Newspaper Page Text
H 4 THE DESERKT FARMiER ; SATURQAVr OCTOBER .3i" 1908. I
B THE DESERET FARMER
H (THAT BIG FARM PAPER.)
B Combined With "Rocky Mountain
H Established 1904-
flj Official r Organ of the
H Utah State Poultry Association.
M Utah Horticultural Society.
H Utah State Dairymen's Association.
H Utah State Bee Keepers' Association.
H BearRiver Valley -Farmers' Protoc
ol tivc and Commercial Association.
M Utah Arid Farming Association.
H Issued -every Saturday by the Des-
M erct Farmer Pub Co., Salt Lake Sc-
Hj curity & Trust Building, Salt Lake
1 City, Utah.
H Entered as second class matter Dec.
H 27, 1905, at the Postofficc at Salt Lake
H City, Utah.
H Subscription price $1.00 per year
(Strictly in Advance.)
B The publishers must be notified in
M writing, at time of expiration, when
H discontinuance of subscription is de-
M sired, and all arrears must be paid.
M Advertising rates made known upon
H annlication. The right is reserved to
M reject questionable advertising.
B All communications and remit-
M tanccs should be addressed to "The
H Descret Farnvcr," Salt Lake Securi-
H ty & Trust Building, Salt Lake City,
H Lewis A. Merrill Editor.
H P. G. Peterson Asst. Editor.
J. .H. Harper Business Mgr.
H Salt Lake City, Utah,
H Saturday, October 31, 1908.
H Next Tuesday is election day.
H While farmers, as a rule, have little
H time for politics and political discus-
H sions, yet they should exercise their
H franchises and express their choice
H at .the polls. Wc hope to sec the
H .western states cast their maximum
M vote on Tuesday next.
H The Dcserct Farmer has begun a
1 campaign for more subscribers. It is
H going to get them-, too. Will you put
H yourself in line as a lover of Utah's
H 'place as the leading agricultural state
H of the west -by sending in the sub-
H scriptioiv of one of your friends along
H .with your own?
I TA1.2 CARE OF FARM TOOLS.
H Without the aid of modern nia-
H chincry on the farm it is doubtful if
H sufficient hcip could be secured to
H :grow a fraction of the enormous
H amount of agricultural' products in
I ' 'OW United- States. Without the tid
H of macliinejs, some of which do the
work of-eight or ten men, the devel
opment of the vast wheat and corn
field would have been impossible.
On every form there .should not
only bp the necessary tools, but a
tool house and proper care should be
given them. Machinery should not
be left in the fields to be weather
beaten, and to go to destruction.
There is no economy in neglecting
the farm implements. It is "estimated"
that the life of the average farm tool
is ten years, ,1 deterioration of 10 per
cent a year. By careful management
this should be doubled. Some of the
labor-saving machines arc costly and
they must be replaced when worn
out. It is economy, therefore, to
keep them in a tool house which
should be kept dry in order to protect
the implements from rust.
A FARMERS' INSTITUTE TRAIN
President Widtsoc of the State Ag
ricultural College and the Superinten
dent of College Extension work have
made a request from the railroads for
a couple of cars that, if secured, arc
to be fitted up for Farmers' Institute
work this1 year. One of those cars
will ibc used as an exhibit car, the
other for a lecture hall, properly
equipped with stereoptienn, charts,
tmblcs, .etc. The idea is that these
cars shall be hitched on to the rcguicr
train, go to a station and remain over
for 24 hours, leaving then for the next
station. In this way all of the scct;on
of country found adjacent to the rail
roads could be visited in about nine
weeks. There will be four lecturers,
a cook and janitor on board, and con
tinuous sessions will be held at .each
station, so that alt the people may
have an opportunity to hear the pro
gram. If the present plans carry, the
train will start in Cache Volley early
in January and continue through until
March. It will be seen from these
plans that the Institute work in Utah
is being organized along serious, en
during and comprehensive lines. It
is becoming an effective agency for
creating an interest in Agricultural
'education in this state.
In advertising, aim at the average
citizen, and don't get n.ttled if the
critic ridicules your copy, if it is sane.
Remember that there are about sev
enty iiiillions of average citiziensajid
perhaps a dozen critics of advertis
rino Agriculture, . Advertising.
fRID FARMING 1
"DRY FARMING" IN UTAH
FROM AN AUSTRALIAN
Report by W. Strawbridge, Surveyor
General of South Australia.
"r"1e"ff there "for Salt Lake eity,"
passing Las Vegas nud Santa Fe. At
both places the rainfall has increased
during the last three years, and farm
ers axe obtaining good crops and do
ing very well; but previously, when
the rainfall was less, and under the
old system of cultivation, there were
many failures. Salt Lake City is in
the State of Utah, west of the Wa
satch Mountains. Several parts of
'this State ore very dry, the average
rainfall being but 12 in., and dry farm
ing is largely carried1 on with more or
IIess success1. This I learned at Wash
ington, when I obtained a letter of in
troduction to Professor Widtsoc, the
Director of the Utah Agricultural
College. The day before I arrived he
had unfortunately lost a child, and
had to make arrangements for the
funeral; but he very kindly furnished
me with some details of the College
and form) work, and handed me over
to one of the officers, with instruc
tions to show me over the farm and
drive me to some of the principal
farms in the district. The Experi
mental Farm is" on1 the plain, north
west of the College. The yields this
season of the principal wheats grown
were: Turkey Red, 28.25 bushels per
acre; Winter La1 Salle,' 32.15;' Red
Chaff," 30.13; New ' Zealand,- 28.25;
Egyptian, is.oo;-' Gold Coin, 19.80.
These were grown 'on carefully pre
pared' ground,' but without ' manure.
The farm is near the hills; and, as" in
the last few years there were good
snowstorms, I preferred to sec 'some
of the farms further out on the plains.
Out in the' Cache Valley.
The Cache Valley is an extensive
plain along the Logan River, 'between
low hills. A good) deal of the flat is
under irrigation; but alA the slopes
'and low rises, which .rc above the
irrigation channels, have been dry
fanned for a number of years. The
rainfa.ll, or, rather, precipitation, which
includes snow, was unusually high
-for-thc-tost-ycar-and -a-halfvbut -pre-
vious.'lo .thaifc.for a: long. period the
all-was .low as-the average for" 13
years was but 134 '; ad for the I
four years 1902 to 1905 the precipi- I
tation was, respectively, 13.33, 13-97. I
13.52 and 12.50; so I was anxious to
know how the farmers, who were re
ported successful, had fared durini
. .the dry periods. Professor Widtsoc
gatvc me the names of the two farm
ers who ha'dl been longest in the dis
trict, and were successful and reliable.
The first wc called on was Mr. Pet
erson, about twelve miles westerly
from Logan. I-tfc was not at home, '
but his three sons, who assisted in
working the farm, were. The cEdcst,
w!k seemed a very capable and intel
ligent man, showed us over the farm,
.which comprises 700 acres. They had
been there thirty years, and crop a
little over 200 acres each year, fallow- I
ing a similar area. They grow a good 1
dal of lucerne, which looked well 1
after the third cutting that summer;
tut the season was no criterion, as it
had been the best for years. They
only grow Odessa wheat, .which seems
to suit the locality or soil better than
any other, though it is a soft wheat
and not so good for milling as many
other varieties. The average yield is
.from 20 to 25 bushels, but has never
been less than 15 in the driest season,
when they had but 9 or 10 in. of rain.
They plow 8 in. deep, harrow the land
several times during the season, and
after rain in the growing crop. The
soil is a fairly deep, light-brown
sandy loam on the slopes where the
wheat is, and a darker color where
.the lucerne is grown. No manure is
used for. the wheat, but the stable
inanurc is put on the lucerne. .
Worked Out His Own Problem.
We then drove about two miles fur
ther to the farpi of Mr. Farrcll. He
waws busy with a steam thresher, but
kindly left his work to answer my
1uestions. He did-not know anything
of what is called the Campbell sys
ter:. His farm contains about 1700
-acres, and he has .about 1000 unler
cro-p, ibut does not usually crop so
much; and -re has been farming in this
locality for twenty-five years. Ho lias
never had a failure. This season the
part threshed went 30 bushels .to.. the
acre, and .the rest would -aivcnage 20
or moi He -used-119 manure. He
.estimated .the .oats at .60 bushels and
the lM.rle ..bushels .per cr, The