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. Published ?very morning except
Monday by The Anderson Intelligen
cer at 140 West Wbltner Street, An
der ?on, 8- C.
Published Tuesday a snd Friday s
L. M. GLENN_Editor and Manager
Entered ss seoond-d' M matter
April 28, 1014, st the post office at
Anderson, Routh Carolina, under the
Act of March 8, 187?.
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FRIDAY, SEPTEMBER 17, 1916.
The ice man ls always glad of an
He re'H hoping the beat wave will
. The fodder's In the shock but tho
frost is a long way from the pumpkin.
Reports from , the eastern theatre of
war indicate that the Russians are
down for a long run.
Colleges throughout the country are
opening now "with the biggest atten
dances In their history."
Respecting international complica
tion*, Undo Sam la out of one hot
bath and right into another.
"Mako hay while tho sun Baines"
and before lt comes up and after it
goes down, if you want to succeed
The public schools of Pittsburgh have
clo ?cd down on account of hot weath
er. Don't you wish yoi were in Pitts
burg, boys and girls?
- o -- .
Tho Mexican Soil weevil ia said to
be spreading, to say nothing ot two
other bugs who have been disturbing
factors down there for months snd
Bidna Allen has repented and Join
ed the church. Had Shins, done that
before he helped 8hoot-up the Hllls
ville court he probably would not
now bo In the pen.
For tear war might be declared on
thia country before we are ready with
our increased armies aid navy lt
might be well for some of us to take
lessons in running.
A Chtcago leader ot the no-called
"Friends of Peace" says that the or
ganisation will control 16.000.000
voira In tho next election. Inasmuch
us that Ia lust abo.c the total number
cast in tba last pr?sidentiel election,
for all candidates, the rest of the na*
tloh may as well make up its mind to
The Russian czar ls credited with a
couple of victories already. Cssr Nick
must be cleverer than moat people
suspected. Ho showed great shrewd?
ness in taking command of the Grand
Duke's army Jost -when It had re
treated far enough for safety, sad got
re-lnforcements and smmunltioa. sad
was ready to fight again.
LA BOU KL l'HKSK NTATI VE WHITES
In yesterday's Intelligencer appear
ed a Htatemcnt given to tpla paper by
tho management of the Brogon Mills
with reference to the strike now on
nt tba! plant. In the nftornoon paper
yesterday appeared a communication
from one of thc national organizers of
the American Federation of I .abor, in
which reply was made to thc state
ment from thc mill management that
appeared in Tho intelligencer.
It ls cuHtomnry for replica to ar
ticles appearing In one paper to be
submitted first to that same paper,
hut In this instance the labor repre
sentative chooHOH her own order of
doing things, und not only goes to an
other paper with her reply to an ar
ticle appearing first in thia paper, but
?loos not do th?H paper the courtesy
of furnishing it with a copy of her
communication, or asking it to repro
duce what appeared in the other
However, The Intelligencer has no
quarrel on that score, and to show
that this paper has no desire to show
partiality in the matter, by publish
ing statements, from oply. ono. side,
taken the liberty of reproducing the
communication which appeared In tho
afternoon paper. The same ls aa fol
Editor Anderson Dally Mall:
In reply to the statement of tho Bro
gon mill management published In tho
Dally Intelligencer of the 16th, I
would like tn call the attention of thc
public to several mlsntatementa con
tained therein. First, if tho employ?e?
carried stick they were surely not
for the purpose of intimidating any of
th?? olflcers of the company, as they
seemed to want the public to fctlcve.
Nor was any officer cursed or abus
ed, as the management stated. Theso
men aro under ihe jurisdiction of the
American Federation of Labor which
would not tolerate any act of violence.
The American Federation of Labor
hud far rather lose a strike than to
commit any unlawful act. It achieves
its ends by peaceful, means or not at
all. When there have been acts of
violence in strikes under their con
trol, lt was where thc men had been
goaded to desperation by strike
breakers, and were not .authorized by
any one in command. The employers
quite often do ail within their power
to provoke trouble between the
strikers ando the strlekbrcakers. for
they know that if they can throw even
a few of tile more influential strikers
Into jail on any charge, whether real
or faked, they might soon discourage
tho work e. s and they would be forc
ed to return to their work under tho
? Although the county officers have
been calle/* to. the mill on more than
one occnelon, 'they- havo ??vor -found
any one breaking the law .nor have
they found any evidence that it had
been broken before they arrived.
These people are law-abiding citizens
and are out on strike for a just
cause. They have lived here for
years, many of them every since the
milt started, and their records are
known. They have neve? been law
breakers in the mass, nor have they
ever resorted to mob violence. TI??B
ls common knowledge. Surely on one
with the least vestige ot reasoning
power would contend that they are
going to change to outlaws over night,
destroying property and threatening
X W1B:? to again assure the public
that tl. 9 striking employees ot the
Brogon mills are not desperados nor
lawless banditB and that no such acta
as tho mill authorities have reported
havo ever been contemplated. Their
only existence is in the minds of a
few overwrought officials who can see
nothing but violence in every peaceful
act committed by these people.
Very truly yours,
American Federation of Labor.
Pl DLIC SCHOOL ECONOMY.
New York City, with its 800,000
school children, ls in a bad way for
lack of accommodations. The increaso
of children has far outrun the facili
ties for handling them. At the close
ot me laet school year there were
132.000 pupils in school less than tho
regular number of hours, because
there was no room for them. At pres
ent the number restricted to "part
time" ls said to bo con Adorably over
Tho board of education estimates
that the new buildings required to
provide adequate accommodations
would cost from $30,000,000 to $40,
OOC.OOO. And the city is so hard up
that teachers' pensions are unpaid,
and the administration ls planning a
special assessment on personal prop
erty to make up a big deficit.
Now, it happens that Mr. Wirt, tho;
originator of tbs famous "Gary sys
tem" of Instruction, has Veen askd
to submit an estimate of thv coat ot
installing that system' in all th? New
York schools. It has already been
tried, and proved successful, in some
ot them. He reporte that for $6,000,
000 the present school buildings and
grounds could bo pat Into proper
shape to take care ot all the children
in the city.
There ia a saving, to begin with, of
924,000.000 to $34.000,000. And the
director of the Public Education es
timates, on the baals of Brooklyn ex
perimenta, ttssTKWQtf ?a $3,000.000
a year could bo saved in salaries,
though tliut is leus certain.
Tile enormous economy effected un
der the Wirt system ia simply the re
sult of rnakiiiK full use of a clty'a
"educational plant," aa u private man
ufacturer or merchant makes of his
factory or ?tore. Til? achoo] build
ing are used all day. The children
don't ult come und go at once. They
attend in shifts. And HO thc cost is
less per pupil, in spite of the fact that
they nut in moro hours a day than
under other systems, and have wider
opportunities for study, work and
play. There may be a saving In teach
ing expense, too, because the flexible
system makes it possible to distri
bute the work more uniformly among
the teaching staff.
The educational results obtained
with the pupils themselves are, of
course, the main . 'nslderatlon. That
aspect lias been much discussed, us
ually with conclusions In favor of the
Wirt system. Hut the financial argu
ment alone is calculated to appeal to
any city, largo or small, particularly
when emphasized by the millions of
dollars involved In the New York
GETTING RID OF MEXICO.
If Cen. Carranza can handle the
Moxican situation himself, let him do
There has never been a time during
the Mexican reign of terror when this
nation would not gladly have upheld
Carronza's hands if we could have
been sure that he had the requisite
power, that ho meant to carry out the
legitimate purposes of the revolution,
and that he would treat the United
States and other foreign governments
with the proper consideration. Nearly
all C'arranzn'8 troubles have been
caused by his own arrogance and un
Ho ahows signs now of cqmraon
sense and discretion. His reply to
the Invitation that he Join in the con
ference with representatives of the
United States and Latin-American
powerB to consider the restoration of
peace in Mexico has been dignified
and courteous. At last he recognizes
the "sincerity and noble desires" of
the governments making the proposal,
ile is atlll opposed to any show of
"foreign intervention"-which has not
been suggested by tho American pow
jrn-and is willing to confer on .nat
ters of international Interest. Ho
proposes a conference somewhere in
IIIB own territory, and maintains that
there can be no question now of bis
right to apeak for Mexico because he
controls "the greater part of the na
How well Carranza controls lt ls
open to serious question. Anarchy ta
still reported in many sections, and
certainly northern Mexico ia far from
peaceful in spit eof Villa's defeats.
Nevertheless, Carranza today yields
more power apparently than all the
other rebel chiefs together. And if he
really can subdue the remaining mal
contents and conduct himself as the
head of a responsible government, by
all means let our government recog
nize Mm as soon as the necessary as
surances have been given. It would
be a tremendous load off our national
mimi at thia vexing time to be rid of
THE TEACHERS' UN?ON.
It the Chicago Teachera' Fidera
tion, affiliated with the Federation of
Labor, is as bad as its critics insist,
it IR not altogether surprising that
th ? board of education is trying to
;>nsr. A' rulo prohibiting teachera from
membership In lt.
it ts charged that this "teachers*
union" tums the minda of the teach
era from their work, that lt plays
politics that it lobbies at the state
cenital against the interests of the
city, that it levies assessments on
teachers, that lt refuses an account
ing, that lt boycotts teachers who
will not join it or approve of it, and
Incites pupils to persecute the refrac
These, however, are merely inci
dental questions of tact not neces
sarily involving the main issue
whether teachera have s right to or
It ls somewhat open to question, ot
course, whether it ls a good public
policy for any class of purely public
employees to have organisations cap
ablo of exerting pressure on the city
administration. The public doesn't
like to <be dictated to. And yet, if un
ionism Is right in the case ot a cor
poration's employees, why not for a
city's employees? And lt sny class
of etty employees msy properly or
ganize for mutual Improvement sad
protection, why not teachers? Haven't
the Chicago teachers, for example, as
good a right to form a union and "bar
gain collectively" regarding wages
and working conditions aa have the
workmen ot Gary or Pullman?
The fight against the teachers' un
ion in Chicago and elsewhere 1? real
ly, in largo part, a light against labor
unionism in ita latest incarnation.
And to anybody who believes In thc
principle of unionism, there's no
Hound objection to teachers organiz
ing along labor union lines, provided
they conduct themselves as "good
unions," und avoid all illegitimate and
A L I N E I
Weather Forecast-Fair Friday and
and probably Saturday.
Mr. J. F. McClure, Jr., who lives
out on Webb street, was exhibiting
some prize tomatoes of the Brimmer
variety yesterday that certainly were
beauties. Ile evidently is "some agrl
I culturlst," judging from results ob
tained from his garden.
Mr. McClure states that he first
raised a good crop of turnips, and
followed it with a splendid crop of
larg?, solid heads of cabbage, which
in turn was followed by these tre
mendous tomatoes; thus, making
th reo crops from the same soil in one
? It appears that Mr. McClure, who
la a'n old Clemson College boy, tried
out some "Radium" fertilizer on his
garden this year, getting splendid re
sults from every vegetable planted.
Besides the turnips, cabbage and
tomatoes, ho raised Irish potatoes,
corn, okra and beans, obtaining excel
lent results in every Instance. Hs
obtained the Brimmer tomato seed
from Furman .Smith, and states that
this is by far the finest tomato he
ever raised. Mr. McClure raised at
the rate of 468 bushels of Irish pota
, toes to Ihe acre on a small plot of his
gulden ; planted his corn on the first
M'eiday in July and had roasting ears
j to ea* within six weeks.
I Mr. McClure states that he also
tried out this "Radium" fertilizer on
I some shade trees which, had seeming
ly gotten their growth; and found that
they showed from nine to twelve
Inches of fresh green growth late in
the summer just as trees do in the
Among this lot ot big looking toma
toes which Mr. McClure bad yester
day, were some thaU,weighed a pound
und six ounces, and tf ll nf them were
large and nice looking. , air. McClure
stated that from his fifty one plants
he had raised enough tomatoes this
summer to bave them three times a
day at home, to give away several
bushel, and still he sold from eight
to ten dollars worth.
This trucking business looks bet
ter than cotton and" other crops us
ually grown hereabouts, provided a
reasonable amount ot care and
thought ls given to lt.
In reference to the article In yes
terday's issue ni regard to the loan
made to the county Mr. Lee O. Holle
man president of the People's Bank
made the following statement yester
"The 3 3-4 per cent rate m ride by
tho Farmers and Merchants bank on
county loan of $40.000 was not the
lowest rats ever made the county for
"The Peoples Bank . audi Citizens
National Bank floated lean of $76,000
for the county last March at 3.48 per
"Tho Farmers and Merchants Bank
was not the lowest bidder on the city
loan of $45.000; made? la March,
Peoples Bank, Citizona National Bank.
Bank of Anderson and Farmers and
Merchants Bank made a Joint bid of
4 3-4 per cent on the lunn, and the
notes w.V! handled through tho
Peoples Bank, their correspondent be
ing the lowest bidder for the paper, or j
certainly as low as any other or
they would have failed io get the
The following from the Greenwood
Index will be of interest since Mr.
Morgan roth bas been a frequent visi
ter lo Anderson:
H. C. Morganroth, of Columbia, who
baa been postofflce inspector of the
western district, has recently been
transferred to the eastern district
His successor for the western district
has not been appointed, it ls under-,
stood. Mr. Morgan roth waa here for
court, in connection with the case
against defendants charged with vio
lating the postal law*.
o " ? 4
Owing to the increased business of J
the Dime Sawing* bank, at a meet
ing of the directors, lt was decided to
lease.the room now occupied by the
IPetroleum Oil company which will j
move over Into the new building of
Mr. J. H. Anderson's aa soon aa lt ls
Watches Free With Boys' Suits
With every boys' suit at $5 and over we will
present to purchaser, with our compliments,
a handsome nickle plated watch. These
watches arc manufactured for us by one of
the best known watch makers in the world
and carry an absolute guarantee to keep good
time for one year, many have been in use for
quite a number of years.
Our stocky in the boys' department are very
full. Our bovs' suits are built by men who
remember they were once boys. They re
member the strain and the wear that a boys
suit is up against. Ages 4 to 20. Prices
$3.50 to $12.50.
"The Sion wUha Cumienem"
completed. New fixtures and a vault
will be installed.
The Dime (Savings bank's business
ls on a steady increase and the direc
tors hope that soon the deposits will
reach over $100,000.
The Guest Paint company ls mak
ing arrangements to move into 135
South Main street about the 28th.,
inst. Their new quarters are located
between Marchbanks and Babb, Jew
elers, and the Eagle Barber shop.
The building is being completely re
modeled and repainted. When finish
ed it will' bo one of the most up-to
date rooms in the city.
Mr. W. W. Strickland of near Starr
asked The Intelligencer to state to
day that he was in Hartwell yester
day where cotton was selling for
10:70. Ho stated that the people in
his section preferred to bring their
cotton to Anderson provided they
could get just as good price as they
could in Hartwell, but if they could
not, they would take it across tho
A want ad in The Intelligencer will
find all lost articles, or find owners
of same, will get positions, or will
find the man or woman for a position,
and will do anything else that a want
ad in the best papers in the country
will do. Here are three instances in
five days weher they brought resuts:
Sunday morning ? want ad appear
ed in The Inte'Wgencer to the effect
that Supt. Felton had lost his suit
case. A negro found it in tho city,
carried it b- ?me and gave it to the man
be -vorked *or. The gentleman lives
about nix miles east of tho city and
Monday returned thc suit case to the
owner through the want ad.
Tuesday afternoon an employee ot
The Intelligencer lost a watch fob.
It ' was advertised the next morning
and yesterday afternoon lt was re
turned to the owner.
Yesterday morning an ad appeared
in The Intelligencer to the effect tnat
two cow's had 'been taken np ?..n a
man's place and that owner might
have same by paying for keep. The
owner located the cows through the
ad yesterday afternoon.
+.?++*??*+++**?**?<>? 4> ? ?
? THE COUNTRY CHURCH *
Editor of Intelligencer.
Anderson; S. C.
Dear Mr. Editor:
The movement which means most
for the south today 1s that for Che re
vival and re-creation of its rural life.
The home, the school, and the church
must all co-operate to this emt. The
farmer, the teacher, the preacher
must work together. Their educa
tion, from primary sc??opi through
college, university, or Theological
seminary must prepare them for this
wise and effective cooperation.' At
least one theological seminary ls
striving earnestly to equip its stu
dents to share in thlr beneficent
movement. And that r.^minar, is'she
Columbia Theological seminary which
serves Alabama, Georgia, Florida 'and
South Carolina. , . '
A new professorship of Christian
Ethics Including socUiv?gy In all of
its aspects, especially ?rural sociology
and economics, has been established*,
and a lecturer who will deal exclu
sively with the problems ot tho coun
try churtfv and the country minister
bas al-.r been engaged ' for neat
We enoloie an editorial from Cte
Columbia Record ot July 1?. 1915,
President's Niece tc
Tilias Alice Wilson, daughter of Mr.
and Mrs. Joseph Wilson of Baltimore,
will make her debut in Washington
soc ie ty this fall. The event is llkciy to
which emphasizes the value of this
ser vico. We ask you In tho Interest
of news and of this beneficent move
ment in behalf of rural life to give
space for this letter and tho enclos
ed editorial in your vr.lunble paper
With best wishes for your largest
usefulness bi your etiosen field of ser
"One of the graduates of the Co
lumbia seminary, the Rev. W. H.
"Mills, of Clemson, is becoming quite
a specialist in the field ai the country
church. Ita problema, their solution,
methods o'f advancing the Interest of
the rural communities and serving tho
community life. The United States
department of agriculture ls aiding
film in his work.
Mr. Mills has had overtures to gil?
his whole time to thia field in fae
employment of the United States "MI
rean of education. He la already do
! lng valuable Berrico in this field In
hir. nat?ve state of South Carolina.
'The Columbia'seminary Is ver/ fortu
nato In securing him to Oliver a
aer'as of lectures, during tVo next
year, covering this field of the coun
try 0 mrch and. narai sociology.
There will be five lectures, which
will perhaps treat tho subject under'
the following general heads, with'
such modifications as immediate pre
? pa ration may lead him to make: First,
! 'The Kingdom of God;" second, "The
church as tho Means of tie Bringing
Sn of ?Tjhe Kingdom;" third, "The Coun
try Cjhurch and Ita Problems;" fourth,
"Tho" Country Church and Ita Solu
tion of These Problems;" ami fifth.
VThe Country Minister as the Centre
crt the Whole Question of the Relation
bf the Country Church to the Whole
"lt ls very necessary that students
should hear from specialists in this
florid this whole subject treated, In
order Shat they may be prepared w*ie
ly to serve the rural churches of
which they themselves become pas
Make Her Debut.
?bk. ' 'V? ?
be ono of tho big social ^casions at
tho White House. She has often visit
ed the White House sn J in .therefore
well known in tho capital. '
tors. Perhaps that ls now confront
ing th? Christian people is the pi ob
lcm of the country church and tho
preparation of wise and effective min
isters to fill these fields.
"Setenty-five'years ago ?there n were
throughout South Carolins . hundreds
of country churches that -were-: the
bed-rock ot the civilization ot this
country. Today their people are
scattered, their influence waning.
They must be revived."
TITIWt T. B. S PICTURE TO WA Lu
t ^ ?aar
Chicago Germans Punish Colonel for
--r-- ?TS .'/.!.>> ?
,* ,?even Pr?i tdP?ls- Washington
Lincoln. Oren- Garfield. Cleveland.
Meninie/ and .Roosevelt, aid from the
'-rush of tb.? octogenarian irtist,
Loni* Kurs--adorned tho wall of the
Turner Hall nt SOO North Clark
street Untiil wat Thursday. Since then
tho portrait of Colonel Roosevelt has
been consigned ?to a dark >tJorner of
the cellar, with tho face firmed to
tho damp wall. "J ..
A atatomcnt isaueb hy George. A.
ScCunldt, Chairman ot a ' committee
appointed to remove the plctuer,
"The former president h? o gone too
far in bia vUliticatlon of the German
A party ot Engllahmeu were viait
ing Niagara Falls, relates The Pitts
"Aw. I say. what a magniitrient
volume of water." ?aid one.
"Aw, yii-aa, and 'ow it ttabdera!"
"Aw. my word! What an awful
abyss!" added.a third.
"There's no doubt about it," said
the American n?io was showing thara
around, "the falla certainly are awe