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AUSTRALIAN SHEEP LOSSES.
All accounts from Australia show an unprecedented loss
of sheep and an almost total loss of the lamb crop in
the leading pastoral colonies of the greatest sheep country
of the world. Some of the reports put the loss at 40,
some 50, and some as high as 60 per cent of the sheep stock
of the colonies most seriously affected by the long drouth,
intense heat and consequent dearth of feed and water. The
total sheep stock of Australasia at the beginning of 1897
was about 112,000,000 head, and a loss of even 30 per cent
of this vast aggregation of flocks means the appalling spec
tacle of 37,333,000 dead sheep among the peerless range
flocks that for years have furnished nearly or quite one
third of all the wools of the world. It means, too, a shrink
age of about 210,000,000 pounds in the next wool clip of
Australia, or about ten per cent of the total wool clip of
the world, a result that must greatly enhance wool values
throughout the world. Including the loss from the failure
of the fall lambing in the principal colonies, a 40 per cent
loss of sheep in this greatest of sheep countries is probably
not an extravagant estimate and its effect upon the sheep
and wool values of the leading wool producing countries
is already apparent in stiffening prices for best grades of
wool, and a guaranty of further advance as holders and
sellers come to a full realization of the awful magnitude
of the disaster that has undoubtedly wiped out a third of
the sheep life of Australasia. Whatever the real loss to be
disclosed by official returns next winter, the loss to the
flock owners of Australia is greatest and will be more far
reaching in its effects than any ever recorded in the live
stock annals of the world.
R. G. HILL, THE BREEDER.
The shepherd in his mountain camp enjoying his morning
meal of "slap jacks," flavored with Yankee Hill's maple
syrup, will take an interest in the fact that the venerable
founder of the refinery, whose syrups are now popular in
thousands of rural homes throughout the Northwest, was
the pioneer in Cotswold Sheep Breeding in the State of
Vermont—a state famous today for its tree molasses and
its sheep. Mr. Hill was raised in the Green Mountain State
and for years was one of the most prominent of New Eng
land's farmers and stockbreeders. About 1860 he imported
from the old country three Cotswold Sheep, and for thirty
years continued a flock of the finest stock upon his farm.
His sheep became famous and he carried off more than 500
prizes from the fairs during that period. He founded the
Green Mountain Cotswold Association, and was a promi
nent member of both the Vermont State and New England
Agricultural Associations. The first year after importing
his purebred stock he raised ten gradea mutton sheep, and
they averaged in weight 265 pounds. As it was a season
of high prices they brought 12 cents per pound, or a total
of $318. He continued breeding fine sheep up to 1890. when
he came to Seattle and established in a modest way his
maple syrup factory, which has now grown to a large and
One hundred thousand pounds of John Day wool sold at
Heppner, Or., last week, the price paid being 12 1-2 cents.
Two hundred and fifty thousand pounds of Morrow County
wool sold at the same time at prices ranging from 7 to
10 1-2 cents. This practicaay cleans up the wool here for
the season, not over 100,000 pounds remaining unsold.
RANCHING ON THE YUKON.
The following interesting correspondence written by a
Minnesota man we reproduce from The Rural New Yorker:
"Recently I met an intelligent man who had spent the
past four years prospecting for gold in the Yukon Valley
of Alaska, and I was rather surprised by the description
he gave of that distant part of the United States. The
winters in the Yukon Valley are not much ditferent from
those of Northern Minnesota, in their influence upon the
white man. The cold is more prolonged and more severe,
but the extreme dryness of the air, in a large measure,
offsets this difficulty, and a man who has labored outdoors
through a Northern Minnesota winter will not notice much
RANCHE AND RANGE.
Delaine Merino Bucks...
I have for sale 200 well-bred Bucks from the famous
BULLARD family. The quality fleece from these ani
mals cannot be surpassed in the Northwest, and they
are of good mutton type.
CHAS. MCALLISTER, -~- - - NORTH YAKIMA, WASH
FREE GIFT TO SHEEPMEN!
Valuable book premium to purchasers of Cooper Sheep Dip between
April I and July 1: "The Diseases of. Sheep—Their Prevention and Cure."
65 pages: Apply WILLIAM COOPER & NEPHEWS. Galveston, Texas.
Send receipt or say where bought. If you cannot buy locally, send $1.75 for
?2.00 (100 gal.) packet to C G. ROBERTS, 247 Ash at;,; Portland, Ore.
Eleven Head for sale. . G. W. OLNEY, " ' r
Good Stock. . - TOPPfNISH, WASH.
WHOLESALE DEALER IN
CATTLE, SHEEP, HOGS AND POULTRY
Highest price always paid for all kinds of live stock.
V .. ._ ... - DUWAMISH, KING COUNTY, WASH,
SHROPSHIRE SHEEP and REGISTERED JERSEY CATTLE
I have for this season's trade 50 choice Shrop Bucks, 2 to 3 years old, fit
for the range, or can furnish rams to head pure bred flocks. Lambs of
both sexes and ewes, all extra select. Can suit you in anything you want.
Prices reasonable. Satisfaction guaranteed. Call or address . - -
. . L. F. MASCHER, Silverton, Oregon
HIBBARD, NORTON A CO.
OF SEATTLE, ARE
WOOL PULLERS <& TANNERS
It will pay you to write to them before selling Pelts, Wool, Hides and Furs.
FOR SALE "—~
i™ 1 Delaine Merino Bucks
Will be kept in the vicinity of North Yakima during the
breeding season of 1897. For particulars, correspond with the
undersigned: .... ■ SMITH & COX, Arlington, Ore.
V BETTER THAN THE KLONDYKE
THE GOLDEN HOOF is better than Gold Dust. We now have a high
tariff on wool; it pays to raise mutton; the sheep business is booming; ev
erybody wants sheep now; keep posted on the sheep and wool industry by
reading the American Bheep Breeder. Best advertising medium for
sheep men and all who want to reach them. If you want to sell weathers
or lambs to feeders east or west, advertise in the
AMERICAN SHEEP BREEDER, Chicago, 111.
PULLMAN SLEEPING CARS
ELEGANT DINING CARS
TOURIST SLEEPING CARS
, : . FREE COLONIST SLEEPERS
ST. PAUL, MINNEAPOLIS, • DULUTH,
FARGO, GRAND FORKS, CROOKSTON,
WINNIPEG, HELENA and . BUTTE.
i Through. Tloliets to
CHICAGO, WASHINGTON, NEW YORK,
PHILADELPHIA, BOSTON, and
- ;■. •- All points East and South. - .
"Through tickets to Japan and China Northern Pacific Steamship Co.
For information, time-cards, maps and tickets, call on or write j
I. A. NADEAU,
Gen. Agent, City Ticket Office cor. Yesler Way and First aye.
Depot Ticket Office, Columbia St. and Western aye. ,
Asst. Gen. Pass. Agt., 226 Morrison st., Portland, Oregon