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ANBERRY CULTURE AT OLYM
Vbout two years ago Charles T.
idsdale, of Olympia, Wash-, corn
ted the planting of a plat of two
es with cranberry plants brought
m Cape Cod, Mass. This plat is
Nit two miles from the city of Olym
. In preparing the land Mr. Lands- j
c spread upon it about 1,600 cubic
tof sand. On account of the boggy j
.ure of the land this sand had to be |
en on the land with wheelbarrows, j
• whole amount making about 18,000
eelbarrow loads. He has construct
-1 a dam and can flood the tract
ckly when desired. Three hundred
kisand cuttings were required for
; two acres. Six varieties were
nted, and eight more varieties are
ng tested. The berries ripened this
r are very satisfactory in every
•ticular —size, color and quality,
c cost of developing the plantation
date is about $800 per acre. Mr.
ndsdale will probably increase his
Intation to 20 acres.
Inter care of fruit trees.
Much damage is sustained every
nter to young fruit trees by mice
d rabbits. A great deal of this in
-y can be avoided. Mice are most
structive in orchards that stand in
ass, or have a heavy growth of
•eds or cover crop near the trees,
is a good idea to go around and
11 up, or spade up, the grass for a
ace of two feet around each tree
d then throw up a bank of earth
i or eight inches high. This will
arly always save the tree from in
ry by mice. The little animals will
ip at the bank of earth and not go
i it. The banking is also helpful in
eventing the wind from whipping
c trees about. To prevent injury
am rabbits other means must be
iployed. The trunks should be cov
ed to a height of two to four feet, I
spending somewhat upon the proba
e snowfall. Tarred paper or heavy
apping paper, fine mesh wire or
ths are all effective and quite exten
lyely used. The trunks may be paint-!
I with a mixture of whitewash, cow
inure and fresh blood. The rabbits
ill not touch anything that has blood |
1 it. If a tree is once well girdled j
r mice or rabbits it is generally done :
r. It may sometimes be saved, but i
the expense of two or three years';
•owth. More often it soon dies and J
is to be replaced. Prevention in this |
Lse is much less expensive than a,
»w tree or a cure.
IRRIGATION IN A SMALL WAY.
—Q. 11. Prwcott. —
There are two points to be consul
fed in irrigation: first, to get the wa
>r; second, how to apply it. I get my
lapply from a tubular well, two inches
\ diameter, 142 feet deep, twelve feet
l the rock, the water rising to within
Iventy-seven feet of the surface. I
ump it into a tank on a tower twelve
let high. A pipe I\\ inches in diam
tor runs from the tank along the side
fmy garden. This pipe is connected
y couplings, every other one being a
1 for a :!',-inch pipe. I use a pine plug
b stop up the hole until we want to
se the •Ti-inch pipe. The -,-inch pipe
3 used for side lines of pipe and run
ting the same way as the rows of
tlants. I also have twenty feet of
übber hose, :!',-inch, and a nozzle.
*ow, if your cultivator is arranged
ight the outside hoe will make a small
urrow just right to run the water in.
tun the :n-nch pipe along the row to
he highest place and attach your
lose first taking off the nozzle. Lay
he hose lengthways of the furrows,
tnd you are ready to turn on the wa
RANCH AND RANGE.
ter. When the water has run the full
length of the furrow, put the hose in
another furrow, and so on. If you
want to spray or run a stream of wa
ter on your plants, put on the nozzle.
To spray, put your finger on the under
side of the nozzle close to the water,
and you will soon learn how to m ke
a very nice spray. Your hose will
water all the rows of plants twenty
feet each side of the pipe. When
that is done move the pipe to the next
coupling in the main line. I use horse
power to do my pumping. Blindfold
the horse, and he will go right along
without a driver.
I sometimes spray the raspberry
and blackberry bushes when they are
ripening, holding the stream at the
root of the plant for an instant —it acts
like a shower. Evening is the best
time. It is cheaper to let the water
flow, as one has to hold the hose all
the time while spraying.
For cucumbers and other vines,
make a good furrow near the hills; the
vines will run over this furrow, but
you can use it just the same.
THE FARMER'S ORCHARD.
Speaking upon the location of the
farmer's orchard an old orchardist
said that "the location of such an or
chard should be as near his house as
possible, provided a suitable soil can
be found. If conditions are suitable,
it should be placed to the north and
west of the farm buildings. Well
drained land is generally good, on any
side will do, but do not use slough
land, even if it has been drained. Any
kind of land should be drained, as
drainage improves the condition of the
ground. It is best to have the ground
subsoiled. Subsoiling permits the rain
water to distribute itself more quickly
through the ground. Ground so treat
ed can be easily penetrated by the
roots, which will then go down to a
greater depth than in ground not sub
soiled. A small orchard should be
planted on every farm.
"Lay on the ground in check rows,
30 feet apart each way. The marks
can be made with a plow, running the
furrow deep, and then at the intersec
tions little digging will have to be
done. Set out your trees one inch
deeper than they were in the nursery
rows. In setting the roots, put fine
dirt around the roots and work it in
by agitating them. This is to prevent
the formation of air cavities under the
roots. Throw in only enough water
to pack the dirt around the roots.
Pack in the dirt almost as solid as you
would around a fence post. You must
be careful about this, for if the soil
is loosely packed the air will get in
and dry out the roots. Do not tramp
the top layer of dirt, but leave that
to act as a mulch. Plant only such
trees and plants as are recommended
by the horticultural society for the dis
trict in which you live."
WORTHLESS PRUNE TREES.
It is said by a Portland man that
a good many prune orchards will be
grubbed up in Oregon this year. The
majority of these were planted in lo
calities which are not adapted to
prune culture. In some cases it is the
onwer who is at fault. In either of
these cases the grubbing out of the
orchard is a distinct gain. There are
other cases in which the orchard has
received proper care and the location
and soil are suitable, so far as can be
determined, but so many trees were
destroyed or injured by last year's
freeze that it appears better to make
a wholly new start than to replant
among the survivors in the old or
I "ALPHA-DISC" IB
1 CREAM SEPARATORS 1
j^^H » <^> ■ i^^B
9H [:"^*l« The improved "Alpha" disc or divided milk- B
H 11 ft strata system is used in the De Laval separators bH
BB JJcyjP only. Strong patents prevent its use in any |H
E9 Js^MU other machines. The "disc" system makes Rjf
hBB t' ie c ava^ machines as superior to other Sflß
HB PBmKmI separators as such other separators are to jf^H
VilSm setting systems. It reduces necessary speed BB
one-half, reduces size of revolving bowl, saves 99
BB R\ labor and power, enables simplicity and dura- 188
E3 US wlf^ bility, skimming cold milk, running cream of E3
■IB M^^nm an^ desired thickness, and insures absolute BBS
■H / fl^f^liiVv thoroughness of reparation under practical H3
BM uv a^ffis\w use conditions, which is not possible with any 9k|
§^j0 ** other separator or creaming system. wßbs
■3 Send for new 1899 catalogue. Ed
■ The De Laval Separator Co. I
H Western Offices: General Offices: Branch Offices:
HH Randolph A Canal 8t«. 74 CORTLANDT STREET, 1102 Arch Street, IB
W3 CHICAGO. NEW YORK. PHILADELPHIA.
PACIFIC NORTHWEST AGENTS.
Columbia Implement Co.
P. O. DRAWER 26. i PORTLAND. OR.
GEO. F. KIENSTRA
Manufacturer of -™.'r •
CLOVER LEAF BUTTER
Gilt Edge Montesano Creamery Butter
Jobber 01! '
Butter, Cheese and Eggs
lam prepared to fill all orders promptly to Merchants and Dealers of
Southwest Washington for all grades of Butter, Cheese, Eggs, Milk and Com
mercial Cream in quantities from the Montesano Creamery. Write to
GEO. R KIENSTRA
Telephone 24: P. O. Box 194. MONTESANO, WASH.
FOR CLOVER LEAF FOR GILT EDGE
P. O. Box 472 P. O. Box 194
Telephone Main 172 Telephone 24
SEATTLE, WASH. MONTESANO.
J. W. DeCamp & Co.
Butter EGGS POULTRY
QUICK RELIABLE SALES.
We atr* in the market to buy Cream, also Ranch Butter. If you have
anything in these lines let us hear from you.
REFERENCES: The Puget Sound National Bank, Schwabacher
Bros. & Co.
909 Western Aye., Seattle, Wash,