Newspaper Page Text
A Je«N»i w^LMSFmnm IKTIIt HiwWist- .
With whi-li U consolidated
I'he Wash'ngtou Kariner,
Tbe PkclHc c'oiim Dairyman,
The Farmer and Dairyman,
The Farmer and Turfman.
Official organ of the State Dairymen's Asßocla
ilcmi iinil tin State Livestock Breeders' Associ
t'ubllshed Every Thursday by THE KANUH CO.
MIIXNK FREEMAN, - Kdilor and Manager.
Kditorlal Offices: - - - Seattle, Wash.
Tel. Mam 1265—Long Distance ( • nne< tlon.
Seattle - - Metropolitan Bldg.,
Cor. Third and Main Sts.
Spokane - Alexander A Co., 521 First Aye.
Subscription (in advance) f 1.00 per year.
Agents wanted id every town to solicit subscrip
tions. Uoort commission and salaries paid.
The paper Is sent to each IDbCOriMr until an or
der to discontinue is received from the subscriber.
We m mt be notified In writing, by letter or postal
card, when a nubscriber wishes his paper popped.
ll.■turning tin' paper will not answer, us we cannot
Hud it on our list from the name alone on the pa
per. We must have both name and address, and
all arrearages or dues must be paid as required by
bate of expiration of subscription Is shown on
your paper by address lab. 1 lontulningyour n».nie
Failing to receive the pap> r regularly you should
notify the ■vattle otlice at once, when mistakes,
If any. will be corr. ted. _—— „.».,,.„
Address all communications to THK RANCH,
104 W. Washington Ht., Heattle Washington.
The man who ran the Seattle Com
mission Co., started in with nothing,
and in a few weeks failed owing $2,500.
And he wasn't a Jew either.
The advertisement of the Seattle
Commission Company still appears in
one or two Oregon papers, notwith
standing the sheriff put a padlock on
the door of that concern several weeks
ago. Oregon has been a rich and fer
tile field for unscrupulous Seattle com
mission men anyway, and newspaper
advertising down there has yielded re
nily prodigious returns. We don't kno*
way Oregon people have been so sus
ceptible to the influence of these swin
dlers, except that the "distance lends
enchantment to the view."
The commission man who advertises
to do business on the two per cent ba
sis, tries to live within the claim, and
keeps his books balanced by sending
the two per cent to the unsophisticated
shipper and keeping the rest uimself.
Have you a horse afflicted with the
heaves? Dr. S. B. Nelson states that
he desires to secure several horses
from Western Washington, having this
disease —"and the worse they are the
better I'd like it." So anyone who can
supply the Doctor with a heavey horse
or two can have same placed under
free treatment, and every endeavor
made to effect a cure. Address him
Horticultural Commissioner Yon
Holderbeke says that to get the spray
ing calendar of which we spoke in a
recent issue, parties should write dir
ect to the Agricultural Experiment Sta
The great immigration pouring in
to the Northwest this spring is causing
land values to jump, in many sections
doubling and trebling. Where the soil
is productive, and the location right,
the enhancement is justified; other
wise it is largely speculative and fictiti
ous. The danger lies in people becom
ing so blinded by this fever of specula
tion that they invest without consult
ing their cooler judgment. They over
reach themselves, and when the wave
of prosperity slows up the least bit,
tney are ruined.
State Veterinarian Dr. S. B. Nelson
knows now that we have a pretty good
circulation. We announced in a recent
issue that stockmen by writing him
could obtain free vaccine for treating
their calves against blackleg. He re
ceived a stack of letters a foot high
every day the following week, and they
haven't stopped coming yet. All his
supply was soon exhausted, and he has
had to make several applications to the
Department of Agriculture, Washing
ton, D. C, to help him out. Incidental
ly we might remark that the doctor's
efficient service in this direction has
caused a great saving to the camemen,
the amount of which would be hard to
Was This Just?
Editor The Rancu —In December,
1900, I concluded to give up farming
in British Columbia and move to this
place, where I had just purchased a
complete stock and leased a farm. Pre
paratory to moving, I wrote to the col
lector at Port Townsend for full in
formation regarding the customs dut
ies and regulations connected with im
porting cattle and hogs. Immediately
I received a reply stating that my bull
would pass free of duty upon produc
ing a certificate of registration in a
herd book, while grade cows must pay
at least 25 per cent, ad valorem, and
pigs $2 each. The duty on cows being
prohibitive, I limited my importation
to my beautiful Ayreshire bull and
eight weanling pigs. Immediately up
on arrival in Seattle on Dec. 22nd, 1900,
my stock were taken from me and held
for instructions from Port Townsend
re medical inspection. In vain did the
officers in this city endeavor to pass
my stock as the property of a bona fide
settler, and point out the very insuffl
cient information furnished me. The
collector held that medical inspection
was necessary and required. The pigs
suffered so much from neglect in their
now filthy packing crate, that I aban
doned them, soon to find that they
were sold (unknown to me, and almost
without notice^ at one dollar each!!
The bull remained in an open corral
on Yesler wharf, poorly fed and at
tended to, never getting cleaned out.
The certificate of registration in the
Canadian Ayreshire herd book was re
used and I was required to put up the
luty pending valid proof of pure breed
!ng, a custom house blank being hand
-3d to me to fill out, in fact it was sent
o the secretary of the herd book in
Toronto. Somehow, I was under the
impression that the amount of duty
would be refunded to me provided I
furnished his certificate of registra
ion within six months. Thus matters
Iragged along for ten days, neither at
torneys nor consuls could help me. At
last the veterinarian positively refus
ed to make tne test, claiming a lack of
mthority and other reasons, as basis
for his position.
Whereupon the bull was released
rrom durance vile. The paper prepar
?d in Toronto proved worthless, and I
got the bull registered in the Ameri
can Ayreshire Record only to learn
fhat my money was now safely in Un
cle Sam's inside pocket and I might
whistle for it. Thus was every provi
sion for the safeguarding of American
slock interests transgressed, Uncle
Sam beaten out of his pig duty and
the common settler severely punished
or daring to bring ,^ocd stock, the best
of stock, into the country.
Yes, indeed, the custom house Is a
great institution. It is the bulwark of
our freedom and protects our people
and industries from ?
DANIEL F. BOISSEVAIN.
H. L. Blanchard.
With the ushering in of the month
ot April the farmer finds himself press
ed into the harness for another year's
activity. With a backward spring, such
as the present one, he is apt to become
nore or less restless under the pres
sure of an eager desire to launch forth
in the renewed effort to improve upon
his record of results over any previous
year. Such a feeling is commendable
and when prompted and directed by
wisdom will surely lead to pleasing
results. The character of the final
harvest depends upon nothing else
that may be under the farmer's con
trol more than that of his selecting
and planting good seed upon a thor
oughly and well prepared seed bed.
Now the question arises: What is a
well prepared seed bed? Briefly stat
ed, I would define such a seed bed to
be pulverized soil of land well drain
ed, and to a depth of from two inches
to fifteen inches (depending upon the
kind of seed to be planted) and where
necessary, to be thoroughly incorporat
ed with some suitable fertilizer. It is
not advisable nor always wise to have
a deep seed bed for all plants. It is
very important, that this seed bed be,
after the planting of the seed, left in
a firm condition, thus enabling it to
retain the required moisture by capil-
Jary attraction. In proportion as the
soil is suitably pulverized, in a similar
proportion will its natural fertility be
increased or diminished.
Cultivators of the soil always like to
see a network of feeding rootlets to
the plants. With a poorly prepared seed
bed such condition becomes impossi
ble, since it is the plant food contained
ia the soil that produces the develop
ment of the plant's root system, and
without the seed bed is suitably pre
pared such plant food does not become
available to the plant, hence an insuf
ficient root system and the plant be
comes stinted or may perish. For these
reasons we need not expect a harvest
from seed wasted upon cloddy and
lumpy soil, no matter as to how rich
in natural fertility the soil may be.
Seed placed upon a board or other
surface destitute of any soil whatever,
under suitable temperature and mois
ture conditions, will sprout and the
sprout will grow up to the limit of the
supply of the requisite plant food con
tained within the seed itself, and no
further. The result would be but little
if any better had the seed been plant
ed in cloddy soil. The reason is there
is no plant food available to the root
lets. Such seed not only become wast
ed, but the farmer is deprived of the
use of the land for a year. Too often
soil is classed as poor—that is lacking
in fertility—when the truth is the soil
is amply supplied with fertility which
only needs to be made available plant
food by proper management and suit
able preparation. Often our crops could
be made to yield double by a more
careful preparation of the seed bed.
A good seed bed, planted with good,
plump seed, is therefore indispensible
to a thrifty and vigorous plant growth,
which is always essential to a good
"Pearls," remarked the Wise Guy,
"are emblematic of tears."
"I guess that's right," agreed the
Simple Mug. "My wife cries because
I can't afford to buy her any."—Phil
lOiiiloibed for purity by the Pure Food
Commission, State of Washington.
Sells for 25 cents per pound, and will do
more work than any high priced cream tar
ASK YOUR GROCER
THE RIGHT VIEW.
If the American people want to eat
bread and oleo instead of bread and
butter, they have a rignt to do so. But
Uncle Sam is dead right in saying
they have a right to know what the
stuff they eat is. And if they want
to live cheaply the best way to help
them is to make the stuff wear its true
face. The alleged argument that the
people need the coloring in it to make
it cheap and palatable is as false as
the face it has heretofore worn. —Morn-
Be busy, busy, busy—useful, amia
ble, serviceable, in all honest, unpre
tending ways.—Bleak House.
John B. Agen, Seattle's butter king,
has commenced the erection of a fine
$50,000 dock on Seattle's water front.
Ed. F. Bogardus, of ijilly, Bogardus
& Co., who are about the biggest thing
on Seattle's water front, has returned
from his winter's sojourn at his beauti
ful home in the suburbs of Los Angeles
Cal., looking heartier than ever, and
fit to "wrassle" with all kinds of big
business this summer, he says the
winter resorts of Southern California
are filled to overflowing with people of
wealth, who live in the most luxurious
style and spend with lavish hand.
They put a great deal of money in
circulation, and times are consequent
ly very good. "But after all," added
Mr. Bogardus, "Seattle is the liveliest
city in a business way on the coast,
and I'm more than ever impressed
with its possibilities. I guess I'm
willing to take my chances here with
the rest of the boys."
It was the night the hose cart col
lided with a car on Third avenue. A
man rushed breathlessly into the Lob
by saloon, a block below.
"Gimme some whiskey, quick," said
he excitedly, "two or three men are
nearly killed up the street!"
Proprietor Zbinden hastily grabbed
the largest mixing glass he could find,
poured it half full of whiskey, and
passed it over the bar.
The excited individual picked it up,
swallowed the contents almost in an
instant and rushed out of the saloon
even faster than he rushed in.
All of which shows that the man who
has an active brain and is ready to
grasp every opportunity w»J succeed.
—Chadwick's Seattle Argus.
Chamberlain & Hamilton's Seattle
creamery is now churning from 1800 to
2000 pounds butter per day. They re
ceive cream only, and it comes in from
all parts of Western and Central Wash
Send the Names
Of iinv penoni whom you know niav liave
the Western fever, with any knowledge
yon liave retarding them, nnd f will pladly
see that they receive information about
the N'orilnvest and Its future possibilities,
points In the NortbWMt. For further In
formation address any agent of the North
ern Pacific Ry., or
and the low rates now prevailing to all