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M '" j; THE DBS BEET FARMER' SATURDAY, SEPTEMBER 19, igoS I
I "I SUGfVR BEETS
H BEET SUGAR IS AS GOOD AS
H ft"- ji
m 'T.hc department of agriculture set-
B tics the much discussed controversy
B over the relative merits and values of
B beet and cane sugars' by declaring .
B that there is no difference between
m them. In a late publication on .this'.
m -subject, the department says:
B ''Chemists generally concede that
M tile sugar which occurs in the- sugar
B cane is identical from the standpoint
B of chemical composition and structure
B with that found in the sugar maple..
B sugar beet, and many other vegetable
B products. As it occurs in nature, the
H sugar is accompanied by various other
B materials dissolved in the plant- juice,
H and it is- the presence of more or less
B of such bodies which , gives, certain
B commercial sugar products, lijcc mo-
B lasses and maple syrup, their 'distmc-
H ( live flavor.
H Products May Differ.
m ' f ' "Old-fashioncdi brown sugar, maple
B sugar, crude beet sugar, butternut
B .sugar, and other similar sugars differ
H . in anpearance, flavor and palatability,
B , awjng to the character of; the plant
B ' products which remain with the sug-
B m arh but from all of them it is possible
B to obtain pure, colorless crystals, like
B those called' rock candy, identical in
H appearance, flavor and other charac-
B teristics. If the crystals, arc fine and
B separate, we have granulated sugar,
B while if they adhere together in large.
B masses, lump sugar, cube sugar or
B - loaf sugar results.
B "The cane sugar industry is much
B older than the beet sugar industry, and
B since the days when the latter first
B assumed commercial importance thqrc
B has been more or less popular discus-
M sion regarding t.lic identity of the sug-
B ar fro mi these twp sources, and rc-
B garding the relative merits for hQUse-',
B hold purposes of the two softs as
B they are found on the market.
B "It has often been said that beet
B sugar is not as sweet as cane sugar,
B notwithstanding- the fact thai; chem-
B ists have known that provide.dVthc two
m sorts of sugar are of equal devices of
M fineness and granulation and, hence,
Pl alike as to the case or quickness with
n . which a given quantity will dissolve
Bf , there js no difference Jjn sweetness,
Iff or ins'Uncepwhth.a-spbonful is added.,
to a cupoftoa.
"Another common statement is that
beet sugar cannot be used success
fully for canning, jelly making and
preserving. In earlier times, before
methods of refining had been perfect
ed, Kthcrc may have been warrant for
such, a belief, but mcthpds of purify
ing beet sugar were long ago perfect
ed, and such sugar has ibeen used for -many
years in this country and "in
Europe for all household purposes.
No Fruit Lost
"An attempt was jnadc to trace nu
merous reports to the effect that fruit'
had been lost through the use of beat
sugar in canning, but in no instance
was this found to be the case, though
numerous letters were received in, re
ply to inquiries which were sent, our.
"The utter folly of this idea that
beet sugar cannot be used for canning
purposes is emphasized by the fact
that -practically all the sugar used in
Germany and France for the purposes
of conning and' preserving is from the
beet, and for many years American re
fined beet sugar was us,cd without
complaint in this country, because the
iria'ss of the people were not aware
that it was derived from the beet
This sugar was brought here as raw
sugar from Europe and refined at
American refineries. .
"Evidence shows that under both
commercial and household conditions,
beet sugar and cane sugar give equal
ly satisfactory results for canning
fruit and also for jelly making."
FARMERS, ATTENTION! We
are .in tht market at all time for
What, Oats and Barley. Writt to
us for pricts. We pay Spot Cash.
DAVID ROBBINS & CO.
f Salt Lake City, Utah.
DRAINAGE DISTRICT ORGANI
ZATION.. . .'"
!.ehice, Sevier Counly, Utah.
Mr. '0. :F. Brain, Drainage Engineer-of-
the U. S. Department of Agricul
ture just recently returned from Rich
field', Sevier Co., where he and Mr.
R. A. .Hart, also of the same service,
took an afctive part in a movement for
oi Drainage District organization and
its attendant benefits.
The question of dirainagc of. the
seep lands of the irrigated regions
is one of vast importance both in the
the public health,
It io significant to note th'atvwhcrc
a typhoid fever epidemic prevailed
last year along the Sevier River, a.
large part' of the population was sur
rounded iby 'stagnant seepage water.
.'The Venice people have made the
first- move to drain in these parts and
thereby deserves appreciation.
'' The movement for a drainage dis
' Ctlct organization was- bcjjjjn- nxm
Godfrey Bruggcr and itsfaiccdIBB
lows from seepage condittonsaaHr
Venice. This district lies some five
miles northeast of Richfield and the
soil conditions arc very similar to
those hear "Richfield. The soil is a
red sandy loam coluvial or wash soil
coming from the red sand stone hills
on the west. Some of the lower parts
along the Sevier River arc made up
of a clay loam. Generally the soil
is underlain by strata of coarse and
fine sand. The slope varies from 5
to 2 per cent toward! the river. One
canal runs through the ftppcr part of
the wet tract and one about one mile
west, with a new one under construc
tion still two miles further west. The
Vidth of irrigated land above this
tact is two miles. The soil varies
from a clay loam on the bottom to
"gravely soil on the upper benches.
-; The ground water sinks deep in the
higher levels and comes to the sur
face on the lower ground. The ex
periment an, draining the Ogdcu
Gar,dncr. tract, three milcu northeast!
of Richfield has demonstrated what
can be done with these lands. A por
tion, of these, between six and ten
acres, which had grpwn nothing ex
cepting .salt grass, for 15 years, this'
year grew an. average of 40 bushels
of oats per acre. The farmers with
whom these investigations cooperat
ed arc very well - pleased. As said
before, to Mr. Godfrey Bruggcr i3
due the credit of starting the move
ment. .A public meeting was held
Wednesday night, September 2,
which was attended by nearly the
whole male population.
The talk made by Messrs. Brain
and Hart were on the success of
Drainage in These- Parts. The State
Drainage Law, Its Provisions', De
fects and Methods of Remedying
. the Same. The question of organi-,
zation under a stat law can not help
Ibut be an interesting one and will be
here taken up in brief. In many
(parts none but cooperative efforts of
all loonccrncd will bring about' the
drainage necessary, and mutual agroc-
. . j
ment . has heen tried sua. jt-ifully. f
Nearly all of the states -have their '
drainage laws and in many of them,
valuable work has been done1 and 's
now being done under the laws. In
fact, very little is being done outside
of these laws.
The state of Utah has such a law.
The main features are as follows:
A majority of . property owners
I representing a major part of the land 1
within a district susceptible of one
made of drainage by the same outlet
may petition the County Court for r. f
Drainage District Organization. The j
County Commissioners may then cnll jj
an election of the qualified electors in
the ilistrict. The district after (being j
mly organized with three or five su
pervisors elected at the time of .the
election for district may bond for four ;
percent of the assessed valuation of .j
all of the property within the district. n
All taxes shall be assessed in propor- l
tion to the benefits received. There j
arc some defects to this law as applied
to local conditions. In the first place
only property owners should be al- ,
lowed to vote and their votes should
be proportioned to the acreage held.
A rcsidlcncc within the district should
. not be required, only land; very few of
such natural districts as those rc-
quired by law have the people most
interested residing within the district. ;
The assessed valuation of such lands
is so low that four .per cent for lend
ing purposes is not sufficient for re
claiming. Reclaiming these lands
will, increase their value several hun
dred per cent. To overcome this and
the requirements for electors, a pro
minent state constitution .lawyer has '
said tliat these districts will need1 to I
be taken out of the class of corppratc
bodies by a constitutional amendment. ,
The other states arc not hampered
by any such limitations and we should
not be. Nothing short of a general
demand from all of the districts now
organized and their co-operation on
get these changes.
The Bear River Farmers' Protective
Association did good work last ses
sion for these improvements, and with
h ip coulcJ get all that is necessary. 1
HE KNEW. I
Teacher t"If a vehicle .with two B
wheels is a bicycle, and one with three 9
wheels a tricycle, what is one with I
one wheel?" H
Scholar-'A whcelba'nrow.'Illus- I
trated Bits. ; jj