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Ranche and Range.
BEST NONE TOO GOOD.
"The best is none too good," is a good motto. Too many
farmers are indifferent to this sentiment in conducting their
live stock business. The shrewd buyer comes along and
offers the average farmer an extra price for the tops in his
herd, and occasionally the owner accepts the offer to his
detriment. In the case of the milch cow or the meat pro
ducers generally, the inferior stock should always be on the
sale block. One is fortunate, however, if he has attained
that goal where he can offer for sale at all times only su
The professional breeder who pretends to supply breed
ing stock to the general farmer should have a high ideal and
take pride in following the motto at the head of this article,
furnishing only such foundation stock as he would himself
be content to retain in his own herd. When this policy is
followed generally, there will be a much greater demand
from the ordinary farmers for such stock. This suggestion
is not a creation of fancy. The culls and inferior creatures
in one's herd can be fattened and disposed of for the
shambles. The breeder who would observe the golden rule
and furnish his fellow men only th© best for building up a
herd, will patiently follow this policy. It means for a few
years that he must be content with the moderate profit
which the fattened stock yields. The character as well as
the reputation of such a breeder will later on extend his bus
iness, so that the profits of later years will compensate for
the sacrifice of the earlier period.
We do not pretend to say that one in following his high
ideal may not at times make mistakes. It is also true that
when the very best stock is furnished to some farmers they
will not handle it properly, and will in consequence fail of
expected good returns. The party who has furnished the
foundation stock is, by such people, criticised and censured
more or less unjustly. One with a broad view of the con
ditions in life will not allow himself to be seriously disturbed
by such criticism.
THE CROP BULLETIN.
The crop bulletin for September by the United States De
partment of Agriculture says:
Although there has been some decline from the highest
prices reached in August, the general tenor of the informa
tion gleaned from all available sources is not of a character
to warrant either the expectation or fear of any material
cheapening of wheat until another crop is in sight with a
prospect of ampler stocks. With an annual European pro
duct of over 1,428,000,000 bushels a year. This year the
European crop, according to Broomhall's Corn Trade News,
will, in round numbers, amount to 1,329,000,000 Winchester
bushels, or 99,000,000 bushels less than the average of the six
years in question. If we make the comparison with the
figures for 1897 given by Beerbohm, the deficiency in the
European crop is still greater, amounting to about 113,000,000
bushels. To make up this deficiency little help is to be ex
pected from India, Argentina or Australasia for months to
come, and in so far as Europe will have to import a larger
quantity than usual she will have to draw it mainly from
North America, and especially from the United States, the
Canadian contribution being relatively small. Official re
turns for Ontario and Manitoba give for these two Provinces
an aggregate of 51,042,253 bushels. If the Argentine crop
shall escape the ravages of locusts is seems likely to turn out
unusually well, and from January, 1898, when the bulk of
the harvest will be got in in Argentina, that country may
have more or less wheat to export, as the latest mail ad
vices represent the crop as being in fine condition and the
weather highly favorable. There are however, many chances
of serious damage during the next three or four months.
The latest accounts from Australia indicate that the drought
from which that country has suffered for the last two or
three seasons has been broken and that the wheat crop is
giving good promise throughout most of the Australian
colonies; but the area was narrowed by drought at seeding
SEATTLE, WASH., SEPTEMBER 30, 1897.
time and, as stocks must be low, it is not likely that even
with a full yield the crop will be one out of which any great
amount can be spared for exportation. The present high
prices, would ordinarily tend to encourage the sowing of an
increased breadth in India, should the weather be favorable,
this fall; but any inclination on the part of the poorer culti
vators to take advantage of such favorable conditions will
probably be in a great measure thwarted by the impover
ished condition in which they have been left by the famine
in the greater part of the wheat-growing districts. Many of
them lack the draft cattle necessary for the tillage of even
the usual breadth of land, and will, moreover, be unable to
buy the necessary seed wherewith to sow it. Public and
private charity will aid them to some extent, but it is prob
able, on the whole, that the area will be below the average
rather than above it, and that, the aggregate outturn will
be somewhat short.
But leaving out of view the fact that the burden of supply
for Europe will fall more largely than usual upon the United
States, it is evident that there would, in any case, be a de
mand for a larger surplus than is to be expected out of this
year's crop. Tf to our advantage annual export for the six
fiscal years 1892-1897 we add a European shortage of 99,000,
--000 bushels we get a total of 265,373,872 bushefls, and in so
far as we fall short of that quantity, Europe, as compared
with an average year, must suffer a scarcity in her bread
supply, except in so far as she can avert it by drawing on the
stocks that may remain out of previous crops. The world's
reserves have, however, been reduced in consequence of the
short wheat crop of last year, and a deficiency in some of
the other important food crops will not tend to relieve the
tension of the wheat market.
BY MRS. CH»S. UCE.
Tf for some reason your bees will have to be fed to survive
the winter, do it now by all means, before the cold weather
In preparing your bees for winter do not take too much
honey from them. Remember it's their surplus you should
take and nothing more.
Every colony should have twenty-five or thirty pounds of
sealed honey to take them through to the first of next May.
It is far better to have a little too much than not enough.
Mr. Lee thinks that he can usually control all cases of
robbing that he comes in contact with, and is usually suc
cessful. But Monday evening, while rteurning from North
Yakima he encountered a case that was too much for him —
and is loser $45.00.
Leaving the supers on with unfinished sections through the
winter may be all right for the bees, but not for the sections.
Better get them off immediately and let the bees have access
to them. Put three or four supers in a pile and allow an en
trance for only one bee at a time.
Honey ought to be stored where it is warm and dry. Most
bee keepers know this, but not all of them. Have the honey
stored in the southeast corner of the building. Have the
walls painted black if you can. On dry days open doors and
windows; keep them closed nights and cool, damp days if
C. H. Thies, A. B. X., says in moving bees by the little-at
a-time method they soon catch on to the idea, so that they
can be moved much farther at a time after the first three or
four moves. We found that out several years ago, but did
not like the method, as it makes the bee cross and irritable
L. A. Aspinwall in Review for Sept. tells his experience
this season in clipping the wings of his virgin queens. Those
with undipped wings averaged mismating one in every four
Those having clipped wings the mismating averaged one in
twelve. He says great accuracy must be observed in clip
ping to maintain a uniform length, and preserve the balanc
ing power requisite in flight. In having their wings clipped
they cannot fly as far, hence the above facts.
Smythe & Cox shipped from North Yakima this week a
train of sheep, to Chicago.
$1 PER YEAR.