the past summer.
Hogs have advanced in the Middle West from $2.70 last
year to $3.50 and still rising.
T. J. Kirk of Athena, Or., has threshed the wheat from
100 acres and it yielded 5000 bushels, or 50 bushels per acre.
That man needn't worry for awhile, and the beauty of these
big yields is that the great wheat belt of the Northwest Is
full of them.
$1 PER YEAR.