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cleaned;" but such rules might mean
different things to different readers.
Doubtless many would incorrectly un
derstand that the use of warm water
and soap would be sufficient to fill
the last requirement as stated. Instead
of such general expressions it is pro
posed to state explicitly those methods
which are proper, thorough, and
proved efficiency. Under some unusu
al conditions it migtu be desirable to
modify certain of the requirements,
which the commission should have full
power to do upon the recommendation
of its experts.
For several years a method of root
pruning much at variance with com
monly accepted methods has been
strongly advocated in certain quarters.
Although for some time the new views
gained little credence, the advantages
of. the method over older ones were
represented as being so great and the
results claimed for it so surprising
tl.at horticulturists could not be other
than interested in tests of its practic
The method consists in cutting back
a transplanted tree to practically no
root at all, or at most to a mere
stub, shortening the top proportionate-
for. The tree tnus becomes to all in
tenets and purposes a cutting. There
is nothing essentially "new" about
this method. Interest in it attaches to
the proposition that its possibilities
in practice have not been fully under
The advantages claimed for this me
thod are that it gives a better tree
with a root system consisting of sev
eral strong roots which penetrate into
the moist depths of the soil and se
curely anchor the tree, instead of
spreading out near the surface. More
o\er, with the root pruned to a club,
It is no longer necessary to dig large
holes in transplanting. A mere dibble
hole is sufficient.
The metnod has been quite extens
ively tested both North and South.
Tests were made at the Maryland Sta
tion on a large scale. About 1,000 trees
of various kinds were planted. At the
end of the first season peach trees,
the roots of which were unpruned,
had made a greater, but less even
growth than those that were pruned.
Icoot-pruned pear trees made a better
giowth in all respects than unpruned
trees. In the case of apples there
was little if any difference between
root-pruned and unpruned trees. Root
pruned plums outgrew their checks.
The Mahaleb cherry, red cedar, and
California privet did well under the
treatment. Black Tartarian cherry on
Mazzard roots, Norway spruce, hem
kck and Lawson cypress did not. Al
theas started slowly. The general re
sult of the test was very encouraging
lo the advocates of close root pruning.
A series of tests were made by the
Georgia Station, mainly with the
peach, but including also the apple
and cherry, with results indicating
that peach irees pruned by this me
tbod "will live and flourish in this sec
tion even in stiff clay soil and under
adverse meteorological conditions.
This statement may also be extended
to cover apples and cherries."
The Alabama Station planted peach
-61 and pears on a hard, gravelly hill
s-ide having stiff clay subsoil, with the
result at the end of the season "no in
cieased vigor was observed in the root
pruned trees, but on the other hand no
disadvantage could be detected, and
tie conditions could hardly have been
more severe." The New Jersey Sta-
Our stock of choice
of all descriptions is now complete.
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ffPFFN n a ntr costs
UjKLLN U/lUr 25 cents!
B ■%/"*■ L. per TON .
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IF 'Mjf jJBL-' ' Salzer'a oatalog «»ja about rape.
j^^^.. Billion Dollar Grass '
T^llSSljf^Sy will positlrely make you rich; 12 torn I
also Rromus, Peaoni, Spiliz (XX) bu.
Tpßsj2ss}lj«3li com, 250 bu. oats per acre), etc.. etc. I
fi^P^j^p For this Notice and 10c. [
wc> mail bijcatalog nml ID Farm S.ed '
Novouies, lully worth flOto get a start. I
!^4>-^^^ For •««•• we mail 150 kinds of Flower '
] •»" and Vegetable Seels and catalog. I
I JOHN ASALZgg SEEP CO^gif Ej
l^av e9mß k^^^VßVki^H l^r or
lX **^ H 0 • in"
IBB^ «■ JJL^^^lß^^^^^^B^BlS*^ hollow
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lflU^ svJ, R ELFENCE
I E^^^^strotclics evenly, (Its perfectly, lasts
i>fl| V» lifetime. All styles; six heights.
Sold eviiywl.(re. If your dealer
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«T- AMERICAN STEEL& WIRE CO..
■rCMcago, New York, San Francisco, J>enyer.
V— 717-19-21-25 FirsT Avenue*
Seattle -Wash* r '
Exclusive Seattle agents
perfected American made
shoe for women.
Over 50 styles in every
leather and always at one
When ordering by mail
remit twenty-five cents
Awarded Gold and Silver Medals
■ Beautifully illustrated catalogue of
.seeds ami trees mailed free.
Trumbull & Beebe
Seedsmen aud Nurserymen,
410-421 Sansome Street, San Krancisco.
I i^Think of Corn Planters Now I
I W THE SEGMENT CORN PLANTER. |
W r—».n4\ This is an improvement on the Reliable type of ®
X planter as it requires but one band to operate it. ®
£S ''"' lri'(l is perfect, and with it corn can be planted ©
iBP"JIK«wi almost as fast as a man can walk. (•)
H B|||Si It will save its Cost in Seed in planting g>
l™|s a few acres. PRICE, $1.50. §
1 ill ELIPSE POTATO PLANTER. |
,1 'p?W! Our ECLIPSE potato planter is one of the best ever ®
>s '3 Bffi»M invented. With it one man can plant several- times 0
« El OTMI as much ground without getting a lame back as can ®
» •>« done by hand. The planter locks itself as it is ®
~ _4ttw^WsVk£n lifted out of the ground so that the next potato may <•)
*Sk tKI'HI be dropped in at once, and opens automatically as (•)
® tlle l'°P of li is I11()V(' (1 forward in walking. ®
I yfWvSfl PRICE, $1.50. I
/I \rS|j We would like your order NOW. ®
I JL^L LAMBERSON, I
® \lr' Portland, Ore. ©
I M. J. SHIELDS CO. %
j[ Growers and Importers of all kinds of JL
1 GRASS AND FIELD SEEDS|
-hjj -^——————— «i»
*!•'» We can name seed for evergreen pasture in your section of the country. #§»
, Why prospect with untried seeds? With fifteen years of personal experience _
"5» in growing, also with the experience of the Agricultural Colleges at Moscow »*
J M and Pullman, we submit the following list of seeds out of a hundred dlf-
<F ferent kinds tried: :j
X BROMUS INERMUS ITALIAN RYE GRASS T
X ENOLISH BLUE GRASS ENGLISH RYE GRASS T
X TALL HEADOW OAT GRASS ORCHARD GRASS X
4* Those are FRESH SEEDS ; we are growers of them and will guar- #f»
-3* antee results and prices. «|»
-|» We are also Growers and Importers of «£»
"'- Clovers, Alfalfa*, Poam, Corn Wheat, Russian Spot* Millets and «£>
An all kinds of Field Seeds. «§>
JL For references we cite you to W. J. BPILLMAN, Professor of Agrlcul- jn
™ ture at the Agricultural College at Pullman, Wash., and 11. T. FRENCH, *Jr
c«j Professor of Agriculture at the Idaho State University, Moscow, Idaho. For £*»
JT prices and further Information address Jb
1 M. J. SHIELDS & CO., |
4* MOSCOW, IDAHO. «$*
According to Terms on
page 54 of our 1902
Catalogue which is free
on application ...
916 Second Aye., Seattle, Wash.
Wholesale and Retail Seedmen and