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FALL CARE OF HORSES.
Every one who hs ever had the care
of a horse knows that he sheds his
coat twice a year. In the spring he
lays aside his warm, heavy coat of
long hair and puts on one that is short,
fine and sleek. As winter approaches
this in turn is shed, and his warm,
heavy winter garment is again put on.
We should not lose sight of the fact
that the growth of this heavy coat of
long hair is a tremendous drain on the
vitality of the animal, and nature must
be assisted without stint if the horse
is to go into winter in good condition.
This fall shedding comes when the
horse is kept busy at rather heavy
work. We have all noticed that he is
apt to lose in flesh, is low spirited and
peculiarly subject to coughs, colds and
so-called "distemper." If he is not
given some extra care now he will go
into winter in poor condition, and will
likely remain so. We should not for
get the old saying: "The animal that
is in good condition when cold weather
comes, is already half wintered." The
horse that is idle most of the time in
winter, and has warm, comfortable
quarters, can be kept in splendid con
dition on good hay or fodder and a
little grain, provided he was in good
condition when winter closed in.
It is bad practice to leave horses out
in cold storms with the mistaken no
tion that it toughens them. This is a
mistaken notion and works to the inju
ry of the horse industry. After frosty
nights become the rule the horse
should be housed at night and turned
out in the day instead. We should be
especially careful to keep him shelter
ed from the first cold storms in the
fall, when his vitality is apt to be be
With most farmers this is one of the
busiest seasons of the year, and many
find it next to impossible to groom the
horses as carefully as should be. An
authority has said that "one currying
is equal to two quarts of oats." It cer
tainly is a great aid in keeping him in
condition when shedding his coat. The
loose hair is irritating to the skin and
is one of the chief causes of his rub
bing at this season. Besides, the fric
tion of the currycomb is a great stimu
lant to the organs, removes all the
dandruff and aids a quick, healthy
shedding of the coat. All this is
brought about by a good daily rubbing
down with comb and brush. This is
always given to horses for the show
ring, the race track, and the fire de
partments of towns. It should not be
entirely neglected with the faithful
old farm horse.
But there is one way in which every
one may lend a tremendous aid at this
critical season, and that is in the way
of extra feeding. We must not forget
that all waste tissue, heat and action
must come from the feed, as well as
the building of the new coat.
THE BREEDING OF HORSES.
The condition that surrounds the
horse-breeding industry of this coun
try is a healthy one, and a bright fu
ture is In store for those who will live
and learn, says the editor of the North
Pacific Rural Spirit. The indications
are now that the demand of well-bro
ken and well-developed horses of all
classes will be greater than the supply,
which will compel some to patronize
the wild herds and invest in the un
couth "bronco" that is never broken,
thereby stimulating this class of idle
breeders that should be prohibited
from breeding and throwing on the
Market this class of horses. However
scarce horses may be the breeder must
not expect old time prices for them
RANCH AND RANGE.
aiy more than he should expect a dol
lar a bushel for his wheat, for horses
can be bred and raised cheaper now
than ever before; therefore, those that
are already raised must be sold on the
basis of what they will cost to raise at
the present time. The one thing that
brooders have learned and should not
forget, is the difference in the value of
a well-bred and well formed horse and
the mongrel. It is their duty, there
ioie, in breeding for the runner, the
trotter, the carriage, the saddle, or the
draft horse, to breed to the best pos
sible strain in each class, both in
blood lines and individuality. The day
has passed for breeding and raising
horses the way they are generally bred
and raised in Eastern Oregon, Wash
ington and Idaho, for it is just as es
sential to break and develop the horse
for the uses and purposes he is intend
ed as it is to breed and raise him. You
may as well take your wheat to the
miller in the straw and expect a good
price for it as to take your horses to
market half or totally unbroken. The
horse-canning establishment is not a
thing of civilization, and as soon as
our errors in breeding have been cor
rected by these slaughter houses, we
should begin to breed and raise only a
high-class horse of individual merit
and worth; one that has a commercial
value anywhere in the world for the
use and purpose that horses were in
FROM MOUNTAIN VALLEY FARM.
-—N. C. Maris, lleppner, Ore. —
The breeder of blooded stock usual
ly looks forward with pleasant antici
pation to the recurring fair circuit and
enjoys crossing swords with his fellow
breeders for the coveted persimmons.
Especially is this the case with the
class of exhibitors who met at Spo
kane this fall and received the high
compliment from the expert judge and
very courteous gentleman. Prof. R. S.
Shaw, of the Bozeman, Montana, ex
periment station, when he said that in
all his five years' experience judging
he had never met so level headed a lot
of exhibitors. It was a jolly, good and
profitable time we had over at the In
land Empire city, and how could it be
otherwise with such good stock, good
men, a good, conscientious, competent
judge and that prince of good fellows,
Supt. J. L. Smith, to look after all our
interests so completely? The pleas
ant relations, new acquaintances
formed and the many pleasant little
incidents occurring all combine to
make it a green spot in the memory
of the stockmen. The boys will cer
tainly all be back next year, bringing
their neighbors with them, and we pre
dict for Spokane a fair next year sec
ond to few of the eastern fairs. You
might just book us down now. As
we write this we are on our way east
for a little fresh blood, and if we can
not buy any show cattle we think we
have a few calves coming at home that
will do to bring out next year. One
that we have good reason to bank on is
Mildred, the little red roan full sis
ter of our yearling champion heifer
We arrived home the night of the
14th of last month with the show herd
all in ship shape and they are now
enoying their liberty with the rest of
the herd, grazing the alfalfa, bunch
grass and Elongus Minorus. We find^
the late calves have developed splen
didly during our absence and a couple
of Gov. Clough's young daughters are
better than the calves we had out.
There was not such a thick, meaty,
low down block of a bull calf with lots
of style and finish, on the circuit this
fall as we have in Muggins, out of a
Mazurka Conqueror cow and sired by
Gay Muldoon. Another half brother
and a couple of Gov. Clough's sons are
very close up to him, however.
If you do not hear from us any more,
conclude we have literally "got stuck"
on some of "them good things" back
there that they would not put a price
on, and have camped right with them.
OUTPUT OF THE KLONDIKE.
No one will ever know exactly how much
gold was taken from the Klondike fields the
past season. Since the English government
imposed a royalty, the miners have adopted
all sorts of ruses to evade the law. It Is
rather difficult to dodge taxes.but it is more
difficult to dodge a bad cold and the grip at
this time of year. When the system is
weakened by such attacks, and the blood be
comes thin and impoverished, the best med
icine to take is Hostetter's Stomach Bitters.
This remedy builds up the system. Besides
regulating digestion, It overcomes constipa
tion. It is good for the kidneys and liver,
too, stimulating these organs into the prop
er performance of their functions. Nothing
is so good for malaria.
Have you fine stock to sell? Then
advertise in Ranch and Range.
Public Sale of Berkshires
By the State Agricultural College, on NOV
EMBER 18, 1899, at 10 o'clock a. m. Ani
mals of best breeding. If you cannot at
tend send bids to me. For further infor
mation address W. J. SPILLMAN,
CLOVERDALE, B. C.
Breeders of Registered Berkshire
Hogs, Oxford Sheep, Toulouse Geese
and Buff Leghorns, prize winners at
the leading shows of British Columbia.
Some choice ram lambs for sale, sired by Bab
raham Beau, imported. First at Toronto and
London in 1898; First Silver Cup winner at Royal
New West in 1898. First wherever shown in '99.
J. T. WILKINSON
VILLAGE FARM, CHILLIWACK, B. C.
Two Hundred Rams, 150 Ewes, alio ram
lambs and ewe lambs. Rams for pure-bred
flocks, also rams for grade flocks and for
the ranch. All registered stock ; no grades.
Can fill any order. Come or write.
W. J. BOYNTON, Rochester, Minn.
Geo. Harding & Son
Breeders and Importers Short Horns, Cots
wold Sheep, Berkshire Hogs
One Hundred head of Shorthorns, Thirty
Scotch bred bulls and females imported this
season. We have the leading Cotswold
flock of America ; 116 Imported Rambouil
Both male and female, in either line, for sale
William A. Conant
Mountain Valley Farm
PROPERTY OF W. 0. MINOR
BREEDER AND IMPORTER OF
Short-Horn Cattle! Poland China Swine
N. C. MARIS, Mcjr., Heppner, Ore.
J. S. SMITH
Importer and Breeder of the finest strains A. .1.
C. C. Jersey Cattle, Berkshire, Duroc Jersey, Po
land China Swine, Mammoth Pekin Ducks, Tou
louse Geese, Indian Game, White WyandoUe,
Brown Leghorn and Plymouth Rock Fowl Stock
and Eggs for sale. Chilliwack, B. C,
Pure Bred Jersey Cattle
m Famous St. Lambert, Pogl s
4j*<*Pv-<# B"<1 Tormentor prize-win
t?tia^ iilng dairy breeds.
gra||sf BERKSHIRE SWINE
BdS£m Host In the west. Belmont
BPf SB 1955 and Duke XII of renown
■MHßV 1^ ed Hood Kami 47784 and oth
iEEs^ it leading strains. Fine as
M. HORAN, Wenatchee, Wn.
Percheron Horses ▼
and Yorkshire Swine
Two bulls, sons of the great Corlotta and Olo
thilde 2nd Artis, both vigorous and great stock
getters—both sexes. All ages for sale. One Per
cheron stallion, eight years old, can show fln«
progeny. Also mare in foal. . Imported or from
imported stock. Also Yorkshire pigs M all ages.
Prices reasonable. 11. F. PAQE,
(Mention this Paper.) Mission City, B. O.
The KARLEN COMPANY
MONTICELLO, WIS., U. S. A.
Breeders of pure-bred Holstein-Friesian cattle
of national fame. Also the choicest Swiss, Lim
burg and Brick Cheese a specialty. Hoard's
Dairyman, the leading authority on dairying,
says: "The Karlen Co. set out to own the
champion herd of that breed in America, and
succeeded in gathering together a good many re
nowned animals, as the columns of this paper
have shown." A few young males now on sale.
Address: THE KARLEN CO., Monticello, Wis.
ELMWOOD A. J. C. C. JERSEYS
Brown Bessie's Champion, 48471, at the head
of the herd—son of Teasel 75358; test 294 lbs.
milk and 20 lbs. 4 ozs. butter in 7 days;>afr
living daughter of Brown Bessie 74997, winri><^^t
the 90-day and 30-day dairy tests at the Colum
bian Exposition. Sire, Diploma 2nd, by Diploma
16219, sire of 49 tested daughters and 14 produc
ing sons; 411.5 lbs. butter and 0,323 lbs. milk
average per cow in 12 months.
BULL CALVES FOR SALE.
ADAM M. STEVENS, Proprietor.
Box 247, Ellensburg, Wash.
AMERICAN JERSEY CATTLE
St. Lambert, Tormentor and Rex strains. Al
A. F. HAAS, Skatttk, wash.
A. J. 0. 0. JERSEYS
We have sold all the lieifers we can spare, but
have two extra line young bulls.
If you want something good, write for price and
DILWORTH BROS., Spokane, Wn.
CHAMPION it. m
liteg£Hß9P£l POLLED CATIMhf
,/Sfiai IW Beit for milk for the fara
3^^H H ily, for butter, for the
« HI dairy, but for' beef for
TT^^TWI market; won (60silTer cup
«t Pierce county fair 18W
MM^ :m*r or best pure bred cattle of
any breed. L. K. COGSWELL, postoffice, Olrm
pia; residence and shipping point, Plum Station,
Birch Grove Farm
Prize winning herd at New West
minster, headed by Ist prize bull.
Duroc Jersey swine and
Everything at Provincial Exhibition on Bhrop
shlres. Ram Chancellor II was sired by swei p
stakes ram at world's fair. Young stock always
for sale. E. A. KlPF"~Chh.mwajx, B. 0.
MILK GOATS FOR SALE
So don't kill baby feeding it cow milk. The
Mexican goat, the only domestic animal exempt
from disease; their milk is absolutely most nour
ishing and healthy for infants and invalids. The
longest-lived people on earth live in Switzerland
and Mexico, where consumption and dyspensw
are almost unknown, subsist chiefly on goat >h4|p* <
goat or kid flesh and cheese made from goat mm?,
These goats give more milk, for size and feed,
than the cow. Will clear land of brush, briers,
weeds and thrive where other stock would starve.
B. VANRAUB (The Goat Man), Vanraub, Tex.