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Chickens on tho Farm.
One would hardly believe that the
poultry industry is one of the leading
industries of the country, yet such is
the case. The poultry products of the
United States amount to nearly $300,
--000,000 a year, which is more than the
combined net earnings of all the rail
roads in the country. The magnitude
of the industry is partly accounted
for by the fact that nearly every farm
er has some chic Kens. Yet the indus
try is not given hplf the attention it
deserves. In the dairy districts, farm
ers have long since learned that it is
much more profitable to do winter
dairying, anu they have changed the
face of nature to such an extent that
nearly as much butter is produced in
winter as in summer. The great pro
gress which dairy farming has had has
been largely due to the efforts of the
agricultural colleges. Every one of
these colleges gives a course in dairy
husbandry, and nearly all in the nor
thern, or dairy states maintain chairs
of dairy husbandry. The agricultural
papers, following the lead of the col
leges have dinned the leading facts of
dairy husbandry into the ears of the
farmer, until he is an ignorant dairy
man indeed who does not fairly well
understand the care of milk, and the
selection and management of the dairy
herd. But what college maintains a
chair of aviculture? Too little atten
tion has been given this important
feature of husbandry. How many
chicken owners know how to manage
a flock so as to have eggs in abun
dance in the winter season? How
many of them know how to feed a hen
at all? How many of them know that
a pullet will lay more eggs than an
older hen, or that the older the hen
the greater the maternal instincts as
serts itself in the desire to sit? How
many of them know which breeds do
not sit at all, or at least, very seldom?
How many of them know the number
of hens that can safely be kept in one
flock? And a hundred other details of
the business which it is necessary to
know to attain the highest success.
The chicken men themselves are
partly to blame for this state of things.
They have given too much attention
to fancy points, to feathers and comb,
and have neglected the essentials of
egg and meat production too much.
Not that notning has been done in this
line, indeed, it is wonderful that so
much has been accomplished, consid
ering the number of useless, even silly,
requirements made of birds that
should win the prizes. This is because
chickens reproduce so rapidly, which
enables the breeder, by judicious se
lection, to combine a large number of
There are, of course, some peculiar
difficulties for the chicken breeder to
overcome. On account of the difficulty
of keeping tab on individual hens, it
is no small matter to keep an exact
record of the produce of individuals.
They can not be pedigreed with the
same accuracy as can larger animals.
We believe, however, that if the col
leges paid proper attention to this
important industry, farmers would
more generally understand how to
handle chickens, and the chicken busi
ness could be placed on a much more
satisfactory basis. If the business
could be so managed that the surplus
of eggs now produced in the spring
could be distributed throughout the
year, better prices for eggs could be
obtained, more eggs would be consum
ed, because there would be" abundance
of fresh eggs at all seasons, and the
hens would be twice as remunerative
RANCH AND RANGE.
to the farmer as she now is. We sug
gest to Bro. Coburn, of the Kansas
State Board of Agriculture, that he de
vote a quarterly to "The Hen on the
The second annual poultry show
held at Colfax two weeks ago was
quite a success, the number of entries
being large and comprising 48 breeds.
D. S. Woskey is president of the asso
ciation and O. L. Kennedy secretary.
They deserve a great deal of credit
for making such a splendid exhibition.
B. Bugunder, who has become so well
Known as Whitman County's represen
tative in all the eastern Washington
fairs, was present and assisted great
ly in making the show such a success.
Much interest was manifested in the
show by the people of that section, and
a good deal bigger show is promised
for next year.
Leonard Schott, the leading breeder
of poultry in Central Washington, has
an advertisement in our columns. Mr.
Schott has madj a remarkable success
in the poultry business. In season he
supplies two leading cafes of the state
with broilers —the Davenport at Spo
kane, and the Butler at Seattle. Mr.
Schott is about to improve the pro
ductive capacity of his plant by the
purchase of three Cypher's incubators.
G. A. Bailey has embarked in the
poultry business near North Yakima,
on a commercial scale. He is putting in
a large and modern poultry plant, and
is securing Cypher's incubators. A
specialty will be made of Barred Ply
mouth Rocks, Pekin ducks, and Toul
ouse geese. He was the purchaser of
all the prize winning Plymouth Rocks
sold at the state fair two years ago.
Prof. O. L. Waller, C. E., Pullman,
Wash., is delighted with the scorings
given his birds at the recent poultry
exhibitions at Spokane. He captured
first prize on cockerel, first on pen,
second and third on hen, and second on
DOOM AT THE TOP agggg
■"1 top," we have issued not an ordinary catalogue but th«
rtpsii|ip2oth Century Poultry Book.
j|aJS^^3tel|fContttins the latest and best thought on the
S 32oth Century Poultry Book.
Contains the latest and best thought on the
ICj!S^""":fl5*?»iI its changes, to the market. No subject
<JySSg5s>sPHN)5 missed. Written from practical experience.
a *!sa"»SSg!Sa§l' The world renowned Reliable Incu
bator* and Brooders, used all over the U. S. and in 51 foreign
toiintriea. receive deserved attention. Book mailed anywhere for 10c.
RELIABLE INC. & BROODER CO., Box 8100 Qulncy.lU.
HIUST AS NATURAL
■ and a trend deal more reliable, potsn i
«P break ito eggs or make its chicks lousy.
Doesn'tstay oft the nest and allow the egg*
to chill but hatches every egg that can Era
U absolutely perfect as to incubator essentials—proper applica
tion and distribution of heat and molHture, regu
lation and ventilation. For 54 to 321 e?g& WE PAY
FREIGHT ANYWHERE In the U.S. Handsome catalog free.
I'ctuluma Incubator Co.. Box 80 I'etulumu, CaL
* 4. SK. MILLION TESTIMONIALS
«S> 4v&£"™ Oil DAYS 1 T' E A E L
C£V? WVrincing as the JU UAIO FREE
<»Cv /we offer on every incubator we mate. Every
|wy»ni self-regulating and »l""< LjJ■-*■ JtA.
<O0 VIJANTAMSinuse; hatching tt^^^Wl I
V^Send * cents for No. 97 catalog. m II Flft>,
•' Hockey* Incubator Co., Springfield, O. m"~~~ Jt^Hßrir
THE BEST GAMES —I breed them. White
Coorgians, Cornish Indian, B. B. R., Red, Black
.laps, Irish Greys, Blue Pile, Red Pile and Silver
Duck Wing. I have spent money and time in
procuring the best, and believe 1 have the best
Kuiiies for the pit in the country. Eggs, $1.50
per 13. GEOKGE FISHER, Eugene, Ore.
PENINSULAR POULTRY YARDS —L. B
Cliipman, Proprietor, St. Johns, Oregon. Breeder
and shipper of high-class L. Brahmas; S. L. Wy
andottes; B. P. Rocks; White and Brown Leg
horns, Toulouse Geese. Good, vigorous birds
raised on limited range.
FRED A. JOHNSON'S POULTRY YARD
W. F. Black Spanish, White Crested Polish,
Hlack Minorcas, Brown Leghorns, Barred Ply
618 South 35th, corner Tacoma Aye,
j Hazelwood White Plymouth Rocks j
• The Great Farm Fowl-Holds egg record for all breeds; large size; great foragers. :
I Our White Rocks have won over all comers and hold the world's •
• record for highest score on 50 birds by 50 points. Pullets weigh- •
• ing 9 lbs. and scoring 96% are a sample of our birds. A few ' m
J cockerels for sale at low prices to clear them out-weighing as 2
• high as g]/ 2 lbs. EGGS: $2 and $3 per setting of 13 eggs. •
J Hazelwood Company, Ltd., Spokane, Washington I
ED ET A F^\/ for the Spring
ft LA T Trade IH^
. . 200 B. P. R. Breeders for 1900. k& ft^jffl)))^fflf
Eggs for the practical poultry raiser, $1.50
Eggs for the fancier from our two finest pens, HHBJrmlm \ llJlMr ,_
mated to produce prize winners, $3 for 15. jf^^QEGßßMnß^is^'
Geo. D. Good hue & Son, ,^. * 'ZfiaßJftf^r^'
SALEM. .... OREGON • *~" y^""
Eggs for hatching from March first to July first:
$1.50 PER SETTING.
My Wyandottes have no equal in the Northwest.
Geo. Linder, Jr.,
Box 1175, - - Seattle
Eggs from White and Silver Laced Wyandottes,
also White Plymouth Rocks—price:
$1.50 per setting . ■-.. i—
. . J. L. CRAIB . .
815 Western Aye., Seattle, Wash.
Houdan Eggs H^fek
from stock imported //^ -^ffjj^^^k.
this season direct /// aSSSS^ «t
from Houdan,. France, tys J?Qfi!i«fflfiVn H
Orders booked in turn jsfilUlill II
40 Work St. ■^^^^^•
$ Greatest Layers on Earth ! $
Nesbit's Single Comb White Leghorns, strong,
vigorous stock. My hens averaged 203 eggs dur
ing 1898. Black Langshans; handsome; lordly;
an ideal farmer's fowl.
GOOD HATCHES GUARANTEED.
Eggs, $1.50 per 13; $2.50 per 26.
JAMBS B. MISHIT
1506 South X Street, Tacoma.
READY FOR SHIPMENT.
ROBINSON BROS.' Superior
PEKIN DUCKS BLACK LANGSHANS
BARRED P. ROCKS. BROWN LEGHORNS
We can fill your orders at reasonable
prices, considering quality. Write us at
1065 B. Main St., Portland, Or., or at Dal
las, Or. Get prices and 1899 catalogue.
Choice Cockerels for Sale.
Leading strains of the following breeds:
BARRED PLYMOUTH ROCKS, BLACK MINORCAS, '
S. C. BROWN LEGHORNS.
$2.50 to $5.00 each. Eggs in seasons 2
per setting of 13.
Blanchard Poultry Yards
Hadlock, : : Wash.
J. W. CALLISON,
Imported English Red Caps
Took all prizes at Colfax last year and this, Collier
and Ilewes Judging. Kggs—s2 per 15, and guar
antee o. good hatch.
J. W. Callison, Garfield, Wash.
MRS. L. B. WITZEL —Breeder of Buff and
Barred P. Hocks, Buff and Brown Leghorns, Buff
Wyandottes, Blue Andalusians, Pearl Guineas and
Heavyweight Belgian Hares; imported stock; eggs
in season; stock for sale; eggs, $1.50 to $2. Tan
gent, Ore. ,'
Are you Satisfied
with the way your scrub hens lay? My
averaged 160 eggs each last year and I won all
prlres on them at Tacoma show and five at Spo
as good as the best. Eggs both varieties $3 per 15
SOUTH SIDE POULTRY YARDS
H. H. Collier, Box 723, Tacoma, Wn.
Schott's Plymouth Rocks
Barred, Buff and White
Seven prizes at State Fair Last fall—one first,
two second and four third.
This season better than ever. Have at the head
of my Buft and Barred pens cocks from A. C.
Hawkins, and at the head of my White Plymouth
llocks cocks from U. R. Flshels,
r__ c . $1.50 per setting. $6.00 per hundred
8" for incubator use. Write—
L. Rm Schott . . .
Month Yaklma, Washington
are greatest layers.
OUR WHITE LEGHORNS
Are greatest layers. Won at Tacoma show.
Hewes, judge. Ist cock. 2d cockerel, Ist and 2(1
pullet and Ist pen. Our breeding pen cannot be
beat, are strong, healthy and large. Eggs $1.50
per setting. BLACK MINOIICA.U $1.50 per set
ting. Special rates for several settings. Eggs
guaranteed iertile Katherine Davis, Fernhlll Wn
S. C. WHITE AND BROWN LEGHORNS
Five White Leglorns at Colfax scored an average
of over 06. Hewes, judge. H igest scoring birds in
Spokane show. Eight settings only will be sold. (
$3 per setting Order at once
Also will sell fifteen high-scoring Brown Leg
horn! very reasonably, as I will confine my atten
tloh to the whites exclusively
0. L. WALLER, Pullman, Wash.
BARRED PLYMOUTH ROCKS
EGGS, $1.00 PER 15. C. M. SHIELDS, Prop.
RIVERSIDE POULTRY YARDS, MILTON, OREGON