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AN ADDRESS BY W. D. HOARD.
At the farmers' congress held at Fort Worth,
Tex., December 6, President W. D. Hoard, who will
address the dairymen of this state next week, said
I congratulate you also on the increased hope and
encouragement that has come to the homes of the
great mass of American farmers the past year.
Our agriculture is becoming nationalistic. This
farmers' congress is one of the proofs of this asser
tion. We are no longer a loosely joined band of
states, "discordant,- belligerent." Thank God, we
are coming to see each other "face to face." We
are becoming cemented by railroads, navigable riv
ers, interchangable products, and a more general
commingling of our people. National legislation is
taking on thought of this kind in the establishing
of experiment stations, the enactment of laws for
the better protection of agricultural products
against the dishonest greed of men who would adul
terate and counterfeit.
The march of study, investigation, knowledge,
have opened to the farmer a new view of the mar
vellous array of forces which surround him.
But the farmer and the man of science are coming
to see that the farm constitutes a magnificent do
main for intellectual conquest.
Every branch of farming is organizing, not only
by states, but in a national way, to promote specific
knowledge and a wholesome sense of national inter
dependence. Never before in the history of this na
tion has there been witnessed such an awakening
of intellectual activities, such marshalling of in
vention, physical research, chemistry and cognate
sciences, education and legislation, all in behalf of
the American farmer, as at the present time.
We are just beginning to feel as a people that
agriculture is an intellectual as well as manual pur
suit; that from the humblest tenant to the lordliest
ranchman, progress and profit depend on mental
comprehension of the principles involved, and an
energetic obedience to that comprehension. Com
prehension means intellect, obedience means busi
ness. Some men are all intellect and no work;
others all work and no intellect. The true farmer
unites both. He is both a student and a "doer of
Some of the questions for this farmers' congress
to ask of itself are: "What can we do in an organ
ized way to help emancipate this great business of
farming from a lack of comprehension? What can
we do to get the farmers of this continent to see
the necessity of more intellect on the farm? How
can we contribute as a force, to the emancipation
of the farm from the wasteful effects of ignorance,
and help put in its place the energizing and enrich
ing influences of knowledge? In other words, what
can we do to promote farm education? What can
this congress do to promote wise legislation in the
state and national legislatures to this end? What
can this congress do as a great force to arrest the
tendency of the American farmer to destroy the na
tural fertility of his farm? What can we do to
arouse public opinion and the great educational
forces of the country to the importance of teaching
the elements of agriculture in the primary schools
of the land? Our present system of agricultural edu
cation is an image with a head of brass, a body of
iron, and feet of clay. We are directing all our en
ergies to the head and not the feet.
Our common schools recruit the academy, the
college and the university, and they, in turn, recruit
every profession but farming. Our young men flee
to the towns and cities because we have educated
them to do so. Nearly every European country is
putting forth strenuous effort to stop this tendency
by teaching the elements of scientific agriculture in
the common schools. It can be done as easily as
the teaching of the elements of chemistry, or phil
osophy. A great host of farmers who were deprived
of such teaching, now find themselves barred from
an understanding of much of agricultural literature.
they turn from the agricultural
RANCH AND RANGE.
college, the bulletin of the experiment station and
the farm paper, that is really worth anything to
them. Had these men been taught in their youth in
the common schools the meaning of the terms used
in agricultural chemistry, something of the princi
ples of animal husbandry, something of the true
principles which underlie the preservation of fertil
ity, they would be, today, in much more harmonious
relation-with all that constitutes agricultural pro
gress. May we not hope that this congress will cre
ate a sentiment that will greatly help along this
needed educational reform.
The Farmers' National Congress is a patriotic
body. The meaning of patriotism is self sacrifice.
Without sacrifice there can be no patriotism.
The very fact that you have assembled here, many
from a distance, and at your own expense, gives
proof of your public spirit, your anxiety to benefit
the cause of agriculture and of your practical pa-
triotism. To that must we look for the extinction
of corruption in politics, the promotion of honest
government, the suppression of crime, the encour
agement of honest industry and a just reward to
labor as well as capital.
Like all other lines of human thought and action,
the American farmer and his farm are going
through a process of evolution. The manufacturer
feels it, and his capital and enterprise can hardly
keep pace with coming changes; statesmanship feels
it, for new and difficult problems of government
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