Generally fair Tuesday and Weders,
Local Coltan.8 7-8c
ANDERSON, S. C. TUESDAY MORNING, MAY 25, 1915.
JOINS ALLIES IN EFFORTS TO
DEFEAT ON AUSTRIANS
BE MOST RIGID
And Will Be Strictly Enforced i
Even to Point of Restrict
ing Personal Liberties.
Rome, May 24.-Details concern
ing Italy's formal declaration of war
against Austria late yesterday have
been given out by Foreign Minister
Sonulno at a three hour cabinet coun
Diplomatic relations between the
vatican and the belligerents were
also discussed. Sonnino expressed
the belief that Germany will de
clare war us Boon as officially in
formod of Italy's actlon| Council did
not consider military questions. They
have been entrusted entirely to the
military staff which will .. work In
harmony with the commanders of thc
allied forces. Financial measures
were discussed. It is believed a war
luau will be floated either here or
Hlgid censorship decrees have
been published and 'gives authority
to censor letters, newspapers, tele
grams, telephone messages and par
cel post packages. The decree also
restricts personal liberties, especially
regarding public meetings. The
measure resembles those adopted by
other belligerent countries.
Germany Declares War on Italy.
London, May .24.-Tho Ex
change Telegraph company says the
Wolff agency has announced that
Germany has declared war against
Italy and recalled Prince Von Buelow,
German ambassador to Rome.
Austrian Ships Confiscated.
London, May 24.-The Exchange
Telegraph's Rome correspondent says
that Austro-German ships in Italian
ports, confiscated hy an Italian de
cree are ot enormous value.
The correspondent adds that King
Victor Emmanuel has signed a pa
triotic appeal to the people extolling
the glories of his ancestors and ex
plaining tho necessity of liberating
their brtheren who are "groaning un
der Austrian slavery."
A ?st rian Minister Reposed.
Paris, Moy 24.-A Havas dis
patch from Lome says the Press there
announces the resignation of Baron
Burlan as Austrian foreign minister,
and adds that he will be succeeded
by Count Tissa, now Hungarian pre
Germany to Aid Austria.
The Hague, May 24.-Information
reaching Tho Hague indicates that
Germany and Austria have concen
trated 680.000,000 men on the Italian
frontier. All but ten of these thirty
four divisions are German.
SWISS SENT NO
NOTE TO GERMANY
Legation at Washington Says no
Swiss Citizens Were Aboard
Washln?U*. May 24,-The Swiss
legation here tonight i.;<ued a state
ment denying that Switzerland has
mado representations to Germany re
garding the reported loss ot Swiss
lives op the Lusitania. They said no
Swiss citizens wero aboard tie ves
THE MAYOR OF ROME
TAKES PLACE IN ARMY
Rome (via Paris), May 24.-Prince
Colonna, mayr.r of Rome, has re
sumed bia post in the army as a
major of cavalry and baa started for
the frent, his three sons having pre
About half of the aldermen of
Tome, it U eaUmated, have reentered
the army, and two-thirds of the
members of the municipal connell
have volunteered for military duty.
S AT L
5 WAR ON
BRITISH AMBASSADOR MAK
ES EXPLANATIONS TO
Were Made Between England and
Owner? of Cotton and Do
Not Involve U. S.
Washington, May 24.-A formal
statement intended to remove misun
derstandings over the participation by
the state department's foreign trade
advisers in unofficial : arrangements
regarding cotton cargoes, was made
to the state department today'by Sir
Coull Spring Rice, the British am
He says Great Britain fully realizes
that the unofficial arrangement in qo
way Involved the United States gov
ernment. He declares the arrange
ment regarding shipments ot cotton
and other articles of commerce were
agreed on between representatives of
Qrent Britain and those of the Ameri
can interests Involved. The United
States was not a narty to the agree
ments and did not participate in the
The arrangements don't and can't
commit either Great Britain or the
United States to a departure from the
views they have ?xpressed officially
regarding the declaration of March
first of thc blockade policy adopted to
make this effective.
NOTE ON WM. P. FRYE CASE
TO BE IN FRIENDLY TONE
Washington, 'May lit.-Ambassador
Gerard in a cablegram received at
the state department today, said the
German foreign office shortly would
send a formal reply to the American
note, making reparation without re
ference to prize court proceedings, for
owners of tho American ship, William
P. Frye, which wan Bunk by the Ger
man auxiliary cruiser Prinz Eitel
IN CHARGE AT GREENVILLE
Greenville. May 24.-D. B. Trax
ler today assumed the postmaBtership
of Greenville after Former Postmas
ter J. F richardson had transferred
to him all records and property for
which, in turn, he accepted a receipt
from the incoming 'postmaster. This
formality was required by law.
Mr. Traxler had already stated
that he had no changes in view aa to
the force of employes now at work
in the poa to ill ce.
NINE PERSONS KILLER
IN MINE EXPLOSION
Johnstown. Penn.., May .24.-Nine
persons died today from an explosion
in mine number one ot the Valley
Smokeless Coal Company, near here.
Gov. Manning, Gea. Moore and
Senators Smith and Tillman to
Meet io Whinston.
? Columbia, May 24.-Governor Man
ning. Senator E. D. Smith. Senator
B. K?. Tillman sud Adjutant General
Moore will go to Waahln;?t?n June 4
for a conference with-A. L>. Mills,
.chief of staff, wheo militia alfalfa in
South Carolina will be discussed.
The governor will attend UMr* Con
federate reunion at Richmond and will
30 from there to the national capital.
The south Carolina party will also
hold a conference with Lindley Bf.
Garrison, secretary of war. No ?n
acuncement has been made as to the
matters to be discussed.
U 5. NOTIFIED
AUSTRIAN AMBASSADOR AL
SO NOTIFIES BRYAN
THAT WAR IS ON
WILSON TO ISSUE
United SUtes Will Take Over
Italian Interests in Austria
Washington, May 24.-Count C?l
ere formally notified the United
States today of Italy's declaration of
ivar upon Austria and explained in
'ormally to Bryan the contents of the
lote io he delivered tomorrow giving
reason for Italy's artion. Austrian
Vmbassador Dumba also saw Bryan
ind advised bira of the existence of
war between Austria and Italy.
The president has prepared a ncu
rality proclamation which will be 1H
tued tomorrow. It is similar to those
scued earlier in the war. Bryan an
tounced that the United States has]
aken over the Italian interests in '
Austria. Spain is entrusted with the
Austrian interests in Italy.
Washington, May 24.-The first
nove, following the declaration of
var on Austria, ts awaited with in
ense-interest by the United States
Italy's action did not surprise the
Jnited States officials. The president
s awaiting Ambassador Page's offi
cial notification of Italy's declara
ion before he issues a neutrality
lroclsmation. He is preparing it
AND KILLED ANOTHER!
AFFAIR OCCURRED ON FARM
ROBT. KEATON 10 MILES
LAD IS IN JAIL
}ead Boy Had Gone With Hts
Brother to Spend Day
Sheriff Ashley received notice yes
erday morning that a negro had been
lilied near Ebenezer church. Coro
ler Hardin was notified and with. Del
?uty Sanders went to the scene, which
ras on the place of Mr. Robert Ken
on, ten miles below the city.
According to the evidence brought
ut at the Inquest, Left L. Bigbj and
C. S. Bigby, brothers aged eleveu
.nd . thirteen yea'it respectively, w?ht
o the home of Joe Beaty, another ne
ro boy, aged twelve years, to spend
he dey, There was no one else nt
ionic and about one o'clock Beaty lu
lled the boys In the bouse to see his
run. AU went in and In a short tune
Sealy took tho weapon, a single bar
el shot gun, and stepped to lae cor
ter of the room. Pointing it ut
.eft I,. Btgby, he told him not to
onie towprd him. But the boy, ap
parently not understanding took c.
tap forward. The gun was fired and
he boy fell.
The coroner's Jury returned a vcr*
llct that Left L. Rigby came lo his
eath from gunshot wounds inflicted
rom gun In hands of Joe Beaty.
Beaty waa brought to Anderson yes
orday afternoon by Deputy Sanders
nd placed in the Vounty Jail. Ile
[enies being guilty.
Want Electric Headlight?.
Cleveland. May 24.-The Rrother
ood Locomotive Engineers today un
nlnioualy adopted a resolution for
ho enactment of a law requiring the
se ot power headlights.
Russian Booat gunk
Berlin, May 24.-The t O ve rs? as
lowspaper agency today announces
?at lt had received a Bucharest des
aten, saying that the armored Rus
tan man-of-war WinterleQmon had
een sank with 1,400 men in the Black
In the war between Italy and Aus
tria, the brother oXitho king, the Duh?
D'Ahruzzi, is experted to lead the fleet
The Duke is with^cnown to Americans
because of Iiis attempt to wed the
laughter or a millionaire member of
he United ^tates^njCte. 1
V-i Nour Surface.
Honolulu, May 24.-The submarine
F-4 today is within 87 feet o? the sur
face. Officials are confident she will
be brought to thc surface this week.
WILL NOT SUPPORT ANY
ONE POLITICAL PARTY IN
FIGHT ON WHISKEY
\nd Use all Means to Suppress
Trame Except Affiliation With
Newport N'ewa^May 24.-Tho Routh
nru Presbyteriah Oeneral Assembly
today re-affirmed it's opposition to thc
liquor traffic but declined to support
tony political orgnhlatiou in the fight
'or prohibition, further than to "hum
?ly petition or. advise." As each, as
sembly is a distinct body and is pow
erless to rescind tlie actions of a pre
cious assembly, this does not repesl
.he resolution adopted at the Kansan
"ity assembly last year advocating na
.ional prohibited. .
The assembly's position on liquor
vas embodied in a, report of the over
.ure scommittee, which wss adopted.
It resulted from the Virginia sy
lotl's protest against last year's ac
tions. The protest of Transylvania
f*resbytery, Kentucky, on ' the same
tuestlons is pending i.\ the committee.
Hie assembly toiay reproved eater
alnments in church buildings for
raising church funds, and heard re
ports* on Christian education and miti
st erial relief.
Newport News,'May 24.-The gen
eral assemb!;. of the Southern Pres
lytclan church toay adopted a par
iai rop?n of the committee on bills
ind 'o*?rtures Walch sustained the
irotest nf the synod of Virginia
igalnst .the action of the general as
sembly last year' in declaring in fn
or of national prohibition.
It was emphasized, however, in the
rommittee report that the action of
re assembly is no retraction of the
itand, taken by the ?aurch against
he liquor traffic, but merely a de
.laratlon asalnitt (he action, of the
;eneral assembly any ^political organi
zion further than to petition or ad
-ance. Anything' farther than this,
t was ??ld, would be In violation of
he purpose ot the church.
SAYS AMERICANS SHOULD
SHOW WORLD PATH OF
DEPLORES LACK OF
Between North and South Ameri
ca-Advocates Larger Pr-->
. "Washington, V?ay 24.-Obstacles to
industrial and commercial prosperity
und trade lu the western hemisphere
because of the European wei- were
outlined today at the Pan-American
financial congress a? Its opening ses
sion here today.
The need of improved transporta
tion, the readjustment of methods of
financial exchange, and uniformity of
commerce laws were the chief points
developed. Cnmmitees were appoint
ed from participating nations to work
for uniform statutes. President Wil
son welcomed the delegates and
?poke of the need for transportation
development. Bryan. Redfield. Mc
Adco and Hurleaon advocated steam
ship linet* Independent ot Europe be
tween ports ot the two Americas. The
day was deroted to speeches.
Washington. . >JT>y 34P?uitdenfc
WilBon. speaking ut the opeftlrig of
the Pan-American financial confer
ence here today, expressed 'r?a hope
that the Americans might show the
world the path of peace. He was loud
ly applauded by the delegates, who
represented eighte?u South and Cen
tral American countries.
The! prenlr"13nt declared that tho'
teople of the Americas were- not try
ing lo make use- of one another, but
were trying to be of use to one anoth
er. He spoke of "the handsome ri
valry" which was good for nations.
A lack of physical means of com
munication between the Americas, ho
said, stood somewhat in the way of a
development of commerce and friend
ship. In advocating more shins in the
Pan-American trade and the opening
of new trade routes, the president
said dat if private capital can not
soon establish such moans of commu
nication the government must under
take to do so.
ALL ITALIANS CALLED
IQ AID OF CQUTNRY
New York Paper, Printed In Ital
ian Language Publishes
? New York, May 24.-A call to
It illan citizens and American cltt
/. .r of Italian hirth to enroll for
service in the Italian army was
published in the newspapers in that
language here today. It was signed
by Q. Fara Portie, the Italian counsul
general, and was an address to mon
between the ages of nineteen and
The Italian military law holds that
all men of Italian birth In the 1'nlted
States are subject to the call of mili
tary service, regardless of whether
they have taken out their citizenship
papers In the 1'nitcd States. It was
estimated that there are J2S.OO0 Ial
ians cf military agc in this etty.
Report Won't Canse Change in
Washington. May 24.-The presl
lent tonight received first hand in
rormatlon about Mexico from his spec
ial commissioner. Duval West.-who re
cently returned from that Republc. It
la understood West's report won't
?use any chsnge .in the United
States' Mexican Policy. The elate de
partment today received claims of vlc
ory from th? Carranza and Villa fsc
ions. . t
Mexican Policy of United
D IN C
HEAVY FIGHTING ALSO RE
PORTED ALONG PRUS
Russians Express Satisfaction With
Situation Along Front--Al*
lies Still Active in West.
London, May 24.-Important bat
tles are raging aoutheaBt of Przemysl.
The outcome Is still doubtful. There
Is also fighting along the east Prus
sian frontier, in central Poland,
where the Germans hare attempted an
offensive along the Hawlca river. The
battle 1B undecided. Both sides lost
Russian expresses satisfaction with
the situation along her front. Heavy
fighting is resumed In the west from
Arras to the sea. Both sdes claim
the advantage. Tho ailles evidently
don't intend relaxing their efforts
there, although they have not under
taken a general movement.
The allies have landed the Turkish
Petrograd. May 24.-The . Russian
official statement declares that the
Austro- (?ernmn forces In Galicia
arc on the defensive and that their
active operations ure chiefly counter
attacks. The Russians claim slight
progress on the left bank of the
lower San. It is said that all the
Austro-German assault* in the south
east hav; .been repulsed.
Constantinople, May 24.-Number
of British and French troops lsnded
along the Dardanelles has been in
creased to 90,000 by additional de
barkation. About 40,000 troops ashore
arc reported Incapacitated by ill
ness. Original landing force is esti
mated at 60,000.
Van Believed by Kussians.
Tiflls. Trans Caucasia, May 24.
Russians occupied Van, Asiatic Tur
key, relieving the besieged Armen
ians. The Turks retreated toward
Van has boen the scone of persecu
tion of Armenians by Turks and
Kruds for months.
Typhim Rage? In Urnmiah.
London. May 24.-JDelajvd des
patches from riflis tell of an epide
mic of'typhus which ls raging in the
town of Urumiah, in Azerbaijan pro
vince, Persia, and the district sur
rounding the town. The staff of the
American Presbyterian rn les lon at
Drumiah are combating the disease,
which has practically filled the town
with sick, and several hundred pa
tients are housed In the mission quar
ters. A number of the members of
the mission staff, including Dr. Har
ry P. Packard of Denver, Colo., are
ill with the disease.
The Armenians who fortified them
selves on the outskirts ot the city of
Vat. are still holding out against the
Kurds, according to the despatches.
Large forces of Turkish troops are
menacing Tabriz, capital ot the pro
vince ot Azerbaijan, apparently with
the object of intimidating the Per
Berlin, May 24,-Naval observers
believe that the Bucharest dispatch
refers to the Russian battleship Pan
telimon and that tbe name in the
Bucharest dispatch is erroneous.
The Pan4elimon is put down in the
naval reference books as having a
complement of 40 men; but in war
the number might be Increased COO
Bld?<ibiy. The Pantelimon was built
in 1507. She displaced 12,582 bons
and carried, four 12-inch gunn,* IC
slx-in' <i guns besides smaller arma
AND TORPEDO BOATS
MEET ON BORDER
Germans Moving Troops, Heavy
Artillery and Aircraft to
Strike Crushing Blow. ?
London, May 24.-Little time bas
elapsed between the decianttlon of
war between Austria lad Italy, and
the opening of actual, hostilities. Ann-.
trian aeroplanes, destroyer? and tor
pedo boats have attacked the Adriatic
coast at Italian pointa and hare bom
barded Venice and other cities. The.
Italian and Austrian advance guards
have exchanged shots le Tyrol, on the
The campaign plan has not been
disclosed, but it is generally believed
lt will be attempted discourage Italy
by Inflicting a quick, decisive defeat, *
largely'by Germane under von Hin
vQenuim tropos, heavy artillery,
aeroplanes anti Zeppelins are alPoudy
inarm' towi?^*Tr%r?na to de.i
fierce, rapid blows at the Italian cen
ter. The Germans probably believe
this would check the Italian advance
from Venice province, where the flat
country wo'ild give the Italians a bet
ter chance for success.
Italy ls bitterly denounced through
out Germar y, and Austria. She is.
Placed with England as ? most hated
enemy. Italy's Interventions ls hill
ed with delight In allied countries.
Rumania, Bulgaria and Greece have
not moved. Bulgaria' reiterates she
will remain neutral unless directly
affected. The Turkish atrisure of Bul?
garlan raliway cars loaded with Bul
garian goods may draw Bulgaria into
the war. Sofia baa protested. .
Ambassador to Austria Leaves.
Vienna, May 24.-The Duke ot
Avarua, the Italian ambassador to
Austria, with his staff, left for Italy
Von Buelow Leaves.
London, May 24.-A Rome news
dispatch says Prince Von Buelow,
German abassador to Italy, accom
panied by the Princess Von Buelow,
ind all German representtlves to the
riulrinnl vatican left Rome by train
Italian Consul Killed.
London, May 24.-An Odessa news
dispatch says the Italian consul at '
Constantinople has been killed.
Petrograd. May 24.- Italy's de
claration of war on Austria waa cele
brated by a big demonstration here.
Vast crowds ot men aol women
marched' through the streets and etop .
oed traffic until midnight.
SUNK BY GERMANS
Submarine Attempted to Sink
Boat Which Resetted Crow
of Sinking Steamer.
New Castle, Eng., May 24.-Tbs
Norwegian steamer Minerva was sunk
>y a German submarine. Saturday
light. The steamer Irla landed the
?rew her? tonight. The captain of
he Iris reported that after he rescued
he Minerva's crew the submarino
ried to sink his vessel, the torpedo
larrowly missing the iris. Tu Min
na waa bound from South Sinelda to
TA LY IT* AOBEBMEHT
NOT TO MAKE ft EPA RAT* PEACE
London. May 24.-Italy ?s given
ter adhcrsion to eb? agreement al
cady signed by Great Pr?gte, Vts&ee
nd Puesta, not to conclude separate
The signature ot a formal document
a this effect la Imminent;/
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