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BEET SUGAR MAKING AT HOME.
Office of the Agricultural Epitomist.
Indianapolis, Ind., Dec. 1, 1897.
Editor RANCH AND RANGE: To correct much misinformation on
the timely topic of "Boot Sugar Making at Home," we have taken pains to
secure the attached important expert statement, which appears in our De
cember issue. AVill you kindly notice or quote for the public good? Re
spectfully, B. CHUBB FULLER, Managing Editor.
Dr. H. W. Wiley, Chief Chemist, United States Department of Agri
culture, Washington, I). C— Dear Sir: The Epitomist appeals to you ai
authority on the subject of sugar making from sugar beets, and asks for
such information as you may be willing to furnish for publication in rela
tion to some process by which farmers may produce beet sugar at home in
a small way for their own use.
It is hoped that this .information, which you are so well equipped to
furnish to the public, may enable the man with a cider or fruit press and a
few pots and kettles to do something for himself in this line of work while
awaiting the slow development of the beet sugar industry on a larger scale.
We have heard a story of your experiments with sorghum as a boy on
your father's farm, and may there not be embryo scientists now to be stimu
lated by the new sugar movement?
Trusting that you will consider our appeal as pro bono publico, we are,
dear sir, most sincerely yours,
EPITOMIST PUBLISHING CO.
United States Department of Agriculture, Division of Chemistry,
Washington, D. C, Nov. 9, 1897.
The Epitomist Publishing Co., Indianapolis, Ind.—Gentlemen: I have
your letter of the 2d inst. asking me for an expression of opinion m regard
to some process by which farmers may produce beet sugar at home in a small
way for their own use. In reply permit me to say that the production of a
crude beet sugar in a small way i's an extremely simple process. Any farmer
who is equipped with a cider mill for rasping the beets, a cider press for ex
pressing the juice, and an evaporator suitable for making sorghum molasses,
can produce a crude beet sugar. As a rule, this sugar will not be very palat
able, because it is not refined and contains the salts and bitter principles
which make raw beet sugar and beet molasses, as a rule, unfit for table use.
It will be, however, an interesting object lesson to our farmers to demon
strate the fact that the sugar beet itself contains- sugar, and that the latter
can be made in the crude way I have mentioned above. In this way the
making of sugar in a small way by farmers may prove a stimulus to the in
dustry and do great good. Farmers, however, should not be deceived by
the expectation of being able to make their sugar in a successful way com
mercially. The successful and profitable manufacture of sugar can only be
accomplished in expensive factories, equipped with all the appliances neces
sary to make a pure refined sugar. Only the pure refined beet sugar can ever
become an article of commerce. In this the beet differs from the sugar cane,
because the latter will give a sugar which, even in the crude state, is palatable
and marketable; in fact, many people prefer crude cane sugar to the refined
article on account of its containing the aromatic principles of the cane,
which give it an odor and flavor very acceptable to most palates. I trust that
any of your readers who may undertake the manufacture of beet sugar in
the crude way I have mentioned above may do so only from the point of
view indicated, and not with the expectation of making it a commercial suc
cess I am, respectfully. H. W. WILEY, Chief of Division.
A I/"IC C Without a Squeeze
IVlO^ is like
js—^^^sssi r?w Ar> I A C\C Without Old Yankee Hill
|li)|IMRmT/|fMiUilj| SL/\i JAv/I\*^ Genuine
WialaßVi^ nAPI SYRUP
BH RTrM We have sold this syrup and sugar for years and our growing increase in trade is a
inTrPffilßrH MrffHßl guarantee that it tickles the palate in just the right way. When you are in town again
jEypPw PLlJfvil! get a can and treat yourself in genuine old Vermont style. All grocers sell it. It is
IP^^JB^^Eyßß^fflMl9| cheaper than sugar because it goes farther.
HILL SYRUP CO., ■ ■ ■ Seattle, Wash.
RANCH AND RANGE.
In line with an address delivered by Dr. N. G. Blalock of Walla Walla
concerning a German bird and its fondness for one of the most troublesome
of fruit pects, we present the following from the Caldwell (Idaho) Gem:
The State Board of Horticultural Inspection will probably meet at an
early date and decide, among other things, upon the feasibility of introduc
ing the kohlmeise. It may be that the introduction of this little bird would
solve the problem of how to avoid wormy apples. At the same time it must
be conceded that the matter would be in the nature of an experiment, and
that all such experiments are attended with some risk. The English sparrow
is an illustration in point. These are things that ought to be considered m
advance. Besides, even if the kohlmeise does what is claimed for it in its
native abode, there is no definite assurance that it would accomplish the same
results under other conditions. The history of birds, as well as insects, has
shown that their characteristics are liable to change with changed environ
ments. Tnsectiverous birds have been known to become largely vegetarians
and fruit consumers; hence have proven enemies instead of friends of the
orchardist and gardener.
November 2, 1897.
We also find the following entertaining article in our esteemed con
temporary, the Oregon Agriculturist:
I am much interested in the attempt of a few enterprising horticulturists
on the Pacific Coast to introduce the kohlmeise, a valuable insectiverous bird
common in Europe and Great Britain, where it is known as the "Great Tit
mouse." lam well acquainted with Parus major and know from observation
that he is death on larva, and if introduced here will no doubt assist in keep
ing in check the codlin moth. But I doubt whether he will be of much as
sistance in ridding our orchards of San Jose scale or of woolly aphis.
Years ago, while living on an English estate where the Great Titmouse
was abundant, I remember some old espalier apple trees that were much in
fested with woolly aphis (American blight, as the English call it) and where
the titmice had ample opportunity to show what they could do in the way
of destroying pests. Yet the aphis lived on. The Blue Tits, Coal Tits and
Crested tits are equally valuable as larva-destroyers. That they will eat the
larva of the codlin moth there is no doubt, and on a pinch they will not hesi
tate to go into the fruit after them. The Jacky-blaek-caps, a local English
name for the Black-capped Titmice, destroy many fine apples in the fall by
their eagerness to capture the worm inside. Our own Chickadee (Parus
atricapillus) is equally as valuable an insectiverous bird as the Kohlmeise.
And to my mind none of the Titmouse family are to compare as orchard-pest
scavengers to our Nuthatches, both white and red-bellied, or to our Brown
Creeper, or even to the Downy Woodpecker of the Eastern states.
There is this one strong recommendation in favor of the European Tit
mice: they are not migratory, but live about the same place most of their
lives. This is not true of our American insectiverous birds; they nearly all
go south in winter.
I would like to see a few of the Great Tits introduced, but don t see
exactly how it is to be accomplished. The Titmouse is a fighter, and two
males cannot be shipped in the same cage —they will fight to the death every
time; this I have demonstrated on numerous occasions. My advice to the
enterprising gentlemen in this matter of importation is to go slow. Try a
few at first and provide a separate cage for every pair of birds shipped.—J. A.
Balmer, Horticulturist, Washington Agricultural College, Pullman, Wash.
The Puyallup Evaporating Company has been incorporated with a cap
ital of $4,000.
Residents of Ahtanum valley have raised a pool of $200 to sink an ex
perimental artesian well. It will be put down on the George Wilson place.
CODLIN MOTH DESTROYER.