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The man who imagines that he will
make money buying and feeding
stunted stock of any kind imagines a
vain thing and will be disappointed
as surely as he puts feed into that
kind of stock, whether cattle, sheep,
hogs, horses, or anything else.
What do we mean by stunted stock?
Not necessarily stock thin in flesh.
Our readers have all known stock thin
in flesh when purchased which could
be fed at even a large profit, and
often a much greater profit than stock
purchased in much higher condition.
By stunted stock we mean stock that
has been starved or subjected to ex
tremes of heat or cold so long that na
ture changed her plans and deter
mined to finish out on a much smaller
pattern than was her original inten
tion. We mean also stock that has
been injured by disease until the di
gestive system has become impaired
and nature's plan has been changed
in the same way and for the same
purpose. This kind of stock will never
yield a profit no matter how cheap
the purchase price or how small thf»
value of the feed furnished. The meat
making machine has been spoiled, the
machinery is out of order, and no
skill of man can repair it so as to re
cover its full efficiency.
When a man buys an animal for
meat making purposes, he is simply
buying a machine. He should not buy
a worn out machine or a machine that
has been hopelessly damaged by bad
usage. This is the precise thing which
he does when he buys stunted stock
of any kind. Ordinarily the digestive
system is impaired and the animal
can not get all out of the feed that is
in it. The frame, also, has been
dwarfed and put out of shape, so to
speak, by hard conditions, and this
dwarfing will always be in the high
priced cuts. Hence, the stunted steer
neither makes the pounds nor the
quality and is more or less a losing
factor inasmuch as he fails to get
out of the food the full measure of
the digestible nutrients.
A mature animal may be thin in
flesh, quite thin, without any derange
ment of its powers of digestion or
assimilation. If, however, the hard
lines have struck the steer, for exam
ple, when a calf, if it has been fed
on sour milk, or milk sweet one day
and soru another, if the ration has
not been properly balanced, if fed on
skim-milk without clover pasture,
clover hay, or corn meal, stunting in
evitably follows. If in addition to
this it has been subjected to the tor
ment of flies in hot weather, if water
has been scant, irregular, and impure,
if it has been wintered about a straw
stack with no flesh forming grain food,
then the man who buys it will lose
money no matter how cheap may be
the purchase price.
If stock buyers would absolutely re
fuse to buy stunted calves at any
price and compel the stunter to stunt
his own pocketbook by feeding them
himself, they would work a reform in
calf feeding especially such as has
never been wrought since the cream
eries tempted man to stunt calves by
giving them skim-milk and sour at
that. —Wallace's Farmer.
Packing House Combinations.
There is a marked tendency on the
part of the great packing houses to
consolidate, thus placing the control
bo far as it can be placed on the
prices of cattle and of dressed meats
in the hands of fewer and fewer men.
We do not anticipate the evils from
this movement which some men do.
Concentration is the natural tendency
of things in all lines of business in
these latter years and it is useless
to resist it.
There are many things which may
be said in favor of the more thor
ough organization of business. It ren
ders greater economy possible in the
accomplishment of any work. If the
combiners will, they can give a little
higher price by reason of concentra
tion for the raw material and accept
a lower price for the finished prod
uct. If they will not, but insist on
robbing the public, in other words,
if they make their prices very high,
outsiders will go into business and
in the end compel them to accept a
just and fair price. We do not know
but that would be a good thing, now
that the government has issued an in
junction against rebates on railroads,
if the entire packing industry was in
the hands of one man with swinish
instincts so pronounced that he would
want all there is in it. The result
would be that packing houses would
spring up as they would have long
since but for railroad discrimination
in the western states, and the hogs
would no longer have to go to Chi
cago to die and come back to be eaten.
There would in the meantime, for
awhile, be a loss to the farmer on his
live stock and a loss to the consumer
on the product, but these things would
in the end regulate themselves and
the result would be fair and legitimate
profits and nothing more to the pack
Whatever may be said of the pack
ers of Chicago, of their disposition to
.buy stock cheap as they can and sell
meats as high as they can, none the
less they are men of large intellec
tual capacity and will soon see, if they
do not see it now, that there is more
money for them in the long run by
being fair, decent, and just to all cus-
tomers alike than by undertaking to
get all possible profit out of the busi-
ness by extortion either in buying or
in selling. Public sentiment will not
tolerate extortion and there is too
much idle capital and skilled brains
and labor to permit any man to get
for any length of time any more than
his fair share of profit.
The concentration of the packing
interests of Chicago, Omaha, Kansas
City, and St. Louis has been due large
ly to the fact that heretofore the rail
roads discriminated in the way of
freights both in and out against pack
ing establishments in the smaller cit
ies. For example, there is no city
anywhere in the country more favor
ably situated for a packing center
than Dcs Moines. It is in the center
of one of the best, if not the best, live
stock producing countries on the face
of the earth. It has the water, the
capital, and railroad connections, and
yet it has been impossible to establish
the business solely because of rail
road discrimination. Let us hope that
the injunction recently issued will en
join, and if not, that the President
will see to it that it does.—Wallace's
Farmers Who Worry.
E. L. Vincent.
I wonder if it is a fact that farmers
are more given to worrying than any
other class of people? If not, then
I am sorry for the other classes, for
surely the farmers I know do seem
A few choice yearling Shropshire Rams
and Ram Lambs for Bale; also a few Ewes,
and Yorkshire Pigs of both sexes. Bred
from prize winning Btock.
E. A. KIPP,
Pioneer Farm, Chlllwack, B. C
Of the large Canadian type, size,
Pigs will be recorded in the Ameri
can Herd Book. Thirty choice young
pigs now for sale.
Cloverdale, B. C.
THOS. W BRUNK, Proprietor.
S;:, Cotswold Sheep
Angora Goats, Poland China Swine,
Barred P. R. Chickens.
EOLA, POLK 00., OREGON.
Jersey Bull Calf, St. Lambert strain,
price $30.00, registered, crated and de
livered at N. P. Station.
H. W. ILLMAN, Hartford, Wash.
KapM? Mountainview Ranch
l^fl Hr Registered Jersey Cattle
|V the greatest milk and but
|^^ ter producers in the world.
Head of herd la Royal of
H^^l^^^^^^pK Spokane, son of Royal Oj
■ Fechter & Janeck
■■V North Yakima, : Wash.
All stock registered. Hogs can be seen at the
farm near Gresham, Or. Write us for; prices, ped
igrees, etc. >>■..:•:
W. W. COTTON,
Worcester Bldg. Portland, Oregon
MHII Uni QTFIN fiATTI Ft The Choicest
W9W^ [\Vt-OlL\n ifAIILC! Milk and But-
Mf^W ter Breed In the World. Write to
(ST M Wis.LiveStockAss'n.Appleton.Wis.U.S.A.
Lake Side Stock Farm
HOLSTEIN FRIESIAN CATTLE
Of the Best Batter Making Strains for
Sale. Service bull, Lunde Oregon de Kol, son of
Clothilde Lunde Artls. Official butter test, 20 lbs
4ozin 7 days. He is assisted by Clothllde Grace's
Sir Hengerveld, whose granddam was Netherland
Hengerveld, with an official butter test of 26% lbs
In 7 days, her milk averaging 3.92 per cent fat.
P. A. FRAKES, Scappose, Ore.
T. J. TRAPP
New Westminster, B. C.
SHADELAND FARM COLLIES
C. D NAIRN, Billston, Ore., Prop.
Verona Pale Face, 60729.
The Largest Collection of Pure Bred Col
lies In America. 82 Years a Breeder of
Best Working Strains. Known to Stock
men Everywhere. Puppies For Sale. Send
for Catalogue. Free.
The Ranch can secure for
its readers reduced rates on
most newspapers ana maga
zines. Write us for rates on
the periodicals you wish to
EL LEND ALE FA RM
Dorset Horn Sheep
Duroc Jersey Hogs »
REED M, SON, Moscow. Idaho.
Poland China and Berk
shire Pigs for Sale.
Pairs not akin, $25. Single animals
of either sex, $15 each. All of best
strains of breeding and eligible to reg
istry. Better buy now while they are
young and save heavy express charges.
We are selling fast and will be cleaned
out by October first. Address
The Agricultural College Farm,
A. J. STREET, Chilliwack, Br. Col.
Registered Jersey Cattle won at New Westminis
ter 1900—1st on 2 year-old-bull, Ist on yearling bull,
Ist on herd. Some choice stock for sal»\
BROWN SWISS CATTLE
I have the second largest and one of
the best herds of Swiss cattle In
America. McJohn, No. 1120, first pre
mium and sweepstakes bull at six lead
ing fairs at head of herd. Stock for
sale. Correspondence solicited.
T. H. INMAN, Hanover. Wis.
Several choice young Holstein bulls
now for sale. Registration papers fur
nished. Address Meadowbrook Farm,
Snoqualmie, Wn., or Chamberlain,
Hamilton & Co., Seattle.
WEBFOOT COLLIE KENNELS.
I have for sale some of the best
bred collie puppies on the coast. All
eligible to registration. None better.
Prices are right. Photos on applica
tion. All breeding stock registered.
Book on training and care of colliers
given with every purchase. Price 50c.
H. K. Metcalf, prop., Halsey, Ore.
FOR SALE —The fine Jersey bull,
Recorder's Best Son 48582, bred by H.
C. Taylor, Orfordville, Wis., dropped
June 28, 1897. Solid color, black ton
gue and switch." Sire Recorder 29239,
by Combination 3d he by Combina
tion. Dam of Recorder is Brown Bes
sie 74997, champion butter cow at the
World's Fair. Dam of Recorder's best
Son is Tapestry, 56607, with a record
of 23 lbs., 12 oz. butter. I have also
one yearling pure-bred Jersey bull en
titled to registry, and three yearlings
not to be registered, but of the same
stock. Address L. R. Hansen, Flor