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The Inter-mountain farmer and ranchman. (Salt Lake City, Utah) 1902-1902, July 22, 1902, Image 4

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H1 IB! 1 4 THE TEn-MOirNTATN FARMER AND RcVyCHMAN, TUESDAY MORyCS'G, JULY 22, 1902
I III 1 THE INTER-MOUNTAIN
I mm WRMERANCHMAN-
H'tnUll 2 rubllshel ever Tiicsdsy morning But
KiKff LllButStKl )y In advance
BBHHi 'iit I 4 i!l Publisher und general -1 -
Bi' HIS iH SI Ali"cmiinUtlon relating l ''".,
H ,.( KfS W !"? r containing wibsirlijlloti. hou 0
Hj t ffili 58 be snilrMwed t'V The Inter Mour lain
i 'fiftIRi b! 5 r!r'r 1"1 nanchm,in Salt
liBS'lfl 1 lrommunlllM n mit for P"
15 f try Hit Jlratlon should l e, addressed 'o The Ml
I jl K 'l tor
tH "I I " fo ' H"! J A niOIIT Wltor
iB ' 'jj It j I TUBMlAY. JULY S3, 1002.
H ?! in l i & "" nlvor ll4 con,oln" nm",u''
HHJ k.?,M t oct I lil that lr- estimated to jWil
HB fill I ' 1'" tu'hel" I"1' "0,c thl" 0r
4i- ' H ' L'p ,n rHt'n" v,1Ky lh 85Conu rul'
l) 1 ' tine of lucerne Is mining right along
ij'j ,1 H Miih 'he harvest of dry land wheat anl
-ftB i!.),1 J t i th entire valley l veritable, 'hive
IHunini ; i!',' ef Induslrs" thin week
ifJsiiiiiW, nil1, ' ! ' ii
J (I I.H J '' f Word comes from Dixie down In
? ! southern Utah thitt the rang Is o
MUfV '" ' dry ns to make Muck ctttle almost n
KKwi'' i ' drue on "" m'"'kt
lii!"., The Inter-Mountain Farmer and
H! ('.J ji Itanchman has had a number of In-
HHh 111 Nl'lA qulrle from subscribers ns to where
HHS 1'!J J j ure-bred nock mas 1c pun based Ad
HHBm!) '! I vertlsr and breeder should talo the
HMfP.ri1 h.nt
iHaalli'l' ti 'hi ' Tne s,t" Mr ofnclal" a 'cr""ns
kSt '1 r I nut tn m rostomrea and stores aome
Bi' 1 most arllalic Inngeis to advertise the
rlMl ' coming fair Some honestls con luctea
yS '1 ) horse jitta are amongst th new feat-
': tfp hijI urM that lll bo added to the fair tlm
1!, L't Tear trefa nffccled by bllfiht rhoul I
t i hae little or no witter nftcr this date
HHH'wl 'lA (if " '" a" l,r,prtant tnat tha v,c""i
HHVx ' '! I J Krowth ho checked aa much aa posil-
HHb It'i i'i hlf' "lncc " '" th" ounK ancl t,nc,(r
tril 'tW ' ! Krouth thnt l mot ausceptlble to th
" Jf'fflJ JL biiiht.
f tl IT i f
1 ' JIM I1" In nulltt,n Nn 24 of "'" Montana.
1 JiiI'Ml 1 1 nation I"rof Pamuel Fortlcr, director
' Mid I t dlacuraca farmers' nelra and their con-
fil? T I atructlon rrof Fortler la rtrieclally
!' '5 -I' lit ' tilted tn handle nil phaaea of the Irrlga
bHhI'Ii'I H ' "on I1""""0" "ml bulletin 34 la one
HHlH'llt I tv tha' n" 'Mrmsr" 'hould hae
HBHbi! i ' The man) complimentary exprcatlona
KBBH'Hiifi that accomr"lny aubacrlptlona that an
lr I l) a 1' pouring In to the lnter-Mountnlti l'nr-
lr 'illv ' 'i J n1'r an(' 1,anchn",n al not on'y ,n
il"' '!'') Ml cournglntr, but they Htiaw that tha
1 ill (! i ' people appreciate nn aerlcullural pa-
l;frf.' Ws V P" ,hnt rt?,la InteUleently ltli local
' 4 if H(i condlttonr
1 r"! lJ I Th Colorado experiment atatlon haa
H'l ! jlTlI i Mt laaued Dulletln No 71, by C. V
l'l'il !iH f nillette, entomologlat the bulletin ron
1' Jl 'ill? it Uln" a ,try ,horoush rllacutalon of In.
Il'-' It L' Vi cta and lnvollcl1" nnJ '" about the
fl' l P J M 11 n""lt In'ruethe matter e hae aecu
H I 1 f YlilO on orchard peata and meana of combat-
'& i i ') tlntr them
' u , I
B !M. ! P T1"lt om riuraersmen ns In all oth-
! ''( Bl I 5 er bualnea enterprUca, makemlataltca
! f ill I f u 111 be ndmlttcd, but thero me thou-
fl M if t , 'ltt aanda of fruit grower who, by ran-
H ' . ' ! 5 !"" Indifferent methoda do Infinitely
(" "ill f more harm tn the fruit trade Thero
i( ( I f S l room for lmproement nil around
tl J i P Both nuraeoman and producer could
HHJ ilJ i l do much to enhance the aluo of Amcr-
l"' If It 'can or(''"lr''!
it iv i -
II I l ' 1 ho amall farmer ennont be too cau-
H Mil (' tloua about culllnc out hla herd Let
H ifl Ii! 1 f r tery caw that piojucea lean than :00
h Ii i" pounds of butter per eur go now for
'I! I I b,'f Then keep only the heifer from
E ft'R ' the beit cows Get a bull from a Known
I'l'C (? i' dairy atraln and tiae with these best
H")'!' heifer and within live years' time tho
W 4'' i ' herd will consist of cow that will a er-
BjijJil'Hjif-'S'' ' ace 5W pounds of butter per annum
l!fli'M1 " Th8 "Ported discovery of phosphate
! 'ilJ' iJ l'" k ln NevAl1 wl11' " """ l,n Ko1
HJL ?M newa to tho beet-giouera and orchard-
' II? V 1 '"B ot "'" 'iCrmountaln country
18 Crushed phosphate rock la one ot the
''$ i t' moat convenient forma of fertlllier nnd
bI nl '! "" fr""" "n1 Taln do better when
H fj! phosphate In applied to the Hnd. A
f?'I f ( '1 ton of Phosphate rock Is better than
''iJi i twenty tons of ordinary manure aa h
H )"'j SJ I fertilizer.
'' I Up at Scnppose, Ore , Mr. ir West
!' o improved his Jersey herd within five
i 1 ear aa to Increase the average an-
HJ I nual butter )leld from 2S0 pounls per
H '', ' cow to 33S pounda This sounds big.
H '( 1 but careful aelectlon will accomplish
H I 'u i such results. Just think of It jou
H fl J Utah dalrinen who are feeding com
H t i f that never make more than ISO pounds
H of butter pir iar! Cnn j-ou afford to
H i lM J keep such stock?
' .V .
J "'; In thi o.chird at the rxprrlincnt
H ' ' ' ! atutlm ir t Logan aour ilierr'tahavo
Hj proven a reKu.ar and pavltu Industry
B -, ' during the laet five veara All) ot
HH 1 tho Morllloa or DuUes are safe nn tho
B ' I bench lands In Cache valley nnd far-
H I mera there would do well to plant
B i J, .,' T largely of thcte cherries, which isell
V! trki'i-SS1 t readily at five tents per pound At
f if hl 1 '& present Cache alley geta Its aupply of
HH illrf i I cherries from Drlgham City
m's - - -
Hfl II '1 ' I Whatever ou breed nnl no matter
' K! I1' h" rnall nur hcid or Doc), never
i'i ' ! 1' breed to a FCiub aire If jou have
H l , il , not ncctsr to u pine-bred the fjult
1BW ' ' Is jour own na there urc good ouea al-
J j j waa for atle, eo thut ou or vou and
it I j nur nelerbori can bring goij aire
,'J'jl j. Into our (ommunlty It will p
H l , Ift'jJ nnd by so doing you become a benefit
H J j , to your tommunlty " will be better
H ( rallatled with jouri nd ou- cho-
H S l'j ' ' ) Fen oalllm; will ho be , , bj jour ha-
H ' i) ' Ins been plured In the worl',
m h i
HB j, ' " In thl diy of Improved dulrle and
H ,j!l ; creameries and lu faco of the great
H uj!1' demand foi creamery produaa no cow
A i ''' '" uor"1 " P'ace '" " da'y ll0H- unless
U ' !i 'h '" "1,le (0 5'C' ' 30 ,,ounc's "f l,ut
Hfl f t "TI ,cr fftt llcr J,,ar' or lur'n'' "10 '"Hklng
HwJ'tn 'J i'i I period of forty-live weeks It la po
H( U J 5,c j alblo that the majority of con a kepi
! 1'lr f (! 1 hy lh0 '"'""f"' 1""'1 u)l n"t PloJu e I
BIItTi''' i' the amount rlaled herein, yet that fan
fi Jl1' ' ' dneB n' ''"'' "10 Proposition. The
Hfj j,, ' thing to do Is (o weed out anJ breed i
IBi
up until the pooreat cow In the herd
will jleld ot least forty dollara per
annum In butttr fat. Thla would
leave n net profit to the owner of about
$20 per yeiir or 33 1 3 per cent on n al
nation of J60 per head which Mim la
a low price for the grade of con mentioned
SOMETHING DESIDES CORN.
Under the above heading a Missouri
hog breeder "acknow'edres the corn,'
anl mnkea the confession thit aome
thing more than corn Is needed to make
rork production profitable Just be
cause corn gtow plentifully ln the Mis
sissippi valley States It haa been con
ceded that no other aertlon of the
Union could compete In the mittcr ot
pork production Thl idei haa pre
vailed to such an extent that hundreds
of firmer outside the great corn belt
have eat supinely down nnl allowid
hla whiat to go at 39 cents r bushel,
hla nlfalfa at J3 7S per ton nnd hla
sugar beets at $1 :S while eich of these
proluct are worth from 30 per cent to
100 per cnt more for hog feed
Utah farmer who have figured care
fully on the piohlem declare that wheat
la worth II per bushel when fed to hogs
In connection with skimmed milk and
lucerne, while up ut Idaho Fall the
farmer Insist that barley and lucerne
enable them to make pork at a cost ot
ft SO cwt live weight
These thing being true, It Is fair to
presume thnt the farmers of Utah nnd
H-iho especially those hiving large
fiuantltlea of klm milk, can compete
with Iho 1. astern farmer who pen hi
hog up nnd give them corn Sti'i daj
In the car Ono great advantage en
Joyed by the farmer who grown his
plga on pasture nnl feed sparingly or
not an of corn la totil Immunity from
hog choleru. Hog allowed the freo run
of a lucerne pnsture with plenty of
pure water to drink are never aubject
to the cholera, which t a dlseose aris
ing from Indigestion and aggravated
by the filthy pens so commonly found
on the farm In the corn States Alto
gether there Is a good outlook for tho
farmer in the nlfalfa States who will
give thought to pork production
WHAT ARE FAIR PRICES!
Many cattlemen In the Intermountaln
country have heiltaled about bujlng
pure brod bull for the range because
of the seeming high prices usked for
oung bulla by the breeder back Eist.
Very frequently the writer ha henrd
Utah farmer Bay. ' Well. I would like
to havo a pure bred bull If I could get
one for JoO or ITS. but I will not pay
the fancj pricea aaked " The whole
question hinge upon what constitute
a ' fane) ' price for hrecdlng anlmils
A fancy prlco would be nn Increase be
cause of aome particular point or ultra
fashionable lino of breeding: In fact a
price greater than the average amount
that experienced breeder would pnj.
A reasonable price for a bull i the um
that ordinary experienced tnekmen
who are In the business of growing vat
tie for tho market are willing to pay
and do paj for but!
Upon thl point we find a tabulated
report of Important sales of cattle of
the leading heef breeds In the United
State during 1901 Tho report I Issued
by the United Statea Department of
Agriculture nnd la Impartial. After
giving In dctnll the principal sales lu
nil classes of beef animals for breeding
purpose the following summary la
given
Number Aver-
Dreel Soil 'intal sue
Shorthorns . 4 oi. 11MW 2mi l
Mlhtis .. HI Mftt 277 41
lleMforrls tfcO 4..S Vi fiV niw
Iteil I'olls . " H210fl nnro
I'olled Durham 341 KiJSfO .ltw
Oallownja V Wt II 115 0O )7 67
Totals tIH 1 137 570 35 tX7 30
It will be seen from the above that
there could not have been many J7S
bull In the sale recorded In fact by
reference lo the exlendei tables we find
that J53 45 wa the very lowest nverage
per head for any given lot, while the
general average was $267 30, as shown
ln the summorj
ho we aay to farmer and cattlemen
that while It la advisable to teer clear
of fane) pricea for breeding stock. It la
not wisdom to refuse to pal a filr
price for nn animal which will within
five year raise the general average
value of the herd from 35 per cent to
HO per cent
LESSONS IN BEET CULTURE.
While the heat Utah beet grower
have achieved great success In growing
that crop still It Is doubtful If. even
at LeM, there Is the intensive culture
given that the nature of the Industry
Justifies Starting In with n naturilly
fertile soil the Utah farmer l apt to
overlook the fict trut continued tare
ful cultivation anl routlon of crops Is
absolutely necessirj In order to nnln
tuln the i rnduclng iower of the lnnd
Ui on these points the American farm-
cr tnn studs with profit the methods
pursued by beet grower In Oermanj
and IVukc, as related b Charles 1
Pnjlor ngeut of the United States De
partment of Agriculture
In the atu is of beet fnnnlng In f!er
mai nni Trnnco It Is Interfiling to
nolo the progress that haa been mnilo
In general agriculture through sugar
beet growing A great man) intelligent
Mnerlcan have gone to dermiiny and
Frame to inform themselves on this
subject There a furm i blocked off
Into a series of divisions corresponding
lo the irop't that nre grown in rota
tlon This rotutton Is fettled for sevei
at rs In advanoo and is followed
strictly hugar beets are grown on cer
tain tlelds one 3 cm followed by other
(rope in the series to he follow et ugain
h hU8.ii beets In their proper place In
the tntitlon
11) their )stem of fertilization tho
fertility of their noils has not only
been maintained but the) lime been
made 10 imrease In productiveness
liiese reKult nre brought about par
tially Ii) cultivation the deep plowing
and constant cultivation with the pluw
and line naturall) keep the soil In tho
finest condition Whut la true of these
olier lountilca will be true of out (uuii
tiy lu the end Inuiovenient "f tho
land Is n factor thut we must not lose
slfcht of In conslleilng the Uneflla of
he bid sugir induatiy of this voun
tn I he diflliulllas nf gmnlng sugar
I eels an ho main nnd to the fietorles
the Mixes of th grnwurs means so
muih that It Is tne custom of each
ti t ir) in hrfe 11 farm auperlntcud
111 I11I111011 invie sties la put up n
ihe wink of Hilj uillier than almost
in) mliei uu Miniircted with the sugar
omiai) Mi m not only uo.uli'1 to
l) ' a it b) long practical onerlen'u
in a, I Hurt but he must be a thoi.
ougii scientist, He Is paid a salary
commensurate with hit Importance A
farm superintendent Is employed, also,
In American factorle We have not a
yet gone sf far In the requliemont of
s (entitle training, but the tendencs I
1.1 owing strongly In thl direction
When contracts are made with the
farmers a clause Is Inserted requiring
het to be grown n the form super
intendent direct Either he or his as
Htint Malt the farm repeatedly, of
fering the firmer Instruction on how
to prepare the ground how to cultivate
and how to do nil other necciar work
In growing beet successfully He gives
advice to the farmers In legaid to
meeting contingencies, decides when
the beet nre ripe, nnd Issues the orders
meeting tre farmer to deliver their
beets to the tutor) His work Is a
very vital pirt of the business He Is
it constant stimulator to agricultural
Improvement on the part of the farm
ers In the neighborhood, and especially
to the firmer under his direction The
bi eflts of this ofllclal n Instruction an 1
Influence to a farming community can
hardly be measured In dollar and
tents HI Influence is not limited to
Iho 1 resent, but exfnls to the future
He Is 011" of the Important factors In
settllrg what will be the final status
of the Induttr) It Is 11 very fortunate
Incident that the work of n sugar fie
tory should bring a farming community
under the influence of such trained su
pervision It brings a community grow
ing sugar beet under a )stemntlc ro
mion of crops proper!) arranged It
gives an Intelligent knowledge of the
application of fertilizer 'ind applies the
proper scientific method of cultlva
lion "
SEEDIN0 FOR PASTURE.
From all over Utah requests come In
for directions for "ceding to make pas
tures These were given In i previous
Issue, but as a matter ot convenience
we reprint as follows
For upland pastures under Irrlgitlon,
the following mixtures aro recommend
ed. .... t. rounds,
Kentucky blue grass 10
Perennial re grass IV
Ited top 30
OrrluM grass 15
Tall fescue 15
He I clover 10
l.iiwrn . ,V
White clover 15
Totil 100
For light, sind soil Pojnds
Kctituck) blue grass 40
Ked fescue grass s
Tall oat grass 5
Smooth bromo grass ,
White clove- 10
Total ISO
For low, moist lands rounds
rtc 1 top ii
lerennlil rve grasi 10
e reenlng bent jo
Meadow fesc'l) 0
Tlmothv 10
-MMke clover 25
White clover 10
Total 171
For marshy lands I'junds
Tterl ton )
Peynnli! r),t lift
Creeping bent tr
AUlka clover 30
Totil iji
Fach of the above mixtures .contains
enough to sow five acres
FREE SCHOLARSHIP, INDEED!
The following new article ln a Salt
Lake dall) paper I on Interesting and
shrewd bit of advertising I am sur
prised thnt the editor did not note Its
Import, but still moro surprised that
a prominent educitor nnd officials of
tho htute should be trapped b) uch a
scheme
State Superintendent Velson Is In receipt
ot a letter from the Oread Institute of
Domestic Sciences al Worcester Mass
lenuesllng the names of girls of t'tiih
eligible to competo for free scholirshlps
nwiirded by the Institute VShlle the let
ter falls to state the number of scholar.
ships to te nwardel, the qualifications
ncvejsar) to compete ror them consist
of good heillh mature age and high
school or academic training
As the nam of the Institute Implies
successful competitors aro n lmltted to
a one-) ear course of training In cooking
marketing hous economies etc It Is
the Intention of luperlntendcnt Nelson to
eomplv with llin request As soon as ho
can complete a list of ellclblrs
An Institute of domestic sclonco In
Massachusetts offers free scholarships,
meaning nppnrentl) freo tuition for
one )cir but must have the pick ot
the sttidenta of tho State The Agri
cultural College of Utili offers prac
tical!) free scholarships In domestic sci
ence for one, two three or four sears,
ns the stulent mn) elect At the head
of this course Is a lady trained In one
of the oldest and best schools of do
mestic science In the country, and she
has kept poste 1 since graduating The
equipment of tho college for work In
oomestle science nnd art Is second to
none No soung lad) high school grad
uate need go east to study domestic
science The Agricultural College of
Utah through the generoslt) of the
Stato can offer five hundred scholar
ships In domestic science, good for one
to Ave sear at the nominal sum of
$ tuition and ns much more for lab
orators fees a rum thit would not piy
rtlnlng cir fare to Massachusetts let
alone rallroid fare and other expenses
As State Superintendent Nelson his the
disposition to encourage work In do
mestic science we hope he will not
forget what the Stato Institution has to
offer Private cducatlonil Instltutlona
such ns the one referred to generally
hive nn ax to grin I as well as schol
arships to offer
EDUCATE THE FARMER.
Tho hundreds of soung men In Utah
who confine their education o the
country schools supplements by a
short coins an academy should
pnuse unci consl ler whut constitutes
nn educitlon This Is ropldls becom
ing nn age of specialists and the soung
man who spend two or three sears in
an aimless couisc getting n smatter
ing of Lutln nnd German and French,
with a desultory w indering through
the mazes of ancient history, might
bettei have remained on the farm from
the das he left the common schools.
Investing the money ho wasted on an
'iduculon In starting a herd of dairy
caws 01 In planting out an orchard
We say he would better remain on tho
farm foi thero nre score ot such 'edu
cated ' boss today who feel they are
too seholarls lo farm nnd they mur
therefore seek a position ' measuring
tape or selling hnlrplns In a dr) goods
store No greutei mistake could no",
slbls le mnde foi when the )c
man deserts the fuini In Ltih ft, u
job of clerking In a store or office, I10
exihsnges Independence for tho life of
n, menlil he gives up the noblest oc
cupation of man fur trivial thlngR that
go with tho high inllur the pompa
dour tho evening stroll atul the sim
pering siimmti girl at the resorts
'lo tho south of Utah thero is every
com civ able Inducement to study the
science of ngrlcultmc, With a limited
mea of arable soil and a constant In
crcite In the non-producing or urban
population In Utah, there I a (rowing
demand for farmers who sre able to so
handle the few aores as td bring forth
the utmost production The scattered
few who are causing the soil to give
up its fertlllts, simply point the wa)
to the higher plane that the Utah farm
er must occups In the future In order
to reach that plane the farmer must
educate himself, and the south of to.
day who will be the farmer of the next
decade should pursue those studies
that will fit him for the advanced con
dldons Fortunately the facilities for such
education are within the reich of every
boy In Utah, for the Agricultural col
lege stands with open dooia to evers
boy and girl who would rle to the
noble heights that abound In the broad
field of agriculture
WATER SHORTAQE.
Again the cry of distress Is raised
by the drought-strli ken farmer of tho
Stale The annual complal-t 1 ngiln
mnde that this Is the driest seison ever
lnown In Salt Like vallv, one cf
tho beit-wntertd sertlcna f the atate.
t've crets are threatened with destruc
tion. Here In Bier vallsy the w iter
I fearlully low and the oldest lnhal I
tint nivor knew ans thing llko 1'. Iho
same story come ftom othr section
ot the Slate
Peoria who nr Iw ivs locking for
cilainltv foresee all kinds of trouble
for the State The) declare that thete
Is a graduol al ItikJgc In the runfJll
rt the State thit threaten tuln V the
agricultural Industr) We tuko little
stock In their prohpccles of evil It Is
true, no doubt, that the w iter short
age Is caused, In part, bs a decreased
rainfall The records ot tho weather
bureau show that But these records
also show that each period of light
rainfall Is followed by a period of
,.... 1, n.,.lnl,allnn Aa(tl npHnrl et.
tending over ten to twelve soars, and
a return to normal conditions within
a short time may thereforo bo reason
ably expected
We believe thit tho appirent water
shortage Is caused largcls, If not chlcf
1), bs the Increase In the number of
water users, and the nbaenco of ef
fective ss stems of measurement and
egulatlon New ditches have been
taken out, sear after scar, until In
some sections every drop ot water has
been appropriated Tho water rights
are not recorded and no one knows
what any man la entitled to The own
ers of secondary rights tako water be
longing to the primary rights and some
hoggish Irrigator take more than their
share. Other get less than their
shaie and think there 1 nn awful
drought There Is no offlclnl to ce
that the water Is equitably distributed
and no posslblllts for such distribution
because the water rights are not re
corded. The State has provided for the ap
pointment of water commissioners In
each county, but where the water Is
claimed twice over and the clalma nre
not adjudicated, a water commissioner
would be power lew It begins to look
as though every claimant will havo to
go Into court, prove his rights and thus
get them upon tho records in such
shape that they can not be questioned,
before there can be any such thing ns
nn equitable distribution ot the water
Heaver News
HORSE FEEDING.
The Utih Experiment stitlon has
Just Issued Bulletin 77, on horse feed
ing The bulletin Is by Prof L. A
.Merrill, agronomist. As un Introduc
tory Prof. Merrill sns
Previous experiment reported by
thl station have shown the value of
lucerne, the principal forage crop of
thl section when fed to cattle, sheet,
and hogs The main part of thla bul
letin Is devote 1 to tho value of lu
cerne when fed to horses, though a
brief tevlevv of the work previous!)
done at this station In connection with
the subject of hore feeding is Included
There has been, ind Is, soma prejudice
existing against lucerne forming a part
or all of the ration of horses not
onl) In the hist, where the valueof this
crop Is not set fulls appreciated but
also In Utih Much discussion his
been running through the agrlculturil
press, during the past few sears con
cernlt g the effect of lucerne on horses
Some writers maintain thnt the plmt
l.as proved to be such a strong diuretic
that it Is not if to feed to horses for
a very long period Other writers have
maintained that the constant feeding
of lucerne Is a most fruitful scource
of 'heaves' In horses
In Utnh few liverymen will use lu
cerne, and on many farms lucerne Is
fed to the cattle, heep nnd hogs but
It I considered absolute) essential
lo provide timothy for the horses Lu
cerne however Is the sole forage crop
on most cf the Utah farms, aa a rule
It forms the sole ration of the joung
Mock of the milch cow and of the
horses except during those seasons
when severe labor Is required of them
The experiments reportel In the foi
lowing pas.es were undertaken for the
purpose of determining if the prejudice
existing In the minds of many horse
men against lucerne has an) foundi
tlon, nnd also to establish data as to
th value of lucerne when used us
hotse feed
Much of the work Is confessed!) In
complete as It has been Impossible In
many instances to conduct the work Ii
a strictly scientific manner For In
stance It has not been found possible
to measure the exact amount of work
done or the proportion of the different
foods digested, other data are locking
too which If obtainable wouli have
added greatly to the value of the ic
sulfs Tho following topics have been
under consideration during the course
ot the experiment.
1 The reiitlve feeding value of lu
cerns and tlmoths
1 The pracllciblllts'and economy of
reducing the amount of fodC r fed to
horses
3. The relative value of oats and
hrun and shorts for hores when fed
with lucerne and timothy.
4 Lucerne alone as a maintenance
ration foi horsea when at rest and at
work
6 The dlttretlo effect on horaea of
early cut, me Hum cut nnd Ute cut of
he rlrst crop of lucerne
8 The amount of water dra e by
horaes, as Influenced by tl u food
In the sxperlments the hoises owned
nnd u I b) the Hxpcrlmriit station
have b,u used In each set of iom-
irlson one I jrso ln each teim hna
, jcen use. Since both horses In a team
' have lmil Hctly the same, work
though the work of the teams hnn
var il this Ivlslon ha eliminated the
factor of work a affecting compara
tive results
The bulletin then glvos In careful de
tail the experiment as outlined, nnd
the following conclusions aro drawn
1 In comjarlng lucerne und tim
othy as roughage for horses the re
sul's of r!x tests under varying con.
dlt of work show that It Is not
aa difficult to maintain the weights of
hone when fed luterne as wlier. fed
tlnothl,
'. The, coji of, maintenance, was
greater In every ease, except one, on
timothy than on lucerne
3 The appearance of the horses in
every comparison of lucerne nnd tlm
oth) was In favor of the lucerne-fed
horse
4 When lucerne nnd timothy were
fed ad libitum much greater quantities
of lucerne were consumed
6 No III results were noted on the
health of horses by long continued lu
cerne feedlns
6 Attacka of colic and other dlge
tlve llsordei can be prevented b) a
Judicious sstem of feertlnt The
amount of hny fed on most Utah farms
could be reduced at least one half It
may be economical to 1 educe the
amount of hns-'and Increase the amount
of grain fed to horses
7 It Is evident from a stud) ot the
ex eriments, during four periods of
which bran and shorts were used and
during one when oita made up the
grain ration thit bran and shorts may
bo substituted for the oats, whenever
thto horses are fed lucern or tlm
oth: 5 Twent) pounds of lucerne per day
proved sufficient to maintain the
welghta of horses weighing nearly 1400
pounds when nt rest When nt heavy
work 33 C3 pounds of lucerne per d ly
wis barely sufficient lo milntnln the
vvelchts of the same horses
9 The greater consumption of water
when horses are fed lucerne results In
a grent elimination by the kldne)s,
but wo huve no evidence that this
greater elimination Is In nny way detri
mental to the health nf horses
10 From the tables It Is cvllent that
thcte Is a tendency to use nil of the
protein when horses nre fed timuth),
nn an appirent waste of nitrogen when
horses ate fed lucerne This waste is
not considered serious here ns pro
tein (nitrogen compounds) Is not an ex
pensive part nf the diet
11 It would sejm from the experi
ments conducted on the nmouiit nf w 1
ter consumed by horses that the amcunt
varies with the amount eaten though
further evidence Is required to make
this conclusive In the expeilments
conducted the horses fed tlmoth) In
gested more water for each pound ot
dry matter eaten thin the jucerno-fed
horses
12 The Individuality of the animal
Is a potent factor, both in food and
water consumption
13 Watering both before and after
feeding Is recommended
11 It does not pay to grind grain for
horse feeding
15 Blanketing horses while nt work
even In cold weather, proved a source
of Irritation to the horses, and Is not
advised
16 Cutting nnd mixing hay and grain
Is not a profitable practice
17 Tlmoths has cut Into very short
pieces makes the horse s mouth soro
and In consequence thero result a
falling off in weight Lucerne nnd
colver, cut Into vers line pieces, result
In a greater gain than uncut lucerne
nnd clover.
The bulletin, which is an Interesting
and valuable one to horse feeders, may
be obtained by addressing Utah Experi
ment Station Logan, Utah.
THE RHODES SCHOLARSHIPS.
The ofllclal news of the Tthodes schol
arships at Oxford two for each State
and Territory of this countrs, is being
sent out to the respective Governors
The notice was received sestcrdny by
Governor Wells The bequest recites
the prime requisites In making the se
lections of candidates for th" Oxford
scholarships, which nre set forth In our
locil report this morning In pursu
ance of the notice, a number of Utnh
educator are being asked bs the Gov
ernor to glvt their vlewa on the mod
of procedure ln these selections, and
these will be forwarded to the State
Department nt Washington, tor com
parison with views of others, so that a
uniform method may be adopter, These
scholarships ore likely to prove a very
great advantage to American souths,
to have nearly a hundred pupils ln ono
of the great universities of the world
selected for their qualities In manhood
and brains, ennnot but innle for a
broader and stronger Intellectual and
scholarly llfo In this country And It
will be 11 strong binding force between
the great Lngllsh-speaklng nations
Into whoso hands the desllns' of tho
world must fall It will help them to
work together for humanlts and to re.
spect eich other In their quilltles alms
nnd achievements Cecil nhodes In his
death Is doing moro for the unity nnd
pre-eminence of the Engllsh-ppeaklns
peoples than he was ever able to do In
his life
THE VATICAN IS ASTONISHED.
The latest note from the War depig
ment through Gov Taft to the Vatican
hus disconcerted the Tapal dlplo
matists They expected long-drawn-out
negotiations halr-spllttlng nnd
compromises Instead of thnt, their
declaration that they coull not ordei
tho frlits out ot the Islanla was no
cepted ns final, and this Government
will proceed on the general principles
alrevly agreed upon with the Papal
See Our officials will collect the evi
dences of title will compute the value
of the mllltnr) occupnnc) nnd will
agreeabl) to the terms of the pro
ceduin of the valuation commission
prnvlled for In the negotlitlons pa)
whatever la idjudged to be due will
take the lands of tha monistic
orders thus paid for and not found
to be necessary for the uses of
the church nnl the friar must go
W Ith regard to the demand for the
withdrawal of the monastic orders
Sccretars Hoots note mates Is vers
.plain that It Is not this Government
that demands It but the native Cath
olics who tind thelt presence and
med llesomeness Insupportable The
hostility of the native potulatlon Is
such that the friars cannot return tn
their founer locilllle without being
suMnlncd bj force und Ihls tone cm
not bo exerted bs thla countrs nor
under II aiisjlces Iho reult will be
thut thes will have to go, and j,o In
worse plight than If the Vatican Tiu I
undertaken the manner of their going
The etfect will be 1 rac tlcall) thnt the
"ratlcan leaves them 0 thel- fate The
failure to econrt the efforts of this
Government for Ihe reinovul of the
frlara will Juatlfs thono governments
ililelly ot Catholic countries which
hive dealt directly with church ques
tion that affect them un I theli 1 eople
without reference to the Vntlmn Hut
bs the Vatican has ninny protested
against being Ignoted thla falluie nf
the United States lepiesculiitlves lo
como to nn understanding Willi It on 11
cnurch question by iuhoii of lis own
declination to act, .neps away nt
once the giound for every protest thnt
the Vatican ha mule In this leaped
Tho full and cohiluslvo unswer in caso
01 null n protest In future 1 in be thnt
as shown In this ease II Is qullu use
less to undertako to ileal with the
Vatican The powera Inteicsted havo
understood this All nlong, but It re.
malned for tte Unite! states to dem
onstrate It. The dispatch refer to thl
matter as a partial failure of the ne
gotiations of Gov. Taft. To our mind
It is a signal triumph This Govern
ment can now go forward In Its own
way, on the line agreed upon. It ha
a free hand, and as the Filipino peo
ple declare that they wont have the
friars on nny terms, these gentrs must
look out for themelves, they arc out
ln the cold And there Is where "fine
dlplomacs ' gets left and 'shirt-sleeve'
dlplomacs gets In Its effective work.
I0HN W. MACKAY.
The news of the death of John W.
Mackay will cause a personal sorrow
to thousands of people on this coast.
So great was he, so true, so generous,
ro altogether manls in every placo nnd
under all conditions
Plenty of men aro rich: of them nil
we know not one such man 11s was Mr.
Mackay In face and bearing. 111 hm1
nnd foot, he was Imperial as Caesar,
but In his life nnd his mingling among
men there w 1 not one Imperious look
or word or gesture unless some base
nature expressed 1 doubt of his lnteg
ilty nnd he heard of It If every gra
cious act of his life coull be converted
Into a flower thes would garland his
bier with a glory never seen around a
deith couch before, It his Impulses
could tnke material form thes would
fall ln benedictions on every poor man's
home, they would stead) the hinds of
every high officer of our Government,
for love of his adopted country nnd
solicitude for Its welfare with him were
grand pisslons
The newspapcis wilt give long ac
counts of his career nnd ot the work
he performed but none of them will give
nny clear Idea of him ns he was', of
the nlert brain, the great heart, of tho
superb charncter that he bore, of the
courage that never faltered, that no
misfortune could daunt, of a soul so
self-sustained nnd high that there was
never room ln it for despondency or
one trace of false pride
He started out with a belief In the
omnipotence of honest labor, he be
lieved that It was capltol enough for
any healthy mm In this countrs, He
was favored above his fellows, but to
the last he clung to old faith nnd
worked on nnd on When Inst seen by
the writer of this, last Januars', he
waa planning the lnjlng of 11 cable
across the Pacific, and with his old
quiet confidence he gently raid, ' I have
hnd some experience In ocean cabling
and I believe 1 cnn do the work better
than the Government can, nnd with
better mnterlil than the Government
will be liable to use"
Intense and strong ns he wis after
all hi highest attribute was his affec
tion for those he loved The nccldentil
death of his eldest son a few years
ago well-nigh hroke his heart He has
never been quite the same since His
cards like his heirt have been fringed
with black ever since He was seventy
one years of nge but only n little while
ngo he seemed perfectls well, said he
was well and surely wns nut sing hope
that were altogether high, lie looked
good for set a score of seirs, and the
news of his death Is a mighty shock
But his famo was rounded full. If
summoned to flnul account he can
with clear eses say. ' I began on earth
with nothing I accumulated mans
millions, but I dealt with It as a trust
lo be accounted for and In the gilnlng
of It 1 kept my hinds cleir, look at
them in this clearer light and ee If
they enrry one stain "
Ore it, generous, hlgh-souled true
hearted Mackay I am shamed that
I cannot prepire a moro fitting wreath
for sour bier May sour gool deeds
lake form nnd beiomo a pillow for your
hcid nnd mis sour final sleep be cur
tained by everlasting pence C. C. O
FAILURE OF THE REFERENDUM.
It Is notorious thit whenever the
people are called upon to voto on a
proposition to amend a constitution,
to vote sea or no on the Issue of bonds,
or on nns proportion not dlrectls to
put some one In office, the Interest
lag We have had Instance of this
In Utah whenever a question of this
kind his come up Every Stale has
the c.une experience, nnd set we nre
confidently assured by zealots who soo
1 panacea In the adoption of the
referendum, thnt the referendum Is
the protection of th people, and
that Itv general adoption In leg
islation would detent political nnd per
soml Jobs, and rurlfy the politic nl at
mosphere restoring a Invt altruism
and confining tho limitations of cor
rupt political action within the nar
rowest limits We believe on the con
trii), thnt nothing would be so con
ducive of tricks nnd Jobs as the adop.
tlon of the refcrenium, nnd thai If It
were Joined with the Initiative, tho
people would be robbed hand over list
ln a way so ruthless and wholesale
that the Ilk Is not now conceivable
It Is perfectl) natural thnt this should
bo so For who would get up hemis,
who would be .ntcicBted In Mlirlng up
people for the Initiation of legislation:
M inlfestl) those who were to profit
b) It thiso who were lo get big re
turns on theli Invcstntnts tho could
afford to puy all the experses of the
ugltatlon for what they wanted which
wo may be sure they would dlsgulS)
o as to make It i-eeni plausible, they
could iliculutc the retltlons nnd fnl
low them up, to the legislative sessions,
the legislatures could easily bo cap
tured their suspicion aliased by the
fact that the people would Jtt pass
upon the measure und couul reject It
If It wii bud and members who
might not wish to agree would scorn,
full) he usked If the) were nfrnld to
refer the matter to the people It the
people were not tho sourio of power,
anl wete not entitled to pass uron
this gieat measure, which the people
hvo abundantly retltlonod for, and
mm ilenmiit the n porlunlty to pass
upon b) their votes The mguinent
woull be Irrcslslltlo, the Icglsliitiita
would slcld tho pioonltlqn would bo
submitted in the eople und a small
fraction of the peoplo would vote upon
It the 1 iiiiiiiiieis being tho only one
that would tako any special Interest
In It, and they would see that the votes
thnt weic enst were In the affirmative.
Hint we Inks It would he about the
hlslots nf the Jobs thut would bo
wniked throui.li umlir the Initiative
und refeiendum
The latest Instance nf the working of
the referendum Is thn vols on the
What are HUtn
They are vitiated or morbid,
tag the vein. . .b
They are commonly du, to 0f'
tlon but are sometimes Inherne?"
IIow do they minlfmiheiw.
r" toM
salt rheum or ectema, plm3i
and In weakness, languor, cm!'!5'
How are they expelled? b"114
Hood's Sarsapnri
which also builds up th, S,rJl
suffered from them ' ,',,eH
It Is the best mcdlcta. r
amendent to the constltnu7
nectlcut. la that 8t"t, 1 "
iqultou ssstem of repre,.,,
the Legislature prevail, Ctu
without regard to opuia'"ch
one member ot the on .7 "
constitutional conventions,.
Introduce some relict fro""
equallts. U metenda ,? f
months, finally propo lnf 2
populous towns shouu hav.
bcr It wasnt much rrti,t.
was a starter, nnd fron ,.'
changes toward popular r,tr' '
could have been evolved But,
this would como or not, u,
change was of vital interest ton
pie, and one would natursii,,
that they would vot viMn ..
a an important question m,'
so7 Not at all, onl) nfieMV
tho hundred were polld It
i-cverc knockout for the t(t(p
and the lesson Is that thl, i
popular test should rather be 0
th.cn nnlnrpeil
General Buller Is comlni tn
out of the afterclnp of th &,
The dispatches this mornlnt is
otficlil opinion In London ti 1
Buller cannot be benefited by th
llshlng of nny mor of the kc
patches It Is shown that ifim
ond repulse ln his cxpedltlenfor
lief qf Lad) smith hecommunta
the War department his opinion
would bo best to abardoa ti
tempted relief, retire to somen
In Natal, Intrench and ut ,
Thla extraordinary 1 roposltloa
that he had lost both hi, K
his hjart. Of course, his mt
was rejected, und he was tu
keep on trslng to relieve U!
He kept on, und suffered Ifcie
at Splon Kop, a rev ei se that tn
the result ot Ineffective oiii
nnd lauk of coherence and t
his arms ot forty thousand ten
this reverse he told Sir Georp
who wa so heroically defends
smith, that he could do no mo
W hlte must look out for him
suggested surrender, after ttlr:
his ammunition, destroying hi,
book and official records, and :
tho best terms he coull Elr
White refused this humlllailci
gestlon and Lord Robertiiti:
forced the relief. And now Cm
aln Is mortified and Indlinut
revelation of Buller utter 11
courage nnd cupaclt) BuD
Methucn were a pretty pair, t
bo sent to prosecute an tiirml
Palgn
The State filr is a 'veritable
for old und joung alike li
one faim boy twelve er old
In Weber county attended thtl
the ntst time He wai lute-'
lercsted In what he sa andei'
the fair ho haa used certain 1
and nrtlcles there exhibited 11
dards with which lo compare t
home. For Instance, he Ml
hricdo Berkshire sow that bet
thought was the best pfj Inf
since tho filr he Insists thitt
have a purc-bted sow to) ' best t
ot tho fur , nlso his pliw".
Clares must give way to abttte
Tike the boss to the fair u
them to see whit there la Id in
own possesions and then alia
to undertake Improvement! S
nt hnme.
One farmer In Weber coim
three cow a and sends the nil
of the creameries He Jtu''
per month from each co
farmer In the Bam ncltM1
from $7 to $0 per month re
cow. Quite a difference U'
but there is also a dlffer'tci
grade of cows and In the mil:
corded then One o( the fan1
turea his cows on the public t
nnd for a balimn to Ihlar
them a view of the mountaW
the corral fence nt nlfht. "
farmer gives his cons tooltu
pasture plenty of luierniP;
seven pounds of bran dally
men are neighbors and W"r
but thoy practice different 1
with dalrs cows
The recent rale of a V
Bo-called, for fiOOO In a LoW
room I the leeord price W
The book 1 a folio of 611 ',
printed In blick letter In
umns, without laHnf or t
It la suppo ed to be Ihi '
Ptlnted from movable til "
probably be called the 0utM
but l called the Mm"'; '
copy wus dtscove ed In
the Citdlnal There li""
woi It but It Is generallr
have been Issued fcefore w '
Toi strength and ' "
sas a writer In describlM.
bears four water pi ,
lustre of th. ink .
Is. with Illuminated !''
the beginning t '-"k''od
ret capitals forWPW
for page covered ",;
gold, and exact "L
lon. It ha never beetiM-.
Honey
Wo have low of "
loans W ";
lounclup" "V'nKV
mone) for good 'rB
nnd I J 'ho ..,,
We give the ber"
contract lots of oP'1""
nbla terms
Miller -2tf
& 6.11 w"'
Vellc "
1

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