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ECONOMY OF DAIRY BRED CAT-
I write this as a plea to the dairy
men and farmers who are making dai
ry [arming the principal part of their
bnsiness. The more I study the dairy
situation of the West, the more I am
convinced that the stock problem is
the one which needs the most atten
tion. Too many cows are being kept
in our country for dairy purposes that
are not paying for their keep. If there
la anything in breed or type, and we
know there is, why not put it to use?
I can recite experiment after experi
ment, and test after test, which have
confirmed the economy of dairy bred
cattle for the dairy, and yet how very
few dairymen or farmers seem to be
even interested in the improvement of
their herds. Must we be forced by long
years of wasteful methods to accept an
established truth, or will we take it up
and put it into practice?
The native stock of the Western
states is a special purpose breed, but
lor what purpose I do not know, unless
it be to resist all cold, hunger and ill
treatment without showing sickness or
death. True, there are many good in
dividuals found among native stock,
which are fairly profitable for dairy
or beef purposes, but the average na
tive. I believe, is rather an expensive
nairy cow, especially when handled by
a man who takes no stock in "type for
purpose." It has been said, and no
doubt truhtfully, that men are few
who are competent to breed and care
for blooded stock, but I have faith in
the average farmer and believe he
will find a comfortable place for a pay
The time is surely coming, and not
very far nff, either, when native stock
v. ill be as scarce on the farm as blood
ed stock is today.
I do not wish to give space in this
article to the question as to special
breeds excelling in special purposes. I
believe this is accepted by all who are
interested In live stock, but the ques
tion of economy is something worth
considering. With the present high
price of feed, we are forced to con
sider the cost of production and re
gard the feeding of poor animals with
question. Blooded stock will not alone
answer the demand for improvement,
but we must go still further and
choose from type also. Then by care
ful breeding and selection we may ex
pect grand returns.
Speaking of breed reminds me of
two Jersey cows which I have in my
herd, both bred and fed nearly equal,
but differing greatly in type. One is
steer-like, having heavy shoulders,
small barrel, thick thighs, full crops
and wedged-shaped the wrong way.
She has a butter record of 86 pounds
of butter in one year; the other is a
.typical little dairy cow and has a rec
ord of 411 lbs. of butter in one year.
Mow, disregarding stock entirely and
just crediting the cow with what she
can make, those two cows are worth,
respectively, $30 and $l?. 0. This poor
animal, of course, is an unusually poor
individual, but poor animals are found
in all breeds and no breeder can af
ford to disregard type for purpose.
Now is the time for the dairyman to
improve his herd. Dairy cattle have
never been so cheap as they are now,
and all we have to do is to cull our
herds of poor cows and get good ones
at nearly the same figure. I do not
wish to advocate in this article any
particular breed, but urge the use of
good cows in the dairy, for this is what
makes dairying pay.
Not long ago I was talking with a
I Cream Separator*
Jluve Tubular llowlh,
■ iiae no disks, easy to ran, reli,M»
■ durable and effective. Cnliiir* 133
I Sharpies' Co.? P. M. Sharpies,
fl. Chicago, IN. WestChestar.Pa.
1 The REID Hand I
I Separator IFfl
9 gets from every milking the Jf 9 ijjjKL
El greatest quantity of cream avail- j^JL—UP'
El able for churning; makes moro JTI in Sent
HE and better butter possible. It «ifcjt ■ I any-
M is the only perfect hand j where
21 Separator. Runs lightest, mi'^KuM. nn in
P ln-ts longest. S.'nt any- /^fe3Hß| „' J»
X whore on 10 days trial. r\JK-J ua ys
ra Send for our new catalogue V^mH|a rCB
Ifl ami revised pricelist. Vv Trial
I A. H. REID seifflO^
E| UUth nn«l Dlnrket St. ... -^^j^t^^
man who said the dairy business didn't
pay ami he was "goin' to quit." I
looked over the fence into his cow
yard and advised him to do so, as he
had not a dairy cow in his herd. Upon
looking further into his condition, I
found his cows were giving him about
85 pounds of butter a year. There is
too much difference between the re
sults of herds giving 100, 200 and 300
pounds to ignore the dairy stock prob
lem. Feed and care has much to do,
no doubt, with the butter yield of a
herd, but with good cows feed and
care is more likely to follow.
Dairy-bred cattle cannot be expected
to produce calves which will equal
beef-bred stock for the block, but I
have seen many dairy steers make re
markable gains when in the feed lot.
However, I do not advocate them for
The dual purpose breeds are aimed
at a grand and high mark—think of it:
cattle strong for two purposes. If they
can reach their goal we will have lit
tle use for either beef or dairy breeds,
but the way is a hard one and made j
all the harder by many dual-purpose i
breeders who are keeping their ani
mals rolling fat and injuring the milk
Cull your herds, dairymen. Now is
the time, and while you cull be sure
you get the right cows. —A. L. Haecker
in Nebraska Farmer.
SEPARATOR SKIM MILK.
Many farmers entertain the opinion
that separator skim milk is not equal
in feeding value to that derived from
deep setting. Such erroneous conclu
! ions are arrived at no doubt from
the fact that formerly water and
cachings were allowed to enter the
s^vim milk tank; at least this was the
case in some factories. Such prac
tire, would of course, dilute the milk
and lessen its feeding value per gal
lon. It is now the universal custom
to give the patron pure skim milk.
Nothing is taken out of milk by the
separator but fat, and this is of but
very little value to the growing ani
mal. More than that it is very ex
pensive iced, and no one can afford
to leave butter fat in the skim milk
lor the purpose of enhancing its feed
At the Wisconsin experiment station
nineteen trials with pigs of all ages
v.tTe made to determine the value of
separator skim milk in combination
with cornmeal. It was found that
when feeding one pound of cornmeal
with from one to three pounds of sep
arator skim milk 327 pounds of skim
SHIP YOUR CREAM TO US!
Commence shipping your cream to the best market in
the West. We guarantee to get you more for your cream
than you can get at home, and make weekly spot cash pay
ments. One shipment will convince you of this fact. Add
your name to our long and growing list 0 fsatisfied shippers.
We refer you to any bank in Seattle.
CHAMBERLAIN, HAMILTON & CO.
are the cheapest because they are the best.
THE COMING SEPARATOR IS NOW HERE.
Ninety sold in our country in past twenty months.
Klght to <>ne of any other kind.
Simplest, neatest, easiest to keep clean, lightest
lUFive"sizes, hand power, with new improvements,
Sbll'on its merits, write for terms
l. c 7 Burr,
General Agent Washington and Idaho,
l'rof. Bpillman says : "The New National is very
light running and floes perfetc work."
w#m w w money.
Sows 30 to 50 acres per day.
Well made, lasts a lifetime.
Sold Under a Guarantee.
At all Dealers.
M a i»i: BY
Goodell Co., 48 Main St., Antrim, N.H.
Home-grown and free from pests.
Seeds : Seeds
Puget Sound Nursery & Seed Co.
1109 second Aye. Beattlp, rWash.
For the Most Coffee, the Best I'astry and
the Heat Meals served In Seattle, go to the
RESTAURANT AND COFFEE HOUSE,
512-514 Second Aye., 200 Occidental Aye.
| The only place of its kind in the city. We
I employ white labor only.
m Mm**mm£S**mm Retention of placenta
MJIOrI MOn am i fuilure to breed.
Kt'Joggs* Condition Powder Is a positive cure for
tl>H!-e senses. Write (or circular. Address
11. W. KKIiMHIG CO., St. Phiil. Minn.
J. M. HIXSON & CO., Inc.
Commission : Merchants
Goods handledstrt< tly on rnminlMl n. We do
Dot buy anything, Consignment* solicited. He
turns mode promptly.
821-823 Western Avenue - • SEATTLE.
Ship us your
Hides and Wool, Pelts, Furs and Talio*
BISSINGER & CO. SEATTLE,
Send your HIDE? FURS. WOOL and PELTS to
H. F. NORTON & CO., SEATTLE
Wool Pullers and Tanners, Ulghese Oasi Wi3e»
Prompt Returns. Agents for /enolenm Sh )ip
BALFOUR, GUTHRIE & CO.,
201-2-3 Bailey Building, Seattle
.Importers of ore 04, li ip >:iotm, grain bags,
twine, etc. Balfour Outhrle & Co., San Francis
co, Portland, Tac >ma,
IN THE SUPERIOR COURT OF THE
State of Washington, In and for the Coun
ty of King.
Gold Eastman, Plaintiff, vs. George
Archibald Eastman, Defendant.
No. 34,008. Summons.
The State of Washington, to the said
GEORGE ARCHIBALD EASTMAN, De
You are hereby summoned to appear
within sixty (00) days after the first pub
lication of this summons, to-wlt, within
sixty (60) days after the 13th day of Feb
ruary, 1902, and defend the above entitled
action in the above en Hied court, and
answer the complaint of the plaintiff, and
serve a copy of your answer upon the un
dersign..! attorneys for plaintiff, at their
office below stated; and in case of your
failure so to do, judgment will be ren
dered against you according to the demand
of the complaint, which has been Hied with
the clerk of said court. The object of said
action is to secure a dissolution of the
bonds of marriage now existing between
plaintiff and.defendant. RirnAßDsoN
Attorneys for Plaintiff. Office and P. O.
address Mos 801-08 Burke Building, Be*
attle, King county. Washington, U. S. A.
Date of flret publication, February 13th,