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THE CLIMAX HAS BEEN REACHED
One $8.00 Hat Trunk.$4.00
AH 25c Hosiery, pair.10c
$3.50 and $4.00 Ladies REGINA
SHOES and OXFORDS, pair. . .$1.50
P. Ccntemerie & Co's Kid Cloves
for Ladies nnd Gentlemen, worth up to
$1.50 pair. We sell them for, pair. . 50c
OUR LEASE EXPIRES ON AUGUST 31st
We still have some desirable merchandise that we will sell you at practically your own price. We
don't ask you COST, or 75c on the dollar; 50c on the dellar, or half price, will buy any of the goods
mentioned below. Curtain Poles? Spool Silk? Royal Society Embroidery floss, Linen Thread. Hassocks,
Window Shades, K & E Blouses, Furs, Skirts, Misses Coats, Childrens Coats, White Wool Flannel,
Ladies winter Underwear, Childrens winter Underwear, White wool goods, Childrens Sweaters, Mens
Kid Gloves, Womens Kid Gloves, Dress goods, Vel vets, Dress Trimmings, laces, Embroideries, Hos
iery, Reubens Underwear for infants, Wool Ingrain Carpets, Crex Mattings, Handkerchiefs, Buttons,
and numerous Notions.
OSBORNE & PEARSON
ANDERSON, S. C.
Another big cut in prices takes effect,
it is not what we want for the goods,
bot what we can get. Come in and
see what an opport'tnfty to save real
mercy wc are offering; make us a price
on anything you want, and if it is any
where near half price, we will un
doubtdly trade. Thc goods simply
MUST BE SOLD at some pries or
other. Wont you come in one day
this week, and lets talks it over?
REVIEW OF FIRST YEAR
OF EUROPEAN CONFLICT
(CONIINUKI) PROM PACK POUR.)
Soissous, while calling forlh sunrome
efforts, did not iiiutorially change thc
relativo posKions of the antagonists,
along thc front of nearly 300 miles.
On the eastern iront Russia faces
Germany and Austria-Hungary. Hut?
slan armies invaded Galicia and Bu
kowina, capturing most ofHae for
mer province, but lost the greater
part of this territory as a result of
Field Marshal von Mackchscn's groat
drive from Cracow. Thc Germans
invaded Russian Poland, and their at
tempts to capture Warsaw -led to
some of tho deadliest fighting of the
war. In time thc ctrugglo here set
tled.' down to t -cncii warfare, much 'na
in tho west, with Germany retaining'
a largo part J: 1'jssian Poland. Ru~
8km invasion*, of East Prussia rcsultt
ed in disastrous defeats. Further
north, thc Germans swept imo the
Baltic provinces of Russia, capturing
Libau, on the sea. The unpreceden
ted extension of battle lines which
this war lias witnessed reached its
most remarkable exemplification in
tliis campaign, in.wh.'.cb tho,front has
been draw ii out more than GOO miles,
from-tJie llaltio to Bukowina.
Italy, after ten months of Jincer
tainty, began war wit'a Austria-Hun
yar, in May, and has occupied a fringe
of Austrian territory in thc mountain
ous region to t?ie north. Trent and
TriC8t are tho objectives of the Ital
ian campaign. Owing to the difficult
naturo of the ground, neither of tho
antagonists lias mada much headway.
On thc Gallipoli peninsula, In t.ic
Dardanelles and in tho Bosphorus.
Turkey, aided by her Teutonic allies,
i'i at war with Franco, Groat Britain
and Russia, with possession of Con
stantinople as thc great stake. Fol
lowing thc failure of the naval assault
on xho Dardanelles by an Anglo
French fleet;, troops wore landed on
tho peninsula. Few details of this
campaign aro available, and little is
known beyond thc fact that th efight
ing has boen particularly severe, and
that thc Allies have occupied and re
tained the tip of tho peninsula.
Serbia and Montenegro, thc former
assisted by British troops. arc at war
with Austria-Hungary. Thc Austrian
invasion of Serbia ended in failure.
On the Montenegrin front there l-ae
been ouly desultory fighting. Both
Serbia and Montenegrp have recently
invaded Albania, with thc object ot
obtaining ports on the sea.
^ On Asiatic soU. Russia is at war
wlh Turkey in <the Black Poa region.
Neither side bas employed largo num
bers of troops In this camprlgn.
There has been lighting in the Cauca
sus and Perola, with no groat accom
pllshments. Further south, In Moso
pot amia, til ore has been sporadic
fighting between Turkey ani British
troops. Turkey sent an anny to nt
tack the Suez Canal, but tho main
body of troops failed to reach its ob
In Africa French and British troops
occuDietl Togoland and part of the
Kamerun, German possessions. \
British attack on Gc ramil East Africa
The insular possessions of Germany
in the Pacific wero captured by Groat
Britain and Japan.
Tsing-tau, the German fortress in
Clilna, was captured by thc Japanese,
aided by a nritlsh contingent.
On thc seas there have been no
great battles. Great Britain's su
premacy, owing to the overwhelming
size of her fleet, has not been dispute 1
to thc ultimate issue, tho main Ger
man fleet having remained in homo
waters. Two Gorman cruisers which
were In the Meditteranean when v/ar
began .went to the Dardanelles, and
wore acquired by Turkey. A few
German' cruisers and converted roe
ehantmeo, including the famous Em
den, and thc Karlsruhe. Kronprinz
Wilhelm and Prinz Eitel Friedrich,
raided shipping - f t':e allies for a
time, but wero eventually sunk or
forced to Intern In neutral ports.
Tho Austro-Hungarian fleet lins re
mained In the Adriatic and the Tur
kish fleet has been kept from fho Ae
gean. Germany's merchant marine
has been swept from the seas. .
There have bpen several naval bat
tles of importance, however. In the
first mont i of the war Rear Admiral
Bea:ty's squadron dashed Into Helgo
land Bight, near the great German i
naval station, and sank three German 1
cruiserp and two torpedo boat des
troyers. In January occurred a bat
tle In tho North Sea between British
warships and a German squadron
which presumably was attempting a
raid on thc English coast. In this
battle th? German cruiser Bleucher
Tile German Far East Squadron de
feated Vice Admiral Cradock's British
squadron off tho Chilean coast on No
vember 1. sinking thc Good Hope nnd
Monmouth. Thc British obtained their
revenge In December when, off thc
Falkland Islands, a powerful British
squadron defeated thc Geraipns, sink
ing thc Scharnhorst. Gnolsci.au, Leip
Gprman squadrons have twice at
tacked thc English coast, causing
some loss of life and damage to pro
perty. English towns including i .na
tion have also been attacked by Ger
man aircraft, which have made sever
al successful trips across tho North
Soa, raiding points on the east coast.
Methods of fighting havo been al
tered radically in consequence of the
lessons learned In tho .first year of
the war. lt has been pre-eminently
a war of machines. Tho resources
afforded by modern scientific devel
opment have boen taxed to devise now
instruments of deat:j and destruction
more potent than ov):r had been em
ployed. It has been also n war of
surprises. Now problems havo arisen
In Hardhrvarcr-Stove Ware-Aluminum Ware
--Cook Stoves-Heating Stoves-Heating
Plants-Plumbing Outfits-Heating a n d
Pulmbing Repair?-Automobile Accessories
-Farm Supplies and Machinery of all kinds.
The Best lines at the Best Prices and Prompt
Anderson Hardware Company
215-217 E. Whitner Street Or Phone 253.
"We Deliver the Goods."
necessitating recoutructlon of Uto
theory of war. Plans and HM thuds
heretofore approved by authorities on
military affairs were discarded, and
thc staffs of the various armies were
compelled to grapple with sit'u-tlons
for wbch there was no precedent.
Tuc tiret great surprise of thc war
was thc German 42-contlineter (IC
I- 2 Inch) guu, which hurls furls onie
some- fifteen miles a shell weighing
almost a ton. ? Tho great fortifica
Hons which" were the prido of Bel
gium, and believed tu bc almost Im
pregnable, were battered into ruins
by these guns in a comparatively
short time. Two of these guns, sta
tioned 10 miles from Antwerp, wreck
ed' its elaborate defense works.
Liege and Namur foll similarly.
The usc of artillery and mac.inc
guns, in fact, has been one of the
principal features of thc war. Great
execution was done by tho new Krupp
II- inch howitzer weighing nearly 40
tons, with a 6-mile radius. Thc Aus
trian 12-inch howitzer also' has prov
ed exceptionally eiliclent. The Pren ci j
75-millimeter gun is regarded as one
of the most effective field pieces.
On all the European battlefields ar
tillery has been tho main reliance of
the various armies. Trenches bristle
with machine guns, which military
j men say bid fair to relegate Hie rfle
; to a secondary place. \t was with
j artillery (Lat toe Austrc-Gctnuau
forces blasted their way across Gall
cia a few weeks ago, nicking what
was said to bo the greatest concentra
tion of heavy and. light ii ld pieces
lever seen. With artillery he .British
won at Neuve Chapelle, thc Germans
j at Soissons. Every considerable
(movement of infantry.Is proceeded by
a heavy artillery bombardment, and
frequently the Infantry has llttlo more
to do than occupy b te positiour. of thc
enemy ' made untenable by artillery
The deadliness of machino guns
necessitated recourse to trenches, for
no troops in exposed positions could
live within the range of the rapid
il rc rs. Consequently trench warfare
has developed to an extent never be
fore seen. Whole armies moved into
underground qarters, with elaborate
labyrinths of passages and subterra
nean living and sleeping quarters.
The result of machine warfare wa^
tho uso of ammunition on a scale for
which the world was unprepared.
England recognised it was her great
est problem and made David Lloyd
Gcorgo Minister of Munitions, with
power to mobilize tho nation's work
ers for the production of war muni
tions ou a colossal scale. Franco took
similar measures. Italy, which had
ten monti is to preparo for -war. found
it necessary af.'cr two months of
fighting to appoint by royal decree a
supremo committee to increase the
production of munitions. The battle
of Neuve Chapelle alone ls said to
?iave cost the BrKlBh Um expenditure
cf more powder than thc entiro -Boer
One result of the development of
this form of warfare ls ti io eclipso of
cavalry as one of the principal arms
of tho service. Cavalry is still u.-ed
to a small extent on tho eastern front,
but Its employment in Fra ice virtual
ly has been abandoned. Thc cavalry
men have been dismounted and placed
in thc trenches.
Almost as conspicuous: ls the .?de
velopment ot submarino warfare?
The remarkable exploits of subma
rines have proved Wi oh* efficiency BO
; thoroue-My that already tho suprema
cy of battleships has been challlh&ed.
Germany, compelled to roly- chiefly
on these craft for her marine activi
ties has gained trie greatest success
with them. Their fi rt larc? achieve
ment was the torpedoing and sinking
by -one submarine winbin ari hour of
the British cruisers Cressy. Aboukir
and Bogue in the North Sea in Sep
tember. Sit co Mat tim ehuiidre's of
vessel?, warships and merchantmen,
''have been sent to the bottom, in the
North Sea. the Baltic, the English
Channel, the Adriatic, and - at the
Dardanelles. From all causes more
t'-an r.oo- vessels have been destroyed.
England has been the the greatest
sufferer, by reason of her preponder
ance of shipping and also on account
of the German governemnt'* attempt
? to blockade that country following
tho declaration cf a war sone around
the British Isles last February.
In ance, speed and cruising rad hu
the norn' type of submarines far ex
ceed the earlier mall vessels, des'gn
?4 primarily for coast defense. Ger
many's new rubmartnes are as loni
as a good sized cruiser. Captain Otu
Horsing took tnc ?-15 about -I.Ou? j
miles from Wilhelnisiun in pas! Gl
laaltar? through'tho Mediterranean
and to tl?c Dardanelles, whore it tor- I
pcdocd the l-rithh battleships Tri- j
umpli and Majestic, ami proceeded to
Constantinople. The voyage from
Wilhelmshaven to lae Dardanelles re
quired ono month.
Tito aeroplane, almost an unknown
quantity at the beginning of thc war
so far as its military value was con
cerned, has proved its practicability
so thoroughly that lt must bc rated
with the submarino and thc heavy Rim
as one of t.!ie great features of the
great features of thlTwar. In fact, lt
bas exercised a dominating influence
over land operations, and to its use
perhaps moro than any other single
factor may bc ascribed thc deadlock
month after month in tl. j principal
ficIdB of battlo. It has rendered price
less service in reconnoitering, taking
the placo of cavalry. It ha3 cnur.cil
a revision of the tactics and strategy
of war ?Crlal observers. Hying over?
thc opposing line?, ure ublo to dis*
cover movements of any large bodies
of troops, rendering t>.at form of
strategy based on sumrlse attacks or
quick movements In force impossible.
Aeroplanes also have ' been of great
value in locating enemy, .positions, en
abling the artillery to get ?ho range
and tire accurately on liie. unseen foe,.
Dirigible balloons'aisa 'hre employ
ed, but to a much leis extent, al
though Germany still, is constructing
Zeppelins and has used timm effect
ively for long dis.ano. raids they arc
generally regarded as less valuable
Uyau the aeroplanes. '
Automobiles aro used' to an enor
mous extent, all private machines
being reqhlstlonc-d in some of tho
countries at war. in-ionic Instances
great numbers of automobiles i.nve
bosh utilized for vapid transportation
of troops. Their main service, how
ever, ls in the handling of food sup
ples and ammunition. Armorel au
tomobiles, armed willi machine guns
or light held nieces aluo have been
Many ucw weapons ,of war have
been tested with varying degrees of
success. Poisonous gasses, projected
from tunks Ino trenches, n- o reported
to have enabled their users to cap
ture opposing positions' In several
minor engagements. St'eol darts and
incendiary bombs dropped from aero
planes, and new types of hand gre
nades also havo becu employed, volle
in France both aides aro said to have
made use of appa: ai us for spray in;-,
burning oil. ...
Tho political effects . of the war.
Tremendous as tiiey must be, counot
yet bo gauged. The principal re
sult thus rar is the definite rupture ot
tho traditional alignment, which di
vided Europe lor years !nto two al-*
I lances with a theoretical balance ot
powor: Gycat Bitnln, France ana
Russia, forming the Triplo Entente
and Germany, Austria-liangary and
Italy, constituting the Triple Alli
From the day Austria-Hungary be
came involved In serious dillie ttl I K-S
'.?Ith -Serbia there was little . doubt
Germany would support, her ally in
case Itussia adhered to her tradition
al policy' Of defending her Slavis kins
men In tho Balkans. The entrance in
tuc war of France followed as a na
tural sequence to hor alliance with
tt?KBla and Great Britain joined In
after Germany's invasion ot Belgium.
Itaiy V^aVjihus the only one of the
elx .nations concornri in the two al
liances.whir, fc'was not involved nt t\e
oUtseU*. Proclaiming hor neutrality.
Fha utilised the opportunity to seek
from Austria tho territory to tho
north of ber border which r?:o has
long desired. Falling to obtain full
ifjttief?cHon of ber demands ?he de
nounced the Triple ; Alliance and
Joined tho Allies. The Triple Enten
te, was .thus converted Into the Quad
ruple Entente, as lt ls sometimes call
Germany and Austria-Hungary
were strengthened by the adhesion of
Turkey to the Informal alliance wlt.li
Germany which had sprung up tn re
cent years and tn November Turkey
entered the war. Montenegro took
up arms with the Serbs, and r "glum,
on being invaded. Joined the Allies.
Japan, <3reat Britain's ally in the
east,-opened war on Germany, follow
ing Berlin's refusal to surrender
T?tn?:-tjMj. There ar** thus eleven
nations now at war, of which eight
lorm what are known as tile Allies.
Hiitorians are- agreed that the as*.
tCONTIrtUED ON* PAOB ?.)
I Persona) ii
+.*-<. ** * * * I- ?!? * * * A' *"H- ?.??.?.
Dr. W. ll. Frasier, pastor of tito
First Presbyterian c*hurcb, will lea?o
tomorrow for Lafayette, Ala., where
ho will spend tho month of Augu st.
Mr. and Mrs.
aro spending UK
J. Purumu Bvnna
wcok-en din Grooa
In yesterday's issue piero nppt?.nrc1
a local which stated that Mr. Leo
pold Oelsberg hud returned from At
lanta where ho was called oi/ account
of Hie death of bis sister. T is waa
a mistake. There was a loral about
Mr. Oelsberg returning from llende
goinf Ile, and. also OTC about Mr. W.
H. Kce.io returning fiom Atlantai
The operator confused the two, and
made one which caused it to read as
OKU TEAM IM DEFEATED.
Helton Won (Jame bv Score of G tb
..Tho. Orr .Mill team waa defjaatod by
the Holton team yesterday afternoon,
this score also being C and .">.
Tho batteries were: Bolton, Wari
and Snipes; Orr, Kay and McAllsUr.
AX IDEAL HOME.
Pleaf.) of Vezo laides, Viewer*, cut.
?jon Eulen d .Ministry.
Industry ur..!- t'iirllt is what our
country needs. A living example of
What may be dono In tho average mill
tillugo home nicy bu found in the
home of Mi*, and Mrs. S. K. Garri
son, 19 D street. In nddillon to rais
ing ail tho vegetables ?ho needs for
her own use. she bas sold $12 worth
besides many he has given to others'.
Her homo is ideal and Is a pattern
for otlicrs; clcau aud.iuat and uur
rour.Jed by flowers, with tho latch
string on thc outside of tho door.
Mrs. Garrison hus also a worthy
family of sons and daught?rs. Ono
son bas entered the mini'..-y prepar
ing li i ii ?elf for the same at WoiTord
Amsterdam, Holland..-A workman
employed at ..Dusseldorf ii tho man
ufacture of ammunition for th; Gor
man .anny, has averaged 17 work
ing hours a day for 26 .ty'ay?. Thisl
is considered hore a worldjs, record.
Tho luau's total earnings for the timo
were. ?0^50; about (18 cents an hour.
Ca nu in:: i tem (ms! ra tl? ti.
On Tuesday August 3, there will bo'
a penic nod canning demonstration at
-White i'lains school houso.
Eior Feel This Way!
David Grayson, writing his . s'.-iry
"Hempfleld". In thc August American
Magazine, describes au follows^,?bine
of th.? sensationii of a man in love:
"Wliy, ho, could dp anything for
lier; ho could r.lave and dig and die;
lie could bo great for lier-and lot iio
oin else know now great '?ie was! Ile
could win a battle, he could command
men, he could write thc greatest book
in thc world, und no one should know
it but Aiithy! Ob, youth, youth!"
STILL IS CAPTURED
ON SAVANNAH' RIVER
Officers From Greenville Passed
Through City Yesterday 1
Messrs. C. J. Bruce, Cia renco
Pay no and W. It. P radley, r nit ed
States doputy marshalls, passed
through tho city yesterday morning,
having with them a still which hud
been captured down on thc Savannah
Details of tim affair could not 4w
learned but from what could bo
gathered "it uceins tiiut tho ofileera
went to tho location and hid them
selves, walting and r-atching all night
for thc owner of thc still to como nod
start operations. A/ftc- the night li?d
passod off and part of thc morning,
lt wan decided to dejftroy thc ?tili anil
go on back to Greeu- ??lo.
At Oak lilli School.
Miss Jayne C. Gurlington Will bo nt
tho Oak -Hill school bonne, hear tho
Gre brillo-t-cn-M-y* liner on-"\Mtfnfliiy>J
where sha will give a canning de
Puder wont (ipr nil lon.
Mr.' Bailey Pruitt of noar Starr.' un
derwent un operation for appendicitis
yesterday morning. He was taken ill
last Wednesday and his condition has
been rather serious.
Represent the utmost service,
safety, mileage 3 nd pleasure
obtainable from an Auto-Va
TODD AUTO SHOP
Opposite The Palmetto
Oneida Community Ltd, State Souvenir
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