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ANDERSON, S. C SUNDAY MORNING, AUGUST 22, 1915. NUMBER 191.
REPORT SAYS ITALIAN AM
BASSADOR HAS ALREADY
Italy Expected to Send 150,0001
Troops and Cruisers to
ITALY DEC LA it KS VYAB.
Lernten. Aug. 21.?(B. O.
B.)?Italy has declared war
on Turkey and the Italian am- +
+ hasBador has left Constant I- *
nople. according to a Router
?4? telegram from Constantinople
via Berlin and Amsterdam to
London, Aug. 21?The reasons glv
ed for Italy's declaring war on Tur
key wero Turkish support given to the
- revolt in Libya and the prevention of
the departure of Italian residents from
Although Italy declared war on
Austria May twenty fourth, .there has'
never been declaration of war between
tttal yand Germany, nor. until now
4>etween Italy-an* Turkey": There-^iBs
oeen frlctlor 'between Italy and Tur
Irey however since soon after Italy r*
clared war on AuBtrla.
Italy claimed Turkey violated the'
treaty of Lousannc, whf" . pledged
Turkey to withdraw trooi.d from Cy
ranlca district and help secure the
submission of tbe Senussi tribesmen
in that district. Italy claims Turkey
has been tormenting the rebellion In
that district and latoly has been re
fusing to allow Italians to leave Tur
It la expected that Italy will Im
mediately . r^cd a hundred and fifty
thousand troops and a. squadron Of !
fast cruisers to aid the Ajiglc-French
attack on the Dardanelles.
Rome, Aug. 2-1.?The foreign min
ister Sonnino yesterds/ presented to
the cabinet a long report of the
Turkish situation and skid It had be
. come intolerable. The cabinet? deci
sion Is held secret..
Note to Porte.
Paris, Aug. 21.?The Italian am
bassador at Constantinople says a Ma
tin dispatch from Home, has been in
structed to baud the Port? a note ask
ing for a formal categoric statement
as to the departure of Italians from
Turkey. The note is in terms ad
mit ting of no evasion! Without being
an ultimatum calls upon the Turkish
government to answer'"yes" or "no"
as to whether or not Italians will be
permitted to leave and when.
ROOSEVELT SAYS TIME
FOR WORDS IS PAST
Declares Weak Notes of U. S.
Ha* Inspired Germany's
Oyster 'Bay. Aug. 21?Theodore
Roosevelt Issued a statement saying
be earnestly hoped the administration
will hot tako the view ,that the sever
ance of diplomatic relations with Gor
many will .adequately meet condlt
tons caused by the sinking of the Ara
btc. Ho declared the weakness with
which the United States had dealt
with Germany had Inspired Germany's
arrogance and that "The time for
words on the part of this nation has
BMGARIAf* TB00P8 _,
ON TI KKlSil FRONTIER
Naples, Aug, 21.?A- dispatch to
Mt*?lBO. from Saloniki sayai the Bul
garians has concentrated one hun
dred and fifty thousand troops on the
More Troops to Haiti.
Washington, Aug. *1-?Threo bun
dred and fifty marines are being held
In readiness to go to Haiti. Rear Ad
miral Csperton today asked that more
troops be held ia readiness. It fs be
lieved because h* fears further trou
ACTION MEANS SEIZED CARG<
FOR?ENGLAND TO BUY
TO STEADY MARKE.T
London, Aug. 21.?The foreign of
fice tonight announced that Great
Britain had declared cotton an abso
lute contraband. The London Ca
lotte prints the royal proclamation
declaring the order efTer'ive from to
day. The foreign ofllce announced
that the government proposed to In
itiate measures to relievo the depress
ion which might temporarily disturb
the cotton market because of the con
tranband order. Prance will Issue a
cotton contraband notice tomorrow.
U. 8. To Protest.
Washington, Aug. 21.?The United
States will protest against the British
BY STATE SfJ
lumbia, Aug. 21.?In an unanl-I
mpus order the justices of the '"su
preme court and the judges of the cir
cuit courts, after devoting the morn
ing to hearing the appeal of John
Henry Chappcl of Ncwberry for an
Injunction to iBsue against the prohi
bition referendum to be held on Sept.
14, dismissed tho appeal, shortly after
the session had adjourned siuc die.
It is said that the anti-prohlbltionit??s
will not further try to stop tho elec
tion, but should it carry they will car
ry It to the federal supume court in
the endeavor to have tue uill author
izing it adjudged Mlegal in that
contravenes the federal constitution.
Tho main contention of the attor
neys of Mr. Chap pel I was that the
bill authorising the ..referendum is un
constitutional in that in it, tho legists
ESCAPE FHDH GERMANS
Was Convoyed for Thirty Six
Hours After Leaving Liver
New York, .Aug. 21.? The White
Star liner Cymric, arrived here to
day, was convoyed' for 3G hours af
ter leaving Liverpool, the passengers
and crew stated, by relays of five Brit
ish warships. Several passengers said
they, saw submarine periscopes.
The' Cymric was prepared for
emergencies. When she left dock on
August il her flagpole at the mouth
of tho Mersey showed a black ball, in
dicating that German submarines
were nearby. The lifeboats wehe pro
visioned and swung outward and the
boats. The night was passed without;
The Cymric was . accompanied by:
a small cruiser when she sailed,
(fear suuset the cruiser Stopped and a
destroy?r appeared. Tho next day
four destroyers circled the ship. Some
time daring tho night of the twelfth
the escort'was dropped.
BKUllAttS ARRESTED FOR
REMONSTRATIO* OF GRIEF
London. Aug. 21.?Two hundred
ment? were made In Brussels yester
iay of persons demonstrating their
?ricf on the anniversary of German
M'cupation. according to persons ar
riving hero, fiays an Amsterdam ?Us
patch to tho Kxchngo Totegruph
company. All places of amusement
rtoscd as sign of sorrow were forci
bly reopened. Arrests were mootly
>f woolen nnd children.
Pmlc .Not Hunk.
London, Aug. 21??The report: that
the steamer Bovic has been sunk te I
ltrue, according to the Press Asso- ]
Ion. which says the steamer er
at UvcTpool today anO proceed-1
)ES WILL NO LONGER BE PAID
COTTON, IF NECESSARY,
?FRANCE TO ISSUE
making coton contraband and sub
sequent negotiation;; ire expected t lia i
will at least cause a full explanation
of the action. The United Stales will
cite Great Britain's previous con
sistent policy in holding cotton free of
With cotton contraband there would
be no payment for seized cargoes, as
now. The formal unnounccn " ' nt
created no surprise as it'has been in
formally announced that it was cotn
It is understood Great 'Britain plans
to steady the cotton market t h rough
actual purchases of cotton If necres
lary.^^_ _ . _
I tUrg/attempts to delegate its duties
to llii- people.
1 Arguments for the appellant wore
made by former Governor BleaBe and
P. G. Touipkins of Columbia, while
the respondent named in the petition
were represented by P. H. Domnick,
assistant attorney general, and T. il.
Peebles, attorney general. The pro
hibitionists wore represented by U.
W. Robinson and W. B. LcRoach of
The. suit was brought against R.
M. McCowu. secretary of.state; S* T.
Carter, slate .treasurer; C. W. Saw
yer, com id roller general, and C. T.
Graydcn. Warren Thomas and J. P.
Ho well, as commissioners of election
of lYchlaud county.
The prohibitionists consider the de
cision a victory as they are almost
positive that the elections will carry
at the polls on September 14.
REPAIRING DAMAGE QF>
Work of Clearing D?bris Already
Greenville, Aug. 21.?The work of
restoration began today in the storm
swept path in and a rot*, ml this city.
Estimated damages today to property
amount to approximately $40,000.
The death or Sam Williams, tho negro
who was killed whnn his house was
blown down on his, is tho only known
A force of hands this morning be- 1
gsn clearing awa ythc debris and rc- ;
pairing most of tho houses that' were ;
damaged, it Is estimated that H will
take several weeks to restore the'
buildings that were swept down und
of course tho beautiful shado trees
that were uprooted, cannot be re
placed In the near future.
The lumber plant of Hunter and
Wilson of McBeo avenue probably suf
fered the worst damage In : tho storm
Friday afternoon. The office building !
Is situated on the rise ot a hill, almost j
amid the path pursued by the storm.
Ab four men, Messrs. Luther M. Mc
Boe. 0. C. Marchbanks,' Sam Hunter
and another person woro seated in
the small office at tho iront of the
building they were astonished to see
tho roof of the building rise and float
away. They bad a narrow escape
whou a windrw sash was piched op
in tho niseis'.'om add blown through
the ofllce abd out ot the window onto
Mr. K. P. Provost's residence, across
tho wide street. The flying sash
missed Mr. Marchbauk's only a few
Italian Flyers Win.
Parts, Aug 21.?A Turm dispatch
to -tfce Figaro says that Italian aoro
pfeuca defeated the Austrian a?)ro
Plane squadron off. the Adriatic coast.
Austrian machines wore
brought down and the crews fcil
When the darkueBB of. night steals
over tho German trenches and there
isn't a sound to mark their location
this Belgian searchlight mounted on
an automobile ruus along a hillside
ELEVEN DEAD IN
ST. L0?1S FLOOD
Others Believed to Have Been
Drowned?-Five Square Miles
of East SL Lows Now Under
Water?Heavy Property Loss.
St. Louis, Aug. 21.?Eleven bodies
were recovered here and two others
reported drowned nearby as a . result
of the flood that swept a narrow sec
tion of St. Louis yesterday. Ten of
the known drowned, are negroes.
Five square miles of Elast St. Louis
(s now under water. Conditions In
the suburbs of St. Louis proper are
returning to normal.
St. Louis, Aug. 21.? Nine perished
and two are missing with a damage
estimated at between $2,750.000 and
$2,000,000 an a result of the storm in
sections of Illinois,' Arkansas nnu
Missouri last night.
Inhabitants of the St. Lonis su
hurbs and of the neighboring Illinois
towns are the worst .sufferers. The
levee broke Hooding East Alton, Ben
bowc, and the Wood river. The in
habitants barely escaped nnd fled to
j higher ground. 'Brooklets became
raging torrents and bridges, lovcee
dams and homes were' destroyed,
j Thousands are homeless.
St. Louis. Aug. 21.?The death list
is reported at 11, of Which ten were
KNOW ONE MEMBER OF
FRANK L?H?fiG PARTY
; Identity Will fee Disclosed to Gov
ernor Next Week?Grand
Jury to Meet.
Atlanta. Aug. 21 .?It wa* Intimated
in official circles here tonight that
; certain officials know the identity of:
tbf, men who lynched Leo M. Frank
[and.would tell Governor Harris next
Weeir. Tiie governor atatcd tonight
he didn't know * _/ of them. He
[anronnced that Abe Cobh county grand
jury would meet September ' first to
i investigate the inching.
ght on Battlefield
at a Bate distance end spies out the
enemy to soldiers of the allies. It
has been used very successfully in
nip ni attacks during the latter part
of the war.
2S8 LIVES LOST
I List May Grow When Fate of
Sixty-Five Missing Vessels Be
comes Known?-Property Lou
Near Six Millions.
Galveston. Aug. 21.?A total of two
hundred and fifty six known dead
among the residents of southeast
Texas, coast points and crews of
wrecked craft, with a damage to
crops, buildings, railroads, shipping
livestock and other property aggre
gating close to fifty million wrs tho
toll of thp- storm in this section Mon
day and Tuesday.
In addition sixty five vessels aro
still missing. Sixty two of the dead
were drowned when vessels the were
aboard sank. Galvcston'K share of
thr properly loss is estimated at six
millions, conditions are now; ap
Washington,' Aug. 21.?Governor
Ferguson of Texas has wired Presl
. dent Wilson that loss of life on thn
i Texas coast will not exceed 300 and
the estimates of damage were exag
|gerated. Tho situation . is well in
hand, but it Is not determined whether
assistance ' will be needed.
Galveston. Aug. 21.?The total
known deaths In the hurricane on the
Galveston. island nnd mainland today
stood at 200. Tho city will receive
water from the Alta Lorna plant for
several days, the mayor announced .
SATS OR. JOHNSON'S
ELECTION WAS UNFAIR
j Defeated For Presidency of N. E.
A. A. Miss Strachau fteJgns
Membership in Association
Oakland. Calif.. Aug. 2t.?That
I Miss Grace C. Straelmn of Brooklyn,
[who was defeated for tho presidency
of th0 National Educational Associa
tion by Dr. Dnvjd li. Jnhs*on, of
line: Hill, fi. C. had resigned from
the association became known today.
I flho charges that her defeat was
brought about by unrair means of]
. S. WILL ASK I
OFFICIALS DOUBTFUL OF
Diplomatic Exchanges Over In*
cident May Take Some
Washington, Aug. 21.?Reasonable
.' .lubt as to the conditions Burroundlng
tho sinking of the Arabic has deter
mined the Washington government to
proceed with deliberation to fix res
ponsibility for tho loss of American
lives. Germany will be givea an op
portunity to explain and if possible
justify the attach. This may take
Washington, Aug. 21.?It has been
announced by the state department
that Ambassador Gerard would prob
ably be directed to cull the German
government's attention to the Binking
of the V, abic; in view of an explana
tion. Tnls Is the Arst official Indica
tion that Germany would be given
an opportunity to s?lvo reasons tor
an attack in disregard of Wilson's
warning -that such an net would be
regarded as deliberately unfriendly.
The attitude- is that the _ Berlin
iorsign office should hato the oppor
tunity to present any facta which lb
its opinion would mitigate the circum
stances of the attack. Today's an
nouncement Indicates that before
Wilson takes action there may be
some change of diplomatic.communi
It is understood that the state de
partment's policy Is to show the ut
most deliberations consistent with the
delicate question and omit no oppor
tunity of avoiding the severance of
relations with Germany so long as
there is reasonablo expectation that
sufficient excuse can be given. Lans
ing said he could not do more until
the official Information was received.
Thirty Mae Lout.
Queenstown, Aug. 21.?Thirty nine
persons lost their lives In the sinking
of the Arabic. White Star lino an
nounced tonight after completing an
investigation regarding the total num
Victim's Body Found.
New York, Aug. 21.?The body of
Mrs. Josephine L. Brugterc, one of
two Americans lost with the Arabic,
has been found, the White Star line
announced. The dead woman's daugh
ter-in-law is quoted to that effect.
London, Aug. 21.?The British gov
ernment authorises the statement that
the Arabic was not being convoyed
when she * us destroyed.
Ixmdou, Ang. 21.?The White Star
line aunounces that Maurice Davis,
Sirs. Fischer and Mr. San who were
listed as missing passengers did not
sail on the Arabic.
Queenstown, Aug. 21.- An amend
ed list of the missing of a crew of the
Arabic places the number at twenty
one instear of forty as previously
Andersen Win* Elgin Trophy.
Elgin, ill., Aug. 21.?Glibert_Aa
Iderson today won the sixth annual
renewal of tho 301 mile road race for
I tho Elgin National Trophy in three
hou? *. fifty three minutes and twenty
NO RELIEF YE1
POOR IN ME
Mexico. CUy. Aug. ?.?(By Mail
I to New Orleans.)?The promised re
lief to the poor has not yet k-iaterlal
l/ed. ' Carrseca promised that when
be captured the "*lty he would Im
mediately distribute seventy five hun
dred sacks of flour and large quan
tities other staples. Instead of that
three car loads of com, sugar and
coffee arc being sold a* exorbitant
pri?es by Carranxa officers. Charlv/i
J. Ot-'enner, representative of de
American rod Cross has reported this
to Washington. ' Tho Red Cross is
unable to relieve4hdu*ands who dally
ask for food.
ITALY'S DECLARATION OF
WAR ON TURKEY IS BIG
COURSE OFU. S.
Denmark, Sweden and Norway
indignant Over Action of
German Submarine. j > ;.
Londi-u. Mir. 21.?Italy's declara
tion of war in Turkey and Interna'
tlonal questions, including those be
tween the United States and Germany,
arising fro mtbe sinking of the Arabic
and the British declaring cotton con
traband loom large in today's new*.
There is much speculation over what '
the Unlthed .states will do regarding
Alongside these quoaions is the in
dication amused In Denmark,' Swe
den* Norway overOernian destroyer's
attack on the British submarine B-13
which, it was officially announced,
was attacked in Danish waters'after
it had grounded and after Danish des
troyers wore standing by after giving
I iritis!) submarine 24 boars to get otf
! or bo Interned.'*'Denmark has pro-,
tested to Germany.
The British statement says half of
the crew of thirty were killed after
they abandoned the submarine and
that the Germans didn't stop firing
>;ntll Danish warship.* steamed be
tween them and the victim.
Spain has protested the German
sinking of Spanish steamer Isadora.
Since then a German submarine has
sunk another Spanish steamer, A Pe
Telegrams from The Balkan capi
tals say the'break beiweon Bulgaria
and Turkey Is momentarily expected.
Beyond the Berlin statement that In
tin- naval engagement In the Gulf or
Riga the Russian lost a destroyer and
two gunboats and the Germans one
destroyer, there is little news of. ac
Petrograd, announced tonight a
British submarine sank a German
cruiser In the Baltic sea and that the
Germans lost not less than two des- -
troyers in the'Gulf of Riga fighting.
Petrograd didn't mention the loos
London, Aug. ' 21.- -The Russians
are.fighting desperate!), hut vainly
to check tho Germans and Austrians.
Novogeorglevsk, tho last' Polish fort
ress has fallen. Ossowctz Is still
resisting because the'marshy country
prevents the Germans from efflectlve*
ly using their heavy guns.
South of Brest-Litovsk Mackensen'*
forces have penetrated far beyoud
the Buy. Other armies east of the
river make a serious defense. Bllsy
stock Brcst-Lltovsk line virtually im
The naval battle Riga Gulf is still
progressing, according to the last
Petrograd report. .Ko details.
The French admission of their in
ability to hold I.ni.-4-Arras cross-roads,
recently capturai. Is the only lmpor- ,
bant change in other fronts.
Solution of the diplomatic situation
In the near east is appreciably near
through the formation of a Greek
cabinet under Venlselos. Indications
ot the uncompronlotng attitude ot
(CONTINUED. ON PAGE 4.)
\EN SELL FOQ
Exrcptcd ?7 Indians.
Nogalen, Ariz., Aug. 2l?Col. Juan
Mnrillo of the iila'army, who it wie
alleged had killed a Yaqul leader,
was taken from JMI today at Nogales,
So. ora, by Yaqul Indiana of Governor
Maythorcna's for. en, and executed. . .
Wilson Greets Cardesa.
> Washington. Aug. 21.?President
Wilson officially welcomed Senor Ca
rodaso, th? Brat I Man "mmlst?r to
Mexico City, greeted him warmly and
thanked him en behalt ot the United
States for his efforts In behalf of the
Americans last year. There wsa no
detailed dlncuscton of Mexican que?,