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I -$&-- . , . . THE DiSKRBT FASMER Saturday, September & j W
H t r i ' , . . Mm - - - : zz: t
I j. DAIRYING
Hi 'PRODUCING PURE MILK.
H i Bulletin 160 of the Ontario Depart-
H' merit of Agriculture contains an ad-
H! dress by Prof. .H. H. Dean onvtIic
H production of milk from which we
H take the following:
H pile first thing I want to empha-
H; size in the production of milk is that
H wc must have a good cow. What is
H I a good cow? One that will produce
H I at least 6,000 pounds of milk, or make
H not less than 250 pounds of- butter in
H one year, at a cost of not more than
H l $30 for feed. Such a cow as that is a
H j profitable animal. Will you bear in
H ' mindi that a careful estimate, based
H upon results of the cow testing as-
H .sociations, states that the average
H production of the cows of the provin-
H ccs of Ontario and Quebec, which
H comprises the best' dairying districts
H in Canada, is only 3,000 pounds of
H milk m tpe year. A man can not af-
H ford to keep cows that produce only
H 3,000 pounds of milk in a year. One
H of the factors that we must bear in'
H mind.- regarding a good cow is that
H 1 we must have a strong, healthy, vig-
H orbus one, if we would have milk
H that 'has what is called vitality. I
H think it would be impossible to get
1 the best milk for 'drinking purposes
H from a cow that is low in vitality. '
H Second!, the cow must be fed the
H' right kind of food. It is little won-
Hl der that nuany farmers arc unable to
H obtain satisfactory milk production.
H T4cy' do ?ot e If,y0,lfSaskIa cow
H what! she Would ratficr have 'to ' -cat, '
H slie yvould answer, "Give me juicy,
H succilcnt grass, and I will givcv you '
B Plenty of milk." For five or six
H months of the year the farmer must
H substitute for grass such food as
, mangels, carrots, and, 'Corn. If, you
H want the best quality of milk, dow?f
H fQ turnips. Wc should recommend
H the, following ration for winter .mill?
H Production: Eight to 10 pounds of
H clgvorhay, 30 to 40 pounds -of corn
H siSCi 20 to 30 pounds mangels, S to
j io pounds meal made up of equal
H pa4ts'of oats and bran y w5isiii anti-
H r & 2 pounds of oil cake, gluten-meal,
L orqa-irac.a,!, .the ration to be given in
V tug feeds daily to each cow. A' cow'
, does not 'need to be fed more than
H twice a day jyider ordinary epndi-
Give the cow plenty of water. How
mush water do you think was drunk
by the cow that gave 96 pounds of
milk in one day? Nearly 200 pounds.
That docs not mean that the milk was
water, as her milk tested about 3.5
per cent fat. You can- not water mill:
.through the. cow. Only man has
learned that trick.
Next, give the cow plenty of salt.
Treat her as if she were your friend.
Any man who will kick a cow or
strike her with a pitchfork should be
taken by the back of the neck and
kicked out of doors.
The cow house should be kept clean
and sweet and well ventilated. Such
a condition can be got at small ex
pense. Bulletin 143 gives instruction
as to how to ventilate a cow stable at
small cost. No man should keep his
cows in a small, damp, filthy house
and expect good milk fit for human
use. The cows must be kept clean.
If you suggest currying the cows,
farmers will laugh at you, but never
theless cows need to be regularly
brushed and .curried. They need to
be kept clean as much as horses, if.
not more so. It is impossible to get
clean milk from dirty cows, you
have only to notice the sediment in a
milk bottle to know that this is a fact.
The people of .this country should rise
audi demand (clean, sweet milk. Next,
cows should be milked in a kindly
manner. The .person doing the milk,
ing should have on clean' clothes. As
, a rule, the milking should be done by
a man. He should have on clean
clothes, and should wash his hands be
fore milking. Milk in a quick manner
into a clean pail. The milk, imme
diately after it is drawn from he
cow, should be strained, and cooled'
to a temperature of 50 to 60 degrccsjs,
Jf you get milk cooled to -50 or 60 etc
grces, it can be kept for a long time,
and will be fitfqr human consump-
tion. .Milk 1iic.li, is not cooled at
once forms -a medium for the devel
opment of jbacteria, and very oftcu
contagious diseases arc spread through
an impure milk supply.
I see no reason why skim mills
should not be sold. It is of special
value to growing children. ' A great
many cities have laws prohibiting th
sale oTskim milk. I holdflhat skiiii
our towns and cities ought to have it.
But it is hard to get anyone to buy
skim milk, because it gives one the
appearance of being poor. Buttermilk
is a most healthful drink. If people
would drink buttermilk instead of
whisky, it would probably be better
for all concerned. Scientists tell ui
that there arc germs in sour milk
which fight against the germs causing
death to the human body. It is also
said that buttermilk has a tendency to
lengthen life. People in some parts
of Europe drink largely of sour milk,
and these people live to a very great
The Wisconsin station lays down
this law for dairy cleanliness: The
stable should be kept -as clean as pos
sible and the cows well bedded and
clean. The utmost cleanliness should
ibxs observed in milking. All dirt
should be brushed from .the cow be
fore begining to milk, and it is best
to dampen the udder and flank of the
cow, so as to prevent the dust and fine
dirt from falling into the milk. The
milk should be strained immediately
after milking and not allowed to
stand in the cow stable any longer
than is absolutely necessary.
The "Deieret Farmer" needs th
support and encouragement of every
farmer every person interested in
agricultural pursuits in this inter
mountain country. Send us a dollar!
Let us send you the paper a yearl
FIRST ANNUAL AUCTION SALE.
CRYSTAL SPRING DAIRY FARM
will sell, at public auction, commenc
ing at ten o'clock A. M., Sept 28,
1908, its entire herd of Jersey cattle,
consisting of Registered and Grade
Jerseys of the Golden Lad, Diploma,
PhylUs and other families. Entire
herd, including heifers, has an average
record of better than 300 lbs. per an
num for each cow. For further infor
mation write the
CRYSTAL SPRING DAIRY FARM
A GOOD WAY FOR FARMERS
TO START A BANK
Get a lot of good cows and a hand
separator. Write to the ELGIN
DAIRY, Salt Lake City and they will
send you some ELGIN RED CANS.
Fill the cans with cream; ship to the
ELGIN. Keep on sending every
week; then on the 10th of the follow
ing month the ELGIN will send you
pay for all the cream you delivered
the previous month; then start your
bank account,-but keep on shipping
cream as long as you have any use
WANTED Real estate man who
can interest party to assist us lo
cating monopolizing manufacturing
home industries near natural gas
belt. The product i3 indispensable
and used by every family three
times a day; cost 5 cents; sells for
25 cents by the car lor.db. We have
got the dough and do bake the
bread. The bi-producfes done will
more than pay for the ntirc plant
within the first six months. Interest
cd parties desiring to locate a new
and profitable home industry that
pays big returns and costs vso little
to start in small country towns, will &
please communicate before John D.
Rockefeller gets busy with yours
truly, Carl von Hartzfclt Co.,
Wheeling, W. Va. Particulars re-
lating to Denatured Alcohol mailed v
HOW TO CONVERT BUTTER- I
FAT INTO REAL MONEY '
Put your Gnam in thi
JENSEN "Blue Top" Cans,
win the lids to tfii cans;
sn that thi name "JENSEN
CREAMERY COMPANY, Salt
Lakt City, Utah," is on the ;
shipping tag, also your
name aid post offlci ad
driss. Take the cans to
the nearest railway station;
"WE WILL DO THE REST"
YOU WILL GET YOUR HONEY!
If you do not have the
JENSEN "Blue Top" Cans,
write or 'phone us for them;
use only the "Blue Top"
JENSEN CREAMERY CO.
Salt Lake City, Utah
Plows, Harrow, Planters, Cultivators, Potato J
DlKtrs, Stalk Cutters, Carts, Etc, '
THE WORLD'S BEST STEgSSE
Hoty la hammered Into every ono of them.
Over Hop different sizes nnd styles fornll eolls
nnd sections. Send for our catalog XMCEH.
Jst ptftTo Your Dealer
Say r m U He will do tho Rest
jARLIN & ORENDOBFF CO., CANTON, ILLS.
UTAH IMPLEMENT-VEHICLE CO
Salt Lake City, Agents