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H 2 GOODWIN'S WEEKLY
B the community for a certain period their moral responsibility would
B be,, fixed duringx that period even though they did not receive a cent.
B What would we tnmk of a doctor who abandoned patients in a railroad
B or mine disaster until he should be given his fees?
B The argument that policemen have a right to form unions and
B unions have alright to strike is no argument at all. By the duty he
fl assumes when he joins a police or fire department a man is debarred
B from striking. It is not a question of wages or of the rights of organ-
B ized labor. It is a question of moral responsibility. If a man does not
B wish to abide by that responsibility he ought not to be a fireman or a
H Not long ago a great strike was declared in Hamburg by the
H workmen. As a counterstroke the professional classes went on a
H strike, the doctors among them. Presumably the doctors, to win for
H their faction o rthe public generally, caused many deaths. Were the
H doctors doing wrong? If so, how much more culpable are firemen and
H policemen who go on strikes. The doctor can contend with some de-
H gree of validity that he is not the servant of the public, but simply of
H those who hire him, but firemen and policemen are paid by and pledged
H to serve the entire community.
H In Winnipeg, so far as we arc aware, they had no grievances.
B They went out on a .sympathetic strike to aid organized labor in es-
H tablishing the system of collective bargaining. They thereby con-
Hl tended for the right to abandon the community to crime and destruc-
H tion that one faction might gain an advantage over another. It was
H tantamount to the use of violence. The threat of murder, fire and
H rapine was held over the head of the community as a club by the
L strikers. "Either bow to our will," was their edict, "or we shall let
H! loose upon you the murderer and the firebrand."
H Organized labor cannot afford to stand for revolution. In the
H United States it does not. In Canada organized labor if it really is
p back of the strikes by firemen and policemen is inviting the deluge.
B Among the striking policemen and firemen of Winnipeg are sol-
B diers who held back the Hun in France and Flanders. Among those
B who are backing the firemen and policemen in the sympathetic strike
B are soldiers who fought to save Canada from the Hun. Had these
B soldiers gone on a strike while in the army the kaiser probably would
B be ruling Winnipeg today.
1 ifc it ifc sfe
THE WAR TRUST.
NOTHING could reveal more clearly President Wilson's failure in
Europe than his proposal of the triple alliance. He went to
B Europe as the evangel of democracy and was led to propose some-
B thing worthy of Bismarckian imperialism. An alliance of Great
B Britain, France and the United States would be a military alliance in-
B consistent with" a league of peace but quite in accord with a league of
B nations that has war as its object. If the League of Nations is a
fl league for war the triple alliance is simply an inner circle of military
B If we would see the president's defeat in a vivid light it is only
B necessary to recall the reason he assigned for his going to Europe.
M , He said, or it was said for him, that he must be in Paris to see that
B peace was made on the basis of his fourteen points, thus preventing
M the European nations from making peace along the old lines of deals
M and trades.
M One by one the fourteen points were abandoned while the presi-
m dent was lured into various deals and trades and finally the death
H blow was given to his whole scheme of peace when he was" induced to
H plead with the United States senate for an offensive and defensive
H The friends of the president declare that he has triumphed be-
H cause he has secured the League of Nations. It is a hollow triumph
H if -it brings us no advantages, if it is to involve us in wars and espe-
H cially if the price of obtaining the league is the formation of an al-
H liance which will make ours a military nation.
H It is strange and amazhig that imperialism and militarism should
H be the outgrowth of a peace conference which was press agented as
H a meeting of nations to "make the world safe for democracy."
H Not so long ago Lloyd-George engaged in a lively election and, to
obtain victory, promised not only to wipe .out conscription in Great
Britain but to eliminate it in Europe through the peace compact ,A.
few weeks ago a new conscription bill was introduced in parliament!
At once the cry was raised that the prime minister had broken his
promise. The only answer was that circumstances had changed and t
that Great Britain must have conscrpition temporarily because there fa
were not enough volunteers to meet the empire's military require-
Is it not plain that the same excuse can be given' by government
in this country? If we enter ill to tlie triple alliance and shoulder
certain definite undertakings we must have an army adequate, to .the
obligations. If volunteering fails, conscription will be necessary. .
Viewing the peace conference in another light, we still obtain a
discouraging impression of what the president accomplished. It will
not have escaped the memory of the public that the president based
his demand for incorporating the covenant in the treaty on the ground
that only by this means could he secure the democratic peace for r
which he was contending. In other words, the 6nly excuse for putting
the covenant in the treaty was that the covenant would insure the
triumph of those principles which would make for justice and per-,, .
manent peace. The president wanted to ram the conjoined treaty
and covenant down the throats of the senators because, as he argued,
in no other way could be obtain a peace worthy of a free nation andf
calculated to maintain enduring peace.
All along we have been suspicious that the covenant set up a
league for war rather than a league for peace. Moreover, as we have
often remarked, it tends to establish a static world. Article X guar- ,
antees that, once certain nations and boundaries are established, they
shall be maintained by what Senator Johnson wouldcall "a war
trust." To make sure that the league shall be a war trust the presi
dent proposes a triple alliance of an inner circle
Thus we see the president failing at every step, Going to Europe
with pretensions to the highest and purest idealism, he surrenders t
point by point. Finally he abandons his last scruples and conforms
to the old European policy of trades and deals. His excuse is that .
only by sacrificing some of his principles could he retain the League
of Nations in the treaty. But of what avail is the League of Nations
if it is founded on principles just the opposite of those which he went
to Europe to uphold ?
The league is still a dream ; what the European nations and Japan
obtained at the peace conference are facts. Japan is given control
of 30,000,000 or 40,000,000 Chinese in the province of Shantung. When
the president acceded to that arrangement he abandoned the prin
ciple of self-determination and he joined in establishing the principle
that foreign powers by their mere ipse dixit have the right to dispose
of the territories and sovereignty of any nation if they have the power.
By that principle Great Britain is declared to have a right to rule
alien races the world around and Japan, inferentially, is conceded the
right to keep and rule Korea. Moreover, by Article X. of the covenant
the United States engages to maintain this kind of rule. There is
no chance that any of the subject races will ever.be able to free them
selves so long as the League of Nations, buttressed by the triple al
liance, maintains its imperialistic power. .T1)r
SOME might be disposed to view with sour disparagement the ad-
ministration's plan to turn 15,000,000 hand grenades into savings
banks for American school children.
We are for it.
Being naturally disposed to regard the administration indulgently
we do not wish, in the first place, to disturb it at its cute little games.
It should always have something to amuse it and nothing could be
more amusing to the democrats than to recall constantly the mad, glad
days when they spent the people's money like intoxicated tars.
Each grenade will be provided with a slot for the absorption of
either pennies or dimes and will be lettered, W. S. S.
Every child under the age of ten who earns money during the
summer vacation to buy a war saving stamp and submits to his