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r tf£ RANCH
I* ' AND RANGE M
A. JWMU mMltifiiStWftm l*™ Ml* WISI
With which Is consolidated
i If Washington Fanner,
The Pacific Coast Dairyman,
I 11»■ Karim-r and Dairyman,
The Farmer and Turf man.
< uncial organ of the State Dairymen's Asso«:ta
il.ui and the State Live Stock Breeders' Associa
Published Kvcry Thursday by THK RANCH CO.
MII.I.XX KKKKMAN, - Kdilor and Manager.
hMitorlal OtUces: - - - Seattle, Wash.
Tel. Main 1265—Long Distance Connection.
Seattle Metropolitan Bldg.,
Cor. Third and Main Sts.
Spokane - Alexander & Co., 621 First Aye.
Subscription (in advance) $1.00 per year.
Agents wanted in every town to solicit subscrip
tions. Good commission and salaries paid.
The paper is sent to each subscriber until au or
der to discontinue is received from the subscriber.
We mast be notified in writing, by letter or postal
c:ard, when a subscriber wishes his paper stopped.
Keturniug the paper will not answer, as we cannot
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per. We must have both name and address, ami
ill arrearages or dues must be paid as required by
')ute of expiration of subscription Is shown on
your paper by address label coutainlngyour name
Failing to receive the pap. r regularly you should
notify the-battle office at once, wnen unmakes,
If any, will be corrected.
Address all communications to THK K\MC'H,
104 *f. Washington HI., Seattle Washington.
Seattle Aug. 18 to 28
Vancouver, B. C. .. .Aug. 30 to Sept. 1
Whatcom Sept. 2 to 6
Everett Sept. 8 to 13
Salem Sept. 15 to 20
Portland Sept. 22 to 27
North Yakima Sept 27 to Oct 4
New Westminster .. Sept. 30 to Oct 4
Victoria Oct 7 to 11
Spokane Oct 6 to 14
Lewiwston Oct 13 to 18
Boise Oct 20 to 25
A Chicago dairyman, charged with
selling impure milk, brought into
court six women with babies too
young to talk but whose looks bespoke
good health. The mothers testified
that the babies were fed on milk fur
inshed by the defendant, and the
babies themselves, were put in evi
dence as exhibits A to F, inclusive.
When two of the exhibits cried the
court had to admit that their lung
power afforded presumptive proof that
there were no tuberculosis germs in
the milk. It is probably the first case
on record in which children too young
to talk were cited as witnesses.
The Lewis and Clark Fair manage
ment has appointed Colonel Henry E.
Dosch to go to Japan at the earliest
practicable time, for the purpose of
arranging for an Oregon exhibit at
the Osaka exhibition, in 1903. The
purpose is to cultivate amicable re
lations with the Japanese, in the ex
pectation that they will be moved to
secure large representation at the
Henry B. Miller, the well-known hor
ticulturist and man-of-affairs of the
State of Oregon, passed through Seat
tle last week on his return from Chi
na, incidentally calling at the office
of this journal. He has been in the
Orient for two or three years, acting
as United States Consul at New
(^hwang. During his stay there he fur
nished the government with much use
ful information regarding the possi
bilities of trade and commerce with
(hat part of the Orient, and some of
his articles were widely published by
leading papers throughout the country.
A "Good Roads" convention will be
held in Seattle Oct. 6-11, under the au
spices of the Good Roads Division of
the United States Department of Ag
The premium list of the Provincial
Exhibition to be held at New West
minster, B. C, is at hand. The dates
are Sept. 30 to Oct. 3. Copies of the
premium list will be mailed free to
The premiums lists of the Washing
ton and Oregon State Fairs have
reached us. In this state the work of
getting out the book is farmed out to
some solicitor who drums over the
state for adverising at a varying
scale of prices, using the subtle
argument that patronage given is aid
ing the fair—while as a matter of fact
the profit from such advertising goes
to the publisher of the premium list.
The presence of this advertising
makes a bulky and unsightly volume,
and it seems to us has no place in a
state institution. There is not an ad
vertisement in the Oregon premium
list, and it is gotten up in a way that
is a credit to the fair association. It
was printed by the government office,
It is a model in typographical appear
ance. The premium list of this state
appears very unfavorably by compari
son with that of our sister state.
We publish in this issue the report
of the dairy herd of Burt Pease, of
Kittitas valley. A very creditable show
ing. Mr. Pease is correct when he
says that it is a business proposition
for dairymen to keep a careful record
of the performance of their herds.
Prof. E. E. Elliott and Dr. S. B. Nel
son of the faculty of the state agri
cultural college at Pullman, Wash.,
have offered a silver cup for the best
exhibit of beef cattle to be made at
the Interstate Fair, Spokane, Wash.
The cattle must be those who have
not been exhibited prior to Jan. 1,
1902. It is the intention of Messrs.
Elliott & Nelson to make the cup an
"The creamery trust intends to make
money before congress changes its
mind, which naturally cannot be be
fore next session."
The above is from the Chicago Live
Stock World, pro-oleo, and otherwise
a very excellent publication. That
paper knows it's talking rot when it
says the law is for the protection of
the creamery trust, for there is no
such thing. The great army of dairy
men the country over are the benefi
ciaries of the anti-oleo law.
J. W. Brown is preparing to estab
lish a creamery at Waitsburg.
C. J. Oberst is figuring on starting a
skimming station at Oakesdale in No
The dairymen at Forest Grove, Ore.,
have pledged the milk of 1,500 cows
to the condensed milk plant, which
will start about the first of the year.
The Pacific Coast Condensed Milk Co.,
which owns the factory at Kent, and
which has been made such a success
is putting in the plant at Forest
THE AMOUNT OF WATER USED IN
The Ofltce of Bxperlment stations.
United States Department ot Agrlcul
tore, has just issued an Interesting
and valuable report oi' its irrigation
investigations for 1901. It is hand
somely illustrated by twenty five
plates and twenty-nine figures. In it
are given the results of the year's
measurements and studies of a large
number of leading irrigation experts
of the arid region, acting under the di
rection of Elwood Mead, Chief of Ir
Prof. Mead, in his introduction,
speaks of the nature of the work being
carried on and the importance of a
general knowledge on this subject- for
which purpose the bulletin has been
written. He speaks of the growing
demand for the construction of irri
gation work by government aid, and
that prior to such construction the
government authorities should know
how much land can be reclaimed by
each proposed enterprise, and that pre
cautions should be taken along this
line to prevent mistakes which might
seriously retard the development of
the West for many years. This is fol
lowed by the discussion of the experts
All have made a careful and pains
taking investigation and, although
they deal with phases of irrigation
typical of their own states, the con
clusions of all are exceedingly in
teresting and will be carefullly studied
by Western farmers and all interested
in the development to be inaugurated
under national aid.
Mr. D. W. Ross, State Engineer of
Idaho, calls attention to the increased
duty of water, which is being brought
about by a modification of water right
contracts. Mr. Ross has given con
siderable attention to their reform and,
owing to his efforts and others con
nected with this investigation, canal
companies are substituting contracts
in which the water is measured to the
farmer and he pays only for what he
uses, in place of the earlier contracts
where he was charged for the acres
irrigated. In this way the farmer is
led to economize because he gets the
benefit of his savings. Changes of
this kind have increased the need for
more accurate methods of measuring
water, hence the designing of cheap,
efficient water registers has been giv
en much attention by this branch of
the department, and a number of new
patterns have been invented and are
now being furnished to irrigators by
some of the leading instrument mak
ers of the country at very reasonable
The duty of water is the leading
subject dealt with in all the reports,
although each paper discusses th»» lo
cal practice of the region where the
measurements were made. These are
reviewed in the discussion of the
amount of water needed to irrigate an
acre of land, by Clarence T. John
ston, Assistant Chief of the Investiga
tions. It shows that the average
depth of water being applied to irri
gate fields is more than four feet, be
ing 4.35 feet in 1899, 4.15 feet in 1900,
and 4.60 feet in 1901. Measurements
like these are necessary in order to
determine how much land can be ir
rigated from the reservoirs which the
government is to build, and also what
will be the value of the water stored
in them. Without this information
serious errors might be made as they
have been made in the past, either
because of allowing more water than
and Iny" ""'I
DU U * ISII
Phosphate Iw I*''^
I 11, -~ rents. jl^lNU PoWj|g|
A modern and up-to-date corablnatioi
which is more wholesome than the bakin>
powder trusts' cream of tartar product.
ASK YOUR GROCER
was needed or in attempting to irri
gate too many acres.
The report is in four parts, any of
which can be had by applying to the
Director of the Office of Experiment
Stations, United' States Department
The Golden Northwest Fruit & Vege
table Canning Company, which was or
ganized early in the year, is now run
ning to the full limit of its capacity, at
its location on Western avenue, Seat
tle. A large quantity of early fruits
and vegetables have already been put
up. Just now the tomato crop is en
gaging their attention, daily shipments
being received from Wenatchee and
Yakima by fast freight. They expect
soon to commence canning peaches,
which will be received in car lots, as
well as other later fruits and vege
tables. They are paying good prices
to the growers, and are also aiding
quite materially in relieving the Seat
tle market of surplus products, which
is a very good thing.
This company seems to be in the
hands of good men, who are exerting
themselves in a practical way to make
it a large and successful institution.
The officers are all workers, and do
not hesitate if the force is rushed to
lend a hand in any department of the
The demand for their canned goods,
chowders, catsups, etc., is very strong,
and we are informed that they are dis
posing of same without difficulty. Al
together the outlook for the enterprise
is very bright.
Every heart that has beat strongly
and cheerfully has left a hopeful im
pulse behind it in the world, and bet
tered the traditions of mankind. —
The time is coming in this country
when no person can be said to possess
a liberal education until he has spent
some part of his life on a farm ha an
honest and faithful worker. —H. W.
Collinwood, in Rural New Yorker.
State of Ohio City of Toledo,
Lucas County, s«.
Fkaxk J. Cheney makes oath that lie is
the senior partner of the flrin of F. J.
Chknkv & Co., doing business in the City
of Toledo, County and State aforesaid, and
that said firm will pay the sum of ONE
HUNDRED DOLLARS for each and every
case of Catarrh that cannot be cured by
the use of Hall's Catauuh Cum:.
FRANK J. CHENEY,
Sworn to before me and subscribed in
my presence, this tilh day of December, A.
D. 1880. A. W. ULEASON,
(Seal.) Sutary Public.
. la.i's Catarrh CUN 'S taken internally
and nets directly on the blood and mucous
surfaces of the system. Send for testi
f, J. CHKNKV & CO., Toledo, <>.
Sold by Druggists, 75c.
Hall's Family I'ills are the bent