Newspaper Page Text
B Saturday, November 28, 190. ' THE DESERET F AR M E R H fl
1 1 SUGRR BEETS
H PROBLEMS OF BEET CULTURE
H By Jesse H. Buffum.
V (Continued from page 9.)
B other crop, possibly winter wheat.
K Fall plowing is getting to be so popu-
B lar nowadays that in all probability
H it is urgent that plowing be performed
B immediately, as in most districts the
L harvest comes so late as to be fol-
m lowed very closely by whatever fall
H work is to be done before frost and
m unpropitious weather conditions in-
B tcrfcrc. This is a big item and a
H; salient objection to the silo proposi-
m in most of the beet producing
H areas, by-products arc not so abund-
m ant on the farm as to do away with
m the use of beet tops in the economical
H siloing of beets. The tops arc already
K nu the field, and moreover make an
B excellent covering. Dut their use in
H this connection destroys their value
B as a feed for cattle. It is so easy to
fl utilize tops as a feed that their loss
B counts heavily with the-farmer. Even
two tons of tops per acre means a
good deal, and cattle munch the leaves
I with great relish, eveu after decay has
begun. Tops thus used, however,
possess considerable value when dis-
tributcd over the field again as a fcr
I tili;:er, and unless a blanket containing
f objectionable stubble was used, the
1 entire covering of the silo may be
I .spread broadcast over the field, as the
I soil must be returned anyhow.
I The farmer faces a perplexity when
I a large part of his acreage is to be
siloed, for the reason that to finally
move the crop will require as much
I if not a little more labor than if the
I beets had been delivered to the factory
I diirectly after plowing out. To retain
I this labor any considerable length of
I time must be expensive to say the
least, though hauling and loading
constitute the main part of the work.
B A month after the general harvest is
I completed witnesses the complete
B dispersion of foreign labor, and the
fl grower must depend upon his nciglt-
bors, who, perchance, may be busily
engaged in distant work. Again,
fl when hauling is finally permitted,
road conditions have become unfav-
orable to easy cartage,- and mud or
I frozen ground contributes to" the hard
ship. In many districts this is known
to standi as a common objection, es
pecially where rainfall is the moisture
supply, the rainy season frequently
coming soon after general harvest,
producing deep mud with consequent
bad roads when freezing sets in.
Sd far as freezing of beets "is con
cerned, this docs not constitute a ten
able objection At all, for a very light
covering suffices for protection, while
on the other hand frozen beets are
not objectionable to the factory peo
ple so long as they do not experience
alternate freezing and thawing. Froz
en beets are not quite so easy to
w rk, require a different analysis, and
for other reasons are not wholly de
sirable; but so long as disintegration
has not set in, arc usually acceptable.
So much for one side of the ques
tion, and while the major portion of
this article is devoted to practical ob
jections to siloing, it is all done for a
purpose. I have itemized these ob
jections and given them due weight
simply to encourage growers to study
the problem point by point, and deal
with each phase of the silo proposi
tion with an attempted remedy in
viawv The writer has no radical
views to present nor is it the intcji
tion here to outline a wholesale plan
whereby all these difficulties may be
done away with. Siloing is as essen
tial to the welfare ofjlhe industry as
any other .part of is- promotion and
maintenance. Ifis useless to rcbe'
against .thcncccssity, for more an 1
jmo'rc arc the factories going to be
dependent upon it for their success
ful operation. Were it possible to
now foresee tliot there will not in the
very near future be an increased acre
age per factory, many plants would
perhaps give up the ghost before fur
tber loss is sustained. A 100-day cam
paign constitutes a good run, and the
remainder of the year the factory to
idle worse than idle, for a large
force of men is required to keep house
during the shut-down, and fires must
be run beneath the boilers to cover
insurance. Throughout the industry,
efforts arc being made to maintain
the factories in longer campaigns or
utilize their machinery during the long
lapse of approximately nine months
In Michigan they are refining crude
sugar from abroad; in California the
United States government is now ex
perimenting with beets planted every
month of the year, hoping to prove
feasible a continuous campaign. From
$600,000 to $1,000,000 is put into every
beet sugar factory built, and this in
vestment, more profitable to the far
mers than to any one else, demands
some adequate returns in dividends.
I believe siloing is one of the practic
able solutions, and it is for that rea
son that this article is written.
There are beet growing localities
where a leeway exists in the growing
season of from one to two months.
Suppose, then, that an early planting
is made, followed by subsequent
plantings every two weeks or so ft
late as possible, yet giving five
months of the season ''or maturing.
This would, if practiced on a large
enough scale, give the factory an ad
ditional thirty days' campaign, in
creasing its dividends and diminish
ing its profit and loss column. "While
the United States Department of Ag
riculture is endeavoring to bring into
being what they will term an early
maturing beet, too much dependence
must not be placed on the result. At
least partial success will be achieved
in that direction, but the grower can
easily., accomplish the same end
through intermittent planting. This
is especially feasible in irrigation dis
tricts, where moisture conditions of
the soil determine seeding or should
be a. determinate factor.
A's somewhat less important con
siderations, but each one worthy of
application, I wish to call attention to
some of the advantages of the silo, es
pecially as I have already enumerated
It will hasten the adoption of the
sliding scale in payment for beets, on
the ground that while these beets may
suffer loss in weight, they will ex
perience no diminution in sugar con
tent, thus doing away with nil anxiety
as to loss entailed by siloing.
Delayed or late hauling will mean
lower rntes for the work, as at the
time of general harvest every one
wants teams; later on team owners
arc glad to get the work at a substan
tial reduction. But few growers
maintain sufficient teams to handle
all the work of delivering beets.
As spoken of in this department in
the September issue, faulty determi
nation of the proper time' for harvest
is often one of the druwbncks to for
(Continued on page 14.)
MEMBERS OF UTAH STATU I
Rhode Island Reds. fl
Anderson, E. W., 234 S. 10th East. . fl
Barnes, W. D., Kaysville.
Coulam, Geo., 751 E. 2nd South.
Cramer, G, 15th South and 3rd East
Cox., J. H., 2140 S. 9th East.
Duncan, L. C, 1075 8th East. H
Druk, J. W., 1885 S. 7th East. fl
Farley, A. B., 1325 State.
Hewlett, O. H. 125 E. 7th South.
Home, J. L.. 235 E. nth South.
Hyde, Frank, Kaysville. fl
Larsen, E., 346 18th St., Ogdcn.
Parsons, E. A., 79 N. 7th West fl
Ppultcr, Geo. A., Ogdcn. B
Simmons, A. F., 2456 Pine St. fl
Smith, Hugh W, 858 E. 1st South. B
Sharman, Geo., 716 E. lot South. B
Thomas, M., 468 7th St. fl
Woodfield, Wm., Ogdcn, R. D. 3. B
Vadncr, C. S., Forcstdalc. fl
Anderson, J. H., 665 5th Ave. fl
Bird J. W. & Sons, 2222 S. W. Temple
Crawford Bros., Mantl. fl
Carter F., Provo. fl
Cox, J. H., 2140 S. 9th East.
Day, S. O., 725 7th Ave.
Erickson, C. E., 875 E. 5th South.
Gorlinc, C. S 1224 E. 12th South. I
Haslam, J. W., 544 W. 3rd North. I
Hagman, J. D., 226 N. 2nd West. I
Hyde, Frank, Kaysville. I
Maxson Hy., 2009 E. 12th South. I
Peterson, John, 1608 S. 3rd East. I
Sheffield, Geo. B., Kaysville. 1
Stewart. W W.. Kaysville I
Ward, Fred, 354 E. nth South. I
Vawdrey, Thos., Draper.
Bird J. W. & Sons, 2222 S. W. Temple
Cramer, C, 15th South and 3rd East
Day, S. O., 725 7th Ave.
Duncan, D., 234 S. 7th East.
Linncll. W. H 200 E. 12th South.
Maxson, Hy., 2009 E. 12th South.
Pinnock. H. IT., 870 F. 4th South.
Spiers, Geo. A., 824 E. 6th South.
Trump. C. J., rear 451 S 8th En it
Adorn Earl, 751 East Fifth South.
Adams, J. M., 357 S. Sib East.
Anderson, J. H., 665 5th Ave.
Afdrich. Trn R., Rupert, Ida.
Bctts, A., Galder's Station.
Carlwright T. H., 29 N West Temple
Kendricks, J. H., rear 836 S. 5th East
Solomon, R. H., 1756 S. 5th East.
Simjnons A F., 2456 Pine St.
Sander, C. J., 906 Lincoln Ave.
Sheffield, Geo. B., Kaysville.
Stewart, W. W Kaysville.
Stricklcy. Geo. F 711 6th Avr
Young, H. J., 229 East nth South.
White, Chas. T., 843 E. 3rd South.
Haslam, J. W.. 544 W 3rd North.
Kendricks. J. H., rear 836 S. 5th East
Solomon, R. H.. 1756 S. 5th East
Smith, Hugh W., 858 E. 1st South.
Vogcler, A. H., 74 Q. St.
Plummer, Dr. C. G., 535 E. 1st South.
Cook. A. R.. 1 129 E. 6th South.
Gorline, C. S., T224 E. 12th South.
Vawdrey, Thos.. Draper.
McGkie, R. L., 1464 State St.
Bergen, F., Centprville.
J. W. Smith, R. D. 4, Murray.
Smith L. L., Calder's Sta.
Turpin, Geo. M Logan.
Kindly mention the "Deeret Far
mer" when writing to or doing busi
ness with our advertisera.