base may be erect or reclining in growth, and reaches a
height of from three to six leet; stems spring from a bulb
like perennial root, and after flowering, in midsummer,
soon die down; leaves are from two to three feet long,
smooth and glacous, sometimes with a purplish cast, two
or three times divided; the leaflets are borne on the upper
third of the leaf, there being generally from four to six
pairs, are oblong and lance-shaped, about two inches in
length, three-quarters of an inch in width, coarsely toothed,
sometimes unequally divided or lobed, and with small veins
running from the midrib to the notches in the edge of the
leaflet. The plant blooms in the summer and bears an um
brella-shaped cluster of small white flowers at the end of a
long stalk or penduncle; from the blossoms, broadly ovate,
kidney-shaped, ribbed fruits cbout one-eighth of an inch
long are formed, which when cut crosswise show minute
tubes containing an aromatic oil, much like that in the
seeds of the common parsnip, and the seeds in these fruits
are small, nearly cylindrical in shape and have a slightly
The above minute description of the top is to enable one
to distinguish between the cicuta and other parsnips, but
there is a more sure indication in the root. It is bulb-like
in appearance, two to four inches long, and one or two
inches thick. In color the exterior is a dark purplish green,
the interior a yellowish white; the flesh firm and bearing
an abundance of reddish aromatic oil, having a decided
parsnip odor; the root bulb is only partly under ground,
and emits long fibrous roots from beneath. The poisonous
property of the plant, cicutoxine, is found in the oil of the
The cicuta is found in Oregon and Washington in marshy
or wet places, both on the seashore and in the mountains.
It frequently grows along the banks of coast rivers or in
lets, but is quite common about the lakes of Southern and
Southeastern Oregon. It is so plentiful throughout all of
Western Oregon that it is dangerous to cattle during the
spring in uncultivated, marshy pasture land.
The number of cattle killed yearly in that state by cicuta
is about 100. As it grows early, cattle in searching for
green herbage find the cicuta and pull the root from the
ground by the top, thus getting to the poisonous part. The
cicuta is poisonous to human ueings as well as brutes, and
a few instances were cited where deaths have occurred from
mistaking cicuta for horseradish or artichokes.
In testing its poisonous properties, cattle at the station
were used. The first, a heifer, died within one and one
half hours. The second, a yearling calf, when it began to
show strong symptoms of poisoning, tests of antidotes were
made. An ounce of spirits of turpentine in a quart of
milk revived the animal after it had fallen in a spasm so
that it could walk, but it soon fell again. A repetition of
the dose revived it again for a short time, when a full dose
of tincture of aconite with a quart of milk was given, with
out visible effect. A hypodermic injection of nitro-glycer
ine was also fruitless. The popular remedies of lard,
grease, flour and milk in districts where animals die from
cicuta, are not thought effective where an animal has a
good dose of the poisonous root, in its most virulent state.
Some of the cicuta received at the station was planted in
the greenhouse, to keep until it was required again, and, to
the surprise of the experimenters, it was absolutely in
effective after it had grown a short top. The deduction was
reached that growth destroys its poisonous properties, and
that it is destructive to animal life only a short time in
the late winter or early spring, just before or about the
time it begins to sprout. The eradication of the plant by
pulling it from meadows and marshes is urged as a pro
tection to stock until some antidote is discovered.
John B. Agen, wholesaler in dairy products, Seattle, has
placed J. A. Woll in his establishment. Mr. Woll has been
for some time manager of the creamery at Stanwood and
is quite popular among the dairymen of the state. He is
to operate for Mr. Agen a system of grading, by which all
butter is classified according to its merits.
The Queen City Creamery of Seattle, under the manage
ment of George T. Kienstra, is manufacturing 2,500 pounds
of butter per week. Xno milk is received at the Seattle
headquarters, but cream is shipped in from Ellensburg,
South Bend, Grand Mound, Auburn, Woodenville, Bothell,
Elliott, Wayne and Orillia.
RANCHE AND RANGE.
Advertisements in this column, 75 words or less, 60 cents each insertion
per month, $1. ___ ■
Attention !— Those desiring choice peaches, pears. apples, etc.. can
purchase same in any quantity direct from my farm, Z% miles fro™ N°££
Yakima, in Natchez valley. Good quality, good measure and reasonable
prices. E. G. PECK. P. O. address, North Yakima.
Agents Wanted.-Good. live canvassers can obtaiu steady employment
by applying to Ranche and Range, Seattle. Wash We . are engaging
agents to solicit subscriptions in every part of the Northwest and pay first
class wages. Applicants should bring references.
Sure Cure for Liquor and Morphine habits. Room 25 Blalock block
Spokane, Washington. ____
September number of the BUYER'S GUIDE now ready It
contains SIXTEEN pages of valuable information; the latest
prices on all articles for the home;
Future Crop Prospects
All of interest to the produces of farm products.
Sent Free to any address on application.
Send in your name. Our article on "Wheat and Wool"
this issue is of the greatest importance to you if you are
Special Freight Rate to Our Customers.
We make you a freight rate to your nearest station of
15 cents peP 100 lbs. less than the regular railroad
rate on all orders of $20 and over. Send for the Sep
tember Guide with full information.
New Grain Bags, 5 Cents.
...F. A. JONES...
JONES'GASH STORE BSSr
ERNEST PEYCKE JULIUS PEYCKE
BROKERS AND COMMISSION MERCHANTS
Pacific Coast Products. Green and Dried Fruits,
Canned Goods, Honey, Etc.
OMHHH, NEB. DES KOINES, IK.
Warehouse on track. No cartage. liberal advances made on
No storage charges. consignments.
First-class References furnished upon application ——•>
W. M. Darlington W. 1,. Darlington W. H. Darlington
Ship your Cattle, Sheep and Hogs to us. Fair treatment, top
prices and quick returns
CHICAGO ...... ILLINOIS
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