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and approved by public opinion.
It will be seen that at least four
experts would be required to assure
the observance of all the conditions.
As stated, the experts selected by the
commission should be familiar with
the conditions and possibilities of
dairy farms. The more these officers
understand of modern dairy science
and the detals of dairy work, the bet
ter. Unless thus qualified they are li
able to be unreasonable and thus bring
the movement into disfavor. They
should be able to give practical advice
to dairymen when needed. Their ex
aminations should alway be without
It should be the duty of the veteri
narian to examine the cattle, stables,
drainage, ventilation, food, water,
yards, pastures, methods of milking
and of handling the milk, the exercise
oi the animals, and all matters con
nected with their health, care, and
management. Also to see that the con
ditions of the contract relating to these
matters are fully complied with.
Where there is much of this kind of
work to be done, the veterinarian
might confine his attention to the
herd and its management and the im
mediate surroundings, while other in
spectors (expert dairymen) could look j
otter the sanitary conditions outside of
the stable and the general subject of
the care of the milk.
The physician should examine all
persons working about the dairy or
in any way connected with the care
of the animals, milk, and utensils,
and the transportation and delivery of
the milk, in relation to their habits j
01" cleanliness as well as for transmis
sible diseases, and this as often as is
The bacteriologist should examine
the milk to test the efficiency of the
methods in force. He should take
samples at the farm, and when the
milk is being delivered to the consum
ers, and by a bacteriological examina
tion (usually only the counting of the
bacteria) and a microscopic examina
tion, determine the nature of the bac
terial content and if puss cells are
present. His examinations should be
made every lew weeks, and will be
the truest indication of the thorough
ness with which the requirements are
being followed. Experience shows that
it is not unreasonable to expect milk
free from puss cells and pathogenic
bacteria, the other bacteria of which
will frequently number fewer than 1,
000, usually under 10,000, and seldom
over 20,(K)() per cubic centimeter.
The chemist should make examina
tions sufficiently to determine if the
milk be of correct composition, of re-1
quisite richness, and free from adul
teration. A fair standard of the com
position and quality of good milk is j
4 per cent of fat. With reasonable
care, milk can be kept at an average
which will be within one-half of 1
per cent of this standard. Some fluc
tuation in the measure of fat is sure
to oocur, and an occasional drop even
below %V% per cent for a day or two
should not result in condemnation. If
the average remains above 4Vj or be
low 3yo per cent for any length of
time, the purchasers of the milk
should be notified.
Conditions to be Required.
The success of the whole scheme
will depend largely on the conditions
required and the detail in which they
arc stated. The fitness of a dairy for
approval should not be left entirely
to the judgment of any individuals.
All the requirements should be so
•' RUIT OF THE IOOHI.-
Men and women of taste and judgment
go into ecstacies over the wonderful pat
terns, textures and colors which are " the
fruit of the loom.'' But there is one
fruit of the loom <^>.
they rarely con- vo\
sider, and that is j«ssw xv*
the frail and faded J&mh M/
woman, old before fga-jyH I 111
her time, because Ifi^ *( *■ '''
necessity compels [ |p==3
her to woik under ///^\ llllJMllllfllir
conditions, which I (\ V "™| L
cases be cured by Bfi|ljo| %i<i!p^ s *
Tierce's Favorite Dffjjfl V»U
"I had female trouble for eight years," writes
Mrs. L. J. Dennis, of 828 East College Street,
Jacksonville, Ills. "Words cannot express what
I suffered. / sought relief among the medical
profession and found none. Friends urged me to
try Dr. Tierce's Favorite Prescription. When I
commenced taking this medicine I weighed
ninety-five pounds. Now I weigh one hundred
and fifty-six pounds—more than I ever weighed
before. " I was so bad I would lie from day to
day and long for deqth to come and relieve my
suffering. I had internal inflammation, a dis
agreeable drain, brearing-down pain, and such
distress every month, but now I never have a
pain— all my own work and am a strong and
healthy won .11." ,
"Favonte Prescription" makes weak
women siron^, sick women well. Accept
no substitute for the medicine which
wcrks wonders for weak women.
Dr. Fierce'a Pleasant Pellets should be
used with " Favorite Prescription" when
evtr a laxative is required.
fully and plainly stated ahat there can
be no doubt as to their meaning; oth
erwise, even the most capable and
conscientious inspectors might be ac
cused of unfairness in their reports.
The dairyman should know exactly
what he is expected to do, and should
be able to easily see how others main
tain such conditions.
The requirements should not be
needlessly numerous and restrictive,
but should include an explicit state
ment of the conditions that are ap
proved and deemed necessary by
dairy authorities for producing pure
milk. They should refer in unmistak
able terms to the essentials in con
nection with the herd, buildings, equip
ment, methods of conducting the work
and handling the milk, and should
leave no doubt in the mind of the in
telligent dairyman as to how milk
should be produced in order to be
(Jean, pure, and of good quality. Only
a few years ago it would have been
impossible to have made definite re
commendations along these lines, but
such investigations and experiments
have been reported that many former
mysteries are now well understood
facts. Besides including the essentials
for the production of the purest milk,
the conditions should provide for af
fording every facility to members of
the commission, or their representa
tives, for making examinations at any
time. It would be easy to make the
regulations very brief by the use of
general terms. For example, it might
be said "The stabling and care of the
stock shall be such as is usually ap
proved," and "The buildings shall be
cared for in a proper manner," and
"All utensils sha*» be thoroughly
WEHAVE A GOOD LIST OF
Northwest Trust &
Safe Deposit Co.
Real Estate Dept., 90-04 Columbia St.,
British Columbia Farms
If you are thinking of going out to the
Pacific Coast, try British Columbia. A de
lightful climate, no extremes of tempera
ture, fertile land, ample rainfall, heavy
crops, rapid growth, and splendid market
for everything you raise at good prices.
The celebrated valley of the Lower Fraser
River is particularly adapted to dairying.
Write for Farm Pamphlet, telling you all
about it and containing a descriptive list
of farms for sale.
The Settlers' Association of B. C. Box
540, Vancouver, B. C.
Farms for Sale
In all counties of Western Washington.
Improved and unimproved. Address
THE SYNDICATE COMPANY
11-212-213 California Building. TaroniH, Wash.
]> Want to buy a farm? <,
\\ Want to sell a farm? <•
< * Call on or address <'
<. Collins 4 Williams, 56 Sullivan Bldg, Se;"'- i,
1 LAND SCRIP. |
IFOR SALE —Forest reserve and sol- V
X dier's additional scrip. With it %
X, you can acquire title to any gov- 3
A eminent land open to settlement. ~
4. PATTEN BROS., ];
.• Room A, Pacific Block, Seattle. JL
Rubber Stamps and Stencils.
We make a specialty of supplying rubber stain
and stencils for fruit growers, creamerymen, et<
Ma[l orders receive prompt attention. Commer
cial Stamp Works,42 Scheuerman Bldg, Seattle.
COFFEE THAT SUITS YOU.
The pleasure in drinking coffee lies in
the flavor. We make a specialty of coffees
—we have your kind of coffee. Call when
in the city—write if you are interested.
Hughes & Dunne,
821 Second Aye. Seattle.
The Ranch can secure for
its readers reduced rates on
most newspapers and maga
zines. Write us for rates on
the periodicals you wish to
I^jJß^k mm**^-fc »-^ Get a Horn2--Provide an Income. [§
MHff 66H" Irrigated lands at "GRI£ENACRLS" M
SKOKANK IIIVEII V Ml I ', M
fIV Will pay 11 large profit hesldes a good living. Kj
w €MmMM Cr«9 Spokane Valley Land A Water Co., jj
601 (JU2 Ruokury Hutliling', Spokane g|
SUNNYSIDE IRRIGATION CANAL
THE THIRD LARGEST IN THE U. 8.
The desert Is being made to blossom by means of au unlimited supply of water
I Oars, corn, wheat, barley, clover, timothy, alfalfa, potatoes, hops I
apples, peaches, pears, plums, apricots, prunes and berries, the..!
finest in the world, grown in abundance. I
MARKETS THE BEST. , GOOD SCHOOLS. . .
10,000 acres in cultivation. 24,000 acres for dale
Terms easy. One-fifth down, balance In four Installments. Send for Circular.
Denny-Blaine Land Co., 23 Dexter Horton Bank Bldg., Seattle
LESS THAN 18 CENTS A DAY
FOR A HOME
*— ' ~ —"^
WE LEAD, OTHERS FOLLOW
TAKE OUT CONTRACT NOW.
Money paid for Kent or Interest is Lost.
Co-operation will lighten your burdens,
Aid the housewife and make breadwinner
THINK OF IT! $5.35 monthly for a
$1000 home. NO INTEREST. Select your
home where you please, or build just such
house as you want. WE i.iY FOR IT.
Or we will pay oif your mortgage. What
a load that Interest has been ! Relief is at
hand through the
OREGON MUTUAL HOME bOCIETY,
REFERENCE: Any Bank or Commer
cial House of standing in Portland, Oregon.
724-25 NEW YORK BLuw-,
Telephone Red No. 1106.
Secure A Homestead
In North Dakota
before it is too late. For In
formation of the Homestead law, etc.,
mail $1.00 to The Great Northern Lo
cating Co., Dept. I!., Devils Lake, N. D.
Plat of the Devils Lake Indian Reserva
tion, which is about to be opened up,
.SI.OO. Write today.
A GREAT MINING AND INDUS
TRIAL COMPANY. Owns great lirk
ish Columbia Iron properties and con
trols over 7,000 acres richest Wash
ington Coal Lands. Also owns Texada
Copper properties shipping 1,000
tons $20 ore monthly.
AN OPPORTUNITY FOR RANCH
MAN TO PLANT A CROP THAT WILL
GROW WHILE YOU SLEEP. A great
"Ground Floor" proposition. WILL
MORE THAN DOUBLE YOUR MONEY
IN A YEAR.
Shares 12% c cash, ir»c paid in month
lv Installments. Remember, the millions
have always been made from invest
PROVIDENT SECURITY AND TRUST
40" Globe Block, Seattle, Wash.