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The Inter-mountain farmer [electronic resource]. (Salt Lake City, Utah) 1902-1904, January 08, 1903, Image 4

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Persistent link: http://chroniclingamerica.loc.gov/lccn/2010218501/1903-01-08/ed-1/seq-4/

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HHH 4 . The TNTrn-rouyTAiy FATOrEK. Tkuesday Monanyo, Jaxuaky S,1903. . wjj;
HHwHf The liitorMoiint.nl Kinn r
jMaflas Ik Rb Itlillewcu vnr VI -isl) mim-UI Bull
sHHb Hfl Hi ,l '""'" i,Nl' llAH,wrft rt.iLt
9BH ill Mr? a -nim rl aliens relatlnr ".".'irt
VJHaW ISM 'laW 'ft or i"H.iliilt i ibairlptlons "huj'et
iJeWjHBFlli'' HHr ' " ' Mr" u 'fo 111I1--M01 main
9HHTK JaW? rsrip'r Salt Ijli It i Utah .
HlflE aflSJ 8S3 (. omnium nun tin nnttir for tub-
MCNf' ft) SBiT dcntlM iteU ! to aJ Irenscd tn J he .ai
WjjMra W& H1K l"T
IHmi' Jn HI J A WXtnilV 13-Iltoi-
BwH iB UU 't'l VI . .1 VSt'AU H JIMI I
Md BIBP TO iHten-mountain
'1331 ; SuS'1 I'ARMEf! READERS.
Fll ! IfH! When oiu iwtiW'ifl wilte to mij
('( wH, HM ,,p v,!l "d-1,1'"0" '" Tim ,n,,r
lli$liV' HBv Jlu'intnin t'liniiir tlnv will
1 W H I'l'viwlveB n fnvni bv Mnllntr
U iih '1 RBI th"t ,!lP- ''"''s ''K' "xlveuliRi'iiunt
jJ$M'! lEBl J" thlh piper. It i mtnln to
rr'.jfl, M i inmnii'l inmnpt tittoiuloii, nml
pS'MrH ' " frornifiitU give the editor
Ytiwj'Siffl "p '".bilker of Tin' IiitcrJJmin
'P Mil Wfl ,,,ln ll IU"'!" ',n ,llPmt,mit-v t0
Miii iflif fl'HC I(I1"I8 1111(1 .With WIS
Bin ll it'll? h'j'"c 1' "I'rou'iiioililimix.
pl APPHEriATEO.
t5?M i1 grji-iilturl f nlb-jro .if Lmh
'JifKj Losai I'tsh .Tun 10 1
slltfiS ftl " v bright Ldllor ()r 1 h lnter-
Jrtll' Motiniln rarmf Halt I-alici Clt),
WWII l " ',lr I nm Ju1 '" rw!,nl or a
) Bf I Jp of t'" tnt,r-Ioun"1'11 I'armet for
aVEs If iar 1st ' congratulate sou upon
l2i!E8!8"ti"iisf " ' " u,r"' an& ,l10 exception il
HjKljl: jv-pfl x uu ' l1"' "rtlc'PS I ntnln on illf-
MWl'MliMf t- nt uKrlPilturnl ubJoct I'eraon-
iC"j! SA I a i) ai (I tn hi-hnlf it tin iiulhorltie of
B&fifih Oli't. "' ro,lc ' 'l"'"1 t thanU 5 (ill for
HtllO U' fmi 'f ' ' "" "1' " "" ARtlcnltunil i.ol-
wilrlil' llSft V lre' ' ' ,,h our ,rn,
ntttfjir ' I.). w j icr.nn. Prc-Hidpi.t
HmHTU Vj 1 I 1' Mlnomi iiticrlmtnt utiilon n
f ? ' !?' k iH Mn r -' -' ' "" ll,,1 "" u c''ll, ' 'r hn,",r,l
lluW til W?V '"", f" i"ii milk hn rid tu Uoa
Biin iMI t1 ' ' ' ,url) mil nlfilfn
It' "iJHtl ' JO" '',lrB '"-rt0 Httirs "f ntronu
ij .t-lpj j iurh h" Uu lrnolo plenty uf exi r-
HHVUr i VilfM I " alrnlfa iml iiirn unter A now
TOwtfpU ' ullill I ,'mt !lnH a,"rtlK( nlll liol'lo-ii Injure In r
BflTlwlj!' ffUlS ' rlf hm lhy ur-llltli'
Hi Jrfh ' latW 'll'f Rood Horl, of the tacm-r limtl-
luiHil lBn tnl"S ilionltt nut lie illnwml lo ln by
VJHhII fflrS '',p 'Krlou turil (iiKccn ixuplo lun-
ffilnnil Wbim ".wry and F brunt) me leullj the best
Hnini?: aW$, inontbs fur Inntltuto. Keep llin bull
Hlrlijr i xent tolllnc
all tH ' f '"' f011""'0" n, om to b ' II" Ml
,. , -., nfft" fnr as mutton nheep wpip cnnniiinl
B fll'iiHfl'f f 1 1 tho International I.lvento.li Klmw In
J lli(i)f I'liUncn Ho th llio l-cmln nml tlio
HJ Jl i'"-!! !' (Mlnnerotn RrUlilturnl lOlli-teH took
HJ f, I'flwrtj! prliiHfnr Irenmil tanasscn with bouth-
Hl S " tiller ll ilown crnden
!i itCfl'lili!
V 5 C'ii ' t'lS The farmerB nf Ilic Vcinnl nuclicKnc
HI hiiltJfril mul hltu ltlir oiititilm will ba Ml-
HI i m li M i ''"' 'uiy at "" ,cr llJ" ""J ,"'u! "'"'
HI 1 Mil JB S 'or Kraln about thin time next 5ir.
Ha s Mlil'lW fim Construction uoiJt on the Moffat ronit
HP 1 y) !? ! v'" mak'-' u" Inoidlnate denuind fur
HE if'lllff'iB foraKc nml Rriln
Hlt i & Wt' IB "1"'"1 "lnlor nioiitliH (in tlio firm
BWjjftO 'JfJ jH thou Ul be largib occupied In Btorlnc up
Hbu) tsi " ul loionledKe fir uxr next numni'-r Just
Bali jJliR' '3ii "! sno" ls xlof'! hi the lillls for next
Hm2 f HllfJiJ't M Hrnsonn IrrUntlon 'tho Inter-'Moun-
Hli',!Sl 'S' 19 '"'" r',nnr M'" ''IP uu Btoio the
HlilwL WlHl knoulnlce.
HbMPpi ('fill 0n? of lhfl ,,c'l,et t,'tl1 "' Indilitrlnl
HfllullJ -llu' hdertliflner lie hnvo Haen l the irenm-
HlSr I'H 'IB er fnl,rr F!,L' ' h Ul' c- " h
HbSi rf! tjljil nllttnj. eottlnit forth the vcnultn of up-
1 t ' Ir i to-date crancry nml ihtlr) methodn In
Hlw'"''ll rill Ncbraskn. The foMet In nuMltlou to
RHii I! n discrlblnit tlio Iiiikp rrraniriei of tha
BbE.1' i!j (,il Stntc Klfn none rmiNlnilng (Inures
HbIIi' l v (ti!f howlnc tin p.-otttB Hindi by lull'. lduul
Hi It , litis! I dalrjmon
Hi ' 'I tflKlJiT Thc vnul,'-lc (rlendn of tho ArtIcuI-
Hh r H 'a!t turnl college should not thon vuih
Rh ''flffl-)!i ' Bplrlt nrd rario berjilkp of l'rof. Mcr-
H ' i'tB'i rlllM iuitui Ktlon Hint tome other parts
Rl' !llliilii o( " rtnte ,1'l''p rcognltlon In the
HH ii 'U'Pit ay (t rl'l''rlct f'rmi 'Ihc Lnilui
HH 4 iTwi'lf vallej contlnLent Vioul 1 rmember that
Hh i IkJ'uS " ritiulrpj nlerf In the IKltlutuio
hB 4i(lK't fronl 1artH ct llK t"'1'" "u,l,lc "'
hVJ' ilfi lffV Ouiho MlKry v) en npproprUtloiiii lire
HH! nxi HkIIIiI maue.
hBI nP ' I?' iN' ' From Mr. l'ctcr Thouipion of llph-
HVJ iiT'ltl tl tM: i ralw, Utah The Interinountaln rarimr
hBJ 'l nllViJ learnx or the Intention of nuiueinuti
HHb (1 5r''jll " farmers nbout Kplirulni to put In pump.
HBj I 'i W lilt' ' Iner rla'Jts to-rulnlnts IrilBatloti water
HHff ' i-37V There are hurdruls of mreit nf chikbHt
HHbu t :lNffili - finnlnR lamia near Kphralni tfiit may
HHm 'I'lniiifl l" """ reihilmnl rlmo an alitiudaut
BBir jil iiB'SJ "o;i ot ",llfr nlai l'c obtalmd t a
hBJv l F'lilli rllglH depth tlufcolluo inslmu nlll bi
HHaJlii "'Soslii ueJ tu fa","!n 'I0 l'oner
hVJj 'Fillffiijt neulember th'it the men who buc
HBHi'!' 'DbS r c!cl1 '"Kr "" ",c form or In the tit)
HVMIll ivlal 't arc not uu n of liouix but mm who un
HHH''' 'Mfilll I V w'lllne to elve tin lr llioli Hum nml
HHHVh 'iiH BIT I v Intlll'' to their employ r not iiult
Bill F iS ; tlrS When It la felt that hi will be
HB iviltl'l tliiply tutlnllcd, but rtrlvln" in excel
hBX(i JiyJM I 1 pr loua dutlainetl in ii i nm will
HVflli i'Atli I' oire Via) own fnrins or i n n-
hB1?i1 im t ""' hQ four"1 'nmbi I 'Ik1 buiil-
hBImi ennff ! ncSJ nr"' t,p thl"i ""
HBHVs'l Sj ' i III' V" A aubxi rilmi a Mr.an Idaho wlahei
ilI J I , j to k'low li ii t i i -null 1 mil 'Moit
I Tin f mauufai tui.i of i a nuku u apeclel
''I' iWi'li r Implemert nlled i aubaollei which
JjWt' U I I !! Tor M to J J The ubillcr l
i V. "Villi I ''"'I'1 1 ll,lt P'-1 , ""l01' 'ihout the
HHHJfi,' , j wtlj 1 ahapo of n beet Ukk i and la I'u'lfrrod
HBfl!'lt 'ill! f ,0 ""' tha "" L"",J" ""' IrPth i-f tin.
HbHPi'I-'!''!' - fi'li I ordlimr) plow, but to bitnK no noil up
HHH'H' i 1m I A hiet "ttr u lL I'Uaalli aubatltuta
HBHttiiiV II it t "" a aubsollor, but It la too narrow
BBi' p'b'1 fJ' i A ,ubR iuw nin pa ' ,r " co,t
HHM')ifljIr f man) tlniei oer cu mi I ilitulml farir
hB$ 'SJ-IITf t Ihc 'i"'""1 rane i i wir al-
HHHe'HviXK1IJ1& waja bo able tn Kiippli li mnnli'l
HHK Mil ftllllF of fudins catt'e It 1 i Miher Im-
hBHi 'i'ltrl lllll prnbublc, honeer, that will ion-
H Jfilfifi 111 tlm.a- tu aupply auch Ian immltr na
Bf ''(St flfflfll !mve bten aent onto nark 'tnthepitt
HBJ In'lf! t Z'lWril 'JI " l"r' of are io forninl) deioied
B I l'4I I Mmil fnllnilv lo rozlnif paea tin wa for
HBMi'l.l'j'.'fJls'i tl" toniluctlnc of feedlliF operutloriu
HBBt!!)'Fi 'ttrefl ftn1 '" tc,trlcts ln- number of Mo k
HBUll'iiVj' i'llfri e" for rn"rkct. The niowln,' demand
HHHwmuI llin for biby beef n'to brines u t the
HI
Pil
hMI i'i urrm
' i Urnl 1 i t e adln,bllliy of
I I n jn the ti Auction of
I ill t i(iiiM m ul Uin th feed
n 'i ill inuturi them at an lull) age,
inn if the) arc not calMd on the rutin
the) mum lie procured n mrter The
diliy lucalltlea In t'tnh should produce
Dub) Utf auflllclent to eurrly thc
iOiiiI mark t
Some of the Sanpet county farmers
aic getting Into the hog butlnee Ont
man ttt Hphralm gitw twenty head of
hoira on lucern and nrtertmrda fed
about HI worth of grain to each orte,
hen he dnaccil and sold the imrKira
foi t!8 nidi In jnnthu ene n lit of
lion that were runnlnit on tvhent atub
blc Linkc Into n putih ot rUK.lr bei ts
and thc uiuier lit 'hem hnrit the
irop ln about fix weelta tho liof,s
wcltthed 100 piJ'iuda i-acli and the owner
thlnka he i;it per ton for nil tho
beet.' the Iioks ate
Th" Logan Journal rather nilaatalea
tlv mio when It aa)a lcAnrdlnR tin
needs ot tho Aerloultural collet," 'A
trooi gjmnialum and utinnr) la n
prime mieaalt) ui fiullltha fui ph)al
(al de)c Iniititent an aotnewliat limit
id ' With tin aum taktn from the
tartlena luat autnmr for campua and
rntbill and with ldOOO siuulo fut of
lloir Inside for irymnaaluin ll vould
a m that apace for athlcllca la not re
trhted Th' departments of nurlcul
uu dairying lnu tic lllture anil poultry
i imblntd do not hnte na tnurh floor
Bjuce aa la now dcoted lo xvmnasluin
lleiaiiHi I'rof I, A Met rill of th'
Agricultural i allege la Inuad t Hough tu
think and talk an 1 uet ror the fanncra
ot the entln Mate of Utah, hume of the
pett) pulltlilaii an 1 nnrruwl) Jealous
mills of Oarhi vnlle) me aettlliR up n
Cleat iry I'nif Merrill has netr ad
vointed the nmoial of thc Utah cxpeil
ment nlHllon from Logan but ho Ins
fne enouKh to know that other por
llonj of tho Mate flie i ntltlod to old
ill th way of lotal ilolnoin'trntlor. woik.
It la doul tit as true that tlau nn mHii)
loialllUa Hint would show grpattr np
pirilatlou than la manifested l tho
Iteoplc of ruche Milli)
Tattle cu the innhcs ahould bo rust
lers anil traehra When sold fioin
tho range lo rrejua the ihould bo
null ns will turn a ton of hay Into tf.o
grc iteat number of pounds of beet wlti
Uu li gist pioporllnu ot loin In this
the long horn lixau falls, while the
ton) -built burl) mi'urlnjr rhorthorn
comes t the fiont Wo of the Inler
mounlaln tountr) linc a uiiat ndv in
lnt,e h) breedln,-; nn the tnngca and
feedlm; when ulfulfu inn b oinlly pru
dund and cattle mat tu mm kit at any
time ot the year. It Is beat tu breed
from cowa thai tan rustk nml from
alien that gle size and feeding qual
ltli".
An ilementnr) knowledge of tho nn
atnni) ot tho horsi woull BUkgest tu
moet horse-fuders I molltliutlon In
their q)atcuiuf tiedlig Iirge (tuun
lltha if ooaiiie, roiigh, Indigestible fol
due will sulci) remit In derangement
of Uin dlpistlve organs when fed to
horse I'nd rtuln llberully to htrd
w oi kid horses but limit the amount of
hiy feed Most fecdira would fin 1 It
prolllnlili to reduce thu amount of hi)
now boliiir fed to their horses by one
hair and substitute for the hay eaicd
an amount of grain niulinlcut In inon
c) nllio to the ha) mil id
One ot the most profitable adjuncts tu
n firm Is tho bluksmlth shop. Not the
ltaat usiful work thnl can bo done by
tho furnici Is tho fitting nml setting of
thc shoes on his work horses ln the
prnctleal education glvin at tho Agri
cultural college the bu)n leirn In the
veterinary department the uniitomy or
tho foot and lire t,lin Instruction on
the proptr kinds or shoes to use to ioi
rect the bod iiinforuutinns In the
llneksinlth shop the) ret practice In
fitting nnd nailing the shois. After the
bo) returns to the farm evir. If he
does not 1 1 1 id it dtslrnble tu shoe till
nun horiea he will find It advnntigc
nm to know whither or not tho work
Is properl) ilono by thi horfcu-shner.
It looks ns It the general staff bill,
Isecrilnr) 1 Soot's t niensjri, may get
throuifh the IIoun' at d be muted Into
Inw, ln his nm ml report, he made n
strong plea fur It, nnd we understand
thit the united volte of unny exruts
fui.r' It. Cirta.nly It would do away
with the fiction of i General coinnnnd
lnr, Heparnte from tlio 1'iesldent, and
tho W'nr Depnrtinert wcull bo fretd
fiom the ipnstiut friction It la forced
Into undet thr-nrd and present looseness
of construction nnl tu lortaln statutes.
The hill woiiid mako tho senior Gen
eral of th" arm) the J're'lrtcnt'n chief
of Ltaf, as Moltke wai to nmperor Wll
Ham, and the actual functions ot tho
V.ir Depa-ti lent aa the Presidents
mouthjlec , would coire Into iwrfect op.
eratlon It ls n good change, nnl the
bill should I asR
Chambei Iain's American wife nppeurs
to be doing him muih service In Hmih
Africa In attracting to him the Doers
nml the dlsnffectod people In Capi Col
ony nnd Natal Tho Itoer leaden are
responding to overtures ot frltndshlp In
much inoi e cordlnl vein than one iculd
have thought iHisslble, and nltogithir
tho f-ctietnr) seems to hive droped
upon his legs ngaln ns he bus been k
n t to do In his ndrolt caieei It seems
a strange thlrg that the great flguie ot
1 luikneii and dread tho bukiboo of thi
u u shou'd now tome forward as the
I a locator saving the Hours from the
hatred nnd narrow views of the local
administrates, but that npiears to bu
the vva) of It The unexptitid Is nl.
wa)s what happens, is an old Fii)lng
fully borne out In this care
The Ilelglans seem to be making pro
srens in getting (onroselons In China,
ind especial!) along the lang tse river,
near Hankow These com cations will
becsteclnll) dlstastelul to Ureal Ilrilaln,
uhkh In atmojed nt unj Intrusions In
ftut valley where sin has beiomo ae
ustom t io consldei htrstlf supremo so
araafci lj,n tnC xoncenicd What
I NOTICE. I
All HiiliHriibtrH who have befn getting The Inter g
Mountain rnrmer imd lhe etkly Tribune lnnj f
now older The Html WceLlj Tiibune sent to thtm g
iiistr-iuljoi, if tht'i prefer, continue The runner nml
I? tctulvc also the Tucdnj issue of Thc Semi Weekly jj
Tribune, l'lenno notify the Inter-Moiiutain runner ji
i legnrdiiii; jour choke in thin matt i. &
t(lrTriiii5r.i(yVit'iWi4'
with these concessions nnd the Insist
ence of the power on Itnpoislblc Roll
Indemnity pnments from China, thire
is 1 retty sure to be something doing In
the Celestial empire before imny
months
MORE EXPERIMENT FARMS.
Without deshlng to in any manner
weaken the existing experiment station
at Logan but rither to strengthen and
liroii den that Institution, Thc lntit
Mountnln Farmer favors tho establish
ment of a firm for experimentation In
the central tart of L'tnh Hucli u farm
ma) be niaje of great value to the
farmers, and cspcciall) so In the way of
ocular demonstration of the application
of scientific principles to turmlng
We have nut given the nntter of
dt Unite locillon of tho proposed farm
aulllclcnt thiuUit to state oui thoin,
but It will bu nnfe lo have the matter
In the handi of all tinprejudlicd com
missi n thc mention of which si ould
be guided by const lerntlons of accessi
bility and adiptatlon rather than h)
lolltkal Influence. There nre many
suitable locutions and vie hope the in
coming legislature will mako a rea
sonable approprlitlon foi an experi
ment farm ln cmtrnl l'tnh
ORCHARD LOCATIONS.
'the iiucitlon ls fnejuentl) asked,
'Why Is It that onhaids loiated on
thc eastern side of the vul!o)S mc moie
regular In bearing thin thusu to tho
wesf It may nt llrat glance, seem lo
be owing to tho fact that most of the
streams ln Utah How down rrom tha
tast and there ls consequently more
witer at thc base ol the mountains on
the east side This ot course, hna lta
bearing nnd Is one potent renson wh)
the firms and the homes are lit tho
western bise of the hills Hut thcro ls
another reason vvhv the slope townrd
the west Is moie beneficial The dam
age from frost thut coms to trull Is
largely because ot the heat of the sun
cirly tn tho morning after cold nights
If ut orchard tract hiH n pronounced
slope toward the "ast, the early morn
ing sunshine on the trusted trees muses
a sudden change In timiiernturc thnt
dentin) s the fruit buds On tha other
hand, when tho orchard Is shaded by
tho mountains on the last and thus
protcrtul from tho dheit rti)s ot the
sun tor two or three hours attcr day
light, the fiost Kiudunlly departs and
the trees warm up b) degrees. Thc nt
mosphcrlc action Is nbout as follows
the sun first striking the western sldo
ef tho valle)s and then thc lower level
In tlio center warms tip tlio atmosphere
and causes a current of licited nlr
This tu turn draws the cold air down
front the east. Thus the change of tem
perature Is graduil and thc Injury from
frost is much less frequnit than when
the opposite conditions prevail A little
reflection shows that facts confirm tho
theory herein stated At I'rovo, Pleas
nnt drove. Draper, Mill Creek, ltountl
ful, Ogden, North Ogdin, Wlllard and
llrlghnm It Is noticed thnt the most
regular orchnrds nro round near tho
bise of the hills, and that ns the or
chards extend down towird tho tenter
of the valley the Injury from frost ls
more frcquentl) noted
An apt Illustration of why tho grad
ual rhango if temperature prevents In
Jury Is found in the well-known fuct
that vi hen the hinds are treated tho
rational trentment Is to immerse them
In cold water lathir thun to ixposo
them to the fire. The water being tho
midltim between tho extremes of heat
and cold, the hands are graduall)
warmed nnd Injur) is averted
llecauae or tho riets set out above. It
It not advisable to plant trees ot the
early blossoming stone rrults on Imd
sloping townrd the rising sun In such
locations the late blossoming fears and
ai pics mlkht succeed f ilrly will.
BROADENING THE FIELD.
The Inter-Mountuln I'armer most
strongly In lorses the following from tho
Homestead
"Wo are living In n. strenuous age
Methods of production einplo)cd but a
few )cnrs ngo arn now considered oliso
lete. All clnsses aro filling the effects
of keen competition, nnd our countr) la
prosperous because Its citizens rlBe to
tlio opportunlt) when confronted with
new problems liven tho problems pre
sented to the farmer uro new, an 1 be
cause of this, methods that wire cm
jlo)id with prollt u fow )ears ago nro
now mote iruetlcablo undei the new
teglnie Tho innn who tinnot ki-ep
step with the mnwment of this new
nn 1 strenuous ngo must step down and
out, an I the time has pissed when one
i an afford to acquire knowledge only
through bitter experience Those who
are succeeding under the newer condi
tions must be taken aa an ex uni le, and
men must profit by their experience.
Farmers must not onl) associate freely
with those who are making it financial
sutcess nut of the farm, but they must
familiarize themselves with the meth
ods of those bejond the nach of the!
acquaintance whose experience cm
only bo ncqulied through reading
Tlieie was it tlmo nlun It was to the
advnnttige if one farmer to keep his
neighbor lit darkness, but that d u has
passed W htrever there Is discovered
any Impioved method of tilling the soil
ur any advancement Is made In the
handling of stmk It will always be tu
the alvantage of an entire community
to have this dlssemln itel iih widely as
possible It Is easier for n community1
to mako u reputation for up to-dato
methods than It Is for nn Individual,
ind when a good name is once fccurel
the financial end will more than Justlfj
the means empio)cd In bringing It
I
about. 'When we nsk our subscribers
to Join with us In extending our circu
lation wo feel that the benefits con
ferred will be mutual It Is our highest
aim at all times to employ the soundest
principles ln our teatlilngon all phases
of agriculture ir mUtnkes nre made
nnd ail) attempt Is observed on our
pnrt to pro agate doctrine that la un
sound we should be pleased at all times
tn have this pointed out by subscrib
ers '
TEACHING ELEMENTAR, AGRICULTURE.
In nn address before a count) Insti
tute Mr. O J Kern of Hockrord, III .
pointed out thc great changes that had
been made ln thc method of Instruction
udoptcd in cltlea dvnlng tho last ten or
fifteen )cais These changes yre made
to meet tho requirements of the vari
ous deiartments of Industrial nctlvlt).
The business man of the city Is de
manding that pill lis coming fiom the
schools shall be taught ln the schools
how to do those thlnps which will bo
required or them later In life At the
same time, while the city system of ed
ucation his been making sticnuous ef
fort to adjust Itself to a new and more
highly complex civilization, the country
s)stem has been niong vcr) narrov;
lines If It ls Imperative that thc course
of training for u clt) child Include those
subjects which will best equip him to
achieve success In a particular environ
ment, why not a course of training for
the country thlld that will give him a
better understanding ot thc forces of
nature a deeper Interest In her mani
festations and ft stronger love for coun
tr) life and Its duties? The effect of
Introducing agriculture Into the coun
tr) schools woull mike the pupils ob
serve moie chisel) and Judge more uc
curatel) all subjects icrtalnlng to farm
life Agricultural leaders ln the future
must bo skilled In the sciences thit are
the very foundation of their profession
The fnim Is feeling the spirit ot a new
nge, It Is beginning to feel thc pressure
of nn Intense Industrial competition,
and the chnracter of agrlcultuie Is
tapldl) undergoing a great change The
use of complicated machinery requires
(.renter skill on the part of the farmer
The results of Investigations conducted
nt agricultural colleges an I experiment
stations must bo m piled In such a wa)
as to enable the farmer to accomplish
mora In tho future than his been the
ease In tho pint. If this Is to be done
tho child must hnvo superior advan
tages to those of his parents, and no
whcice enn education be given thit will
count so much ns In thc public schools
To do this work proper!) teachers must
be educated along theso lines, anil
monc) spent In this direction by the
State or Nation will be retutned man)
hundred fold, because It will affect dl
rectl) the productiveness of the Amer
ican farms und Indirect!) nil thc Indus
trie ot America. Our future greatness
will depend upon thc enlightenment of
our children.
RECORD-BREAKING UTAH SHEEP.
Mr. W. H Hansen of Colllnslon. Utnh,
has some of tho best Itamboulllet sheep
In tho world and breeders throughout
America nre fast learning this fact,
Mr. Hansen recentl) sold nfty head of
IiIb sheep nt public auction nt tho
Union stock )arda ln Chicago, nnd tho
Ameilcan Sheep 111 idler, tho leading
Journal ot Its class, speaks of tha sheep
und the sale us follows
' The 1 ublle sale or Ilamboulllets
from the famous Oninltr flock of W. H.
Hansen ot Colllnston, Utah, nt the
Union Stock 'iards on December Cth,
attracted n hood sized tompan) of
bleeders from all ports of tho countr),
nifd was n pronounced success Tlfty
animals wire offered, embracing ten
)eirllng cnci, twenty ewe lambs, and
twent) rum lambs, all typlcil Uarnlers,
showing the rtmirkable size, compact
nnd symmetrical form, evenness and
density of Ilctie. und flno toverlng
characteristic of tho Hansen sheep. The
animals offered wero only In field con
dition, none of them showing special
feeding or trimming for the occasion,
nnd sold on Intrinsic Individual mirlt
The Imprint ot alkali dust and sage
brush range on every sheep In the col
lection evidently had little influence on
the bidders, who were mostly con
noisseurs in Itamboulllet breeding nnd
leadlly retognlzed In tho )oung and
Immature offerings biforo tjiem the
product ot the purest nnd best blood
line briellug ln their ravorlte late of
sheep Tho Hansen Hock neided no In
troduction tn tho assembled onlookers,
for Its heraldr) truied through nearly
halt a icntuiy of expeit brccllng to
the I'nttcrson Imi ortntlons, and its
Inter )oars had tho sanctions of thu
memorable Omaha and Halt Lake City
sales, In which tiiord prices woro re
iwvtedly made and brokiii JIvery Ud
der knew the history of the Colllnston
flllocU, und tlio ewes and nibs on salo
easily Introduced themse ,cs
Of lhe t uty rain lambs, which were
veiy large for their nht, three went
tu Mr 1'. A Jnekson of Dayton, Wash
ington at 525. 3i and 133 respectlvel)
Mr Walsh bid off fourteen ot flicm ut
prices ranging from iJ to 3l eath
Mr. J W Montgomery or Ohla got n
pair or them nt 3'. path und Mr O I)
Wordeu ot Leonldas, Mich i ot the
other one nt S3.'
'Of the twenty una lambs, Mr Jack
son secured nlno ut fiom IJ5 to $35
Mr Krccinn.li of Freeman &, Cllley
Chandl'r, Mich, boukht eight at JJ7 to
tiS each, I. T, Htrough of Vlcksburg
Mich , got one at J30, Mr. O I). Warden
one at J2t, and Mr Wulsh ono at
'While Mi Hansen has mido r ier
avenges at homi thW )cnr fr tho
sum classes of sheep nnd lamh-e than
tl oso ubove tecoided, thc breeders pre 1-
ent almost without exception, regard
the sale, under existing conditions, as
a ver) sueressful one, nnd will nveo
with us that Mr. Hansen is entitled
to congratulations on Its happ) lsue.
It was certainly the most successful
public sale of pure bred sheep et made
nt the Union stock yatels, nnd ns such
may be taken as n hopeful augury for
future and kindred sheep sales pending
the great International shows '
HONORS TO A UTAH SHEEP OWNER.
The American Sheep Breeder thus
notices one of Utahs most propcrous
and progressive shiep men
In all the tccord sheep society
events of show week in Chicago, no
more appropriate thing was done thnn
the unanimous election of John II
Seel) of Mt I'leasant, Utah, tn tho
presidency of the American Itamboull
let association of which ho has been
acting president foi sever tl months
Mr Peel) is the first Intel -mountain
sheep man to be thus honored by nn
American record sheep soclet). and cer
tainly no breedr In the aoclitlon hni
proven himself more worthy of the
high distinction nicotdcd him Ills
flock has been built up to its present
high stindard by drafts upon the best
Ohio flocks nnd Importations from thc
leading folds of France and Oernmny,
and ir point of hired excellence is sec
ond tn none In the countr). Kver)
whero and alwa)i, Mr Seel) his been a
lo)nl, enthusiastic worker for Ills fa
vorite breed, never debating questions
of expense or tersonal effort ln this
service He is not n iioiltlclan nor has
he asked for favors at the hands of
brother members The ollko came to
him unsolicited, natural!) , loglcall),
and with n spontanclt) and unanimity
thit must hive touched every chord of
his kindly nnd appieclitlvc nature
And It is sarc to sa) that ever) one
of the members present nt the meeting
which gave him executive prerogative
for the )ear to tome, was proud or the
executive oblllty and Impressive per
sonality dlspliyed b) Mr Seel) on
that occasion No man ln the country
has gotten closer to the heart of the
Itamboulllet public than President
Seel), to whom we send for one nn 1 all
fraternal greetings a Merr) Christmas
ind a prosperous New lenr.
HAND SEPARATORS.
Not Inftcquently wo hear of farmers
In Utnh and ldnho who nre dlspleised
with the returns the) get from tho
creameries Whllo we believe that most
creamer) nnnagers arc honest nnd nlm
to give their patrons Just returns for all
the milk contains, still there Is room
for error In sampling and testing the
milk when dozens in hundreds of cus
tomers nre concerned
Tlie re Is a perfect remedy for all this
nnd It consists In the hand sepantor,
to be operated b) tho farmer nt home
Competition amongst manufacturers
has Increased tho efficiency and re
duced the price, until ever) owner of
nve or more milch cows can well nr
rord lo own n separntor. With a sepa
rator on the farm theie comes the
satisfaction of knowing Just cxnttl)
the amount of butter fat tho herd pro
duces An addition il ndvantage comes
In hiving the warm, pure skim milk
left nt home for tho calves nnel pigs, In
place of the slops returned by somo
iriimerles.
Nebraska farmers formerl) trl'd the
plan or sending the milk to tho cieam
trles, but they have abandoned It now
for tho hand sipuiator plan A few
)ears ago the manufacturers ot cream
cry machinery scoured tho tountr) so
liciting the subsctlptlon of stock In a
ideal creamer). Ocnernll) tnough
mono) was pall In to buy tho machin
ery at two prices, nnd the solicitor
looked for new fields while the rnrmcrs
hired n high-priced operator ntid loBt
money because no one knew how to
find a good nnd pcrmnnent market for
theproduct Now nil Is changed Tho
creameries are marly alt gone, and In
their place arc firm sepnrutors, skim
ming the milk while )et warm, und
enabling the farmer to feed the warm
milk to tho tulves No more cold or
soui mill; goes to tho calvis or pigs.
No more Btores of pans or trocks to
skim nnel wash nnd scald. Within
nn hour after milking begins, tho work
Is nil done, the talves aro fed, the
milk pans and tans aro all washed and
scalded (an easy task when they aro
used with fresh milk onl)), the trcam
Is set In a cool place, or started to the
railway station and sent to the big
creamery Pay for this Is regulated
by tho per tent of butterfat, so theiu
Is no disagreement between seller and
buyer, nnd their business relations run
smoothly. Thcro nro three or four 1'argo
creamtrles ln Nebraska that collect
iream from a radius of several hundred
miles A dozen cons, on a Nebraska
farm, now bring a monthly ihetk for
830 to JiO according to the kind of
cons and tho care given them This
check keeps the fnmll), nnd when the
fall crop Is ready for market there nro
fewer store debts nnd more clear profit
is icallzed than ever before. Thero Is
no doubt that thc prtBent evolution of
tho creainei) is nn unmixed blessing
to the turnl classes everywhere, us well
as tho means of producing for tho mar
ket i higher average if butter than It
would bo possible tn produce on the
farms vvl,th the means usually found
there.
f-tci clary Hitchcock Is said to n iv he
0poMd to the leasing of the public
lands for grazing puri nses, though last
)par ho approved It, tVo are not sur
prised nt his change of position Iho
fact Is, thnt the leasing Idea looks allur
ing und e no woull naturally be capti
vated b) It, as arreting a solution for
sheep and cattlo wnis, unl as returning
to the public some levinuo for tho for
ago lonsuinicl by private birds. Thtt
when the Job or rrnmlng .. law to carry
out tho ldeu Is underlnktn, It seems Im
possible to do It, thc evils that would
rollow any draft or such n mens ro so
far made are so sirloua that thty d.
stroy thc well-meant provisions It la
not Ilktl). therefore, that an) grazing
lease law will he enacted
There Is a feeling nm tested in some
iU"-trs thit agriculture Is beneath
th dignity ef nn educate man or wo.
,
man rspeclally has this feeling been
offensively manifested In connection
with agricultural education. Agricul
ture Is thc most honoiable of all occu
pations On it rests the prosperity of
nations and the physical support of the
world The State may well afford to
expend thousands of dollars In the ed
ucation of oung mn In the different
lints ot agricultural pursuits. The fu
ture succersful farmir of this Inter
mountaln countr) must have thla
training, and the tnxpi)trs will have
no cause for complaint If the Legisla
ture appropriates liberal!) for the ed
ucation of Intelligent, skillful, enthu
siastle )oung men who will recclvo
such training ns will fit them to place
our agriculture on a more sclentlflt
basis
A MUCH-NEEDED AID
The colonist rntc of 2r granted over
their lines from thc Mlssoutl river by
thc Union Fnilflc nnd thc Centrnl Pu
cine roids, to California, for colonists
nnd workers, Is n tint stroke of policy
for the roids, nnd for California. Now,
If they will grant n proportionate rnto
for Utah, Idaho and other States along
the Joutne) tin friendly net will be
complete The mnnngers of the toads
should remember thnt It Is not Califor
nia alone tint needs colonlstB nnd work
ers In this tit), for Instance there Is
such u dearth of domestic help that the
wlvts and housckicpeis are nt their
wits' end to have the household labor
pet formed; cooking vv ashing, chumber
work svviiplng, dusting, nil forms of
domcstla labor an ln need of hands to
do thtm, nnd tho hands nro lacking,
cvin at Incnascd wages. Tho rallroids
could do no better sen Ice to this com
munlt) than to ship In a few carloads of
capable girls or women who know how
to do housework, nnd would be willing
and able tu do It nt fair wages lhe
need ls til Kent, the demand general
Why not try tho experiment of giving
special rates and Inviting the working
girls to come?
VALUABLE EXPERIENCE.
It wounl be well If the students In
unlmal Industr) at tho Agricultural
College of Utah eould enjoy the splen
did advantage that was given to tho
tlass from the Ohio College of Agri
culture nt the International Livestock
show In Chicago last month There
should be an npproprlntloit by the
legislature for defraying the expensts
of the Utah iluss to the show next
)cai. If such appropriation cannot bo
had, then a half dozen of Utah's
wealth) stockmen might contrlbnte
money enough to give tho boys the trip
This Is the vn) one of thc Ohio stu
dents tells of the visit
A pirt) of twent)-llve of tho stu
dents ln niilmil husbnndry ot the Ohio
State unlveislty spent a very profit
able week at Chicago dutlng the recent
fat stock exhibition. The put) went
In charge ot Prof. C. H Plumb, of the
chair of unlmal husbandry at tho uni
versity. The real profit of the trip be
gun to be rcnllzed Monday, December
1st. when the party rcathtel thc Union
stock yards. Under Prof. Plumbs ell
lection tho visit was n sjstcniutlc
study from start to finish.
In the class mom nl the university,
most of thc great animals nnd breeds
ot anlm its had been studied nnd dls
tussed Now was u time when thu
ho)a tould see and handle some of
these, perhaps thc greitest t)pes ot
live stock known It was u time when
)oung Judges could sec thc real art ot
'Judging Hundreds of the greatest
breeders of many Stnles or the Union
nnd ot fie Dominion of Canada wero
here contesting for international hon
ors The buildings wero hinging full
of ribbons, lepresentlng prl7es that
these breeders had won nt fairs, nnd
previous shouu
Prof. Plumb ls well acquainted with
most of the breeders that were at tho
exposition nnd this gave the bojs an
other advantage, besides meeting tho
different men It was their privilege to
closely look over Dpes of animals.
This vina a special ndvantage, us ani
mals In the show ilng uro always tou
far away from tho people to permit ft
careful examination rrom all points of
view. It Is snfa to fay that In this
way more than in any other was
knowledgo cilned ns regards breeds of
live stock It appeared that Ohlu was
up with tho average In the live stotk
Industry. This department at the
Stato university Is going tn bo greatly
strengthened by the purchases made
at the exposition.
In the llvo stock Judging room at the
university It Is necessary to see und
handle pure types. Tersomo exttnt this
will be fulfilled when the types of
sheep purehused nt the exiiosltlou ur
rive at the university. Homo of tho
animals purchased vtira on the pie
mlum list, so It Is possible for Ohlu to
show Individuals of tho highest nv rlt.
Tho students hopo to bcp tho live stock
ot the Ohio Stato tinlveralty well Illus
trated with flno specimens of tho
bieeds, and trust that th ntw elcvelop
ment will iccelvo support from bleed
era all over Ohio HtudintH who lomo
to tho Ohio State university und take
a course In this p irtltulur Hue of
study should tlnd animals of thu best
type that can be had
lhe Union stock yards, w hie H nlono
attract nun) ) topto to Chicago, wero
also visited by tho bojs dining their
short stay In the clt). Thla wan n
granl opportunity to ate tha end of nil
tho labor stent along iidviinred meth
ods of feeding Tho stotk jaiihj
might be lulled tho tenter ot animal
Industry of tho Inml, nml this ftatuin
of the visit was n great one, Tho
packing houses woro also nt gieat In
terest to lhe Ohio delegation.
THE WATER ADJUSTMENTS.
The nrrangements being mode for the
consolidation of the four main cunal
companies ot this ujjiity ure In a
favorable stile This consolidation Is
In rursuanea of the necessity of put
ting tha litigation system thnt dtpends
upon tho Utnh lnka rmervolr inoro dis
tinctly upon a lo-opcrntlvo basis
among tho water-use rs than htteto.
for Instead of ln corporation form
This change Is In nn. .T
Nwell,,ugEe,t!onn1an'lhW
thet the tanal L" T " " M
marked degree pracS 1 E
'ready though ,.k ' & .
ed company yl.. T( J gl
Itmorec.euri;;'1'
pressed that It i, ,1,. . Voc)
land who Jem teg thY0W"f..
joctatlon that take,"u ?'. EI
the water. Thi bw, ta "
commendablo step tn th.
tain the benefit, ot th. ,5"t,
in the great enterprise!,. Ub . S
useful and abundan ' h'm. S
Brest Utah lake re.moI Mer ial
There Is much hope l ,L i
all concerned In this J., "
thnt united efforts J, Vf "
achieve the best reauii. . f01 'Sl
manifest disposition to , M h ,&
aw ay small obstacles Th. or '
ing Is becoming manlr,-V!'0?' ""
tcrs. andltl, notnowV''
hopo that every interest ,""
tiled to the general Purpc. t
he very best showing M,,, ,
the requirements of the l , ' Z
the needed aid nd" ?
ward what is undoubtedly u,,5 4P
tensive and Important irriMUo'! rf
prise now under consld,,,,,,; ' .,
wc take Into account ,h, ' '
peoplo to be benefited by it .,..
mediate value of the land to v,
IN MEMORY OF CEOROE W. TM,
Many tributes ot remembraiKi
nffectJon nro brought la irmp,tt
the toinfort and consolation of the f
lly und friends of the lU 0t
Thatcher, who died at hi, hm
home ln Igan on Tuesday net
Uut nono of theae has a tnur rtt
more appreciative tone than this r
tho Hev. N. 13. Clcmion ct that (
' Oeorgo W. Thatcher Is dead, ft
not unexpected lie had been a tuft
for months, and the past vtx ij, ,
altlon had been such as to lead t
ono to feel that any hour mltotv,
last. Hinco his frlenda from fir
neur had come to watch ttultitt,
with him, una he had tha conifixi
their presence lo the end
"Mr. Thatcher was a man ot it,
personality, firm conviction ul tu,
life Ills American blood vat art
In every fiber of his being ul
Btrong will gave him hit war la t
things. Ho moved amonc his ftlli
cs u matter, and was reccgnlidb;
us a most valuable factor for the s
ot society. Logan and Cache viDtr
krcatly his debtors, and the Suit is
bier because ho lived.
' -Mr. Thatcher was a bujlnetamo
consldernblo ability and marked
cess, )et his mind was so fattilogd
to give him large Interest In at pu
concerns. That which Intereitel
general public found a place la
thought, and nppeuled to his srrr.ptt
' Oeurge W. Thatcher was a v
hearted, generous man. A tec
cuuse uppcaled to Mm strondf, as
person In distress plucked hard VI
sympath). Ho was a firm and I
friend, nnd valued real f riendehlp ab
most men.
' Thero Is a shadow over LofU
da), and a pall oVer the hows)
lie the rcmnlns of Oeorre W, TkW
Tho WIfo and children, the brothel i
relatives, In this hour of sorrow ail
reavemtnt, know that there art tl
snnds of hearts In Logan and thi nl
nbout that feel their sorrow and beat
sympathy and generous good win, i
call to the Clreat Heart of the idn
tn behalf of the sufferers."
PRACTICAL AIDS TO FARaHI.
The peoplo of Central Utah, comjt
Ing tho counties of Sanpete, &v!
Juab, Millard, Carbon and tu
are, It I said, prevent!
move upon the Legislature for tie
tabllshment of nn auxiliary M
turnl experiment station, andaaci
Una of the proposition by ChrUUaa
Madsen of Bnnpete will be found l
other column of this paper. tf
mend It to public attention, ail
gest that It might not be a M 1
to grant tho request. Would It I
strengthen the agricultural Interert
the State materially if there wtrtl"
eral of these auxiliary itttioM i
llshed? The one proposed wow
well located, ns Mr. Madien Indicate
Another might bo in Davli or Tee
county, and still another in w
count)'. ID' the concerted rtW
these stations, located at . W
points, elevations anl latltuan ' '
State, much Important data ef IF
Ileal use to tho fanner roul?,"?
be gntherc.1. The station at Lop
of courso the parent one, and
nt tho head of nil . .
Tho Stato has an txlwrlmenlal i
nenr I"cds, Woshlngtoii countr,
Is doing well, achieving good educ
results; nnl this could be used
In tho general plan of alhoirlt":
data. Htlentlllo farmlnr ncedi iittw
onlng, and It seems to u ,,?u"
,roJects would bo Valuable
know le lg( I they need not bo coiUS"
their functions could be made UP
Ileal ns fosslble.
School '
Bonds
gattil farms (upon vj"
Curable term-. tt
choiit and other '
bonds.
Miller & VJde
SALT LAKH ll'"
TARM LOANS.
. ""T
,tasasBlMHs1

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