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GREAT CATTLE SALE.
The dates of the great combination
cattle sales comprising ten carloads of
registered Hereford! are as follows:
Baker City, April 18-19.
La Grande, April 21-22.
Pendletcn, April 23-24.
Heppner, April 25-2(1.
This sale is by the American Hero
ford Cattle Breeders' Association and
will be in charge of Mr. C. R. Thomas,
serreta y of the association. Tabulat
ed pedigree and certificate of entry
with each animal sold and guarantee
tuat every animal will be absolutely
as represented. A large part of the of
lerings will be representative animals
From the herds of the following well
C. A. Stannnrd, Emporia, Kan.
Scott & March, Belton, Mo.
Gudgel] & oimpson, Independence,
.1. M. Proctor & Soli, Monroe City,
Jno. O. Wood & Son, Monroe City,
Geo. Leigh, Aurora, 111.
v,cme where you can secure the nu
cleus of a herd of Horefords at reason
able prices. The farmer who wants a
bull or the rancher that wants bulls
for herd headers will be able to fill his
wants at this sale. Remember, the
Hereford association guarantees the
offerings, and the stock will be sold
to the highest bidder and in this sale
will be many animals carrying the
most royal blood in the market.
. Reduced rates on O. R. & N.
R. C. Judson, industrial agent; A. L.
Craig, general passenger agent, O. R
& N. Co.
PNEUMONIA IN CATTLE.
At various limes in the past there
has appeared in the West, especially
during the winter season, a form ot
bronchial pneumonia attacking cattle
sometimes in such numbers as to ap
pear to be contagious. These out
breaks have usually occurred during
the winter which succeeds an unusual
ly dry season, when the water supply
lor stock purposes is greatly reduced
and the rough forage used for feeding
cattle is of poor quality. In most cases
several animals were reported sick
with the same general symptoms,
which caused the owner or neighbors
some alarm lest it might be a serious,
contagious disease. Owing to the sim
ilarity of symptoms, some stockmen
have surmised that their cattle were
Buffering from bovine tuberculosis in
an acute form. An investigation of the
disease shows it to be a broncho-pneu
monia or an inflammation of the bron
chial tubes which carry the air into
the lungs, together with the adjoining
lung tissue. The disease is of a com
paratively mild type, and so far as
has been observed has only attacked
cows and heifers. Most of the animals
examined have been in fair to good
Causes. —The disease is probably
caused by a poor quality of coarse
food, especially corn-fodder. The dust
or other irritating material in the fod
der seems to irritate the bronchial
tubes; this irritation enables certain
bacteria that live in the air passages
normally, to multiply rapidly and cause
an inflammation of the tissues. The
disease is not contagious but several
animals may contract it from tue same
source; that is, infected food.
Symptoms.—The animal is noticed
coughing, especially when first turned
out or exercised alter lying down. The
cough is painful; at first, dry, and as
the disease progresses becoming more
RiOist, the animal often coughing up
considerable mucus. The breathing is'
rapid and labored; exercise causes the
animal to pant, cough, and often stand;
with the mouth open and the tongue
protruding in order to breathe. There
is a tendency for affected animals to
lie down, and in severe cases the nose
is extended in front, the lower jaw
lesting on the ground. In mild cases
the appetite may be fairly good, but
in severe cases the animal eats but
little and this, with the distressing
cough, causes a rapid falling away in
flesh. The bowels are usually consti
pated. A majority of affected animals
will recover, with good care.
Post Mortem Appearances. —The
lungs, when examined after death, do
not appear severely inflamed. They
are of a grayish color and instead of
being soft and elastic to the touch are
quite firm and hard, and do not col
lapse, as is usual when the chest is
opened. The smaller bronchial tubes
are filled with mucus; the large bron
chi and the trachea (windpipe) are
slightly inflamed and contain much
Treatment. —Medicinal treatment is
of little value; in fact, tne excitement
attending drenching the animal and
the possibility of getting medicine into
the lungs is apt to do more harm than
good. The animal should receive the
SIX—R and R
best of care; protection from the
weather; laxative, nutritious, but not
bulky food; and pure water. Alfalfa,
millet or other hay should be sprinkled
to lay the dust. Salting the animal,
with a mixture of 1 pound of sulphur,
1 pound of air-slaked lime, 1 pound
of hyposulphite of soda, all thoroughly
pulverized and mixed with ten pounds
of common salt is good; a tablespoon
ful may be given once daily, the ani
mal being allowed to lick it. Bran
mashes, to which is added some cot
ton seed or oil meal, are excellent.
With the advent of warm weather and
grass the disease will probably disap
pear. N. S. MAYO.
PROLIFICACY IN PURE BRED
Dr. F. B. McNeal, of Miami county,
before the Ohio State Farmers' Insti
tute, gave a carefully prepared paper
on the "Want of Prolificacy in the
Pure Bred Hog—lts Cause and Cure."
It was written from the standpoint of
the educated man, the doctor and the
scientist, especially along the lines of
biology. By the exercise of his intel
lectual and reasoning powers man can
improve himself morally and physical
ly, and improve the lower animals phy
sically, nervously, we might almost say
intellectually. The changes wrought
upon plants and animals under domes
tication have been truly marvelous, in
no way over-stated by the great Dar
win. Compare the perfect hog of any
breed of today with the wold boar of
Asia and Europe decades and centu
ries ago. But that ideal hog of today
is becoming far inferior to the other in
vitality, nervous energy and reproduc
tive power. This may be remedied in
part by man in four ways—by proper
selection; by shunning inbreeding; by
proper feeding and by the right en
In breeding away from the lack of
early development which marked the
primal hog, and selecting and feeding
almost exclusively toward early devel
opment, we have also bred away from
prolificacy, until that lack has become
a serious evil. The remedy is, by se
lection and the other means noted, to
breed, not away from early develop
ment, but toward prolificacy. There is
no "general purpose" hog, but by care-
RAMS FOR SALE
I haven few yearling ram* and rum lam»>H for
Bttleofgnud quality, and 1 have also decided to
sell my Imported ram, Prince KrlC, Imported In
1899 from England. 11* I- a splendid stock getter.
E. A. KIPP,
Pioneer Farm, Chlllwack, B. C
Pure Bred Here- 2|jsißHi
Aberdeen Angus Cattle
Leicester, Shropshire & Oxford Down Sheep.
Kirkland Estate, Westham Island, B. C
THOS. W. BRUIMK, Proprietor.
S;: r Cotswold Sheep
Angora Goats, Poland China Swine,
Barred P. R. Chickens.
EOLA, POLK CO., OREGON.
Star of Hope at head of Herd.
Young Hulls for Sale.
L. E. ricPherson, Lynden, Wash.
S&P*/ Mountainview Ranch
jCßjffCSjjßßl^V Ueglstered Jersey Cattle
WBUjsSBjBKK the greatest milk and but-
K&afaSfftßjfJlßfiV, ter producers in the world
fY^Tii^M. II i'«l of herd is Royal of
Wjn&i^&P'^ Fechter & Janeck
GflKilSr^ Norili Sakima, : Wash.
All stock registered. Hogs can be seen at the
farm near O.esham, Or. Write us for; prices, ped
igrees, etc. •
W. W. COTTON,
Worcester Bldg. Portland, Oregon
American Jersey Cattle Club Jerseys
St. Lambert, Tormenter and Rex^straius. All
A.F.HAAS, - - SEATTLk
188 BerkjninL jwime
I ARM Mt Vernon.Wash.
Lake Side Stock Farm
HOLSTEIN FRIESIAN CATTLE
or iii.- Hunt. Mutter Making Strain* for
>.il«-. Service bull, huiuh- Oregon de Kol. son of
(loilillde Luude A rtis. OttlcUl butter test, 20 lbs
4 In 7 nays. He is a-stdsted by Clotbllde (trace's
Sir Henijerveld, whose Kranddam was Netheland
Hens<erveln. with an orticlal butter test of 2- % lbs
in 7 days. 1 • ; milk averaging 3.92 per cent fat.
P. A. FRAKES, Scappose, Ore.
BROWN SWISS CATTLE
I have the second largast and one of
the best herds of Swiss cattle In
America. McJohn, No. 1120, first pre
mium and sweepstakes bull at six lead
ing fairs at head of herd. Stock for
sale. Correspondence solicited.
T. H. INMAN, Hanover, Wis.
lleiifl(jiiurtcTS for Oxford Down Sheep, the
best breed on earth. Knjjllsh Berkshire
Hogs of tho large Canadian type, cham
pion breed of the world. SHANNON 15H06 ,
CLOVBKDALB. B. C.
Several choice young Holstein bulls
now for sale. Registration papers fur
nished. Address Meadowbrook Farm,
Snoqualmie, Wn., or Chamberlain,
Hamilton & Co., Seattle.
Several choice St. Lambert strain
Bull calces; age from 1 to 10 months.
H. W. Illman, Hartford, Wash.
ELLEN DALE FARM
DUROC JERSEY HOGS,
DORSET HORN SHEEP.
PURE BRED STOCK AT REASONABLE PRICES
REED A SON, Moscow. Idaho.
FOR SALE ■■
Car Load of
COWS and HEIFERS
Some Fresh and Others
Address, BOX 15,
CARROLLTON, - WASH.
SHADELAND FARM COLLIES
C. D NAIRN, Batlston, Ore., Prop.
Verona Pale Face, 60729.
The Largest Collection of Pure Bred Col
lies in America. 32 Years a P.reeder of
Host Working Strains. Known to Stock
men Everywhere. Puppies For Sale. Sena
for CatHloirue. Free.
1 tm Mi HOLSTEIN CATTLE! The Choicest
B^Waf* HULoltlN UAIILL! Milkand But
&&£~rf " i..r Breed in the World. Write to
q£-~li Wis.Live Stock Appleton,Wis.,U.S.A.
and BUFF WYANDOTTES
D. C. Dilworth,
4. J. STREET, Ghilliwack, Br. Co!.
Registered Jersey Cattle won lit New Westminis
ter liKX)— lston 2 year-old-bull, Ist on yea ling bull,
Ist on her I. Koine choice stock for Hale.i '
J. G. CROUCH
2 • years experience. Blooded stock a specialty
—will go anywhere. Highest references. Charges
reasonable. Write for dates.
Can find a market for a few carloads of
T. J. TRAPP
New Westminster, B. C. VBJU
A. C. WELLS & COMPANY
JERSEY AND AYRSHIRE CATTLE.
Iterkshire Swine and Lincoln Sheep, White
ISmdeo Geese, White Plymouth. Uocki, WbJLte
Holland Turkeys. A few good ram* and
yuunc boars now tor Ml*. CblllirMkt B. Q.