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FOR HIGHER PAY
GavorornfiBt Bff?e?ils F?H To fiai Aa||
Jastisa !q Demands Of Train Sir
By Judson C. Welllver In The Wash
Administrative md legislative an
thorl?es in Washington are taking a
distinctly different views of the pres
ent effort of railway trainmen to
compel an advancement in their
wages, from any mat baa been taken
on former occasions.
It is very apparent that the easel
for the employes 'seeking higher]
wages is viewed with less ninlabllit:: j
than ordinarily. In legislative eli
des, there has recently been serious
talk of legislation to prohibit striker,
by employes of interstate carriers,
and. ta provide a procedure for com
The impression has gained a good
deal of ground, that certain favored
classes of employes have fbr a long
time been systematically aggregating
to themselves most of the increases
Highest P*td Class Of Men
On behalf of the ?nginemen end
trainmen who are - taking the de
mand for a largo wage increase, it is
urged tbat the bigber cost of living
Justifies their demand, y Yet theBe
mon, ibp'engineers, firemen, conduc
tors and: brakemep; are the highest
paid classes of railroad labor. The
question being asked why on engineer
getting an average wage in 1013 of
$6.20, should require an increase,
while trackmen, who were getting
"41.58.per day, should be left out?(
^ Again, the average wage of conduc
tors in 1913 is shown by the statistics
of the Interstate Commerce Commis
sion to have,been $4.30 per, day. At
tho same time* telegraph operators
and dispatchers were getting on avev
age wage of $2.62 per day. . '
If the. increased cost of living for
the $4.39 conductor necessitates a
large increase In his compensation,
where does the $2.52 dispatcher come
No demand/la being urged on: be
half of the operators and dispatchers,
and some of the railroads! have-lately
been intimating Vigorously that if a
big additional burden must be laid
on their labor funds. they would. like
to give the benefit to the poorer paid
claBcea of empl?yes. ^
The truth of the.whole businesses
that, as a whole, . the railroad em
ployes of * the country are not very
highly paid a-'compared to other poo^
pie. A few classes of. railroad men
are paid very high wages. The most
fortunate of all these classes are the
engineers^.firemen, conductors and
Rf<te Rising Rapidly
Not onlj xhre these four classes' paid;
much more liberally than other em-|
ployee, but *b? ; figures show that !
their.rate of wages baa been rising;
more rapidly than that of any other
classes. *. " : ! 1
la',,1914 the Interstate: Commerc?!
C?iijra'?Dsion's report. showed the nunv ]
ber of railroad employes for the en* !
tire country to bo 1,710,296. Out of
this number there were 62,021 en
gineers, 04.959 firemen, 48,201 con
ductors, and 130,809 other trainmen;
a tptOVof 311,999, or Just about, oae
steth of the entire number,.
At that saine date, thei number :o?
trackmen, exclusive of foremen, was
; 337,451.. That is, the,\humber of . com
mon- flaborcra ory.'jbe,. section was
greater. than the entire .. roll of en?!
gineors, firemen, conductors, ' andi
brakemen. Y?t ' this' huge ; army o!
= trackmen': was,^working for an aver
age wag*}' of $1.68. pier day, while en-' ;
glnoers were getting: $$.20, firem?n j
were getting$2.18^conductors were
getting $4.39, and other trainmen
were getting $3.04. ; .Theae figures are |
tho commission's averages for. the en!:
-'S.1 Condition Bettered
largely because they are the best
organized ?los??a or railway werken?
and have been unremitting in their
demands, for bettor! wages, thsae tear
classes have succeeded in ' bettering
their condition rapidly and regularly,
at the ospenso of the other cia**es(
'which are not ao highly organized.
The trainmen, whenever they insist
on a wage increase, have, on their
aide, the! tremendously, potent^ arjjf?;
'me&t-tfca* it tbey ^%W^i^-mji
ask, they can walk oat and tie up ^
whole :;'vrdilroad;. system: ? Nd>>tb,?*
. * ;>; libw') effectively 'X the^ fo$r ?av?.
.'e3a?;:^?va^'v: used >i^el0a^%
>vhowri :oy fh?>('..>ii!d fi^orea. : la '-' lie"
*ea *a*t?':tto^^o$ ^^jp?^Pi
of ^giae?? 'Jr^ied?^
-SS^^^bse Mmo';tea lyearn ?il
Imprassiva Statement "
Here ta an impressive statement e*
fact ?bout railway wages that ought
net to escape attention. There were
a total of 87,873 employes classified
as switch tenders, crossing tenders,
and watchmen. These woro receiv
ing in 1912 an average of (<%70 par
day, which was actually a cents a
day less, than : they had b?sa raca?v
tag tea years earlier.
At that time there were 48,20} con
ductors with Swhom the statistics
dealt. The conductors, therefore,
were only a~ slightly more ammsr
ous class than the tenders and watch*'
men; yet; While the conductors bad
had their wagt-3 raised from $3.88 to
34.2? per day, the less fortunate
class of tenders and watchmen had
to stand, a reduction .from $1.76 to
$1.70 per day.
. If the cost of living has been stead*
fly advancing for conductors, so as to
Justify an t.?crease of. 27 per cent in
their wages, it seems difficult to ex
plain why that same cost of living
should bave fallen sufficiently to war
i "ant a decrease. Of 3 per cent in tho
; sedges of switch, tenders, crossing
rtthiders, and watchmen,
? Take the single clasBlfles?en *?.
I general office % clerks. There wer*
87,100 of these according to the of
ficiel report' A much larger number
ihaa of either engineers, firemen.-or
These general office, clerks were
. paid an average .of $2.21 per day in
;1S03, and of $2.50 in 1912; an In
crease of only 13 per cent m the ten
.Gcn-aral office clerks, without ex
ception, are compelled to live in
cities, where cost of living'is high.
Engineers Better Off
Engineers, on the other hehd, are
distributed between large towns and
small toq^s; on tho average, their
living circumstances ought to make
their expenses average considerably
less than those of office clerks, yet
the statistics, -show .that engineers
have received in the ten-year period
an increase of 24 per cent In their
i wages, making them average j exactly
$5 per day, , while general office
clerks bave received an increase" of
only 13 per cent, making them aver
-age $2.60 '.?
Or4-j of tt-c worst underpaid classl
flcat-'ons ' Of raTVway employes is that
of the "tatio-j, agents. There are ; Just
about 40,000 of -these in the country,
'or .nearly as many as the number of
In 1903 station agents averaged
$1.80 a 4uy, und in 1912 they had
been raised to only $2.20 a day, While
In that same time conductors had
advanced from $3.38 to $4.20.
%'Tbat is, the station agent in 1918
was getting just, about half tho wages
' of. the conductor, and In ten years he
had had an. average increase of 17
per cent, while the . conductor's
rxxAnv had been 27 per cent.
, Here are twd of ttto moBt numer
ous classes .of railway employes;
Trainmen,' oth?r than engineers,
Hremen, and '.'ji^ddeters, numbered
136,809, while' trackmen numbered
337,451. The' Statistics show tbat\t??
trackmen were :v.: getting, m 1908 an
ay?rago of $i.Sl per day, and in 1912
an average of $1.60 per day, an in
crease of ,14 per cent.
B?liJl' .What Others Got
On the other hand, tbo. classlflca
tion of other trainmen, was getting in
1903 $2.17 per;-day, and in 1912, ?2.05
'perdayi: an increase of 86 per' cent.
In perceatagBv.lhla.u the largest ad
vance, received by any single c]ase!ej?
railway employ?s during this decade,
A general survey of wage condi
tions in the railway service and in
other industries, it Is believed, wonMf;
show that in tho ?aat fifteen ye-ai?
the highly organized and : favored'
classes, of railway ; wage earners have
had their incomes . tocreHsed -Rare
than'almost, any other class of work
|?^t?v tho country,. while tbo much
more 'numerous, - nut' leas : effectively'
wgaaised classes of railway workers
have probably received rather ; less
'increases' than otlj_ea industrial work
In view ?>f ,th9--atrong feeling that
these most fortunate "classes of the
railway employes are now making
excessive and unreasonable demands,
attention is now, .being called as
never before to ; these general ) dis
crepapcles. There 1b a strong dis
position to inaugurate ;general end
; sweeping- -: inivesU&atJOn of the whoio
quaation 'of inilway ; wages with a
viow to eflteblisbmg sonie sort of pub:
lie regn'ation not unlike that already
applied to. railroad rates, in the id
wrest of employe's > and publto alike.
Meanwhile, there Is a markod iudls
position to extend : further favors, to
.those classes already -most highly,
favored,at tho expenso of other
pWB&ia of employes' who appear to be
getting very Iows wages,
* * +. * * fi * *
?p>- Fejjr saUooal ^iroad tmtoaa
^ ^ih^*tan. to :Ue-an;eyer>. steam:'- %
ft^i?t'&ihi.ed&ffo' -.The nom-,"
&$A$5& employee*) i?vaiVed ?&y;:-4&
-a ' aeent'::
M tevti'it.w.ti^&w&to stop '
W alt icrelgBi-as^ijtt^eager,. traf- ' *
*'^^J<?sjf?^iMl^it ?a- #tirtfe-fc
4\ inoottry and Amerce and ex- *
0? ifer* traeW Agnation of lOOv- >
With Joyous shout*1, high In thft ailr ;;
Oer hats t?r hint, who wins ar* tossed,
But what of bun, of honoi <s bare,
Who Btrovo as honestly-- und lost? ^
E'en though his eye* wUh Ujnxt are dial,
AU thought of him Will quickly (ads
incept when men refer to hira
For the poor showing that bo madet
And yot we sometimes must confess.
As wo seo men to honor rise.
Some arc less worthy of. success
Than ho who failed to win the prise
Because he was unfairly used
By thoso : wo thought should him be- j
And that bis good name was abused
By some who to wich triche descend.
The world in this seems to delight
Nor orv.tho means employed complains
No matter if by wrong or right
Of one who! victory attahiu.
But we In thta may solace And.
View it from any poln* we choc-st?
It Boems as If it was dealgncd
; For some to win and coma to lose.
FOURTH FAIL OF L?T2IC
Fortress Taken by Russians Has Seen
Much Fighting In Present War. .
LuUk, captured l>y the. Russians In
their latest offensive against Austria,
Is situated thirty-five inilea from the
Galicien border and Is u modern
stronghold erected within recent years
by Russin to ward off possible Aus
trian aggression, it is the eastern an
gle of the Volhynlan fortress, the two
others, Duhuo. the nvvs, situated thir
ty miles to the coutbeuat, still in Teu
ton hands, and Ilovno. thirty miles to
the east, having been built for Its sup
port ' When the German und Austro
Hungnrlun armies last uutumn coin
pelted the Russluus to retire on the
whole COO mile front Lutzk was one of
the most bitterly contested points ou
tbo Southern purt of the Hue. Itclutng
ed huiid:; throe tltue>-, railing lost into
Teuton huudd on Oc-t. 1.
The; fortress 'lies halfway; between
ilovno and Kovel, ou the Important
railway Imo Uiat. ruus from Brem
Lltovsjt to the region eoutbwest of
Kiev. It Is this railway sector, be
tween Royno and Kovel, that bn*? bee::
the objective, of the Russian attache
ever since the Teuton offensive came to
a standstill eight month* ago. for It*
control would give the/Russians a free
hand to operate southward'ujmtnst the
lines in Gallcla. '
Without holding Lutxb the AustrlanB
will - have ; a hard task maintaining
themselves in the smaller . Votbynlap
fortress to the southeast, bubuo. and
once Dubuo bus fallen the road Is opcti
tp the czar's forces for another Invo
slon of western Gallcla. Such an Inva
sloe, if accompanied by simultaneous
attacks agalust" the Bukowina lines,
would prescrit a formidable menftce te
the whole southernmost Austro-Htm
go ri up "front, as it would threaten it
with-"being cut off or driven to the
north Into the hands of the army In
The town and district of; Lutzk a
of little commercial importance. Lutt.K
'was ?t one time, a thriving center, with
a population of about 40.000. but Since
' the Pollsb.wars in the last half of the
sixteenth century it bas stendliy de
"SALLY CAR/' SALONIKI.
Tommies Adept Various Methods to (
K??p Home Folks Posted.
Tho Rev. F, il. ? Ulliigham, the Ease* ; j
cricketer,' who has been censorlug i:u? j
diers' letters at the freut,. bas bceri j
telling some ofVhis csperleuces. The
tngln object of most Tom m leu seems
to be to let their relatives' know whfre.
tbey are. and nil sorts of 'schetues
have been discovered, ? commM. one
at the start of, the war was to place
dots under certain letters which, when
read together. ; gave, information ea, to
the ..writer's whereabouts, but-parents
eoon began to" receive letters with a
confused Jumbling of dots placed un
* d?r other letters"; by. the ?cusor.
'.v.-Tbe story goes, ? however.' that a cen
sor was not wide awake enough to See
through one. HI tie s'euteuee In a'letfer
from u member of the Mediterranean
Expeditionary force. It wag ln: Iba form,
of a postscript .fl?hd read. M? met; Sally
ou the car/' Whether one Bees It or
not-d?pends ou how bo pronounces
HAS KEW CHINESE ALPHABET
Dr. Lam Hops? to flfjvohJtionl/o His
Ceunlr/e WrlitSr) Lsnausgo.
Dr. T. F. La ni, : a ?tsU?gulsbed Chi
fjttse scholar, left Ban Francisco ' for
Gblna.-where ho will offer bis fellow
countrymen . an ^-tdhabct which if
adopted, bv said, would revolutionize
the written language of. Chipa. '/':
r After laboring , for six yearsi while
???opying. the ebalr of assoeiace prof es
Sor ot oriental languages and literature
In the University et Load?n, Dr. Lam
complex/a* .alphabet of fifty-sis
ict?re,'^Itis'?t?Ut?? to-the new al
in cenueiniett?ber?w ti?,;'; Hu? ays
be said, bad be*n pwvo.3 practical
_ led to devise tbe alphabet, be
- ? was ^ ^amberao^-U?t|c>fe
* handfest* to,aiStypir
17. "' -, :'- ' '
. J 4^'f?KsiVl&v^
IS READY FOR YOU
I have just rolled out ? carload of.
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Known as the "Monarch of the Road," a wagon with a
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All sizes and every she
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And if you're thinking of buying a Buggy 1 am equally as
well prepared to serve you. Brockway, Hackney, Wash
ington, Delker Bros., and Kentucky.
Price* and Terms to suit
Fred G. Tnbb??
Successor to Dinvfo Bros.
West Benson St .
Complete stock of Harness, Laprobes, "Whips, ?t??
A fresh stock of Johnson's Prepared Wax and
Cleaner. The Perfect Polish for Floors, Pian-*
os, Furniture and ,
Prevents the gathering of dust and sheds
water. Try it.
Anderxon, S. ?. ' . JBelton, S,,C. " Greenv?Ue, S. C
To look one's best and' feel ono'o
best .Is to enjoy an inside batiw?gK
morning io flush frcqi the system tho
p'ratlqui day's!! waste,'- sour rermenta;
tlonrt ae^t^nolsonous toxins before 'if
is absorbed ' into the blood. Just as
coal/whcn it burns, leave'sbehind a
ccrtaiu amount of incombustible mat
erial, in the form of ashes so tho food
and drink taken each day; leaves. In
th* alimentary origans a certain
apjaant .of;^;.-*nd?g*?itblr "material,
which. If not elimthMod, tora?h:U>x?
is and poisons .which1 are ??n/'Sttbk*
1 Into the blood ttirc?irtiV-?iV,'.ret'y f
actt- which nre intended id' nv?t?w
kpW?OurlEhment to sustain the body.
If you' want to ' at* - the" glow i&
aitby .blootfs layour cheeks, to ir^l
!ir; ckldv get ciea^
su are. told*o 'drm* : e>er?: mdranto'
Va' -teasnobaf?l ^of .vlWaaio???
of w?nhteg-t?te waste ?
sweeter^ and purifying tfc? ;/?aurai
alimentary tract, before putting
nioro food'into the Hloaiftch.
vGlrI*:and women ..with oailoiy aklna
1 Ivor spots, pimple? or pallid pots .
p?exion, aWo -ibosc who woke up
??jj^ coated itohg?o, bad taste, nasi?,
breath, others 'who; are bothered ^ritS:l
headaches, bilious, spoils, acid staBi-i
.?c'hv'iorVoQnatlpatiOn shoutd-begin this
phosphated 'hot-w?yJ?, ?riftklhg a
are assnirod of verjr/pronouucod i
suite in ono or twt/iva?ko. ;
A' quarter pound of limestone phbs*^
p>?^Q^'<^d';'VWry.-iat?o at the drug
store, hat Hes#tlt?ten&^fo^d^eaair?t*
,ih^/:,^??^^!:uo?j?p"-. and '%ot water
P^r>p)Otii ; ead :fresh??? ? the
skia: oh^fhi^utslde, so hot w/uar and
" e?tone phosphate nos on the in*
.^ptgaeav*.. WO. mufct :*i*ay*yiwny.