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ful attention to the lour points named,
by selecting exclusively lrom families
and individuals of known prolificacy
and families that tend toward a ma
jority of females; by carefully breed
ing away from lines of consanguinity,
and by using more highly nitrogenous
loods, especially during the periods of
gestation and lactation; by carefully
shunning families with the least ap
pearance of consumptive tendencies,
we may develop a higher organism of
brain and nervous force and restore
our best breeds almost to the former
rank in prolificacy without materially
diminishing the tendency to early ma
turity and perfectness of form.
OLD PROCESS OIL CAKE MEAL.
Oil Meal is not a Medicine but a Food
—Suggestions for Feeding
It should be used with other food to
increase it nutritious quality. Old
Process Oil Meal has very much the
same effect on the animal as good
pasturage. For a cow, 1 to 3 quarts
oi' oil meal daily. For a horse, 1 pint
to 1 quart fed daily, together with
other feed, such as bran, middlings,
corn meal, oats, or chopped feed, will
bring valuable results. For sheep,
hogs and calves, a small quantity
raided and made into slop should be
led as soon as weaned, and increased
daily as they grow. For fowls, mix
with corn meal or chopped feed.
From the standpoint of ease of di
gestion, oil meal has a value which
Las caused many feeders to regard
it as a medicine and not simply as a
food. Prof. Henry, in "Feeds and
Feeding," page 152, says:
"There is no more healthful feed
than oil meal or oil cako. Its general
effect is to place the animal in fine
condition, with a pliable skin, an oily,
sleek coat and a good quality of flesh
upon handling. No other farm feed
has such a general beneficial effect
on the digestive tract as has oil meal,
and the feeder should always have a
quantity on hand to deal out to his
stock whenever judgment directs its
Measured on a protein basis, oil
meal, shorts, oats and barley have,
according to Prof. Haecker (Bulletin
07, p. 526), a value as compared with
bran as follows:
When bran is
worth, pr ton..s 8.00 $ 9.00 $11.00 $12.00 $13.00 $14.00 $15.00 $IG.OO
Oil Meal is
worth $18.17 $20.44 $24.98 $27.26 $29.52 $31.78 $34.00 $36.34
Shorts, wortn.. 7.57 8.51 10.40 11.34 12.29 13.24 14.19 15.14
Oats worth.... 5.71 C.42 7.84 8.56 9.27 9.98 10.70 11.42
Barley, worth.. 5.40 6.07 7.42 8.10 8.77 9.44 10.12 10.80
Take the current market prices and
compare them with the foregoing ta
ble, and it will be seen that oil meal,
from a protein standpoint, is one of
the cheapest feeds accessible to dairy
White River Dairying.
M. Wilson, a veteran dairyman of
the White River Valley, called at our
office this week. "The dairymen of our
section are trying to keep the con
densed milk factory busy, but we can't.
That institution is paying $1.35 per
hundred pounds for milk. The dairy
business is making our people pros
"You will remember that last year I
was in here talking to you about oil
cake? I then stated that it was not
used to any extent because in the
first place the price was too high, be
ing $30 to $40; and again it was not
kept in our vicinity, so that we could
get it handily. During the past year,
however, our local storekeepers have
made arrangements to secure oil cake
in car lots from the Portland Linseed
Oil Works; and we are now able to
buy it for $25 and $26 per ton. Right
around Kent and O'Brien four cars
have been used up, and now that the
dairymen are beginning to find out
how valuable an addition it is to the
feed ration, it will probably soon be
come generally used.
"One of our dairymen—Pat Hayes —
used a car load of oil meal last year.
He reports that he is satisfied that its
use is a paying investment.
"Farm lands have been advancing
considerably in our section. Where
four or five years ago prices were as
low as $40 to $50, they are now selling
as high as $150. A great many new
settlers are coming in, and that's a
THE MARE AND THE FOAL.
A well known writer on the care of
horses has this to say about the mare
and her foal; The mare and her foal
should be kept in a loose box, where
she should be supplied with plenty of
good food, with an occasional bran
mash. As soon as the weather is fine
enough, they should be allowed to run
together on the grass by day, being
brought in by night at first. Late
loals are sometimes never brought in
to the box at all. The mare should be
allowed to run with her foal at least
a month before she is put to any
work. A nursing mare is usually in
a weak condition, and works faintly,
consequently she should only be put
at light work. Before the mare is re
turned to the ioal after working, she
should have a little milk taken off, as
the first milk after her exertion may
act injuriously on the young foal. The
foal should be weaned after it is five
or six months old. By this time the
little animal will have learned to eat
grass and a little crushed oats or
meal. If possible, a foal should not be
weaned alone, as it often frets with
out company. In the event of a breed
er having but one, it would be well for
him to make an arrangement with the
nearest neighbor having one, by which
the two may run together. In this
case they might be kept on each farm
Hens are especially fond of milk.
They like it in any stage and a couple
of cows on the farm will contribute
largely to the food of a flock of poul
BATKH AGAIN REDUCED
From all points east.
Before you make definite arrangement!
for that trip oust let us quote you rates
via the Illinois Central liailroad. Our
rules are the lowest to be had. and it will
pi,y you to write us. If you haven't time
to communicate with us tell the agent from
whom you purchase your ticket that you
want to travel by way of the Illinois Cen
tral, and you will m ver regret the trip.
If any of your relatives or friends in
the east are romlng west while the low
rates are in effect write us about them.
iind we will see that they get the lowest
ratea with the best service.
Through tourist cars, personally conducted
excursion cars, free reclining chair cars;
in fact all the latest conveniences known
to modern railroading.
The particular! regarding rates, time,
service, stop -overs, different connection! and
routes, etd call on.or address:
15. 11. TRUMBULL, Com'l Agt.
1-TJ Third Street, Portland, Ore.
DAIRYMEN-ITS IN THE MILK PAIL
THAT BUYERS OF S. C. CO. DAIRY CHOP
DRAW THE LARGEST INTER
EST ON THEIR INVESTMENT
For RESULTS from your Cows, that excels all other Feeds, try the
"COW BRAND" of Dairy Chop
and beware of Immltatlons.
ADVANCEMENT IS THE LIFE OF THE AGE
SEATTLE CEREAL COMPANY.
f ,|M||M ) «l^P^ Choice, Bred
■HH^^^P^^'i^^^Kf^ Shorthorn Bulls
Wk All are red, and recorded or eligible
f^B Wu, 1(> record in American Short Horn
imHwiinSS^^BS#^#* ller(1 Boook> aged from 5 mouths t0 ti
tmaW^mMi'^^m^X^J^ r''"'"'\ *WJ& years. Correspondeme invited. A<l-
Wii. A. CONANT " - ELLENSBURG, W
Bj MrnGmßmOmtMSm m $:
"^ip^j^l^jEßb^'^B^^^^^Bß Original Stock Imp. from England; herd
Hf^S wßßwmm headed b Mack Alamo. . v-««
*B§jjj INHflHllßlivr ...the S>'k»N(il)Al.>: stock farai...
A. J. b^LAWN, Proprietor, NORTH YAK I MA, WASH
LADD'S HAZEL-FERN FARM
A. J. C. C. Jerseys. A. G. C. C. Guernseys. Reg. Berkshire Swine.
The only deep milking strain of COMBINATION blood un the Pacific Coast, headed
by Chief Engineer (47147). who carries all the blood elements r*f Brown Hessie and
Our Guernseys were selected from the best milking strains in the United Stales.
Our Berkshires were selected for breeding and Individuality and contain the blood
of Cherry Blossom, Longfellow and Lee strains. We can assure buyers of quality, flu
best of breeding and satisfaction. We invite correspondence and personal Inspection.
K. R. M'KI.IMiWNKY. Supt,. Portland. Ore;
OAK HILL STOCK FARM
J&^PHjD Property of CHAS. E. LADD, Breeder.
Shorthorn Cattle, Shropshire
fflifilHp Cotswold and Southdown Sheep
"^^WmHIwI Vl ' stock registered with the best of breeding and Individual un ri t. Voting'stock
■took for sale. FRANK BROWN, Mgr., North Y ami, ill, Ore.
Old Process Oil Cake Meal
Experienced feeders pronounce It to '»»' tlie b-s. and most profitable for Milch Cow*. Beef Cattle,
Ho-set, Slit*-p, Hoip, fowls t'to. Keep* st >c< In *li •altb y (Mintuio ian I ni:iK"S p il.ttabl • meat.i II
■ou have one horse or cow, or a d >zeil, they sho il>l not be wltlio it Oil Meal. Oil Meal Cake is sold hy
all dealers In hay, grain, (lour a.id seeds. Correspondence solicited.
PORTLAND LINSEED OIL WORKS
Marcus Simpson, Mgr. Sherlock Avj., near Nicalai St., Portland, Oregon
! HAZELWOOD COMPANY, Ltd.
Breaders and Importers of
HOLSTEIN, GUERNSEY AND JERSEY CALTLE
POLAND CHINA SWINE
We have some fine young Poland Oiiuia bows for sale. All stock registered ami from the bent
hlooil In the Cnited SlHtfH.
number of herd
ofyoung sheep of this popular breed. J. T. Wilkinson Chilliwack. B. C