Newspaper Page Text
Btructlon of these boxes, this being
done to insure the security and safety:
of mail matter placed in them. All
boxes must be made in the best work
manlike manner, and there must be
no joints depending on solder to hold
Hi, different parts of the box together,
but all joints must be seamed, curled
or riveted. Covers, lids, or encase
ments shall be hinged or pivoted in a
strong, substantial manner, and edges
of same shall extend down or lap over
the mail holding department for a
sufficient distance so that when closed
it will thoroughly protect the mail
from rain, snow or dust under all cir
cumstances. The dimensions of ruy&l i
free delivery boxes shall be, if a
square or rectangular box, not less i
than LBx6x6 inches: if cylindrical not I
less than eighteen inches long and
six inches in diameter, the capacity
to be not less than 488 cubic inches, j
lTp to the present time fourteen des
ignated boxes have received the ap
proval of the postmaster general, so
that all persons receiving free deliv
ery shall be obliged to purchase one
of the fourteen boxes that are being
manufactured. Persons neglecting or
refusing to comply with the above con
ditions are regarded by the depart
ment as not desiring rural free deliv
ery, and the carrier will be directed
not to serve them. During the early
history of the service postmasters and
carriers were prohibited from assist
ing in the selection of boxes, but this
order has been modified to the extent
of permitting them to advise proposed
patrons of the rural free delivery, so
that in the selection of boxes they
shall comply with the requirements of
the department, but they are pro
hibited from becoming the agent of
any rural box manufacturer, in can
vassing for or otherwise aiding in the
sale of any particular box.
It would seem to us that the specifi
cations laid down are specific, and we
cannot but believe that the great ma
jority of our readers are willing to
comply with the conditions of the de
partment. It is true that it involves
a cost of between two or three dol
lars, but when it is considered that
one of these boxes will last a lifetime
an outlay of this kind is of little im
portance compared with the great
benefit conferred upon rural communi
ties by the introduction of the free
delivery service. It is entirely be
neath the dignity of a farmer to nail
up an old shoe on his gate post or
temporize a worn out wagon hub.
The complaint that the boxes furnish
ed are extravagant in price is not well
founded, because a box that complies
with the department's requirements is
constructed of the best material and
is made in such a way as to insure the
perfect safety of the mail under all
conditions, so that there cannot be an
enormous profit in their construction
at present prices.
Value of Dropings.
Manure from the poultry house
should be collected daily and be kept
under shelter. Mix it with dry earth
and keep it no longer than possible,
as it gives the best results when it is
fresh. The supposition that it is equal
to Peruvian guano is erroneous, as
guano is produced by birds that exist
on animal food, while the barnyard
fowls subsist mostly on grains. Ft is
profitable to save the droppings, how
ever, and they should be considered
in estimating the profits.
GOOD BOOKS FOR FARMERS
A List of the Most Popular Works Relating to
All Branches of Agriculture —Furnished
by This Paper at Lowest Prices.
This is only a Partial List-—Send for full List.
ALL BY THE BEST AUTHORITIES
Juukkecpiny for Farmers.
Ry T. Clark Atkesou. To which is added
The Stoekbridge System of Accounts. The
methods outlined in this pamphlet are so
simple that any person having a fair
tuowledge of arithmetic can keep the farm
records so that he will know what each
product has cost him, and which crop and
line of farming is paying the best. I'aper,
12mo. 25 cents.
Canning and Preserving.
lly Mis. S. T. Borer. This work is the
.suit of careful practice in teaching be
ginners how to can and preserve fruits
md vegetables, also the best methods of
.taking marmalades, fruit butter and jel
ies, drying fruits and making syrups and
jatsups, pickling, flavored vinegars, drying
Ljerbs, etc. 40 cents.
By I'rof. W. Card. A horticultural uiou
graph of raspberries, blackberries, dew
oerries, currants, gooseberries and other
shrub-like fruits. The entire subject is ex
nausiiugly treated from the commercial
grower'! standpoint, as well as for applica
tion in the home garden. The principles
which underlie the cultivation and manage
ment of (he various bush fruits are dis
cussed In the introductory chapter, while
in the succeeding ones each kind is treated
In detail as to its special requirements
of soil, location, fertilizers, propagation,
planting, tillage, pruning, harvesting and
marketing, evaporating, etc. One of the
most important contributions to promolog
ical literature. 540 pages. $J. 50.
P>y Edward 15. Voorhees, director of the
New Jersey Agricultural Experiment Sta
tion. It has been the aim of the author to
point out the underlying principles and to
discuss the important subjects connected
with the use of fertilizer materials. The
natural fertility of the soil, the functions
of manures and fertilizers are exhaustively
discussed. Separate chapters are devoted
to the various fertilizing elements, to the
purchase, chemical analyses, methods of
using fertilizers, and the best fertilizers for
each of the most important field, garden
and orchard crops. 880 pages. $1.00.
A manual of what to do and how to do
it. Describing all manner of home-made
aids to farm work. Made up of the best
ideas from the experience of many prac
tical men. With over 200 engravings. 1.00.
My Lute Wilcox. A handbook for the
practical application of water in the pro
duction of crops. A complete treatise on
water supply, canal construction, reser
voirs and ponds, pipes for irrigation pur
poses, Humes and their structure, methods
of applying water, irrigation of Held crops,
the garden, the orchard and vineyard;
windmills and pumps, appliances and con
trivances. Profusely, handsomely illustrat
ed. Cloth, 12mo. 1.50.
The Fertility of the Land.
By I. P. Roberts. A summary sketch of
the relationship of farm practice to the
maintaining and increasing of the produc
tivity of the soil. The book is the result
of a long life of teaching, experimenting
and farming, and is the most important
single book of farm methods. Illustrated.
By Andrew S. Fuller. A treatise on the
propagation, planting and cultivation, with
descriptions and the botanical and popular
names of all the indigeneous trees of the
United States, and notes on a large num
ber of the most valuable species. 1.50
•Soils and Crops of the Farm.
By George E. Morrow,M. A., and Thomas
V, Hunt. The methods of making available
the plant food in the soil that are described
in popular language. A short history of
each of the farm crops is accompanied by
a discussion of its culture. The useful dis
coveries of science are explained as applied
in the most approved methods of culture.
Illustrated. Cloth, 12rao. $1.00.
Celery for Profit.
By T. Greiner. The celery Industry has
recently been greatly increased, and this
delicious vegetable is now found on nearly
every table. The newer improved methods
of culture are described in this volume.
The New Onion Culture.
By T. Ureiner. By the process here de
scribed a crop of 2,000 bushels per acre can
be as easily raited ;ih 500 or (500 bushels In
the old way. Taper, 12mo. 50 centß.
By James Barnes and William Robinson,
K. L. S. ti-- best methods employed in
England and France. With translation of
Mr. Lobeuf's Essay on Asparagus, and
particulars of the seven years'competition
instituted for its improvement. 50 cents.
Maple iiuyur and tiuyar Bush.
Ry Prof. A. J. Cook. The name of the
uuthor is enough of itself to recommend
any book to almost any people, but this
one on maple sugar is written in Prof.
Cook's highest style. All the difficult
points in regard to making the very best
quality of maple syrup and maple sugar
are very fully explained. All recent Inven
tions in apparatus and methods of making
this delicious product of the farm are fully
described. Profusely illustrated. 35 cents.
Sugar Beet Seed.
A new book. How to grow the best seed
of the most improved qualities. Full prac
tical and scientific details, including the
secrets of the most famous European pro
ducers who have been in the business for
100 years. The only book on the subject;
worth its weight in gold to any one
thinking of going into what promises to
be a lucrative specialty, as millions will
be spout for sugar beet seed in the United
Stales. The author, Lewis S. Ware, has
devoted 20 years to this book, ("loth, post
The Nete Horticulture.
lly 11. A. Striugfellow. This book has
attracted considerable attention becouse of
the revolutionary cultural methods advocat
ed. Any one wanting food for thought wil'
(md it here. $1.00.
The Pruning Book.
Hy H. L. Bailey. This is the first Ameri
can work exclusively devoted to pruning.
It differs from most other treatises on this
subject iv that the author takes particular
pains to explain the principles of each oper
ation in every detail. Specific advice is
given on the pruning of the various kinds
of fruits and ornamental trees, shrubs and
hedges. Considerable space is devoted to
the pruning and training of grape vines,
both American and foreign. Every part of
the subject is made so clear and plain that
it can be readily understood by even the
merest beginner. Cloth, Bvo, 530 pages. Il
American Fruit Vulturist.
liy John T. Thomas. Containing practi
cal directions for the propagation and cul
ture of all the fruits adapted to the United
States. Twentieth thoroughly revised and
greatly enlarged edition by William 11. S.
Wood. This new edition makes the work
practically almost a new book, containing
everything pertaining to large and small
fruits, as well as sub-tropical and tropical
fruits. Uichly illustrated by nearly 800
engravings. 738 pp., 12mo. $2.50.
Pew Vulture for Profit.
Hy I. T. Quiun, practical horticulturist.
Teaching how to raise pears intelligently
aud with the best results, how to flud out
the character of the soil, the beat methods
or preparing it, the best varieties to select
under existing conditions, the best modes of
planting, pruning, fertilizing, grafting and
utilizing the ground before the trees come
into bearing, and finally, of gathering and
packing for market. Illustrated. Cloth,
Stewart's Shepherd's Manual.
Hy Henry Stewart. A valuable practi
cal treatise on the sheep for American
farmers and sheep growers. It is so plain
that a farmer or a farmer's son, who has
never kept a sheep, may learn from its
pages how to manage a flock successfully,
and yet so complete that even the experi
enced shepherd may gather many sugges
tions from it The result of personal ex
perience of some years with tue charac
ters of the various modern breeds of sheep,
and the sheep raising capabilities of many
portions of our extensive territory and that
of Canada —and the careful study of the
diseases to which our sheep are chiefly sub
ject, with those by which they may event
ually be afflicted through unforeseen acci
dents —as well as the methods of manage
ment called for under our circumstances,
are here gathered. Illustrated. Cloth,
Describing numerous useful and labor
saving appliances, and will be found of
•/reat value In every department of farm
work. With nearly 200 illustrations. .50.
Fences, Oaten and Bridges.
A much-needed and valuable work. The
descriptions are abundantly Illustrated.
The book also contains a synopsis of the
fence laws of the different states. Over
100 engravings. Cloth. 12mo. .50.
Home Pork Making.
The art of raising and curing pork on
the farm. A complete guide for the farm
er, the country butcher and the suburban
dweller. In all that pertains to bog slaugh
terlng. curing, preserving and storing pork
product—from scalding vat to kitchen ta
ble and dining room. Hy A. W. Fulton,
commercial editor American Agriculturist
and Orange Judd Farmer, assisted by pork
specialists In tbe United States and Kng
laud. There are chapters on pork making
on the farm, finishing off hogs for bacon,
slaughtering, scalding and scraping, dress
ing and cutting, what to do with the offal,
the tine points in making lard, pickling and
barreling, care of hams and shoulders, dry
salting bacon and sides. smoking and
smokehouses, keeping bacon and hams, aiue
lights on pork making, packing house cuts
and discovering the merits of roast pig.
The many recipes for cooking and serving
pork are the favorite dishes of the best
of pork, magnitude of the swine Industry,
ists in the sciences. A practical handbook
on the most approved methods of growing,
harvesting, curing and selling hops, and on
the use and manufacture of hops. The
result of years of research and observation,
it is a volume destined to be an authority
on this crop for many years to come. It
takes up every detail, from preparing the
soil and laying out the yard to curing and
selling the crop. Every line represents the
ripest judgment and experience of experts.
Size, sxß inches; pages, 300 ; illustrations,
nearly 150; bound in cloth and gold. $1.50
Ginseng, its Cultivation, Harvesting, Mar
keting and Market Value.
By Maurice G. Kains, with a short ac
count of Its history and botany. It dis
cusses in a practical way how to begin with
either seed or roots, soil, climate and loca
tion, preparation, planting and maintenance
of the beds, artificial propagation, manures,
enemies, selection for market and for im
provement, preparation for sale, and the
profits that may be expected. The booklet
is concisely written, well and profusely il
lustrated and should be in the hands of all
who expect to grow this drug to supply the
export trade, and to add a new and profit
able industry to their farms and gardens,
without interfering with the regular work.
12mo. 35 cents.
Ry A. S. Fuller. This is one of the very
best of books ou the culture of the hardy
grapes, with full directions for all depart
ments of propagation, culture, etc., with
150 excellent engravings, illustrating plant
ing, training, grafting, etc. Cloth, 12mo.
My Hon. J. Alexander Fulton. The best
work on peach growing. It has been thor
oughly revised and a large portion of it re
written, bringing it down to date. Cloth,
tit »•« wherry Uulturiat.
Ry Andrew S. Fuller. Containing all
information necessary to enable everybody
to raise their own strawberries. Fully 11
lustraled. Flexible cloth, 12mo. 25 cents.
Ry Joseph J. White. Contents: Natural
history, history of cultivation, choice of
location, preparing the ground, planting the
vines, management of meadows, flooding,
enemies and difficulties overcome, picking,
keeping, profit and loss. Cloth, 12mo. $1.00.
The Spraying of Plants.
Hy E. (J. Lodeman. A very timely book
that can be safely recommended to all
horticulturists and fruit growers. Cloth,
Field Notes on Apple Culture.
By Prof. L. 11. Bailey, jr. A most use
ful and thoroughly practical book for or
chardists. Cloth, 12mo. 75 cents.
By W. W. Meech. An illustrated hand
book for the propagation and cultivation
of the quince, with descriptions and varie
ties, insect euemies, diseases and their rem
edies. New and enlarged edition. Cloth,
Silos, Ensilage and Silage.
By Manly Miles, M. D., b\ tt. M. S. A
practical treatise on the ensilage of fodder
corn. Containing the most recent and au
thentic information on this important sub
ject. Illustrated. Cloth, 12mo. 50 cents.
other than grasses. How to cultivate, har
vest and use them. By Thomas Shaw,
professor of animal husbandry at the Uni
versity of Minnesota. A new work em
bodying the author's long, successful ex
perience, and the results of all science and
practice in growing and feeding forage
crops. 'It will work a revolution in ani
mal husbandry." Illustrated. Cloth, 12mo
aboi't 800 pages. $1.00
Burh l-ldit.s and Outbuildings.
Two hundred and fifty-seven Illustra
tions. A most valuable wofk, full of ideas,
hints, suggestions, plans, etc., for the con
struction of barns and outbuildings by prac
tical writers. Chapters are devoted to the
barns, house barns, cattle barns, sheep
barns, corn houses, smoke houses, ice houses,
pig pens, granaries, etc. There are likewise
chapters upon bird houses, dog houses, tool
sheds, ventilators, roofs and roofing, doors
and faptenings, workshops, poultry houses,
manure sheds, barn yards, root pita, etc.
Cloth, 12mo. $1.00.
//"f to Build a Home.
By C. V. Moore. This book deals thor
oughly with the practical building of a
house, giving suggestions as to safety from
fire, safety of health, convenience, durabil
ity and comfort. It contains specimen
contract, specifications and plans, and its
study will save omissions and "extras."
The author has spent several years in pre
paring the volume and many authorities
among builders and contractors have been