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Bain Wednesday; Thursday fair and
Loral Cotton.8 ;-8c
ANDERSON, S. C. WEDNESDAY MORNING, JUNE 2, 1915.
PRESIDENT NOW PREPARING
NOTE TO BE SENT THIS
Cabinet Thinks Good WU1 of U.
S. Was Disregarded by
Washington, June 1.-President
Wilson determined today that the
United States must ascertain definitely
and promptly from Germany whether
that country intends in the future to
be guided by the accepted principles
of . International law and rights of
neutrals, or to follow it's own rules
of maritime warfare. v ..
The president listed the varied exr
Sressions of opinion at a meeting' of
ie cabinet, taking little part in the
discussion himself. Later ho began
the* preparation of a note to be dis
patched before the end of the week,
embodyin ; his own ideas and what
seemed to him to be the concensus
o' hlo official family.
The verdict of the majority of the
cabinet was that Germany's reply to
the Lusitania note was unresponsive,
and unsatisfactory, disregarding the
1 good will of the United States, doubt
ing- tts facts ^-*ntt'~ tnsc?lmtug' ' alt
blame for the destruction of mer
- chantmen with American lives.
The question of the facts raised by
Germany is regarded as irreveiant at
this time. It was the trend of opinion
that the United States must learn
whether Germany Intends to recog
nize the hitherto accepted principle
that neutrals may travel anywhere
on the high seas on unarmed mer
chantmen, even if they xarry contra
bond and that merchantmen not re
stating capture must be visited, and
searched and crew transferred to a
place o' safety before the vessel is
destroyed. An unfavorable answer to
this Inquiry would lead, lt was pre
dicted In official quarters, to a sever
ence of diplomatic relations on the
ground that the United States could
not continue intercourse with a gov
ernment which repudiated these prin
Count von Bernstorff. the German
ambassador, who will see tho presi
dent tomorrow declined tonight to
Bsy what he proposed to discuss. The
ambassador sought the Interview.
No announcements were made after
the cabinet adjourned. Expressions
ot confidence In the president came
In telegrams from all parts of the
country today. Officials reiterated
the United States bas absolute" proof
that the Lusitania was unarmed.
Washington, June 1.-Preparations
of a second note to German begun
and a warning statement to factions
in Mexico were completed after more
than two hours' discussion by Presi
dent Wilson and cabinet today over,
international problems confronting
nie United States.
No announcement was made nt the
close of the meeting ft-vt her than the
president's statement warning Mex
ican leaders to improve conditions
will be made public tomorrow morn
Al the cabinet officers are espe
cially reserved over What haa been
esJd about Germany's reply to tho
Lusitania note. It ls generally un
derstood, however, that while do final
conclusion was reached the govern
ment's course will be shaped by to
night or tomorrow.
. The prevailing helfet, after the
meeting, was -that the note probably
would be very brief, will be dispatch
ed to Germany asking whether the
Imperial government intends by tts
note to disregard '.the fundemental
principles ofi international law. It
Germany's answer to that indicates
unwillingness to recognise what has
been hitherto regarded universally as
accepted principles of based customs.
and the laws of humanity, the United
States probably will sever diplomatic
relations with Germany
Unless Count. Bernstorff, German
ambassador, who sees the president
tomorrow, brings some new proposal,
differing from the German note, it
I? believed tn -well informed quarters
tbst his visit will not affect the char
acter of the ncie American note.
Riot* te Mexico.
Washington. June 1.-Bread riots
continue tn Mosteo City and the sit
uation tn growing more desperate ac
rordtsc to foreigners reaching Vera
Crus from tho capital.
U. C. VETERANS^
PLAHSFOR U S.
APPLAUD SPEAKERS WHO
EXPRESSED HOPES FOR
In Spite of Rein Crowds Heard
Addresses of Welcome by
Gov. Stuart and Others.
Richmond, June I.-Thousands of
veterans, attending thc twenty-fifth
annual reunion, of United Confed?rate
Veterans v;hlch opened here today,
cheered thc hope expressed by their
leaders that thc peace In . America
will not bo disturbed by Ute European
war* " JEbey_jeititratr,rt. t liftlr loyalty, to
the nation, and pledges of support to
the president in any crisis.
Frequent references to thn European
war were made at the convention ot
United Sons of Confederate Veterans,
which pledged support to nresident in
upholding the nation's honor.
The widow or General U. S.
Stuart, who attended, waa given an
General George P. Harrison, of Ala
bama. presided In the absence of Com
mander-in-Chief Rennett H. Young,
who is ill. It was reported to'iJght
that (fen. Young will bo re-eioctei.
Governor Stuart of Virginia and oth
ers welcomed the veterans. There
was heavy rain today, but promises
of fair skies tomorrow.
Richmond, June 1.-The United
Confederate Veterana began their
twenty-fifth annual, convention here
this morning. They were welcomed
by Governor Stuart and Mayor Gooree
Ainslee. The ceremonies will robra
a climax Thursday with the laying
of tho cornerstone of teh monument
to Gen. Stonewall Jackson. Gen. J. T.
Brown, commanding the Virginia di
vision, made- the opening address to
day. Judge D. G. Tyler also spioke.
The convention was then turned over
to Cen. Geo. P. Harrison of Alabama,
designated to preside tn the absence
of Commander-in-Chief Bennet II.
Young, who ls sick. Judge G. L.
Christian of Richmond, read Gen.
Young's annual address, which tho
LAKE IO GULF ROUTE
PROPOSED 8Y SHELDON
President University of Georgia
Says Railroad? Have Ad
Chlcsgo. June 1.-Walter I. Flsh-t
er, former secretary of thc interior.
Governor Dunne of Ulllnotn. and Wil
liam A. Shelton of the University of
Georgia, were speakers tonlgh. at a
conference of the Western Economic
Society regarding the proposed Lake
to Gulf waterway for which tho Illi
nois legislature appropriated five mil
lie ft dollars for ari eight foot channel
fro.,1 Lockport to Utica, Illinois.
Shelton took the position that the
proposed watorway would be nothing
but a wasteful failure. He declared
that river traffic cannot compete with
rall traffic, which, he said, was de
monstrated by tho way railroads have
driven freight off tho Mississippi and
Ohio Rivers. Efforts have been made
from time to time to revjve the sid
water routes. Shelton aaid, but each
attempt proved a financial failure,
Austrian Lessee. j
Genoa, June 1.-Austrian losses-In
the first week of the war with Italy
wore 5,800 In killed, wounded and cap
tured, according to The Trlbusa.
These are enumerated aa 1,8000 killed,
8,000 wounded and 1,000 captured.
RAID ON LONDON;
NINETY BOMBS DROPPED BY
AIRMEN WHILE POPU
LACE SLEPT ?*
No Evidence to Show Fire? Were
Caused by Bombs-People
London.' June 1.-Ninety bomb9
were dropped in a raid on London
last night by Zeppelins as a result
or which - four persona were killed
and a Tew injured: No public huild
ings were daipaged. ? This- infornm
tion xwas officially announced todny.
: The .geppplin raid on..Ix?u^n..la?t
night resulted in recrudesence on
Rnti-Oerman demonstrations today.
Crowds attacked German shops. Spc-'
city constables were called out.
London, June 1.-Zeppelin air
ships, long expected, reached London
last night, but thc city's several mil
lion inhabitants slept peacefully
through the raid and all they kuow
today of thc visit are brief facts
contained in the admiralty statement.
Official announcement says the raid
ers flew over certain outlying ?cc
tlons of city, and makes mention also
of numerous fires, which they say,
may not have been connected with
The Austrian city of Rovereto.
whose elaborate defenses are relied
on to check Italian troops tvom ad
vancing up the Adige river valley,
besieging Trent, are now threatened
by invaders. Kovereto Hes thirteen
miles south of Trent, tho .capture
of which is one of Italy's great ob
jectives. Officiais at Home's state
mnnt says thc Italians have occupied
the important height of Zugnj., wheih
dominates Rovereto. Other import
ant Italian moves across tho eastern
border, which have the capture of
Tries! as the apparent objective,
havo been slowed up by swollen riv
ers, but the official statement says
progress is being made.
Notwithstanding lack ot complete
reports, it is apparent fighting he
tween Rosiens and Austro-Gcrmans
Is still proceeding along the San
river In tho vicinity of Przomvsl.
Austria. There has been neither
confirmation, nor-danial of reported
Russian successes there.
Serbia apparently has begun a new
campaign. Its army having been re
organised during thc long lull since
active hosUIitlcs have been under
way. An Austrian battalion, dis
persed by Serbian artillery, indicates
P.at the (Serbians arc activo along
the Albanian front.
Calling I.nst Reserves.
Amsterdam. Holland. June 1.
The I-ilchsanzciger ot norlin has
puhllnshed an order calling to the
color? all flrRt clans members of
the Landstrum, or the final reserve
forces not previously summoned. This
order does not applv to llagarla.
Germans in Germany must report
betwoen June 8 and June 10, and
Germans outside of Germany as soon
Tennessee Clubs are Dry.
Nashville. Tenn., June 1.-At mid
night last night, Tennessee's new law
which prohibits social or fraternal
clubs from dispensing intoxicants br
maintaining lockers for storing liq
uors became effective. Local clubs
generally are preparing tn submit to
the new statute, though there has
been indefinite rumors of a test of
the law somewhere in the State.
HTC. Law AncuUTd.
Washington; June 1.-The supreme
court' todav annulled so far as it ap
plies tn into rattan commerc? tho
South Carolina law penalising rail
road companies $K0 for failure tn par
within rorty days claims for loss of
I Italy's "Big Fh
GENERAL OANEV/V. RANKING
SENEGAL o/" AJSM>f.
The attention of the world ?a to- '
?lay focussed on five dien, the "Big
Five." of Italy-Premier Antonio Kal
andra; General Conic Luigi Cadornu, ?
eh lof of stuff ot the army; Prince!
I^uis of Savoy, Puke or the Abruzzl
admiral of thc battle fleet. Baron Kid
ney Sonnino. minister of foreign af
fairs. General ''aneva, commander
of the army.
It would be hard to find [ive more i
interesting personalities than these in
whom Italy bas placed her talc in
the war against Austria.
To the Duke ot thc Ahruz/.i, weil
known to the American public because
of his romance with Miss- Katherine
Elkins, Italy look.s- to rctrievo thc
naval disaster on the Adriatic coas;
at Lissa in 1986. Then Austria, with .
inferior numbera of an ill equipped
squadron, struck Italy a crushing'
blow which lias left Its mark upon
Italian naval prestige up to the
General Luigi Cadorna, bead of
thc Italian land forces, comes of a,
family of soldiers. His father Gen
eral Copts Haffaele Cadorna entered
Rome with an army In 1S70 at thc
confiscation of thc Papal state and
the ove-throwal o? the temporal
power of the church. The present
chief of staff of thc Italian army waa
then a lieutenant in it fa lathcr'p army.
One brother, ('ario, was once minister
of war and a great advocate of tho
free church. Another brother is a
division general in the army today.
Conto Cadorna was born, Sept. 1, '
1850, at Ballanda, Lake Magglore. tn
northern Ital v. His motlier was the
Countess Cit mont Ina Soppi, a noted ?
beauty of her day. At eighteen tho
young Cont? was a lieutenant and i
later become colonel of tho famous'
Raid Resulted in Renewal of At- I
tacks on Germans in Eng
_:_ ? i
London. June 1.-Germana an
nounce the Zeppelin r?id over London I
last night was a reprisal for tho re
cent bombardment by allied aviators 1
of LudwigRhnfen. Tho raid resulted I
in a renewal of attacks by mobs on i
German business houses in English .
Sieks Ie Trieste (?alf.
London, Jun?- 1.- A Vienna dis
patch received by wlreles strom Ber
lin says: "A large foreign ? steamer t
?truck a mine during Hie night In tho t
entra?e2 to tho Gulf of Trieste and -t
ie" in the War
R l?R* j \ \ DUKE
|? ^ 1 //?rABRL'lZl
S?L,, I RANKING
i Bj / / ^^A*
[ffltft^ y^tw vy BARON SONNING)
tenth regiment of L'en-.agllorl infan
Senora] Luigi Cadorna ls noted as
a great disciplinarian, lie lias writ
ten many books <?u military subjects.
He wrote particularly of thc Franco
Prussian war of 1870.
Signor Antonio Balandra, premier
of lta!y, is nut an aristocrat hv
bi rfu. -ll" was trained for tho law
and lias spent thirty year:* BM un
active participant hi pnrii-ime ?nary
affairs. Ho was Hie leader of his
party In thc chamber of deputies Tor
many years and once served as nillir
Istcr of finance, ll'- was failed to'thc
premiership in Mareil. IOU, on tho
resignation of thc Giotltti cabinet.
Balandra is a great orator and a
gnat hailer. After bis as?ohdcnco
to the premiership he was confronted
with many trying Internal problems.
He manoeuvred i.o cleverly as to
suppress the rising of Socialists, and
nt the same time, gain I loir support.
He settled the big railroad str?ce.
liaron Sidney, Bonn ino, the foreign
secretary, w;*s oni e premie.--and Bal
andra waa one of his most ardent
supporters. Sohnino is a Jew hy
race, a Protestant by faith ?nu a
native of ijgypt. Horn ?in the hanks
of the Niln of, nn English mother,
he received tho greater part ol his
education lu Great Britain. Harem
Sou nt no's pate pal grandfather mi
grated from the ghetto of Legtiorn,
Italy, to Egypt, where hg built up a.i
enormous fortune as a hankel.
Tite army will bo under the direct
command of General Can OVA, who
led toe Italian forres in the connuert
of Tri'xdl. General Canev? ls the
only living "generale d?livrer n Ito,*' a
title which ls granted only In time
of actual war. ile v.on the honor hy
his Tripoli campaign.
GETS TWO YEARS
Caused Death of Woman by Au*
tomobile Last March
Baltimore, .lune 1.-Jame Walsh.
? wealthy clubman anti president of
nutomoblio company was sentenced
today to two years in thc penitentiary
Tor causing rite death of a woman his
ni tomobile atruck last March. Sev
eral wltncaftcs testified Walsh was un
ter the tnfltioiice of liquor at the time
it the accident.
\<ui-frat Law t'pheld.
Washington. June I.-The constitu
tionality of thc Mississippi antl-fra
ernlty lnw waa upheld today hy the
supreme court lu a unanimous- decl
REPORT CAPTURE OF STRY
Claim Campaign Throughout Gal
icia is Favorable to Teutonic
London. June t.-Tn tho fare af yes
terday's Russian claims thal th? Aus
tro-Qerman grip on Prsthyal had bren
broken and that thc offensive in tho
"asl Qalicin str-'KKli? liad passed to
tiu> Russian.., dame thc Gorman and
Austrian olliclnl .statcinentn tonight
asserting Uiat Austro-Gorman troops
had boen successful to tho north and,
northeast of tho fortress. They
idaitn the forts girdling it to thc north
have fallen into their hands, while
to tho southeast they have wrested
Stry from the Russians.
The Aust ro-Gormuns HBy campaigns
aro running m their favor everywhere
In tho eastern zone from I.ihau to
tile Bouthornmost tip of the Galicien
^hattie, linea Tt fn n4>narfinft <h'ilt fhn .
Russians, slnco hoing forced back to
San have boen getting iieavv rein
forcements In hopo of averting tho
fall of t'rztnysl, but the Austro-Gor
mnns undeterred by Stupendous losses,
have shown little disposition to ficcept
British critics seemed premnture in
saying the German thrust had defin
itely failed. \o important battle?
reported tn other sections.
TOOK MOV'NG PK TURFS.
.NN NOK ATTACK ON SHIP
Nantes, June I.-The captain of the
throe master Chateaubriand of Nan
tes, sunk by a German submarine oh*
the Isle of Wright., declares that a
cinematograph operator photographed
the different phases of the attack and
*'ukln? of the Chateaubriand from
the platform of tho submarine.
The crew of the General de Sonls
that escaped from a submarine h is
also arrived here. Their ship was
being towed by tho steamer Homer
when the submarine appeared. Tho
Homer severed the cable and trid to
ram tho submarine.
GUNS AT U. S. PORT
Breech Locks and Loading Mech
Port Townsend. Washington, Juno
1.-It was disclosed today that an
attempt was nindo recently to put tho
big guns at Kort Worden and Fort
Flagler. guardnig the Puget Sound
entrance, out of commission. Breech
blocks of four guns were removed and
loadnig machines damaged.
All visitors have been barred from
the forts of this district. It I'; also re
ported that Fort Worden has been
photographed tn detail by persons en
tering tho grounds surreptitiously.
The photographs showed the location
of big guns and hidden batteries.
Chattanooga. Juno 1.-Charles E.
James, president and director of the
Dixie Highway Association, tonight
forwarded a letter to tho chairman and
members of the commission tendering
its resignation, .tames declared the
commission exceeded its authority in
.iesignatlng more than one route
through any Slate for proposed road.
Julius Baumgarten Dead.
Washington, June 1.-Julius Baum
garten, who designed tho great seat
nf the southern Confederacy, died
at bis homo here last night at the
-.??? nf gfi. He w?e an engraver and
designer by trade, and before he
wont to richmond, tn civil war
times, was In business in Philadel
phia and Baltimore.
CABINET GIVES APPROVAL
TO PLATv? OF PRESI
DENT v Ul >ON
U. S. Will Stop at Nothing to.
Relieve People bf Easting
Washington, June 1.-President
Wi I con nnd hin cabinet today adopted
a new Mexican policy. Its object ts
?lie restoration of order, the relict ot
millions of non-combatants from de
vastation by Mexico's military ele
ments which have produced condi
tions described as intolerable.
Tile president read to the cabinet
a statement to be communicated to-'
monow to the leaders ot all .Mexi
can factions, serving notice that un
ie us they compose the situation the
United SUtes will find other mesas
to bring about establishment of a
Btahin gnTwramcjrt. ? JHHsj iWray*
was approved after a prolongea ats?
The United States* specific course
in tho event the contending factions
fall to acree was not outlined in the
Thc administration's present pur
pose in to give normal support to a
coalition of tho best elements in
Mexico and accord, the government
thereby created formal recognition.
Such recognition would bring an
embargo on arms, permitting the con
stituted government to receive muni
tions to exclusion of all other fac
Tho government's intention ls to
Insist on a settlement is not swayed
by thc possible necessity of interven
tion. In high executive quarters
confidence prevails that the expres
sion of the American government's
mitude will clear mis-apprehensions,
which have existed in Mexico as to
lt's intentions, and bring about the
I":.ired coalition government.
The administration's policy te the
Elimination of several weeks confer
?nces. The presidents statement wilt
JO issued tomorrow.
WALKER WHITE HELD
FOR HOLCOMBE S DEATH
Slayer Suffers Relapse Upon
Learning of Death ol
Greenville, June 1.-The sudden
leath of Chief of Police James E.
Holcombe Sunday night and the in
criminating verdict of the corona/s
lury today, la believed to have brough:
thout the relapse In tho condition of
Walker White, who. if he Uves, wtll
ie tried for the murder of Green
,11 le'? efficient head officer. At th?
?tty hospital, where he has Iain since
he el?venla day of May following his
leapers te encounter with Chief Hol
combe and other policemen at Caro
ma mill village, White Seemed dazed
ooking vacantly, about the room. Th?
tews that Holcombe had passed away
?hook the rigidity of his repose.
The postmortem examination upon
he body of J. E. Holcombe, yester-.
lay. revealed five -?ounds. Dr. T. R.
V. Wilson. M. D.. who waa in charge
if the examination which lasted sev
rai hours, reported to the acting
oroner and'his Jury, this morning,
hat the probable cause of death was
he lodging of a small aft embolus in
easel in some vital portion ot the
WOOF MOVEMENTS WE EB
STOPPER BT SUBMARINE
london, June I.-Ah Athene dis
atch says the transportation of Tur
tah troops to Dardanelles bas bean tn*
irrupted by cperaUona of a BriUsh
ubmarlnc cruising before ConstanU