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HORTICULTURE IN CALIFORNIA.
Editor RANCH AND BANGS: Your letter reached me in due time,
in this lovely spot, the Italy of America, where there is more sunshine to
the Bquare inch than anywhere else in America—for me a little too much
Bunsfine While it is a groat boon for those afflicted with many of the ills
flesh is heir to, especially those afflicted with pulmonary troubles, and many
from various parti of the Union seek this and other places in Southern Cali
fornia, to spend their winters, and many make permanent homes, thereby
riving an air of thrift and putting more money in circulation than in the
northern part of the state, it docs not suit me-I want a well man s country.
J would not exchange a home on the fog-lined shores ot Puget Sound for
one of perpetual sunshine in Southern California. There are four months
of summer there, to me more enjoyable than the four mouths of winter here,
and the eight months of the remaining twelve has as many enjoyable days
•is the Mine length of time here, with their torrid heat and sand storms.
Give me the snow-capped Olympics and Cascades, with an occasional glimpse
of grand old Rainier for scenery, in place of the sun-parched plains of this
state I have seen a number of people since leaving home who have lived
hi the Sound country, and without exception they express a desire to get
back there I would not disparage this part of the country for a winter
home, for it is lovely with its orange groves, bending with the golden fruit,
and at this time bringing in the golden ducats at the rate of $2.75 per box
for every box of navels shipped out,
You ask me about the outlook of the deciduous fruits, and especially
prunes, in the northern part of the state. I attended the fruit growers
annual convention at Sacramento City, and after listening to the reports of
their committees and hearing the experiences of a large number of those men
who had grown gray in raising fruit and otherwise build.ng up this great
State many of them having held high and responsible positions in the coun
cils as legislators and other positions, acknowledge they were bound hand
and foot with chains riveted, that could not be broken, by the one corpora
tion which carries their fruit, and by two parties who control the selling ot
the same which if possible are parasites more exacting than the corporation
that carries the fruit beyond the Rockies, I felt glad my home was not m
California. They told of their woes—of their losses; many said they had
not made a dollar in years; many had not only lost their fruit, but had been
called on for money to make up what their fruit cost, in paying freight and
expenses They told how it was managed by the parties who had got con
trol of the fruit shippings of that part of the state—when those who had been
independent of those grasping monopolies heard of a city where the outlook
was good for a carload of fruit and consigned one there, one or the other ot
thesl companies, with their hundreds of cars standing on the track at dis
tributing centers, would at once send a car to that point and break down the
prices So the independent shipper was forced to give up his independence.
The subieets of the most despotic nation on earth are no more fettered than
the fruit "rowers of Northern California, and after all these years they do
not seem to have any course marked out to better their condition.
In regard to the overproduction of prunes, I am more than ever satisfied
with the position I have taken on that subject years ago. I had a conversa
tion with a gentleman who has been drying prunes in a county where but a
few years ago there was not enough fruit raised for home consumption, it
being one of the leading wheat counties, and he told me he had 300 tons ot
prunes, and he could find no sale. He was offering them at 2* to 3 cents,
according to size, and said a large percentage would run from 60 down to 40
and but few over 60, and I have no doubt 2* cents per pound or less would
buy the lot. Then where is the party who can dry prunes with artificial
heat and compete with these prices?
Tell your readers their lot is cast in a great state, and if they will avail
themselves of the advantages spread before them they need not be jealous
of California, with all her sunshine and orange groves, with all her vineyards,
prune orchards, early peaches, cherries, apricots and plums Plant and take
•rood care of the apple as a leading commercial article of fruit, with their
berries cherries and other kinds of fruit that do well in their localities as
side issues. Raise the cereals where they succeed the best; continue the
potato and onion crops, with other root crops, to feed the Klondikers Do
not neglect their alfalfa fields, and feed their stock, for these people will
want their meat Washington has too many resources; she must in the near
luture forge to the front as the leading state on the Pacific, and Seattle is
the best known city of its size in America. It is looked upon as the Chicago
of the Northwest,'and no one talks of Klondike but says they are going to
Seattle to make their outfit, and there are more that say there will be 100,000
people outfit there than put the number at less. Yours
1 J. M. riIAoUJN,
fIEMORIES AND VISIONS.
Closing my eyes, there are still left sights of the Spokane fruit fair.
Bolster is there on the retina, and one cannot but associate him with red
apples The term would fail to describe the richness of the unrivalled fruit
coloring of those apples; they blush and then turn ripe red—sunset richness,
RANCH AND RANGE.
Redlands, Cal., Dec. 8, 18UT.
Of J. M. Hixson & Co.
brightest blackness, blotched and streaked, till one would think they caught
their changing hues from Kvo's fair cheek, and had never ceased to improve
upon it since. Grain, grain, grain, and more grain, until the letters of Spo
kane, fruit f&ir seem formed of ears of grain. Sheaves of golden grain de
signs of grain, planned By unbridled imagination. Ciderman extolling his
wares in a voice that is a cross between the screech of rusty hinges and a saw
filing orchestra. More fruit and corn and nuts and pumpkins (that arc DO
relation to a pump), squash that would squash anything they might fall upon.
Crowds and multitudes of people, all different. Children that would make
kings if surrounded with royal environments. Babies, and most of them
beautiful. Mothers with thoughtful, anxious faces. Plenty of horns of
plenty, as far as they go. liig frail frame tent on very solid ground.
in mazy distance is seen a building with 305 steps of days leading up
to it —design a dream —mostly glass; inside a rippling stream, crossed with
rustic bridges; some fountains, some flowers and grass. Exhibits arranged
with massive bountifulness, patches of grain standing as growing. Artistic
scenes of rural life, with living pictures of familiar scenes. Large arches
of graceful design and decoration —the whole well strewn with rustic seats.
A commodious ladies' room, Avith comforts and conveniences. Days set
apart for different features, when they are to furnish the entertainment, viz.,
a Grangers' day, an Alliance day, a Children's day—Children's day to have a
soap-bubble contest. Addresses on subjects of interest to farmers, with dis
cussion by those interested. A choir of children's voices trained in the
public schools. HAYSEED.
Editor RANCH AND RANGE: In your issue of December 4 I notice
some comments made by one of our leading horticulturists, as well as by
one or more of the leading journals representing the agricultural and horti
cultural interests of some of our sister states, pertaining to the discussion
of my method of tree pruning as it came from the pen of my opponent.
The readers could readily see by reading both sides of the question in dispute
that the defense set up no right or wrong method, but placed in contradic
tory evidence the names of some of our most prominent orchardists, whose
orchards had been pruned by the writer, and were producing this year the
highest-priced fruit that has and is being sold in our markets.
If I understand the true object of both communications referred to, it
is to get those who profess to have had experience in the science of orchard
pruning in a friendly way. I will explain my method of pruning in your
next issue. W. H. BROWN.'
FROM MR. AND HRS. WITTERS.
Fremont, Wash., Dec. 6, 1897.
Editor BANCH AND RANGE: We have finished up the Jersey fad.
To explain: A year ago my wrfe bought a thoroughbred Jersey heifer calf.
0 what visions of yellow butter, Jersey cream, etc., we had. Last summer
the calf followed nine other cattle to the pound. There went $3. A few
days ago said calf followed another raid on the pound—s3 more; pretty near
first cost. I have hugged the stove three weeks, with rheumatism got by
being thoroughly wet up hunting the Jersey. So we have sold it. That
pound bites too deep. Wife has a hive of bees for the calf, and if moth are
not in the majority we'll see sweetness. She and I like RANCH AND
RANGE, and want to see it grow. Here's your money. Very truly and
respectfully yours, ERASTUS WITTER.
About rats —Here are two sure remedies: First—Put one pound glass
in iron vessel. Pound fine. Be careful that none flies in your eyes. I hold
my head away while I pound. Take one cup of powdered glass, two cups of
meal, and a little sugar; wet and put in pans. It cuts the insides of any
thing but fowls.
To keep rats away from young chickens have posts a foot or so from
the ground. Turn large pans over the posts, and build your chicken coop
on them, and you will never lose a chicken from rats. Have a board for
the little chicks to come up on, removing at night. This same principle
may be applied to granaries also.
I wish the editress of "Buzzings" would tell how to put a queen in the
hive, and when to put on the extra top. Are Italian bees always yellow?
Should the hives face the east? How can one take honey when not at all
I at one time took poor hens by the feet (heads down) and poured coal
oil on the feathers, several spoonfuls, and it cured them. They were soon
fat and singing—killed the lice.
MRS. L. WITTER.
The Washington State Dairymen's Association meets in Seattle on
December 28, 29 and 30. There will l>e an exhibit of dairy products in
connection with the meeting. Whatcom county dairymen will, of course,
bt enterprising enough to bring our element of the industry into its proper
proportion of prominence.—Blade.
HOW TO PRUNE.