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Ranche and Range.
ISSUED EVERY THURSDAY.
In the interests of the Fanners, Horticulturists and Stockmen of Wash
ington, Oregon, Idaho, Montana, Utah and British Columbia.
Official organ of the Northwest Fruit Growers' Association, embracing
Washington, Oregon, Idaho and British Columbia.
Subscription (in advance) ------ $1.00 per year
MILLER FREEMAN - Editor
Address all communications to No. 108 West Marion street, Seattle.Wash.
Branch office at North Yakima, Wash.
It would not surprise us to hear of serious trouble in the
office of the general manager of the Spokane Fruit Fair.
H. Bolster may as well be prepared to make the fight of
his life —or maybe he'd better run. Why? "Well, he has
announced that to serve during the fair, "the following
committee on entomology has been selected: E. F. Bab
cock of Waitsburg, Wash.; Prof. J. A. Balmer of Pullman
Agricultural College, and Prof. Fred A. Huntley of thy
University of Idaho, Moscow." Now the gentlemen named
are all skilled horticulturists and "entomology" is the sci
ence of bugs! Possibly Professors Balmer and Huntley will
understand that Mr. Bolster meant to create a committee
for the very commendable purpose of the proper classifica
tion of fruits, but then there is that noble old warrior
from Waitsburg who was sent to the great Columbian Ex
position to judge the fruit of the world. He's the fellow
that we are expecting to sail into the general manager's
office and make the whole force see bugs and stars and
various other things.
"Down with the hog!" is the cry in the great wheat
raising belt of the Northwest. Six bit wheat has set the
farmers to rushing their hogs to the markets, and next
year they will be importing their bacon and hogs as of
yore. More wheat and less hogs is going to be the rule
and the farmers are plowing their pig styes up to sow to
grain. It's a mistake —a big mistake, these people are mak
ing to go out of the swine-raising business entirely just be
cause one year of high prices makes it more profitable to
sell wheat than to feed it. It is all right to cut down the
size of the swine herd at such a time, but hang on to the
breeding of stock. The hogs have been good friends to the
farmers of our grain districts —and they will be wanted
again, as sure as the season of low prices comes around.
And we never know how soon it is coming.
In the United States an average farm hand will produce
more than three times as much grain, and from one and a
half to three times as much meat as the average farm la
borer in European countries can do. This is accounted
for partly by the superiority of our farm machinery and
partly by the greater fertility of our land; partly, more
over, it must be acknowledged, by the superior energy and
skill of our farmers, who are not machines, but think, and
for the most part act, for themselves. The hands in for
eign countries work for the proprietors of the estates on
which they are employed. Here they are mainly the owners
of the land they farm, or their sons, and have a personal
interest in what they do. This stimulates brain as well
as muscle to make the most possible out of the advantages
The farmers of the State of Washington are the ones
who are after all drawing the big advances on the Klondike
gold deposits. By the sales of millions of dollars' worth of
RANCHE AND RANGE.
provisions to the thousands thronging to Alaska, the
ranchers are going to keep continually ahead of the game.
There will be fifty dollars spent by those going in to every
dollar that comes out. The richer the finds are proven to
be the wilder the world will go and the greater the number
who will turn a-fortune-hunting. The farms and stock
ranges of Washington are the bases of supplies, and the
ranchers and rangers will receive the most general distri
bution of the flood of wealth.
Our readers will learn with pleasure that we have en
gaged Adam M. Stevens to write a series of articles for
this journal. Mr. Stevens is a dairy specialist and success
ful farmer of note in the Kittitas Valley, and his writings
are the condensations of years of experience and will not
only be of real interest but of great instructive value. The
articles published from his pen will alone make our paper
worth many times the price of a year's subscription.
RANCHE AND RANGE is a practical paper, full of the
brightest ideas of the most practical people.
J. A. Woll, who has had the management of the Stan
wood Creamery for some time, has been placed in charge
of Jno. B. Agen's cold storage department at Seattle. Mr.
Agen is instituting a system of grading in his establish
ment by which all butter will be paid for according to
quality. Mr. Woll is a thoroughly competent man for the
position and undoubtedly the dairy men of the state will
find their relations with this house still more pleasant be
cause of Mr. Woll's identity with it.
The experiment which has been carried on in the Yakima
Valley for some months of rural mail delivery is prov
ing a success. The service in that valley has been ar
ranged to continue until July, 1898, at which time the au
thorities will decide as to whether it will be generally in
troduced throughout farming districts of the United States.
Sixty million dollars would be required to provide rural
free delivery all over the United States and it would give
employment to 200,000 persons.
The endorsement of The Trade Register, Seattle's weekly
journal of commerce, given by the chief of the section of
foreign markets of the United States Department of Agri
culture, is something that is worthy of more than passing
notice. We do not think that we are making the state
ment too highly colored when we say that the State of
Washington has not an institution that is doing more to
develop the varied commercial interests within her borders
than The Trade Register.
Redfield & Son, fruit commission merchants of Philadel
phia, Pa., have added to the personnel of their firm, and
now do business under the name of The Hughes Redfield
Co., with offices in Philadelphia, New York, Boston, Bal
timore and Salt Lake. Among those we hear speak well
of the firm we mention J. W. Godwin, who says he has
found them good people to deal with.
A week of Farmers' Institutes has been arranged to be
conducted in three different agricultural districts by the
professors of the Agricultural College. Following are the
dates: Stan wood, September 13th and 14th; Auburn, 15th
and 16th, and Enumclaw, 17th and 18th.
Wilson Rogers & Co. inform us that they are desirous
of purchasing lots of hay direct from farmers. If you have
hay for sale better write them. They are an old estab
lished firm of Seattle.