Newspaper Page Text
est family. Unlike the pine, however,
the poplar stump will send up numer
ous and vigorous shoots. Hence these,
should bo sprouted off or grazed back,
and then in a few years the stump,
however large, will be a crumbled
mass of vegetable mold.
There are other species of trees,
which resemble the pine and poplar |
in the susceptibility of their stumps;
to decay, and to which the cutting
method is consequently applicable.
Large areas of southern river lands j
have c-ottonwood, soft maple (red or (
water maple), and sycamore, all of
which rot fast, though the sycamore
has great vitality. But these two spe
cies—the pine and yellow poplar—suf
ficiently illustrate the principle, and
in the destruction of these the writer
has served a full apprenticeship.
Alder.—Before leaving the discus
sion of this method of clearing, it
might be well to briefly advert to the
alder. It is usually found in dwarf
bush size and in clusters. Its habitat
is lowlands and swampy bottoms. It
is master of the land upon which it
thrives, and its masses of interlocked
roots present an impregnable obstacle
to cultivation; yet if its vulnerable
points are understood it may be quick
ly and easily disposed of. In August
cut the alders off at or below the
crown, leaving the brush where it falls.
The following spring, after vegetation
has started and the ground is thor
oughly dry. burn the area over. If the
cutting and burning have been thor
ough, the alders will never return to
plague you. The next year the ground
may be cultivated with comparative
Clearing With Dynamite.
Dynamite for large stumps.—ln the
removal of large stumps dynamite is
serviceable and economical. While it
will seldom blow the stump out of
the ground, it will usually split it in
several parts and lay bare the roots,
thus enabling the grubber to take out
the stump piece by piece, which is less
laborious than removing the whole
stump. When occasional stumps are
scattered over the field or plantation,
along the roadway, or near the build
ings, their immediate removal is de
sirable and for this purpose dynamite
Too expensive for general use. —The
cost of this explosive will not justify
its use on stumps under G or 8 inches
in diameter. Tt is too expensive for
general use in clearing land. While
it is undoubtedly the cheapest method
for removing stumps of large size, it is
a question whether it is advisable for
general farming to clear land covered
enough or large enough to warrant
heavy expense in bringing new land
under cultivation. When much of the
timber is over 6 or 8 inches in diame
ter at base, and pasturing can not be
conveniently resorted to, it is usually
wise to utilize land so encumbered for
its timber purposes.
The cost of dynamite will approxi
mately vary from 10 to 20 cents per
stump. It is readily seen that if there
are some hundreds of these per acre
the cost will be too great to justify
clearing by this method land destined
for general farming. ,
Experienced hands should be em
ployed.—When using dynamite great
caution must be observed, for it is
very dangerous if carelessly handled.
Also, if placed by inexperienced hands,
much of, it is likely to be misapplied.
Hence, if contemplating its use, it will
be safe and cheaper tc employ expert
f The JlGGS^^^^
I the coffee roaster uses >33
I to glaze his coffee with —
I would you eat that kind of \M[
I eggs? Then why drink them?
I Lion Coffee^
f^L has no coating of storage eggs, 1
Bg^ glue, etc. It's coffee—pure, I
unadulterated, fresh, strong I
mL and of delightful flavor 1
Mk and aroma. M
WO^. Uniform quality and Mm
i^^. frenhnesi are Insured
IMaMMtM^^. by the sealed package.
As a warning to those handling tbis
explosive, it might be well to state
that dynamite consists of nitroglycer
in mixed with a granular absorbent,
and wherever there is nitroglycerin
there is danger. It is made in differ
ent grades. These are determined ac
cording to the percentage of nitro
glycerin they contain. The lower
grades, those containing about 30 per
cent, nitroglycerin, are preferable for
stump blasting because they explode
with less suddenness and their tend
ency is more to upheave than to shat
Dynamite comes in cylindrical sticks
of different sizes and lengths. The
quantity to use in blowing out a
stump depends necessarily upon the
size of the stump. The charge, with
cap and fuse attached, should be
placed in a hole bored for the pur
pose as nearly as possible under the
stump. The whole should then be
filled with earth and gently tamped.
Then the fuse may be lighted and the
operator retreat beyond the range of
It is generally conceded by those fa
miliar with dynamite that the most
effectual destruction of the stump is
achieved by boring into it as low
down as possible, thus adding consid
erably to the force of the explosion.
Tliis method, however, adds to the
time and labor and hence to the cost
per stump, while the more common
method of digging down by the side
of the stump and hollowing out a place
under it where the charge is placed
will generally split up the stump suf
ficiently to make its removal an easy
fj|p Sho^t Line
"■» Union Pacific
To the EAST
The O. R. & N. Co. Gives the Choice of
Three Trains Daily
Two via The Oregon Short Line to Salt
Lake, Denver, Omaha, Chicago and Kan
bus City. One via Great Northern tty. to
Spokane, Minneapolis, St. Paul and Chicago.
Ocean steamers every 5 days for San Fran
cisco. Monthly steamers to China and
For full information call on or address
nearest O. R. & N. Ticket Agent, or address
A. l_. CRAIG,
Oen'l Passenger Agent, Portland. Or
Parties writing to advertisers In this
journal please mention The Ranch.
Newest and Best Equipment in the Northwest. Brick Buildings. Low
Insurance Rate. Wharf and Rail Connections.
'■ WASHINGTON COLD STORAGE WAREHOUSE.
Oriental Readman and Occidental Wa rehouses. Oriental Dock.
30,000 Tons Capacity. U. S. Bond and Free
UNITED WAREHOUSE CO. SEATTLE.
OREGON NURSERY COMPANY
Largest Nursery on the Pacific Coast.
BUY THE BEST which is always
Order from our traveling salesman or write to us for catalog
Our Stock is First-Class.
REAY TRADING COMPANY
Commission Brokers, Purchasing Agen U. We pay the Highest Market Price
for all Kinds of Farm Produce.
EGGS, PORK VEAL AND POULTRY WANTED.
2015 First Avenue ... . . Seattle, Washington
■I, * .1, .!■ ■!■ .1. * >1< »!■ »1< * ■!■** *** * * ■!' * * 'I' * 'I' 'I' *>!■ .1. ******* **** * * * ********
•; We have some beautiful lots in this addition with asphalt ;;
;; streets, cement sidewalks, stone curbing, city water mains, and j;
■' sewers all completed and included in the price of the lots. No . ■
'» further assessment of any kind can be levied on this property. ','.
" We also have two fine residences for sale in this addition, «>
•' strictly first class in every respect, and in keeping with the '«'>
'*'» surroundings. ••
MADISON PARK I
'' * •
]] In order to make a clean-up of this addition, we are au- •;
]| thorized by the Eastern owners to offer the remaining few i>
" lots at $ioo each; size 40x100 feet; some are suitable for gar- ] .
" dening purposes. This property is reached by the Madison V,
>> street car line, is close to the new City park, has sidewalks V,
'.> and city water and is undoubtedly the cheapest and best buy *J
'.', ever offered in this part of the city. *;\
I Brooklyn and ;;
i University Heights. I:
'•'. We can sell you a few choice lots in these additions at a Ii!
i! bargain. ] ',
;: Remember this is close to the STATE UNIVERSITY J;
; I and will increase in value very rapidly. • J[
;: MOORE INVESTMENT COMPANY, ;;
•1 1 ►
'.'• 112 COLUMBIA ST. '.'.
'' * •
ii • >
j| Seattle, Washington. f