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I 3" THI DXEIK1T FARMER Saturday, September 26, i9o3
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state; the beat watered state
in the Union. 1
1 1 I ' HOMES FOR THOUS- 1
l;i AND! OF SETTLERS I
H GOOD LAND f
Go to the Golden Weit ,
i For Rates and Descriptive
M Literature, Address
D. E. BURLEY, G, P. A.
D..S. SPENCER, A.G.P.A. ;
111 - OREGON SHORT LINE
111 I RAILROAD :
ALT LAKE CITY, UTAH I
THE BEST LINIMENT
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A LIVESTOCK SNAP
ao head of Registered Short-horn
Heifers at Bargain; alco 3 Bulls,
2 ready for service; also 100 acres
of Luccrn ground 24 miles east
of Mt. Pleasant, adjoining J. H.
Scclcy on south; high water right.
A. W. Proctor,
Mt. Pleasant, Utah.
FARMERS, ATTENTION! We
are in the market at all timea for
Wheat, Oata and Barley. Write to
us for prices. We pay Spot Cash.
DAVID ROBBINS & CO.
Salt Lake City, Utah.
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SALT LAKJ STAMP CO. alt Laka, Utah.
EXCELSIOR STOCK FARM 8B&S
H f ' d. R. ALLEN &. BROS., Proprietors
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H I Breeders and Importers of Pcrcheron Horses, Short Horn Cattle
B i and Cot&wold Sheep. Wc now oftcr the trade 1,000, 100 to 150-lb. Ram
1 4 , Lambs; 300, 200-lb yearling Rams; 500 Ewes. All pure-bred! Cotswold,
1 j alf in the very best condition. Our Cotswoids lend the world; one of
K 3 OUr Rams, bred and reared as they are, is worth three brought in from
B Canada or the East Flock headers a specialty, ,
. , . WE HANDLE GOOD STUFF ONL.
.JEdit by Dr. H. J. Frederick,
State Agricultural College.
Common Unsoundnesaea and Blem-f
ishes of Animals.
Written for the Dcserct Farmer.
There are quite a number of blem
ishes and unsoundnesses of horses
that all farmers, and those handling
animals should know something about
if it is nothing more than the location,
of such a condition. Probably the
most common of these conditions are
found on the legs in the form of bone
Wc find in the inner side of the hind
legs, at the hock, enlargements of the
bones at the joint called bone spavin,
which very often causes lameness of
the animal more commonly on start
ing to work and finatly disappearing
more or less as the animal becomes
warmed' up by exercise. This is con
sidered an unsoundness.
Ringbone may be found anywhere
below the fetlock, any enlargement of
the pastern bones is thus named and
it is not necessary for the boncy
growth to surround the limb as many
suppose. Where it is near the fet
lock wc call it a high ring-bone, the
- other is low ring-bone, jocatcd at or
near the crown of the hoof.
This unsoundness usually causes
lameness with more or less stiffness
of the animal.
This is an abnormal condition of
the lateral cartHagcs or wings of th".
foot inside or above the jof. They
arc detected as bone-like structures
on the lateral sides and crown of the
hoof beneath the skin. The lateral
cartilages should be elastic iii order
to help deaden the concussion of the
foot, but through different causes
these cartilages osify (become bone)
they harden and often cause stiffness
. This condition affects feet, more of
ten the front than the hind fqct, and
often sanos lameness. ThcTiiicular
bone is logated just back of the upper
pajt of the coffin bone, It is long and
narrow, and placed transversedly. It
articulates with the third phalynx by
U$ anterior surface and its, posterior
t Rwdcc is covered with cartilage on
which glides the tendon of the pos
tcrior part ofthe leg. This gliding
cartilage- sometimes becomes 'diseased,
'causing a rough 'surface antU a painful
condition to- the 'animal on ficing
moved. A horse with navicular dis
ease usually paws with that foot con
jidcrably, and if bad it points the foot,
that is, keeps it out in front as far as
possible, ibut not flexing it? If on
both feet it alternates pointing first
one andxthen the other foot to relieve
Splints. i ,r
These appear as small enlargements
on 'the sides of the -bones below the
knee, usually on the inner side,
caused through some injury or con
cussion. The small splint bones, arc
partly torn loose from the common
bones and nature in trying to heal
the injury throws out bone salts, caus
ing the enlargements. Splints seldom
appear on the hind legs. Splints do
not usually make the animal lame and
arc only considered blemishes unless
located near the joint, (as next to the
knee). ' '
Spavins, ring-bones, sidc-boncs, and
splints arc developments of bone tis- -
sue, the result of an inflamajion of j
the outside covering of the bone.
. Such bone diseases or blemishes arc
sometimes caused by injury of, some
kind, but there are families of ani
mals that have a weakness of the
bone and' this creeps out in the off- v
Those conditions are not directly 1
transmitted from parent to offspring,
but the weakness is transmitted and
will crop out sooner or later. Ani
mals that seem to have inherited con
ditions of Uiis kind should not be -bred,
as they never are worth as
much as a sound animal; , J
Wc have other forms of blemishes I
among horses which all who handle
them should understand. Among ,
them are bad eyes, -defective sight ij
(very common), poll evil back of the 4
earg, fistula r at the withers, heaves,
shgwn inbreathing, injured tendons
or jcords, bruised ankles from inter-
'faring, qorns, founder, cracks and A
thrush of the foot. Wind puffs on 1
legs, bog spavins on the front inter
lal part, of the hock. Thorough pine
found at the upper anil oack part of