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B 4. . .. , HfiDESBRETFA-RME& SATURDAY, NOVEMBER 28 iq
H fkfi DlSSJEJKiJT FARMJ3R
1 (THAT BIG FARM PAPER.)
H Combined With "Rocky Mountain
m Farming "
H Established 1904.
H Official Organ of the
H Utah State Poultry Association.
H Utah Horticultural Society.
H Utah State Dairymen's Association.
H Utah State Bee Keepers' Association.
H Bear River Valley Farmers' Protec-
H tivc and Commercial Association.
H Utah Arid Farming Association.
H Issued every Saturday by the Des-
M eret Farmer Pub Co., Salt Lake Sc-
fl curity & Trust Building1, Salt Lake
City, Utah. v
H Entered as second class matter Dec.
M 27, 1905, at the PostofTicc at Salt Lake
m Subscription price $1.00 per year
m (Strictly in Advance.)
H The publishers must be notified in
H writing, at time of expiration, when
H discontinuance of subscription is de-
H sired, and all arrears must be paid.
H Advertising rates made known upon
H anplication. ( The right is reserved to
H reject questionable advertising.
H All communications and remit
H tances should be addressed to "The
H Descrct Farmer," Salt Lake Securi-
ty & Trust Building, Salt Lake City,
H Lewis A. Merrill Editor.
P. G. Peterson Asst. Editor.
H J. H. Harper ... Business Mgr.
H Salt Lake City, Utah,
H Saturday, November 28, 1908.
SUGAR MAKING IN UTAH AND
H At the annual meeting of the stock-
H holders of the Utah-Idaho Sugar
H . Company the financial reports for the
H last year's operations showed in-
H ' creased expenses in labor and ma-
H tcrial. The cost of working up the
H" beets had, therefore, been larger than
H in any preceding year; coal alon had
H cost 35 per. cent more than the year
H previous. A special item showing
H the increased cost of operations was
H that of 'sugar bags, which ar.o given
H nway id the trade, the bags always
H containing 100 pounds of refined
H sugar. J his item alone involved an
H outlay of $146,447.43. Other items of
H expense were as follow:
H The beets paid for a Minted to
H 422,532 tons, at a cost, including
H freight, of a fraction over $5.1' a ton,
H a total of $2,187,395.99.
Coal and coke, $328,48340.
H Lime rock, $52,538.94.
H Taxes paid in Utah and Idaho, v
H 144-37. -
m Paid for labor, $430,000.
The iotnl outlay for operating nil
the company's factories, power plants,
etc., exceeded $4,000,000.
The charges for interest, insurance
nnd storage had also been heavier
than ccr before, due to the fact that
tho company's factories were operated
less than four months, in which time
Jill the raw material, labor, etc., had
to be paid for, -bile the sugar had
to be carried an entire year in order
that the customers of the company
might rely on being furnished with
sugar all the year round. At the time
of the financial panic the company
had a larg amount of sugar en route
to eastern markets, but their custom
ers were unable to pay for it as the
tills fell due, which necessitated stor
ing the product until it could be sold.
This meant additional interest on
borrowed money, insurance, storage,
It was stated that the company used
in its factories 4000 feet of belting,
all sizes, and about the same amount
of steam and hot water hose. Last
yenr 118,365 yards of filter cloth were
used, while upward? of 10,000 gallons
of lubricating oil, CstTnscpf sulphur,
and a host of other manufacturing
materials were consumed.
The total product of sugar during
the year at all six factories amounted
to 108,300,500 pounds of sugar in
sacks, an increase of about 5,000,000
pounds over the year previous.
The mnrkct for refined sugar early
in the year was stronger than for
some time past, the advance being due
to the shortage of Cuba's crop, esti
mated to be 400,000 tons less than last
After having charged off the neces
sary amounts for maintenance, depre
ciation, discounts, etc., a dividend of
7 per cent on the preferred capital
stock was set aside for the four quar
terly dividends this year.
We are often asked the question,
'Ms it practical to inbrecd my stock
just a little?" For instance, many
times a farmer finds a bull that breeds
exceedingly well, and after getting a
nice lot of calves from him, he hesi
tates to buy a new bull, and conse
quently wants to know if it is safe to
breed this bull back to his own heif
ers. From all the experience we have
ever had1, and all the experience we
have observed, wc should unhesitat
ingly say that it d"ods not pay. Some
times a first-class animal is obtained
from a cross of this kind, but more
often wo get a weak, sickly offspring
that is a living example of the curse
of incostuous breeding. Inbreeding is
one of the most powerful tools in the
hands of the skilled plant or animal
brccd-c r. It works with powerful cer
tainty in the fixing of good and bad
characteristics. In the hands of the
man who knows what he is doing in
breeding is permissible to a certain
degree. 'In the hands of the inexperi
enced1 it is usually a dangerous tool.
As a general practice for the average
farmer wc would always say "never
inbrecd." If you have a bull that you
wish to keep a little longer, take his
offspring outside to be bred to an
other bull, or buy a young bull in ad
dition, or it may be practical to trade
bulls with your neighbor, so that you
both can get the benefit of both bulls.
EXPERIMENT STATION WORK.
MECHANICAL BEET THINNING
An operation which means to the
faruvcr an important item of expense
in beet culture is the thinning in the
rows after the plantlct appears above
ground. This operation may be me
chanically accomplished, but most of
the appliances hitherto used do not
give very satisfactory results. Our
attention has bcc,n called to a new im
plement which may have an important
future. Three lines mayMjchandlcd
at the same time, leaving with mathe
matical precision small clusters of
three or four beets, which may be
subsequently hand thinned, the mech
anical thinning being followed by a
thorough hoeing. Under these con
ditions it becomes profitable to deter
mine with considerable approxima
tion what will be the yield per acre.
The spacing between clusters may bo
regulated to suit the special methods
of cultivation adapted to certain lo
calities, and the traction may be done
with one horse. An implement of this
kind may thin out an area of about
seven acres per day.
When a man has forfeited the repu
tation of his integrity, nothing will
then serve-his turn, neither truth nor
ABOUT THE CHRISTMAS BOX.
For sfemc weeks past the "Descrct
Farmer" has been carrying advertise
ments for the California Fruit Pro
ducts Company of Colton, California
offering to ship direct to the consum
er, freight prepaid, various assort
ments of their fruit products, and es
pecially a "Christmas Box" of which
"The California Christmas Box is
the latost California product and it is
something entirely new, novel and or
iginal it will be shipped, freight paid,
to any railroadi station in the country,
or to the Border for cxnort. This box
contains the best California products
fancy Figs, Prunes, Peaches, Apri
cots, Muscatel Raisins, Seeded Rais
ins; Canned Peaches, Pears, Plums,
and Grapes; Soft Shelled Walnuts and
Almonds; Orange-Sage Honey about
70 pounds. This is a Christmas Box
that is something worth while and can
be ordered of the California Fruit
Products Company, Colton, Califor
nia, the originators and packers of
this unique Christmas Box. They
will nyiil 3 colored souvenir post
cards and price list of their various
assortments of Dricdt and Canned
Fruits free to anyone who writes
them, also to any friends' whose
names you enclose."
It is an extreme pleasure in this
day of strenuous advertising for a
publisher to be in position to abso
lutely verify a proposition put forth in
his columns by an advertiser. In this
instance wc arc accorded that pleas
ure. Wc arc in receipt of a shipment
of the fruit advertised' by the Cali
fornia Fruit Products Company, and
arc delighted to state that it is all of
the best quality. Much of the dried
fruit, when cooked, vies with the
canned goods in freshness. The Cali
fornia people arc a thoroughly re
sponsible institution and it is a satis
faction to be able to commend them
to our readers.
- . o
AN ENTERPRISING DAIRY FIRM
Blackmail & Griffin Co., at the Big
Four County Fair in Ogden, also the
Stne Fair in Salt Lake City, took the
first prizes on Butter and Cheese.
Confidence in their ability to live
up to their agreements and treat their
patrons right, is constantly increas
ing. They now chum more butter 1
daily than any other creamery in the 9
Wc bespeak for them the patronage M
of our readers. m
Kindly mention the "Desoret Far- B
mer" when writing to or doing busi-
ncss with our advertisers. m