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Ranch and Range
With which is consolidated
TIIK WASHINGTON FARMER,
THE PACIFIC COAST DAIRYMAN,
THE FARMER AND TURFMAN.
Official Organ of
Washington State Dairymen's Association.
Washington State Livestock Breeders' Association.
Under the editorial and business management of
Editorial Offices - • Seattle, Wash.
Telephone Main 453. Long distance connection.
Seattle - - 527-528 Pioneer Building
Spokane • Suite F, Hypotheek Bank Building
Subscription, in advance, $1.00 per year.
Address all communications to RANCH AND
RANGE, 527-528 Pioneer Building, Seattle, Wash.
It appears that the total wheat yield
in the middle states of the United
States is not up to what it was last
year and the year before. In Nebraska
the total yield *s below that of the last
two previous years. This is due to the
damage to the plant during the winter
in the winter wheat district. The qual
ity of the grain in this district is not
first-class. From the spring wheat re
gion in the north part of the state the
crop is up to the average in quantity
and quality. The total yield is 29,333,
--914 bushels, an average of 11.4 per
acre. Such being the case, wheat pri
ces ought to hold up and probably ad
vance materially as soon as the actual
yield in the whole country becomes
The people over in the vicinity of
Prosser, in Yakima county, are greatly
elated at the prospect of having the
Sunnyside ditch pass out of the hands
of the parties now controlling it and
into the hands of the men who will
improve it and put it in complete work
ing order. When this is done there
will be greater inducement for settlers
to come from the east and locate upon
farms under this ditch.
i Railroad labor is not any too plenty
i between the Coast and the Mississippi
river. Both the northern transconti
. nental lines complain of being unable
to secure all the labor they need, even
, when $2.50 a day is offered. There is
a great deal of construction work yet
to be done and the companies are anx
ious to rush it to completion* before
I the ground freezes and renders opera
, tions impossible.
In some sections of the valleys
south of us there is a kind of grass
commonly called cheat, and it is a fa
vorite with a good many farmers. We
doubt whether there are many who
know that this grass is of the same
family as bromus inermus —but such
is the case. This should be sufficient
to make those farmers see the value
of bromus inermus itself.
There is a new light in the city of
Seattle these days, and the source of
its generation lies in the mighty pow
er of Snoqualmie Falls, which are a
Niagara cataract on a smaller scale.
The immense power of the falls has
been harnessed by man and connec
tions made with the city, thus produc
ing brilliant electric light at compara
tively small cost.
.1. W. Bailey, state dairy and food
commissioner of Oregon, was elected
executive committeeman for his state
of the National Dairy association at
their recent meeting in Chicago. The
next meeting of the dairy association
will be held in Milwaukee some time
in Morch next.
RANCH AND RANGE.
WILL ENFORCE THE LAW.
E. A McDonald, state dairy and food
commissioner, is now vigorously fol
lowing up violations of the pure food
law, which he announced some weeks
ago he would enforce to the letter. The
dealers in all kinds of prepared foods
have had ample time to become ac
quainted with the provisions of the
law and to place in their stores only
such.goods as will pass muster under
the eyes of oar wide-awake food com
missioner. He has been in a large
number of larger cities on the Sound
and in several of the interior, taking
samples from the various stores and
forwarding them to the chemist at the
state agricultural college, Prof, Elton
Fulmer, who makes a careful analysis
of them and reports the result to the
commissioner. While it is early to
make any statement as to the result
of the analysis, there can be no doubt
but what a good many violations are
being made by different merchants.
Mr. McDonald will not make any state
ment for publication regarding the an
alysis, prefering to wait till he has
the complete reports in hand and is
in position to proceed against those
who are guilty of violations. Under
the law he must inform each dealer
who is found with adulterated goods
on his shelves of the finding of the
chemist analizing the samples and
state the amount of fine that is im.
posed. Should the dealer pay this
fine the case against him will not be
pushed, but in case he refuses to pay
the fine Mr. McDonald will be com
pelled by law to prosecute such dealer.
In selecting samples for analysis
Mr. McDonald does not confine him
self to any particular article, but se
lects all that may contain adultera
tions of any kind or be on the shelves
in violation of the state law. Of
course many dealers may have arti
cles that they consider absolutely pure
and have no intention of violating the
state law, and in such cases they
should have the supply firms stand
the expense of the fine. The law will
not permit any violator to escape; the
mere fact of the goods being found on
their shelves is prima facie evidence
of a violation of the law and the com
missioner has but one course to pur
sue. Mr McDonald is anxious to give
every one a fair chance and those
who have adulterated goods on their
shelves will have only themselves-to
blame should it become necessary for
him to bring any case into court.
In Minnesota there is a pure food
law whose provisions are very strict
and they are being enforced with great
vigor. Our own food commission
er, E. A. McDonald, has set the ball
rolling in this state, too, and proposes
to enforce the state law to its limit.
Taking the Minnesota state law as a
criterion, we may judge with some
degree of accuracy that Washington
dealers who have goods that are not
strictly in conformity with the act will
do well to come into line at once. No
thing that is in any way adulterated
will be permitted to be sold without
the fact of its adulteration being made
known to the purchaser according to
the statutes covering the case.
CREATES A CATTLE DEMAND.
The states in the Missouri valley
noted for big corn crops are coming to
the fore with reports of big yields this
year. The annual crop review of Ne
braska compiled by the Omaha Bee
from reports of correspondents in
every county in the state, shows that
the corn crop in 1899 exceds the record
of the best previous year by 14,217,240
bushels. Previous to 1899 the greatest
corn crop was two years ago. The flg-
ures show that the crop of 1899 reaches
the enormous figures of 244,125,093
bushels. The average yield per acre
is about 34.5 bushels and the quality
of the crop is excellent except in very
limited portions of the state, where hot
weather in August damaged it some
what. The same hot spell cut down the
total yield from the earlier estimates.
The crop is not only the largest, but
taken as a whole is of as good quality
as any ever raised in the state. Look
ing at this from the stockman's stand
point, and taking into consideration
the fact that lowa, Kansas, Missouri,
South Dakota and Illinois each raised
a big crop of corn this year and every
stockman who can get the corn is anx
ious to have cattle to feed, there should
be no reason to suppose that the price
of cattle on the hoof will come down
very soon. These states will draw
heavily upon the available supply of
cattle in adjacent grazing states, but
they are not likely to secure as many
as will be wanted. This will make
feeders look farther west and Wash
ington and Oregon will feel the de
mand upon cattle suitable for feeding.
TO RELIEVE THE SHORTAGE.
The shortage of freight cars on the
Northern Pacific and the Great North
ern is fully appreciated by the railway
officials, and each road is doing all it
can to relieve the shortage. When
President Mellen was in Seattle the
other day he admitted that there never
has been a time when the roads had
so much business, and he added: "I
wish we had less to do." Third Vice-
President J. M. Hannaford, who is al
so traffic manager of the Northern Pa
cific, says that his road is now bring
ing out some three hundred empty
cars from Minnesota and North Dako
ta to meet the requirements on the
coast. He states that the trouble is
there is more business than the facil
ities of his road can meet. It appears
the most frequent complaints of a
shortage of cars come from the shin
gle men of this state, and Mr. Hanna
ford states that, in addition to the
fact that more freight is east bound
now than west bound, the shortage is
caused largely by the practice the
shingle men have of shipping their
shingles east "to order," whereas, if
they would sell their shingles before
they are started east they would ma
terially assist the roads in placing at
their disposal the cars needed.
Since the beginning of operations in
1883, the inspection of food, and drugs
(.including milk) in Massachusetts by
the State Board of Health, up to the
year ending September 30, 1896, there
have been in those 14 years, 76,113
samples examined, according to inves
tigations made by the New West
Trade. Notwithstanding more exten
sive work is done each year, it is now
concentrated in the large cities and
manufacturing centers of Eastern
Massachesetts, where the laboring pop
ulation demands low grade food.
The following cities and towns, most
ly in Western Massachusetts, where
food was found as late as 1890 not
conforming to the state standard, are
still inspected but with the exception
of milk, adulteration of other food, ac
cording to the Board of Health, practi
cally became extinct: Amuerst, Green
field, Lexington, North Adams, North
ampton, Orange, Palmer Shelburne
Falls, Southborough, Turner's Falls,
Ware, Weylynd, Weymouth.
In Western Massachusetts, where
the supply of milk is in excess of the
demand, and where the mean density
of population, according to the census
of 1895, was but little more than one
fourth as great as that of the remain
der of the state, the standard of milk
is much higher than in the Eastern
section. From 1884 to 1886, out of
3008 samples of milk only 584, or 19.4
per cent, were not of standard quality.
This percentage is less than half as
great as that of samples taken in the
eastern section during the same time.
All the large milk dealers in Boston
now employ their own inspectors and
chemists. With the co-operation of
the Board of Health, they have every
suspected milk producer spotted. Milk
coming in from the outside of the state
has to stand a most rigid inspection.
In seasons of drouth when the milk
supply cannot be made to meet the
uemand, the temptation to help the
cow out is strong. So it is never safe
to let any milk pass without this in
The small towns have, in this state,
such a high standard of food that it
would pay them to make the fact
known. Many more towns, besides
those just mentioned, can claim that
adulteration of food in them is extinct.
Others can also claim that it never ex
isted. There are still others that with
a little effort of their own could ex
terminate what little percentage of
adulteration still remains.
In vinegar, adulteration leads.
Syrup, olive oil, mustard, honey, maple
syrup, lard and chocolate come next.
Spice is very pure with the exception
of cayenne pepper, ginger and mace,
in which the adulteration is small.
The adulteration of molasses, coffee
and cream of tartar is very low, and
it is practically extinct in butter, can
ned goods, cheese, confectionery, tea
and the rest. The summary of 3368
examinations in 1896 of suspected ar
ticles shows only 390 adulterated or
11.6 per cent. From this it can be seen
that it would not be difficult, with the
co-operation of the organized food dis
tributors of the state, for the Board of
Health to practically reduce adultera
tion to a lost art in the commonwealth.
Would not Massachusetts feel proud
if she went to Paris next year and
came home with the world's prize for
having the highest standard of food of
any state in the world.
DAIRYMEN ARE CONGRATULATED
Editor Ranch and Range: The
dairymen of the state are to be con
gratulated upon the privilege they are
to have in being entertained and in
structed by Prof. C. F. Curtis, at the
next annual meeting. I am highly
pleased over the efforts of the com
mittee on programme, to provide an
H. L. BLANCHARD.
Hadlock, Wash., Oct. 24.
WHEAT MOVING BUT LITTLE.
There is but little movement oC
wheat either east or west these days,
according to statements by railroad
officials. This is due to a considerable
extent to the low price of grain and
the hight rate of charters on the
Farms for Sale
Lincoln, Douglas, Spokane, Whitman,
Klttitas. Island, Saohomlsh, San Juan,
Thurston, Kitsap, Whatcom, Chehalis,
Lewis and Yakima Counties.
Columbia St., Wut of Front SEATTLE. WASH.