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W EXPERIMENTS WITH WHEAT.
The state agricultural college is
making experiments with wheat rais
ing that promise to be of incalculable
value to the Washington ranchman
who wants to stay in the business of
raising wheat or who is so situated
that wheat gives him a better revenue
than any other pursuit. These experi
ments have been under the direction
of Prof. W. J. Spillman, agriculturist
at the college, and he is greatly en
couraged at the results that have been
obtained and that will come in the fu
ture. Mr. Spillman says that what we
need is a wheat that can be planted
in the fall and will stand up and yield
4ftiler weather such as we had last
winter. Some of the 95 varieties with
which the college has experimented,
according to Mr. Spillman's statement,
combine two or more of the necessary
qualities, and they are now experi
menting in crossing different varieties
which combine the qualities desired.
The result will eventually be a wheat
that will yield well, make good flour,
have strong straw and will not shatter.
Such a wheat will add thousands of
dollars to the income of the Washing
ton farmer. Mr. Spillman further
"I believe our experiments with the
spring varieties will result in securing
a wheat which will yield ten bushels
more to the acre than the present av
erage. This will add a million bushels
per year to the output of the country.
Of course, this will take time, but our
experiments have been successful so
far. and I am confident we will do
what we promise.
4k> Did you ever know why Bluestem
wheat sells for three cents per bushel
more than Little Club, though the lat
yields about three more bushels to the
acre? It is because the Bluestem
makes a whiter flour, and white flour
commands a better price. Now we
are going to improve the quality of Lit
tie Club until its flour shall be as
white as that of the Bluestem. Thus,
we will have the wheat which yields
the most per acre commanding the
high price and reverse the present
condition of affairs."
THEY GROW THAT WAY.
The Ellensburg Dawn of two weeks
ago has four items that show what
sort of truck can be raised over in Kit
titas county —and no doubt the same
experience can be found in almost any
other section of our state. Under the
heading of "Big Clover," the Dawn
says: "John Green brought us in a
Winch of red clover from seed sown
"T?bt spring that measures five feet five
and one-half inches. That is what we
call big clover and deserves special
That's good, but let's see what is
said about "Big Spuds": "Asa June, of
the Menastash, brought to the Dawn
office Saturday some of the finest
spuds we have seen for some years.
They are of the Peerles variety and
more resemble coal or stove wood
Big apples are a common thing in
Washington, but few do beat this one
of Mrs. Frederick's. The Dawn says:
"Mrs. Frederick left at this office this
week three appies of the National
Wolf River variety that are prize-tak
ers in our estimation. The largest
one measured 17 Vi inches in circum
ference and weighed one pound and
twelve ounces. The three weighed
four pounds and two ounces. Mrs.
€ederick got them from the E. Den
-1 ranch on the Natchese."
We know of pumpkins larger than
this squash—but there is a difference
betwen the two. The Dawn reports
Clipper Fanning Mills CLOVER, TIMOTHY and
Cypher's Incubators all kinds of GRASS and
Mann's and Dandy Bone Cutters ™*™?£* DS ?«£}*
Wilbur's St Pratt's Poultry Food to names. and TRUE
Crushed Bones and Shells
We are the only exclusive seed
house on the coast and can fill all CT I C 2 f*^ \SM ET §\| S E ATT L. E
order at lowest market price. Give !■■ *0 ■ DV/ Ww WASH.
us a trial order. Address
that E. C. Hartley, of Thorp, has on
exhibition in J. E. Veach's store in
Thorp, a squash that weighs 95*4
BLIGHT IN TREES.
A great many of the products of the
farm and orchard are subject to
blight, which is due to a bacterial dis
ease, the germs of which enter the
growing vegetation through the flow
er, or, in the case of trees, often
through the bark. The young inner
bark and the cambium layer are most
seriously affected. Situated beneath
the bark, it is impossible to check the
trouble by spraying. When any par
ticular part becomes affected, as indi
cated by the blackened leaves, that
part should be cut off some distance
below the injury and burned. Thor
ough work should be done after the
growing period. This is by no means
a sure preventative, but it is about the
only method of checking the disease.
In a succulent, rapidly growing tree
the blight bacteria find more favora
ble conditions of growth than in one
which develops more slowly and vig
orously. The Cornell station holds
that for this reason too much nitro
genous manure is dangerous. A suc
culent growth induced by severe prun
ing should be avoided. Experiments
have proved that withholding water
from potted trees has checked the
progress of the disease. In addition
to apple trees, this blight attacks the
pear, quince, mountain ash, service
berry, and several species of haw
GREEN FOODS CAUSE BLOATING.
Every season there is complaint of
loss of cattle from eating second
growth sorghum and similar foods, and
the question is asked as to whether
such foods are poisonous. Although
death frequently follows when cattle
are permitted to fill themselves on sec
ond-growth sorghum, it should not be
understood that the food contains a
poisonous substance, as the following
will make clear: A dairy company in
Missouri recently lost seventeen cows
and Sanitary Officer Francis sent the
veterinarian of the health department,
Dr. Ellis, to investigate the case, as it
was feared by many that some conta
gious disease had broken out, or that
death was due to poison and that all
the herd would be more or less af
fected, thus vitiating the milk supply.
Dr. Ellis found, however, that the cows
had broken into an adjoining field
and gorged themselves with second
growth sorghum, which by fermenta
tion in the stomach developed gas to
an extent sufficient to burst the
paunch and thus cause death.
Another case is that of T. L. Scott,
a stockman of Kemp, Mo., who turned
a bunch of cattle into a sorghum-cane
patch. Inside of an hour four of the
animals died and many of the others
were taken sick. A post-mortem ex
amination of the dead cattle disclosed
that death was caused by overgorging
of their stomachs with green cane fod
RANCH AND RANGE.
der, causing gas to fill their paunches
to the bursting point.
Such cases, as every farmer knows,
are readily relieved by thrusting a
trochar into the paunch at the point
of greatest distension, which will-be
just forward of the left flank and not
fas from the back bone, then with
drawing, leaving the canunla as a tube
through which the gas may escape. If
a trochar is not at hand the large blade
of a pocket knife and a goose quill
may be made to answer, thrusting the
knife through the hide and linings of
the paunch, then placing the quill in
the incision and thus affording an .
cape for the accumulated gas.
A little care and thought will pre
vent trouble and loss from this source.
It should be borne in mind that stock
which has not been used to green for
age will, if given unlimited access
to it, eat more than the stomach can
take care of; that such foods as young
clover, sorghum and many others will
develop gases in the stomach by fer
mentation and that when the forage
is wet with dew or rain this tendency
is greatly increased. It follows, then,;
that stock should be kept from such j
pasturage when wet with dew or rain,!
and should not be permitted to re
main on it longer than one hour at
first, gradually extending the time.
EXPERIMENTS WITH NUT TREES.
George Ruedy, the nurseryman of
Colfax, Washington, has done a great
deal of valuable experimental work
with nut trees. His experiments have
now covered a period of over fourteen
years in the Palouse district of East
ern Washington. The severe weather
of last winter was the severest test
to which his trees have been subject
ed and a winter of equal severity will
not be apt to be experienced again
for many years. As a graphic illus
tration of his experience, Mr. Ruedy
has grouped a series of photographs
under the heading of "Nut Culture in
the Palouse in a Nutshell." This
group of photographs tells the story
of results in a most effective manner.
Although last winter cut many vari
eties out of the test, Mr. Ruedy is still
able to offer two varieties of almonds,
three of filberts, two of walnuts and
two of chestnuts.
A pest called the apple maggot or
railroad worm is attracting a good
deal of attention in the east and is
steadily working westward. Spray
ing has not proved effective in fighting
it, as the fly appears to deposit its
eggs in the pulp of the apple under
neath the skin.
The owner of every orchard ought
to feel that it is his duty both to him
self and the community in which he
lives to either take care of that or
chard or destroy it. A neglected or
chard is a financial detriment to its
owner and the community in which it
is situated. No man who is qualified
to make a success in fruit growing
will start in a community where he
will be surrounded by neglected or
chards. The most profitable crop
which can be obtained from such an
orchard is firewood, and the sooner
the crop is harvested the better it will
be for the owner and his neighbors.
DUNGENESS SEED GARDENS
READY FOR SOWING
"Lingham's Giant Beardless Barley"
Valuable new white variety, lmll-less and en
tirely free from beards. Fine for poultry, ho^s
and other stock. Can be sown in spring or fall.
"Golden Giant" and "Big Four" Oats
FOR SPUING SOWING. For price! on bushel
lots and by the sack, address,
A. LINGHAM, Dungeness, Wash.
—A Full Line of—
General Nursery Stock
Good Winter Apple Trees
Of all the Leading Varieties. Magoon
Strawberry, $1 00 per 100. Send for
JOHN A. STEWART, Proprietor
Runs pullman Sleeping Cars, Elegant
Dining Cars, Tourist Sleeping Cars,
Free Colonist Sleepers to
THROUGH TICKETS TO
NEW YORK. PHILADELPHIA.
All Points East and South.
Through tickets to Japan and via
Northern Pacific Steamship Co.
For Information, time cards, maps and
tickets, call on or write
Gen. Ag-ent, City Ticket Office, cor Yes
ler Way and First Aye.
Depot Ticket Office, Columbia st. and
Western aye. A. D. CHARLTON.
Vsst. Gen. Pass. Agt., 225 Morrison St.,
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Cancer, Tumor. Catarrh, Piles, Fistula, Ulcers,
Eczema and all Skin and Womb Diseases. Write
for Illustrated Book. Sent free. Address
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mention Ranch and Range.